Echia

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Echian Republic

Repubbreca Echiana
Seal of Echia
Seal
Motto: "??"
"Nobody likes a tory"
Anthem: "Anthem"
"Anthem"
Location of Echia in Adonia
Location of Echia in Adonia
Capital
and largest city
Capua
Official languagesEchian
Recognised regional languagesFaencian
Monsoran
Demonym(s)Echian
GovernmentConstitutional parliamentary republic
• President
Dionisio Masturzo
Gennaro Amendola
LegislatureParliament
Senate
House of Representatives
Constitutional history
• Unified Echia
486
• Kingdom established
843
1774
1856
1939
Area
• Total
389,930.5 km2 (150,553.0 sq mi)
• Water (%)
2.1
Population
• 2016 estimate
73,923,419
• 2016 census
73,923,419
• Density
189.58/km2 (491.0/sq mi)
GDP (PPP)2016 estimate
• Total
₭2.526 trillion
• Per capita
₭34,174
Gini (2016)35.9
medium · ??th
HDI (2016).868
very high · ??th
CurrencyPiastra (₱) (EPI)
Time zoneUTC+0 (EST)
Date formatdd.mm.yyyy CE
Driving sideright
Calling code+37
Internet TLD.ec

Echia, officially the Echian Republic (Echian: Repubbreca Echiana), is a unitary parliamentary republic in Illypnia. Echia covers an area of 389,930.5 km² (150,553 sq mi) and has a wide range of climates ranging from Mesogean and humid subtropical to desert and subalpine climates. With 74 million inhabitants, it is the 6th most populous country in Illypnia. Located in the heart of Northern Illypnia, Echia shares borders with Varkana to the east, Faencia and Rutuli to the north, Rufusia and Monsora to the west, Svaneti, Volisania, Pavia and Kastruneto to the south, and the Mesogean Sea to the northeast.

Echia has the ??th largest economy in Adonia. It has a very high level of human development and enjoys one of the highest life expectancy in Illypnia. Echia plays a prominent role in regional and global military, cultural and diplomatic affairs. Echia is a founding member of the Adonian Community and the member of numerous international institutions, including the Mesogean Cooperation Organization, and many more.

History

Prehistory and antiquity

The Mesogean League ended in YEAR.

Middle Ages

During the Early Middle Ages, Echia suffered a series of wars of conquest by Riphean tribes and was incorporated in the LARGE ASS RIPHEAN KINGDOM. By the 7th century, patrician families united in the defense of the province from the barbarians and established the Republic of Capua around the city of Capua. Modern-day Echia was divided between several republics and lesser realms such as the Republic of Salona, the Republic of Tufo and the SOME RIPHEAN KINGDOM WEST. The rulers of the Republic of Capua would repeatedly come into conflict with the RIPHEAN TRIBE of the neighboring KINGDOM WEST, which had been established following the Riphean conquest of the Mesogean province of Pavia. Consul DUDE of the Capua would ally with the armies of the Kingdom of Monsora during their conquest of the Rufusian Desert in the Rufusian War. Following the Monsoran victory over the RIPHEAN TRIBE, the Republic of Capua would maintain its alliance with Monsora, assisting it in wars against Terdolian kingdoms of other tribes and countries, such as the Republic of Aquileia.

Their alliance eventually broke off when Monsora invaded the Republic of Capua in 754 and subjugated the area. Established as a Duchy, Capua became part of the Kingdom of Monsora for the next sixty years. In 867, Echia was created as a separate kingdom when the Monsoran king, Roberto the Great, divided his realm among his three sons. Echia was inherited by Luigi II (867–894) who moved the capital of the Kingdom of Monsora to Capua. His successor was Luigi II of Echia (894–914). Luigi III was also a military leader who brought military expeditions from Echia east to Salona and conquered the republic, giving the Christian kingdom access to the Iremian Sea.

After a few years of civil wars during the reign of Carlo III, Roberto V and Luigi IV, Carlo IV (921–941) assumed the throne and brought stability to the kingdom. Echia expanded southeast and came into conflict with the Republic of Tufo which was in an alliance with the Kingdom of Varkana. Echia was defeated by Varkana during the Tufo War (948–951) and its border with Tufo remained unchanged until the 12th century when Echia conquered the city-state. In 1199, Pope NAME called for the NAME Crusade and opened Mesogean trade to the Maritime Republics. The result was a regional commercial revolution, that shifted the Echian economy from agriculture to now include trade, with the city of Cartena flourishing. It also caused the rise of banking practices and the establishment of universities in Echia, based on ideas originating from the neighboring Dinarides.

