Terenski Železnica

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Terenski Železnica
теренски железница
Private Limited Company
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IndustryHigh Speed Rail
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Founded1998
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Headquarters
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Area served
Kotcija
ServicesHigh Speed Rail
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Owners70% ZKK, 10% SARK, 20% other private shareholders
Number of employees
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Websiteterenskiz.kt

Terenski Železnica (Jezca: теренски железница; Cross Country Rail) is Kotcija's high-speed rail system, operated by ZKK. It links the main cities of Kopsi, Kotorp, Sredin, Jaddasino, Dyrazz and Tržnica with connections to currently Aetolia and Kandar with a Vasaras link expected to be complete in 2020. The first service began on the first stage of the VBL Centralno in 1998 from Sredin to Lefki. The first service only linked Tržnica to Sredin but in its current state the network is centred around the capital Kopsi. The total number of lines is 7, (VBL Vasaras to be opened 2019) and the number of stations is XX.

History

Origins

Creation of the system

Terenski Železnica was formed in 1998 upon an agreement between the governments of both Kotcija and Varkana. Much of the formal planning processes were fast tracked by the Kotcijan government resulting in the fast construction. In 1997 a link from Lefki, Aetolia to the already existing Central TZ began operation. Following in 2004 not only had major cities like Kopsi and Kotorp been linked but also a line to Kandar had been opened....

Further high-speed lines

Technology

Routing

TZ operates as far as is possible on separated high speed lines (velika brzina linije) with no at grade road crossings and a policy to minimise the speed loss in curves by carefully managing the curvature. Where necessary the tracks travel underground for extended periods to maintain level transport and to abide by local laws. This has caused the network to dive deep underground to pass navigable waterways that have bridge bans in areas of outstanding natural beauty. This has lead to costly construction, passengers now to access Jaddasino TZ Terminal must descend over xxxm.

Tracks

TZ uses 1,435 mm (4 ft 8½ in) standard gauge all over its network. The tracks and trackside equipment is identical to that of MSM. Signalling is operated through the same systems and points operate with the same technology also. However contrary to MSM, ballasted track is primarily used along with other vibration reduction. This was implemented into designs at an early stage due to the pressure applied by concerned wine production lobby groups whom were concerned that vibrations caused by high speed trains would be detrimental to the quality of wine that could be produced. Other lobby groups did also raise concerns but due to the importance of wine on Kotcijan culture the power of the wine production lobby groups forced the integration of vibration reduction measures across the network.

Rolling stock

TZ uses MSM TZ trainsets on all of its network. The trainsets were built in large numbers in the 90s and were based off the MSM 5 but only feature single deck capacity. Although the oldest trains are over 20 years old there are no active plans to replace them or supplement them with newer model. The trains have 8 carriages with 377 seats. Trains can be coupled together through hidden couplers in the nose of each power car. Trains have quadri-current capability. Their top speed in service is 300 km/h (186 mph) under 25 kV, with two power cars supplying 8,800 kW. When operating under 15 kV AC or 1,500 V DC, the power output drops to 3,680 kW, insufficient to reach 300 km/h in commercial use. Although their power-to-weight ratio allows a 250 km/h operation under 15 kV AC, further constraints resulted in imposing a limit of 200 km/h on these trains in Kandar.

Trains are fitted with energy efficient lighting and heating. Each seat has access to a plug and free wifi is available. Digital displays are being introduced as a replacement to the current dot-matrix display systems currently in use. New displays will also provide advertising, route progression and safety information.

List of Lines

The existing MSM lines are:

Line Start End Length Operator Opened Annual passengers
km mi
VBL Centralno Lefki Central Sredin Central 1 0.62 TZ, ΣAK 1998 ?
VBL Kot Sredin Central Kotorp 1 0.62 TZ 1999 ?
VBL Zento Access Jaddsino Central Kopsi 0 0 TZ 1999 0
VBL Brda Tržnica Central Kopsi 0 0 TZ 2000 0
VBL Jezera Tržnica Central Kotorp 1 0.62 TZ 2001 ?
VBL Arberia Dyrraz Central Kopsi 0 0 TZ 2002 0
VBL Kandar Dyrazz Central Kandar 0 0 TZ 2004 0

VBL Vasaras is under construction and will be completed in 2019. The routes follows loosely the Nāmzād pass......... It will be operated solely by TZ trains.

See also