Great Adonian War

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Great Adonian War
GAWimage.png
Clockwise from top left: Aetolian tanks in Kandar, Vasari troops, Zong troops in Marlika, Sindewand colonial soldiers, Volisan wrecked ship in the Mesogean Sea, Varkan special forces during a chemical attack in Echia, Breislandic F-8 in Kalinovia, female partisans of the Brigadas Vermelhas in Kastruneto.
Date 28 July 1934 - 11 November 1947
Location Central Illypnia, Northern Illypnia, Fosia, Neptic, Northern Kaftia, Near East, Southern Kaftia, South NW and North NW
Result Stalemate
Participants
Allies
 Breisland
 Burawa
 Aetolia
 Limonia
 Paran
Kemal Kemal
and others
Coastal Powers
 Zong
 Volisania
 Sarta
 Kalinova
 Kandar
Empire of Nusaraya Nusaraya
and others
Communists
Varkana Varkana
Vasaras Vasaras
Daras Daras
 Mengmia
 Shanjian
 Shuchamia
Commanders and leaders
Main Allied leaders
Breisland Friedrich Weixler
Burawa Manaa Kadar
Aetolia Theodorus Metaxas
Limonia Dude
Paran Ahmed bin Amir al-Bayt
Kemal Dude
Main Coastal leaders
Zong Tan Sinchong
Volisania Federico Fazio
Sarta Jaime Checa
Kalinova Boris Irkyshnikov
Kandar Dude
Empire of Nusaraya Ucida Suryono
Main Communist leaders
Varkana Levan Gotua
Vasaras Javad Mousavi
Daras Dude
Jin Dude
Casualties and losses
Military dead:
Over 24,000,000
Civilian dead:
Over 38,000,000
Total dead:
Over 62,000,000 (1924–47)
...further details
Military dead:
Over 56,000,000
Civilian dead:
Over 73,000,000
Total dead:
Over 129,000,000 (1924–47)
...further details
Military dead:
Over 32,000,000
Civilian dead:
Over 45,000,000
Total dead:
Over 77,000,000 (1928–47)
...further details

The Great Adonian War (GAW), also known as the World War or the Great War, was a global war centered in Illypnia and Fosia that began on 28 July 1934 and lasted until 11 November 1947, though related conflicts began earlier and some countries' participation ended earlier. It involved the vast majority of Adonia's nations — including all of the great powers — eventually forming three opposing military alliances: the Allied Pact, the Coastal Powers and the Communist Alliance. It was the most widespread war in history, and directly involved more than 400 million people from over ?? countries. In a state of "total war", the major participants threw their entire economic, industrial, and scientific capabilities behind the war effort, erasing the distinction between civilian and military resources. Marked by mass deaths of civilians and the strategic bombing of industrial and population centers, it resulted in an estimated 156 million civilian and 112 million military fatalities, for a total of 268 million dead. These made the Great Adonian War the deadliest conflict in human history.

Chronology

Background

Political and military alliances

Arms race

Rise of communism

Prelude

Great Recession (1925-1934)

Aggression and alliances

In early 1933, Prime Minister Tan Sinchong of Zong invited representatives from all over Fosia to attend the Huwei Conference in order to "discuss Illypnian imperialism and presence in Fosia". It was in fact a conference to assert Zong's influence over Fosian affairs and delimit each Fosian power's sphere of influence. At the end of the conference, the Huwei Pact was signed on 14 April 1933 by Zong, Nusaraya, Sunbon, Jumia and Nankuni, creating a formal alliance between those nations. Secret provisions, not included in the actual document, also asserted the respective spheres of influence of Zong and the Empire of Nusaraya.

In Central Illypnia, Sarta and Echia were becoming more aggressive. As Jaime Checa made demands on "Sartan territories" in Nabia, Breisland and Bayara guaranteed their support for Nabian independence; when Echia conquered Monsora in May 1934, the same guarantee was extended to Meleto and Rutuli. Checa intended to reclaim land formerly owned by the Sartan Confederation and the pre-Engelbert territory of Sarta.

Shortly after the Breiso-Bayaran pledge to Nabia, Sarta and Echia formalized their own alliance with the NAME Pact. Checa accused Breisland and Nabia of trying to "encircle" Sarta and renounced the Sartan–Nabian Non-Aggression Pact. In response to Breislandic requests for direct negotiations to avoid war, Sarta made demands on Nabia, which only served as a pretext to worsen relations. On 29 June, Checa demanded that a Nabian plenipotentiary immediately travel to Dertosa to negotiate the handover of Nabia in which the population would vote on abolishing the Nabian monarchy and uniting with Sarta. The Nabians refused to comply with the Sartan demands. The situation reached a general crisis in late early July as Sartan troops continued to mobilize against the Nabian border. On 9 July, when tripartite negotiations about a military alliance between Breisland, Kalinova and Paran stalled, Kalinova signed a non-aggression pact with Sarta.

