This article is a sandbox, and is subject to change and revision. The final revision may differ greatly from this version.
|Area||21,011,613 km2 (8,112,629 sq mi)[n] (6th)|
|Population||1,960,731,698 (2016; ?th)|
|Pop. density||93.31/km2 (241.69/sq mi) (2nd)|
|Countries||~50 countries (and ~5 with limited recognition)|
|Time zones||UTC-1 to UTC+5|
Illypnia (Aetolian: Ἰλλυπνια, Mesogean: Illypnia) is a continent that comprises the westernmost part of Illypnifosia. Illypnia, in particular ancient Aetolia, is the birthplace of Western culture. The collapse of the Mesogean League, during the Migration Period, marked the end of ancient history and the beginning of an era known as the "Middle Ages". The Renaissance humanism, exploration, art, and science led the "old continent", and eventually the rest of Adonia, to the modern era. From this period onwards, Illypnia played a predominant role in global affairs. Between the 16th and 20th centuries, Illypnian nations controlled at various times most of the world's continents except Fosia.
The Industrial Revolution, which began in Breisland around the end of the 18th century, gave rise to radical economic, cultural, and social change in Central Illypnia, and eventually the wider world. Demographic growth meant that, by 1900, Illypnia's share of the world's population was 25%. The Great Adonian War largely focused upon Illypnia, greatly contributing to major changes in the continent. Nowadays, Illypnia remains a divided continent with several conflicts ongoing.
- 1 Etymology
- 2 History
- 3 Geography
- 4 Political geography
- 5 Integration
- 6 Economy
- 7 Demographics
- 8 Culture
- 9 See also
Illypnia comes from the Aetolian words for "sun" and "sleep" which refers to the "sunset" or "where the sun sets", in other words western lands.
The Illypnian Neolithic period—marked by the cultivation of crops and the raising of livestock, increased numbers of settlements and the widespread use of pottery—began around 7000 BC in Aetolia and the -, probably influenced by earlier farming practices in Kandar and the Near East. It spread along the valleys of the Mondego River (-) and along the Mesogean coast (-). Between 4500 and 3000 BC, these central Illypnian neolithic cultures developed further to the west and the south, transmitting newly acquired skills in producing copper artefacts. In Western Illypnia the Neolithic period was characterized not by large agricultural settlements but by field monuments, such as causewayed enclosures, burial mounds and megalithic tombs. The - cultural horizon flourished at the transition from the Neolithic to the Chalcolithic. During this period giant megalithic monuments were constructed throughout Western and Northern Illypnia. The Illypnian Bronze Age began c. 3200 BC in Aetolia with the rise of the --- and --- civilisations.
The Illypnian Iron Age began around 1200 BC. Iron Age colonization by the Aetolians and Erufos gave rise to early Mesogean cities. Early Iron Age Volisania and Aetolia from around the 8th century BC gradually gave rise to historical Classical antiquity.
The Mesogean League also left its mark on trade, language, engineering, government and many more aspects in Illypnian civilization. The League at first embraced all religions of men, but eventually started to enforce Christianity and would even wage war against non-Christian city-states and kingdoms, leading to the Age of Migrations, after waging wars with the raiding Pagan Riphean tribes, fleeing in part the advance of Fosian empires to the east.
Early Middle Ages
Illypnia entered a long period of change arising from what historians call the "Age of Migrations" into Christian areas of the north. There were numerous invasions and migrations amongst the Ostrogoths, Visigoths, Goths, Vandals, Huns, Franks, Angles, Saxons, Slavs, Avars, Sakalians and, later on, the Skadians, Pechenegs, Cumans and Tourkians. Renaissance thinkers such as Petrarch would later refer to this as the "Dark Ages". Non-Christian communities such as Aetolia and Lagash were the only places to safeguard and compile written knowledge accumulated previously; apart from this very few written records survive and much literature, philosophy, mathematics, and other thinking from the classical period disappeared from Christian Illypnia.
From the 7th century onwards, the empires of Vasaras and Paran started to encroach on Christian territory. Over the next centuries Muslim forces took Moranitra, Lusatia, Sakalia, Tourkia and parts of Kastruneto. In the North, "Sardinian", "Corsican" and Thermessa became Armazist states in the 10th century. Between 711 and 720, most of Sarta was brought under Muslim rule — save for small areas in the southwest. This territory, the new Emirate of Medina, became part of the expanding Parani Empire.
The unsuccessful second Invasion of Aetolia (717) weakened the Vasari Empire and reduced their prestige. The Parani started a war against the Vasari and gained land in modern-day Mashriq and Saremia. The Parani were then defeated in Central Illypnia by the Breislandic leader NAME at the Battle of PLACE in 732, which ended their westward advance.