The Red Death and the Great Catholic Schism marked the crisis of the Late Middle Ages. Echia entered the Two Centuries War as an ally of the Petran Papacy.

Early Modern

First Republic

Echian Empire

Second Republic

The Treaty of Capua was signed in 1939, officially ending Echia's participation in the war. Over the following years the Varkana-backed Communists consolidated their power over the government. It made several important reforms (suffrage extended to women, creation of a social security system) and purged imperialists from the government. Major industries and public utilities were nationalized, a welfare state was established, and a comprehensive, publicly funded healthcare system was created during the communist era. The new Republic offered political autonomy to the linguistically distinct regions of Echian Monsora and Echian Faencia and gave voting rights to women. However, deep corruption and poor economic performance due to international isolation plagued the Communist leadership and free elections were held in 1943 after heavy protests. The fall of Varkana the same year also coincided with a lack of support from the Communist Alliance. The industrialist and progressive NAME replaced Communist leader Marino Caracciolo as President. Former Prime minister Francesco Palumbo, and de facto leader of the country under Caracciolo's presidency, was charged with corruption and embezzlement but managed to flea the country.

Echia remained neutral for the remainder of the war, as stipulated by the peace treaty. However, it declared void certain clauses of the treaty such as the most-favored nation clause, after the fall of Socialist Varkana. Echia was one of the founding members of the Adonian Community in 1945. Echia faced anti-colonialist conflicts in its colonies. Due to its weak military and economic state, policy of decolonization was unavoidable. Independence was granted to colony in 1948. Over the next two decades, all the colonies of the Echian Empire gained their independence.

During the 1950s up to the mid 1960s, Echia experienced the Adonian Depression, and was heavily affected by high unemployment, widespread social and religious conflicts and poor economic performances. Like most other nations at the time, Echia embraced Keynesian economics to get out of the crisis, developing thereby a mixed economy. Interest towards the creation of a Mesogean organization developed in Echia during the late 1960s. In 1974, Echia established the Mesogean Free Trade Area with Volisania and Aetolia, marking the beginning of Mesogean integration. In 1979, Varkana officially apologized for its war crimes against Echia during the war, leading to a rapprochement between the two nations. Echia became a founding member of the Mesogean Cooperation Organization in December 1981 alongside Aetolia, Monsora, Varkana and Volisania. There were significant policy changes from 1980 onward, with economic reform, tax cuts, welfare reform, an increase in competition, and a ban on borrowing to fund current spending.

During the 1990s and the 2000s, the center-right People's Party and the center-left Social Democratic Party alternatively governed the country. In 2013, Echia joined the Energy Standard Organization and switched the Piastra from a fiat currency to the energy standard.

Geography

Red River Canyon in Western Echia

Echia is located in Northern Illypnia and borders Monsora to the northwest, Rutuli to the north, Varkana and Svaneti to the east, and Pavia, Rufusia and Kastruneto to the south. With direct access to the Mesogean Sea to the northeast, Echia also has a maritime border with Aetolia. The country's total area is 427,303 square kilometers.

The western part of the country's topography was shaped by prehistoric volcanism, followed by the cooling-off and related subsidence. Located in Western Echia, the Red River Canyon is a colorful, deep, steep-sided gorge, carved by the Red River. The canyon is one of the seven natural wonders of Adonia and is largely contained in the Red River National Park — one of the first national parks in Echia. The canyon was created by the Red River cutting a channel over millions of years, and is about 386 km long, ranges in width from 6 to 29 km and attains a depth of more than 1,600 meters. Nearly two billion years of Adonia's history have been exposed as the Red River and its tributaries cut through layer after layer of sediment as the Echian Plateau uplifted.

Environment

U/C

Climate

Due to its large area and variations in elevation, the country has a wide variety of localized climate conditions. In the lower elevations in the north and east, the climate ranges from humid subtropical in the valleys to humid continental and oceanic in the Apennines. The coastal areas of the north generally fit the Mesogean climate stereotype (Köppen climate classification Csa). The coastal regions have mild winters and warm and generally dry summers, although lowland valleys can be quite hot in summer. In the summer, southern regions often have thunderstorms in the afternoon/night hours and some grey and rainy days. So, while north of Perozzi, summer is typically dry and sunny, in the south it tends to be more humid and cloudy. Spring and Autumn weather can be very changeable, with sunny and warm weeks (sometimes with Summer-like temperatures) suddenly broken off by cold spells or followed by rainy and cloudy weeks. The west of the country is a plateau at significantly higher altitudes and has an appreciably cooler climate despite being a desertic area, with cold winters and mild summers, while the climate remains semiarid to arid.

