Sakalia

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Sakalia

Σακαλյα
Sakalya
Flag of Sakalia
Flag
Coat of arms of Sakalia
Coat of arms
Motto: TBD
"TBD"
Anthem: "TBD"
Location of Sakalia in Adonia
Location of Sakalia in Adonia
Capital
and largest city
Mizia
Official languagesSakalian
Recognised regional languagesTourkian
Demonym(s)Sakalian
GovernmentDemocratic constitutional
semi-presidential unitary republic
• President
Apostol Yanevski
Maria Dimitrov
LegislatureParliament
Constitutional history
1819
Area
• Total
197,545 km2 (76,273 sq mi)TEMP STAT
• Water (%)
0.8%
Population
• 2016 estimate
14,223,240
• 2016 census
14,223,240
• Density
72/km2 (186.5/sq mi)
GDP (PPP)2016 estimate
• Total
₭365.281 billion
• Per capita
₭25,682
Gini (2016)24.3
low · ??th
HDI (2016).887
very high · ??th
CurrencyCurrency (symbol) (SAK)
Time zoneUTC+1
Date formatdd.mm.yyyy CE
Driving sideright
Calling code+##
Internet TLD.sl

Sakalia (Sakalian: Σακαλյα, Sakalya) is a unitary republic of roughly 14 million people in northwestern Illypnia. It is bordered by Varkana, Aetolia and Kotcija to the north, Vasaras to the east, Tourkia to the south, and Ashakarra to the west. The territory of Sakalia covers 197,545 square kilometers and has mainly a humid continental climate in its lowlands and subalpine climate in alpine areas. Sakalia's terrain is generally mountainous, with about half the country lying in the Kasus mountain range; and its highest point is ??? meters. The majority of the population speak various local dialects of Sakalian as their native language, and it is also the country's official language.

Sakalia is a semi-presidential representative democracy comprising of 12 regions. The largest city and national capital, with a population exceeding 2.3 million, is Mizia.

History

Dinaric Sakalia

Modern history

Great Adonian War

Sakalia was officially neutral during the Great Adonian War, although, under Varkan pressure, they did take steps which were detrimental to the Allied powers including the transport of fuels from Vasaras to Varkana through Sakalia, and allowing the Varkans to use Sakalian facilities to transmit secret messages to their overseas embassies.

The Sakalian government felt that it was in no position to openly contest either the Allied Powers or Communist Alliance and therefore made some concessions to both sides. Sakalia also supplied machined parts to both Aetolia and Varkana throughout the war. The Sakalian government unofficially supported Aetolia in the Near East theater by allowing volunteers and materiel to be shipped to Aetolia.

Post-war era

Following the war, Sakalia took advantage of an intact industrial base, social stability and its natural resources to expand its industry to supply the rebuilding of Illypnia. It suffered little from the Adonian Depression and was one of the few Illypnian countries to experience growth during the immediate post-war era.

Recent history

Geography

Sakalia is a largely mountainous country due to its location in the Kasus and Dalian Mountains. Of the total area of Sakalia (197,545 km²), only about a quarter can be considered low lying, and only 30% of the country is below 500 meters. Low lands and plains can be found in the south of the country along the border with Tourkia.

Climate

Roughly half of Sakalia lies in the cool/temperate climate zone, where humid westerly winds predominate. With three-quarters of the country dominated by high mountains, the alpine climate is predominant. In the south — in the Mizia Plain and along the Mondego valley — the climate shows continental features with less rain than the alpine areas. Although Sakalia is cold in the winter (−10 to 0°C), summer temperatures can be relatively high, with average temperatures in the mid-20s and a highest temperature of 40.5°C in August 2014.

According to the Köppen Climate Classification, Sakalia has the following climate types: Hot summer humid continental (Dfa), Cool/Warm-summer humid continental (Dfb), Subarctic/Subalpine (Dfc), Tundra/Alpine (ET) and Ice-Cap (EF).

Politics

Law and judicial system

Administrative divisions

Foreign relations

Sakalia is considered to have close relations with its neighbors Aetolia, Ashakarra, Kotcija, Varkana, Vasaras and Tourkia. Since 1987, Sakalia has been an associate member of the Mesogean Cooperation Organization and is a member of the Mesogean Free Trade Area, Mesogean Area and the Energy Standard Organization.

Military

The President holds the title of commander-in-chief of the nation's armed forces. The Ministry of Defense jointly with Chief of staff administers the armed forces, including the Sakalian Ground Force and the Sakalian Air Force. Since 2004, the Sakalian Armed Forces are under a unified command structure. The Ministry of Defense maintains the political and civil control over the army. A subordinate Joint Forces Command is coordinating and commanding the military corps. In 2016, the armed forces had TBD personnel on active duty, the operative reserve brought the total number of troops to fifty thousand. In 2017, military spending was ₭3.02 billion, about 1.26% of the country's GDP.

Military service is voluntary, though conscription may occur in wartime. In a significant move for modernization, Sakalia decided in 2001 to buy 25 JAS 39 Gripen fighter aircraft for about ₭1.6 billion. Within its self-declared status of permanent neutrality, Sakalia has a long and proud tradition of engaging in Adonian Community-led peacekeeping and other humanitarian missions.

Economy

Sakalia is classified as a high-income economy by the Adonian Community. Energy Standard Organization data estimated that Sakalian nominal GDP stood at ₭239.86 billion, or ₭16,864 per capita for 2016, while purchasing power parity GDP stands at ₭365.28 billion, or ₭25,682 per capita.

U/C

Tourism

Infrastructure

Despite having important hydroelectric potential, more than half of Sakalia's electricity needs are provided by nuclear power. The country has large reserves of uranium to provide for its nuclear needs.

Demographics

Urban agglomerations

Urban agglomeration Area
(km²)
Population
2016 census
Mizia TBD 2,316,894
Pliska TBD 1,468,043
Dimovo TBD 1,123,858
Melnik TBD 765,347
Ahtopol TBD 697,482

Religion

Religion in Sakalia
religion percent
Magdalenan Christianity
  
70.28%
Armazism
  
14.44%
Judaism
  
4.34%
Islam
  
2.47%
Atheism or Agnosticism
  
4.57%
Others and unspecified
  
4.24%

The Constitution of Sakalia recognizes Magdalenan Christianity as the "prevailing" faith of the country, while guaranteeing freedom of religious belief for all.

Languages

The official language is Sakalian, a Slavic language. Along with the closely related Sassian language (collectively forming the Alpine North Slavic languages), it is a member of the Slavic Kasus sprachbund. The two languages have several characteristics that set it apart from all other Slavic languages: changes include the elimination of case declension, the development of a suffixed definite article and the lack of a verb infinitive, but it retains and has further developed the Proto-Slavic verb system.

Sakalian is spoken as a first language by approximately 91% of the entire population, while Tourkian and Aetolian are spoken by 4.2% and 1.2% of the population, respectively. Foreign citizens and stateless persons that live in Sakalia have access to justice and education in their own language. Breislandic and Aetolian are the main foreign languages taught in schools.

Education

Health

Sakalia has a universal health care system, and total health expenditures by the government are roughly 6% of the GDP. It covers medical examinations, any surgical interventions, and any post-operator medical care, and provides free or subsidized medicine for a range of diseases. The state is obliged to fund public hospitals and clinics.

Culture

Arts and literature

Media

Cuisine

Sakalian cuisine has been influenced by Dinaric cuisine (especially in the historical regions that had been formerly administered by the United Kingdom of the Dinarides), but also shares some similarities with other cuisines in Central Illypnia such as the Kastrunetian, Tourkian, or Sartan cuisine.

Sports

See also