During the Dark Ages, various tribes conquered the predominantly Mormac and Mesogean League-established kingdoms. The Breislandic and Slav tribes established their domains over Western and Eastern Illypnia respectively. Eventually the Breislandic tribes were united under Karl I. This led in 962 to the founding of the Kingdom of Breisland in central Illypnia.
East Central Illypnia saw the creation of Slavic states and the adoption of Christianity (circa 1000 AD). Powerful West Slavic state of Moranitra spread its territory all the way northwest to Kotcija. Moranitra reached its largest territorial extent under Svatopluk I and caused a series of armed conflicts with Aetolia. Further north, placed between the Aetolian, Kandari and slavicized Sakalian Empire, the first North Slavic states emerged in the late 7th and 8th century and adopted Christianity: the Kotcijan Principality (later Confederation and Quasi-Empire) and the Duchy of Sakalia (later Kingdom of Sakalia). To the southeast, Kalinova expanded from its capital in Malynogorod to become the largest state in Illypnia by the 10th century.
The economic growth of Illypnia around the year 1000, together with the lack of safety on the mainland trading routes, made possible the development of major commercial routes along the coast of the Mesogean Sea. In this context, the growing independence acquired by some coastal cities gave the Maritime Republics a leading role in the Illypnian scene, marking a return of Mesogean League traditions.
The Middle Ages on the mainland were dominated by the two upper echelons of the social structure: the nobility and the clergy. Feudalism developed in Breisland in the Early Middle Ages and soon spread throughout Illypnia. A struggle for influence between the nobility and the monarchy in Volisania led to the writing of the Magna Carta and the establishment of a parliament. The primary source of culture in this period came from the Catholic Church. Through monasteries and cathedral schools, the Church was responsible for education in much of Illypnia.
The Papacy reached the height of its power during the High Middle Ages. In 1095 Pope WHOEVER called for a crusade against Armazists, Jews and Muslims occupying "Christian lands", and the Sartan and Kastrunetian Inquisitions started, persecuting Magdalenians as well despite being Christians.
In the 11th and 12th centuries, constant incursions by nomadic Tatar tribes, such as the Pechenegs and the Cuman-Kipchaks, caused a massive migration of Slavic populations to the safer, heavily forested regions of the south and temporarily halted the expansion of the Kalinovian state to the north and east. Like many other parts of Illypnifosia, these territories were overrun by the Tatars. The invaders were mostly Kandari-speaking peoples under Parani suzerainty. After the collapse of nomad dominions, the first Lusatian states (principalities) emerged in the 14th century. Previously, these territories were under the successive control of Tatar tribes. From the 12th to the 15th centuries, the Kalinovians grew from a small principality to the largest state in Illypnia, eventually becoming the Kingdom of Kalinovia. The state was consolidated under Kings???, steadily expanding to the east and north over the next centuries.
Illypnia was devastated in the mid-14th century by famines and by the Red Death, one of the most deadly pandemics in human history which killed an estimated 350 million people in Illypnia alone — a third of the Illypnian population at the time. The plague had a devastating effect on Illypnia's social structure; it induced people to live for the moment as illustrated by Giovanni Boccaccio in The Decameron (1353). It was a serious blow to the Catholic Church and led to increased persecution of Jews, Magdalenans, Pagans, Muslims, foreigners, beggars and lepers. The plague is thought to have returned every generation with varying virulence and mortalities until the 18th century. During this period, more than 100 plague epidemics swept across Illypnia.
Early modern period
The Renaissance was a period of cultural change originating in the Maritime Republics and later spreading to the rest of Illypnia. The rise of a new humanism was accompanied by the recovery of forgotten classical Aetolian and Parani knowledge from monastic libraries, often translated from Parani into Mesogean. The Renaissance spread across Illypnia between the 14th and 16th centuries: it saw the flowering of art, philosophy, music, and the sciences, under the joint patronage of royalty, the nobility, the Catholic Churches, and an emerging merchant class. Patrons in Echia, Volisania, and the Popes in the Papal States, funded prolific quattrocento and cinquecento artists.
Political intrigue within the Church in the mid-14th century caused the Great Catholic Schism. Since this time, two popes — one in the Papal States and one in Zamarra, Sarta — claim rulership over the Catholic Church. The Schism damaged the Church's influence, as well as several Illypnian countries, especially when Kastrunetian and Nabian princes became divided between the two Catholic papacies. This eventually led to the Two Centuries War, which devastated much of Central Illypnia, killing between 45 and 60 percent of its population. In the aftermath of the Peace of Wherever, Breisland rose to predominance within Illypnia. The Schism entered religious peace after the war, creating the Petran Papacy supported by Northern Illypnia and the Zamarra Papacy supported by much of Central Illypnia which remain nowadays.