This pact had a secret protocol that defined Sartan and Kalinovan "spheres of influence" (Northern Lusatia and Central Illypnia for Sarta; Southern Lusatia, Samarstan, Comania, Durrani and Hejaz for Kalinova), and raised the question of continuing Nabian independence. The pact neutralized the possibility of Kalinovan opposition to a campaign against Breisland, and assured that Breisland would not have to face the prospect of Breisland-Kalinova Alliance against her. Immediately after that, Checa ordered the attack to proceed on 16 July, but upon hearing that the Breisland had concluded a formal mutual assistance pact with Nabia, and that Volisania would maintain neutrality, he decided to delay it.

July and August Ultimatums

As war loomed in Illypnia, Zong saw the opportunity to make demands of their own in Fosia. On 18 July, Prime Minister Tan Sinchong delivered to Breisland the July Ultimatum, a series of ten demands that were made intentionally unacceptable, in an effort to provoke a war with Breisland. The ultimatum demanded that Breisland formally and completely leave Fosian territories it occupied, the ultimate aim of which, it claimed, is to "liberate Fosian peoples from Illypnian imperialism". Moreover, Koblenz should "leave all materials and wealth to the peoples it occupied", which included all military material such as planes, ships and tanks. Breisland was given one week to comply. Breisland decreed a partial mobilization on 25 July after deliberation in the Bundestag. They sent an official response to Huwei, refusing all the terms and issuing a warning to Zong. Following this, Zong broke off diplomatic relations with Breisland and, the next day, ordered a full mobilization. Finally, on 28 July 1934, Zong declared war on Breisland.

On 26 July, the Empire of Nusaraya, in support of Zong, declared general mobilization against Breisland. On 28 July, Nusaraya and Zong simultaneously attacked the Protectorate of Balausia and the Protectorate of Marlika and Devalia, respectively. On 30 July, Limonia declared general mobilization against Zong. Fenia followed suite on the 31st. Volisania waited until August 3rd for an appropriate response, when PM ordered a general mobilization, citing their intention to respect the Volisania–Zong Alliance.

On August 4th, Aetolian President Theo Kontos asked PM to suspend the Volisan general mobilization. When he refused, Aetolia issued an ultimatum demanding its mobilization be stopped, and a commitment not to support Zong. Another was sent to the Kandari Empire, asking her not to support Volisania if it were to come to the defense of Zong. On August 5th, after the Volisan response, Aetolia mobilized and declared war on the Huwei Pact. This also led to the partial mobilization in Kotcija on August 8th.

The Aetolian government issued demands to Kandar that it remain neutral. The Kandari did not respond, but sent a mixed message by ordering their troops to withdraw 10 kilometers from the Kotcijan border to avoid any incidents, and at the same time ordered the mobilization of their reserves. Aetolia and Kotcija responded by mobilizing their own reserves. For years, the Aetolians had been aware of intelligence indicating that Kandar planned to attack Aetolia through Kotcija, not confident in the success of a sea-based invasion.

On 10 August 1934, Sarta invaded Nabia after having staged several false flag border incidents as a pretext to initiate the invasion. Breisland responded with an ultimatum to Sarta to cease military operations, and on 13 August, after the ultimatum was ignored, Bayara and Breisland declared war on Sarta, followed by Aetolia, Hersatia and Paran. The alliance provided no direct military support to Nabia.

Course of the war

War breaks out in North Fosia (1934–35)

The invasion of Marlika had been planned since 1933. After declaring war on Breisland on 28 July 1934, Zong scored major victories, capturing the main island of Bisa and the Marlikan capital of Dungstadt in 1934. After failing to stop Zong troops in the Battle of CITY, the Breislandic colonial government was relocated to CITY IN DEVALIA on the mainland.

War breaks out in Illypnia (1934–35)

War breaks out in the Mesogean (1934–35)

Central Illypnia (1935–41)

Coastal attack on the Dinarides (1935–36)

Coastal advance stalls (1937–41)

War breaks out in the Neptic (1941)

East Fosia (1935–1944)

Central Fosia (1936–1944)

South Kaftia (1936–44)

Allies gain momentum in the West (1941–45)

Kalinovan attack on Breisland (1942)

Allied advance stalls (1945–46)

Stalemate and peace overtures (1946–47)

Aftermath

Post-War Bubble

Adonian Depression

Impact

Casualties and war crimes

Concentration camps and slave labor

Occupation

Home fronts and production

Advances in technology and warfare