Politics

Government

Echia has a parliamentary government based on a proportional voting system. The parliament is perfectly bicameral: the two houses, the House of Representatives and the Senate, have the same powers. The President of Echia is a largely ceremonial head of state and serves as a diplomat, but may veto laws voted by the parliament and put them to a national referendum. The current president is Dionisio Masturzo since 1994. The Prime Minister is Echia's head of government. The Prime Minister and the cabinet are appointed by the Parliament, and can be dissolved by a vote of confidence. The incumbent Prime Minister is Gennaro Amendola of the Social Democratic Party.

The prime minister holds effective executive power and he must receive a vote of approval from its cabinet to execute most political activities. The office is similar to those in most other parliamentary systems, but the leader of the Echian government is not authorized to request the dissolution of the Parliament of Echia.

Another difference with similar offices is that the overall political responsibility for intelligence is vested in the Prime Minister. By virtue of that, the office has exclusive power to: Coordinate intelligence policies, determining the financial resources and strengthening national cyber security; Apply and protect State secrets; Authorize agents to carry out operations, in Echia or abroad, in violation of the law.

Echia's two major political parties are the Social Democratic Party and the People's Party. During the 2013 general election these two parties won 592 out of 700 seats available in the House of Representatives and 278 out of 300 in the Senate. Most of the remaining seats were won by the far right Echian Action, the far left Communist Party or by parties that contest elections only in one part of Echia: the Magdalenan Party and the Monsoran Unionist Party.

Law and criminal justice

Foreign relations

Echia is a founding member of the Adonian Community, and strongly supports multilateral international politics, endorsing the AC's regional organizations and its international security activities.

Military

Administrative divisions

Echia is subdivided into 13 regions, two of these regions having a special autonomous status that enables them to enact legislation on some of their local matters.

Economy

Infrastructure

Science and technology

Demographics

Metropolitan cities

Ethnic groups

Languages

Echia's official language is Echian. Echia has numerous regional dialects, however, the establishment of a national education system has led to decrease in variation in the languages spoken across the country during the 20th century. Standardization was further expanded in the 1950s and 1960s thanks to the rise of mass media and television and economic growth after the Adonian Depression.

According to 2016 statistics compiled by the Mesogean Cooperation Organization, Echian was the native language of 78.5% of the total population, or roughly 58.03 million people, followed by Monsoran (4.6%, 3.4 million), Faencian (3.4%, 2.5 million), Kandari (2.7%, 2.0 million), Jarinian (2.4%, 1.77 million), Imo (1.8%, 1.33 million) and Burawi (1.2%, 887,000). Native speakers of other languages made up the remaining 5.4% of the population. The Government of Echia does not regulate the choice of language in publications by individuals but the use of Echian is required by law in commercial and workplace communications.

Religion

Basilica of Lamia in Central Echia

Petran Catholicism has been the predominant religion in Echia for more than a millennium, though it is not as actively practized today as it was. Among the 45,000 religious buildings in Echia, 92% are Petran Catholic. During the Occupation of Echia by Socialist Varkana in the Great Adonian War, communist activists conducted a brutal campaign of de-Christianization, ending the Petran Catholic Church as the state religion. In many cases, clergy and churches were attacked, with iconoclasm stripping the churches of statues and ornaments. The Constitution, drafted in 1939, contains elements based on Varkan secularism. To this day, the government is prohibited from recognizing any specific right to a religious community.

The 2016 census by the Government of Echia gave Petran Catholicism as the main religion, with 43% of the population, while 8% belong to other Christian denominations, including Magdalenans (6.3%); and other Christian churches (1.3%). 13.2% of the total belonged to other, non-Christian religions, mainly Armazism (5.5%), Islam (4.2%) and Judaism (2.5%); 36.7% declared having no religion; 1.7% were unspecified.

Education

Health

Culture

Architecture

Visual art

Literature and theater

Music

Cinema

Sport

Association football is the most popular sport in Echia. The top national football club competition is La Lega.

Lelo burti is also popular, particularly in Capua and the Iremian coast of Echia.

Cuisine

See also