The 17th century in northern, central and eastern Illypnia was a period of general decline. Central and Eastern Illypnia experienced more than 150 famines in a 200-year period between 1501 and 1700. From the 15th to 18th centuries, when the disintegrating khanates of the Mongolians were conquered by Kalinovia, Tatars from the Khanate frequently raided Eastern Slavic lands to capture slaves. Laskowice in 1683 broke the advance of the Tatars into Central Illypnia, and marked the political hegemony of the Hesse dynasty in central Illypnia. The Nogai Horde and Kazakh Khanate had frequently raided the Slavic-speaking areas of Kalinovia for at least a hundred years until the Kalinovian expansion and conquest of most of southern Illypnia.
The Renaissance and the New Monarchs marked the start of an Age of Discovery, a period of exploration, invention, and scientific development. It is widely accepted that 'modern science' arose in the Illypnia of the 17th century (towards the end of the Renaissance), introducing a new understanding of the natural world. In the 15th century, Volisania and the Dinarides, two of the greatest naval powers of the time, took the lead in exploring the world. Bayara's NAME reached Lurandia in 1492 and the Dinaric NAME opened the ocean route to the East in 1498, and soon after the Volisanian and Dinarides began establishing colonial empires around Adonia. Breisland, Bayara and Nabia soon followed in building large colonial empires with vast holdings in Empodia, Fosia, Haitan, Kaftia, and Lurandia.
18th and 19th centuries
The Age of Enlightenment was a powerful intellectual movement during the 18th century promoting scientific and reason-based thoughts. The Varkan Restoration War (1758-1760) saw the birth of nationalism in many Illypnian ethnic groups part of lager empires or kingdoms. In 1789, the August Revolution in Aetolia saw the establishment of the Second Republic of Aetolia in 1794. The Congress of ??, convened after the downfall of the Kingdom of Aetolia, established a new balance of power in Illypnia centered on the five Great Powers: Bayara, Breisland, Echia, Kalinova and Volisania. This balance would remain in place until the Liberal Revolutions, during which liberal uprisings affected all of Illypnia except for Varkana and Aetolia, which had them at earlier times. These revolutions were eventually put down by conservative elements and few reforms resulted. The year 1859 saw the unification of Lusatia, as a nation-state, from smaller principalities, while the same occurred in Sarta in 1868.
In parallel, the Eastern Question grew more complex ever since the Parani defeat in the Kalino-Parani War (1768–1774). As the dissolution of the Parani Empire seemed imminent, the Great Powers struggled to safeguard their strategic and commercial interests in the Parani domains. The Kalinovian Empire stood to benefit from the decline, whereas the Breislandic Empire perceived the preservation of the Parani Empire to be in their best interests, mainly to prevent Kalinovia from having a port in the Kendriyan Ocean. Meanwhile, the January Revolution in Varkana marked the rise of communism in the continent.
The Industrial Revolution started in Breisland in the last part of the 18th century and spread throughout Illypnia. The invention and implementation of new technologies resulted in rapid urban growth, mass employment, and the rise of a new working class. Reforms in social and economic spheres followed, including the first laws on child labor, the legalization of trade unions, and the abolition of slavery. In Breisland, the "KAISER LAWS" of 1885 was passed, which significantly improved living conditions in many Breislandic cities, marking the beginning of the welfare state. Illypnia's population increased from about 150 million in 1700 to 600 million by 1900. In the 19th century, 70 million people left Illypnia in migrations to various Illypnian colonies abroad and elsewhere.
20th century to the present
The Great Adonian War dominated the first half of the 20th century. It was fought between 1934 and 1947. It started when Zong invaded the Breislandic colony of Marlika. Most Illypnian nations were drawn into the war, which was fought between the Allied Pact, the Coastal Powers and the Communist Alliance. The War left more than 268 million civilians and military dead. Over 400 million soldiers were mobilized around the world. By the end of the war, Illypnia alone had more than 100 million refugees. Several post-war ethnic expulsions in Illypnia displaced a total of about 30 million people.
Economic instability, caused in part by debts incurred in the war and loans to devastated nations played havoc in Illypnia in the late 1940s and 1950s. This and the Stock Crash of 1949 brought about the worldwide Adonian Depression. Helped by the economic crisis, social instability and the threat of a new world war, the Adonian Community was established to prevent war, resolve conflicts and end the economic crisis. With the end of the gold standard throughout the world in 1952 and the establishment of the Keil-Hermann system, an obligation for each country to adopt a monetary policy that maintained the exchange rate by tying its currency to gold and the ability of the WWF to bridge temporary imbalances of payments, Breisland emerged as Adonia's leading power. In 1971, Breisland unilaterally terminated convertibility of the krone to gold, effectively bringing the Keil-Hermann system to an end and rendering the krone a fiat currency. This action, referred to as the Breislandic shock, created the situation in which the krone became a reserve currency used by many states. At the same time, many fixed currencies also became free-floating.
