Daras

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Socialist Republic of Daras

西國社会主义共和国
ㄒㄧ ㄍㄨㄛˊ ㄕㄜˋ ㄏㄨㄟˋ ㄓㄨˇ ㄧˋ ㄍㄨㄥˋ ㄏㄜˊ ㄍㄨㄛˊ
Xiguó Shèhuì Zhǔyì Gònghéguó
Flag of Daras
Flag
Coat of arms of Daras
Coat of arms
Location of Daras in Adonia
Location of Daras in Adonia
Capital
and largest city
Gongjing
Official languagesDarasian
Demonym(s)Darasian
GovernmentMarxist–Jinaist one-party socialist state
• President
Tong Keshi
Fu Shunyao
LegislatureNational Assembly
Constitutional history
23 September 1904
11 January 1905
Area
• Total
7,058,148 km2 (2,725,166 sq mi)
• Water (%)
1.7%
Population
• 2016 estimate
638,800,770
• 2016 census
638,800,770
• Density
90.5/km2 (234.4/sq mi)
GDP (PPP)2016 estimate
• Total
₭7.961 trillion
• Per capita
₭12,463
Gini (2016)44.3
medium · ??th
HDI (2016).721
high · ??th
CurrencyTBD (TBD) (DAR)
Time zoneUTC+8 (DST)
Date formatdd.mm.yyyy CE
Driving sideright
Calling code+75
Internet TLD.da

Daras (Yuzi: 西國; Zhuyin: ㄒㄧ ㄍㄨㄛˊ; Pinyin: Xiguó), officially the Socialist Republic of Daras (Yuzi: 西國社会主义共和国; Zhuyin: ㄒㄧ ㄍㄨㄛˊ ㄕㄜˋ ㄏㄨㄟˋ ㄓㄨˇ ㄧˋ ㄍㄨㄥˋ ㄏㄜˊ ㄍㄨㄛˊ; Pinyin: Xiguó Shèhuì Zhǔyì Gònghéguó), is a unitary sovereign state in Fosia. It borders Limonia to the east, Mengmia to the south, Shuchamia to the southeast, Zanpakia and the Jade Sea to the north, and Galastan to the west. The country's 2016 census recorded a population of just over 638 million inhabitants, making Daras the most populous country in Adonia. Daras is 7,058,148 square kilometers (2,725,166 sq mi) in size. Its capital and largest city is Gongjing, located in the northeast of the country.

U/C (Brief history)

In 2016, the Darasian economy was Adonia's 6th largest by purchasing power parity. A nuclear weapons state and regional power, it has the largest standing army in the world and ranks fifth in military expenditure. Daras is a Marxist–Jinaist one-party republic, where the role of the vanguard Communist Party is enshrined in the 1905 Constitution.

Etymology

Daras comes from the Vasari darashm combining the words در dar (gate, door) and یشم ashm (jade) meaning "the jade gateway". It was mesogeanized to Daras over time.

The official name of the modern state is the "Socialist Republic of Daras" (Jade: 西國社会主义共和国; Zhuyin: ㄒㄧ ㄍㄨㄛˊ ㄕㄜˋ ㄏㄨㄟˋ ㄓㄨˇ ㄧˋ ㄍㄨㄥˋ ㄏㄜˊ ㄍㄨㄛˊ; Pinyin: Xiguó Shèhuì Zhǔyì Gònghéguó). The shorter form is "Daras" or in Darasian Xiguó (Jade: 西國; Zhuyin: ㄒㄧ ㄍㄨㄛˊ) from xi ("western") and guó ("state"), a term which developed under the Bian dynasty in reference to its royal demesne. It was then applied to the area around Xunyi during the Jade Empire before being used as an occasional synonym for the state under the Liang dynasty. It was often used as a cultural concept to distinguish the Darasians from other Jade peoples.

History

Prehistory

Early evidence for proto-Jade millet agriculture is radiocarbon-dated to about 7000 BCE. The earliest evidence of cultivated rice, found by the ?? River, is carbon-dated to 8,000 years ago. Farming gave rise to the Jiahu culture (7000 to 5800 BCE). At Damaidi in Ningxia, 3,172 cliff carvings dating to 6000–5000 BCE have been discovered, "featuring 8,453 individual characters such as the sun, moon, stars, gods and scenes of hunting or grazing". These pictographs are reputed to be similar to the earliest characters confirmed to be written Jade script. Jade proto-writing existed in Jiahu in around 7000 BCE, Dadiwan from 5800 BCE to 5400 BCE, Damaidi around 6000 BCE and Banpo dating from the 5th millennium BCE. Some scholars have suggested that Jiahu symbols (7th millennium BCE) were the earliest Jade writing system. Excavation of a Peiligang culture site in Xinzheng, Henan, found a community that flourished in 5500 to 4900 BCE, with evidence of agriculture, constructed buildings, pottery, and burial of the dead. With agriculture came increased population, the ability to store and redistribute crops, and the potential to support specialist craftsmen and administrators. In late Neolithic times, the NAME River valley began to establish itself as a center of Yangshao culture (5000 BCE to 3000 BCE), and the first villages were founded; the most archaeologically significant of these was found at Banpo, Xunyi. Later, Yangshao culture was superseded by the Longshan culture, which was also centered on the NAME River from about 3000 BCE to 2000 BCE.

Bronze artifacts have been found at the Majiayao culture site (between 3100 and 2700 BCE). Sanxingdui located in what is now WESTERN PROVINCE is believed to be the site of a major ancient city, of a previously unknown Bronze Age culture (between 2000 and 1200 BCE). The site was first discovered in 1929. Darasian archaeologists have identified the Sanxingdui culture to be part of the ancient kingdom of Pei, linking the artifacts found at the site to its early legendary kings.

Antiquity

The first state in what is modern-day Daras was the Pei Kingdom (裴), which emerged around 2000 BCE. The succeeding Shen Kingdom (慎) ruled the plain of the NAME River in eastern Daras from the 17th to the 11th century BCE. Their oracle bone script (from c. 1500 BCE) represents the oldest form of Jade writing yet found, and is a direct ancestor of modern Jade characters.

Confucian and Warring States periods

The Shen were conquered by the Zou (鄒), who ruled between the 11th and 5th centuries BCE, though centralized authority was slowly eroded by feudal warlords. Many independent states eventually emerged from the weakened Zou state and continually waged war with each other in the 300-year Confucian period, only occasionally deferring to the Zou king. By the time of the Warring States Period of the 5th–3rd centuries BCE, there were six powerful sovereign states in what is now Daras, Limonia and Shanjian, each with its own king, ministry and army.

Jade Empire

The Warring States period ended in 278 BCE after the state of Bian (邊) conquered the other five kingdoms and established the first East Fosian empire, the Jade Empire. King Zheng of Bian proclaimed himself the Emperor of Jade. He enacted Bian's legalist reforms throughout East Fosia, notably the forced standardization of Jade characters, measurements, road widths (i.e., cart axles' length), and currency. His dynasty also conquered the Yue tribes in neighboring regions, greatly expanding the empire over the years.

Following a widespread civil war, the Yu dynasty (玉) emerged to rule the Jade Empire between 206 BCE and 220 AD, creating a cultural identity among its populace as the Jade peoples, notably giving its name to the empire itself. The Jade Empire's involvement in Central Fosia and SOUTHWEST helped establish the land route of the Jade Road, replacing the earlier path through Binfan over the MOUNTAINS to Kemali. The Jade Empire quickly became the largest economy of the ancient world. Despite the Jade Empire's initial decentralization and the official abandonment of the Bian philosophy of Legalism in favor of Confucianism, Bian's legalist institutions and policies continued to be employed by the Yu government and its successors.

In addition to natural calamities and jiedushi amassing autonomous control, the Huang Chao Rebellion (874–884) resulted in the sacking of both ?? and ??, and took an entire decade to suppress. Although the rebellion was defeated by imperial forces, it never recovered from that crucial blow, weakening it for the future military powers to take over. There were also large groups of bandits, in the size of small armies, that ravaged the countryside in the last years of the empire, who smuggled illicit salt, ambushed merchants and convoys, and even besieged several walled cities.

Zhu Wen, originally a salt smuggler who had served under the rebel Huang Chao, surrendered to Jade forces. By helping to defeat Huang, he was granted a series of rapid military promotions. In 907 the Jade Empire was ended when Zhu Wen, now a military governor, deposed the last Jade emperor, Emperor Ai, and took the throne for himself. He established the Liang dynasty, which inaugurated the Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms period in East and Central Fosia. A year later Zhu Wen had the deposed Emperor Ai poisoned to death.

Middle Ages

Liang dynasty

Establishing his new government in Luanjing (literally "Imperial Capital") over the Jade capital at Xunyi, Zhu Wen built the foundations of a strong central government over the Liang. The establishment of this capital marked the start of the Liang period. He ensured administrative stability by promoting the civil service examination system of drafting state bureaucrats by skill and merit (instead of aristocratic or military position) and promoted projects that ensured efficiency in communication throughout the empire.

The Liang often came into conflict with the neighboring Ning, Yao and Jing dynasties who often had coalitions against Liang to counter its expansion threats. The population of Daras doubled in size during the 9th, 10th and 11th centuries. This growth was made possible by expanded rice cultivation in eastern and northern Liang, the use of early-ripening rice from northwest and Northeast Fosia, and the production of widespread food surpluses. The expansion of the population, growth of cities, and the emergence of a national economy led to the gradual withdrawal of the central government from direct involvement in economic affairs. The lower gentry assumed a larger role in grassroots administration and local affairs. Appointed officials in county and provincial centers relied upon the scholarly gentry for their services, sponsorship, and local supervision.