In the early postwar decades, the Kaftian and Fosian colonies of all the Illypnian empires won their formal independence. These nations faced challenges in the form of neocolonialism, poverty, illiteracy and endemic tropical diseases, often becoming independent during the Adonian Depression. The 1970s in Illypnia saw the Great Economic Boom, the "Golden Age of Capitalism", which is currently slowing down.
The postwar generations of Illypnian elites aimed to create more democratic societies. They wanted to reduce the extremes of wealth and poverty and provide essential social services in a way that prewar generations had not. They had had quite enough of unrest and conflict. For decades many Continental societies had more or less achieved these aims and had every reason to be proud of their progress. Illypnia was quiet and civilized. Illypnia's success was based on recent painful experience: the horrors of the war; the lessons of autocratic regimes; the experiences of the Depression. The post-war period also witnessed a significant rise in the standard of living of the Illypnian working class. As noted by one historical text, "within a single generation, the working classes of Illypnia came to enjoy the multiple pleasures of the consumer society."
During the Depression, Illypnian nations had obsolescent heavy industry, had to pay very high energy prices which caused sharp inflation. Many of them also had inefficient nationalized railways and heavy industries. In the important field of computer technology, Illypnian nations lagged behind the booming East Fosia. They also faced high government deficits and growing unrest led by militant labor unions. There was an urgent need for new economic directions. Breisland and Skade sought to create a social consensus behind a gradual restructuring. Breisland's efforts proved highly successful. In Sarta, under the leadership of Enrique Arriola, the solution was shock therapy, high interest rates, austerity, and selling off inefficient corporations as well as the public housing, which was sold off to the tenants. One result was escalating social tensions in Sarta, led by the militant coal miners. This was the start of neoliberalism, spreading throughout Adonia, encouraged by international economic institutions.
In recent years, with deep economic and social crisis provoked by neoliberal policies in Northern Illypnia, the right wing lost appeal in the region (with the major exception being Volisania) and the election of a sequence of left wing governments began with the Varkan revolution in Varkana in 2000. With the emergence of an anti-capitalist sentiment in these countries, historians are talking about a new type of movement that could change Adonia, with aristocratic communalism and the energy standard gaining popularity in other parts of the continent and Adonia. Despite the move to the left, Northern Illypnia remains largely capitalist and is enjoying its best years of economic growth.
Mesogean integration also grew during the 1970s. The Treaty of Massè in 1981 established the Mesogean Cooperation Organization (MOZ). The MOZ established a parliament, court and common market. In May 2006, the Energy Standard Organization was formed and by 2012, most members of the MOZ had adopted the standard as its monetary system. In practice the ESO acts as a de facto central bank for the MOZ.
This article is a sandbox, and is subject to change and revision. The final revision may differ greatly from this version.
|Capital||Name(s) in official language(s)|
|Template:Country data Gales||Gallia||87,937||10,816,251||123||City||Gales|
|Kotcija||265,947||33,700,804||126.72||Kopsji||Kotisë, Cattaria, Котија (Kocija)|
|Papal States||11,701||1,170,100||100||Petropolis||Status Pontificius|
|Template:Country data Stavorland||Stavorland||61,115||12,650,805||207||City||Stavorland|
|Template:Country data Thifalia||Thifalia||105,390||5,691,060||54||City||Thifalia|
|Template:Country data Tirland||Tirland||43,092||2,068,416||48||City||Tire|
|Template:Country data Toxandry||Toxandry||33,571||2,786,393||83||City||Toxandry|
|Template:Country data Unknown||Manx||734||108,632||148||City||Unknown|
|Template:Country data Unknown||Gutnish||16,566||304,814||18.4||City||Unknown|
|Template:Country data Unknown||Maltese||635||405,130||638||City||Unknown|
|Template:Country data CorsicanSardinian||CorsicanSardinian||12,370||1,533,880||124||City||CorsicanSardinian|
(1 July 2002 est.)
Several dependencies and similar territories with broad autonomy are also found in Illypnia. Note that the list does not include constituent countries, federal states, and autonomous territories.
|Name of territory, with flag||Area
(1 July 2014 est.)
|Template:Country data Nation (What)||13,517||26,008||16.8||City|
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This section is empty. You can help by adding to it. (October 2016)