During the 11th century, political rivalries divided members of the court due to the ministers' differing approaches, opinions, and policies regarding the handling of the Liang's complex society and thriving economy. Islam in the west and Buddhism in the north were striving, but imperial officials continued to promote Confucianism which led to more social instability. Seeking to resolve what he saw as state corruption and negligence, Liang Emperor DUDE perceived Muslim and Buddhist officials as enemies and executed a number of them during his reign in 1094–1116.

U/C

Mengmian conquest

The 13th century brought the Mengmian conquest of the Liang dynasty. In 1271, the Mengmian leader Kublai Khan established the Yuan dynasty; the Yuan conquered the last remnant of the Liang dynasty in 1279.

Cai dynasty

DUDE led a rebellion against the Yuan and founded the Cai dynasty in 1412.

Early modern period

Darasian Empire

Modern period

September Revolution

Civil War

Following the September Revolution, the Darasian Civil War broke out between the anti-Communist Loyalists and the new Socialist regime with its Gongshe Army. The civil war does not simply pit the Socialist revolutionaries against the Loyalists in favor of a return to the former Imperial regime. The ruinous violence of the conflict is not due solely to the shock of the Loyalist and Socialist terrors decided from above. This civil war is first of all an indescribable and very violent chaos, where the Darasian state and society disintegrated under the pressure of multiple centrifugal forces, until reconstruction and takeover by the victorious Socialists.

The war in fact saw the other revolutionary formations (republicans, anarchists, ??) also fight against the Socialists, sometimes autonomously, sometimes at the cost of collusion with the Loyalist generals. The attempts to emancipate national minorities, the action of peasant armies (hostile to both Socialists and Loyalists), the defense of competing social projects, foreign intervention, multiple settling of scores and spontaneous outbursts of violence only added to the unrest. From Autumn 1905, Zong intervened in favor of the Loyalists, sending the West Sea Fleet, occupying Zizhou and arming General Jing Taining. However, their involvement is cut short because of the lack of committed resources and the hostility of the local population. Other foreign powers intervene, notably Limonia in Eastern Daras. U/C

Faced with the combination of threats, the Socialist government, which had already transferred the capital from Luanjing to Xunyi, proclaimed general and compulsory mobilization. Li Kesan energetically took over the leadership of the Gongshe Army, founded on 17 January 1905: from nearly two million men at the end of 1905, it had more than 10 million two years later, volunteers or conscripts. The Socialists benefited from their superior organization and discipline. Although they encountered (and repressed) virulent popular resistance, their program was ultimately better received by the masses than that of the Loyalists, who aimed to return outright to the previous state of affairs. Opponents of the September Revolution suffered from their heterogeneity and their disunity.

The final period of the war was the long siege of the last Loyalist forces in NORTHEAST REGION. Lin Xinggang had gathered there the remains of Jing Taining's troops who had fortified themselves. They held out until the Gongshe Army, which had fought in the war against Limonia, landed. Then the Loyalists were overwhelmed and their last troops evacuated to Auxin in October 1908.

Socialist Republic of Daras

Upon foundation of the Socialist Republic of Daras, the former imperial capital Luanjing was renamed Gongjing, the Worker's Capital.

Great Adonian War

Post-war era

Government and politics

Tong Keshi.jpg Fu Shunyao.jpg Sanjaasürengiin Oyuun (03-12-2010) (cropped).jpg
Tong Keshi
Party Chairman &
President
Fu Shunyao
Prime Minister
Wang Xiaoyue
Speaker of the
National Assembly

Daras is a unitary Marxist–Jinaist one-party socialist republic. Although Daras remains officially committed to socialism as its defining creed, its economic policies have grown increasingly capitalist since the late 1980s, espousing elements of state capitalism and limited liberalization. Under the constitution, the Communist Party of Daras asserts their role in all branches of the country's politics and society. The president is the head of state and the commander-in-chief of the military, serving as the chairman of the TBD, and holds the second highest office in Daras as well as performing executive functions and state appointments and setting policy.

The general secretary of the Communist Party performs numerous key administrative functions, controlling the party's national organization. The prime minister is the head of government, presiding over a council of ministers composed of five deputy prime ministers and the heads of 26 ministries and commissions. Only political organizations affiliated with or endorsed by the Communist Party are permitted to contest elections in Daras. These include the NAME and worker and trade unionist parties.

The National Assembly is the unicameral state legislature composed of 498 members. Headed by a Speaker, it is superior to both the executive and judicial branches, with all government ministers being appointed from members of the National Assembly. The Supreme Court of Daras, headed by a chief justice, is the country's highest court of appeal, though it is also answerable to the National Assembly. Beneath the Supreme Court stand the provincial courts, municipal courts and many local courts. Military courts possess special jurisdiction in matters of national security. Daras maintains the death penalty for numerous offences.

Legislature

The National Assembly (Darasian Jade: 西國社会主义共和国国会; Zhuyin: ㄒ丨ㄍㄨㄛˊ ㄕㄜˋ ㄏㄨㄟˋ ㄓㄨˇ 一ˋ ㄍㄨㄥˋ ㄏㄜˊ ㄍㄨㄛˊ ㄍㄨㄛˊ ㄏㄨㄟˋ; Pinyin: Xīguó Shèhuì Zhǔyì Gònghéguó Guóhuì) is a unicameral legislative body, and is governed on the basis of democratic centralism. It is the highest representative organ and the highest state organ. The National Assembly is the only organ vested with constitutional and legislative powers. It is responsible for fundamental domestic and foreign policies, socio-economic policies, defense and security issues, and it exercises supreme control over all state activities. Delegates (or members) of the National Assembly are elected through secret ballots in democratic elections which are held every five years. The National Assembly is convened twice a year, and its Standing Committee represents it between sessions.

The membership of the Standing Committee consists of the Speaker, deputy speaker and other members; these members are elected by the National Assembly. Standing Committee members cannot simultaneously be members of the Government. Members work on a full-time basis, and their terms of office correspond with the term of the National Assembly. The Standing Committee continues to function until a new National Assembly is elected. According to the constitution, the Standing Committee is responsible for 12 duties. Of these, the most important are the powers to announce, convene and chair the National Assembly sessions, to interpret the constitution, laws and ordinances, and to issue ordinances on those matters assigned by the National Assembly. It supervises and guides the Provincial Councils and their activities, and directs, regulates and coordinates the activities of the Ethnic Council and the committees of the National Assembly.

Executive

The President of Daras is the head of state, elected to a five-year term by the National Assembly, and is limited by the Constitution to a maximum tenure of 3 terms since 1986.[26] In addition to being the Chairman of the NAME and commander-in-chief of the Darasian Armed Forces, the president has the procedural duty of appointing or dismissing of the Vice Presidents, Prime Minister, Deputy Chief Judge of the Supreme Court and Head of the Supreme Procuracy, with the consent of the National Assembly through a simple majority vote. The President has influence on foreign policy, and has the right to declare a state of emergency and to declare war. The most recent presidential elections were held on 5 December 2018, when Tong Keshi, the incumbent, was re-elected by the deputies (members) of the National Assembly.

The Government is the executive arm of the National Assembly and the highest administrative body of the Darasian state. It is headed by the president, prime minister and consists of deputy prime ministers, ministers and other members. The Government is a unified administration responsible for the implementation of political, economic, cultural, social, national defense, security and external activities of the state. It is also responsible for the effectiveness of the state apparatus itself from the top down, stabilization in the country and the observance of the constitution. As with the President, the Government is elected by the deputies of the National Assembly for a five-year term. The Prime Minister is the head of government and is elected or dismissed by the National Assembly, at the request of the president. Since 5 December 2008, the prime minister has been Fu Shunyao.

Judiciary

The Darasian judicial system is based upon Socialist legality, a form of civil law. The country's highest judicial organ is the Supreme Court of Daras. The composition of the Supreme Court includes the Chief Justice, Deputy Chief Judge, jurors and court secretaries. The structure of the Supreme Court from the top down is as follows: Council of Judges, Commission of Judges, Central Military Court, Criminal Court, Civil Court, Appeal Court, and assisting staff. The Chief Judge of the Supreme Court is elected by the National Assembly, while the President of Daras has the power to nominate and dismiss the Deputy Chief Judge and judges at the Chief Judge's request. Justice and democracy within the system is supposedly ensured because legal decision-making is an open process. Jurors play an essential role, and defenders have the right of defense and to hire a lawyer.

The Supreme Prosecutor, the Darasian equivalent to an attorney general, observes the implementation process of the Ministries, ministerial-level agencies, government organs, local authorities, social and economic organizations, the armed forces, security forces and Darasian citizens in general. The Supreme Prosecutor respects the Constitution and state laws, practices public prosecution as stated by the law and ensures law enforcement. The head of the Supreme Prosecutor is elected, dismissed, or removed from office by a proposal of the President. The Deputy Heads, prosecutors and inspectors appointed by the Supreme Prosecutor head can be dismissed by the President on the Head's request.

The Supreme Court is the highest court for appeal and review, and it reports to the National Assembly, which controls the judiciary's budget and confirms the president's nominees to the Supreme Court and Supreme Prosecutor. The Supreme Prosecutor issues arrest warrants. Below the Supreme Court are district and provincial people's courts, military tribunals, and administrative, economic and labor courts. The people's courts are the courts of first instance. The Ministry of Defense has military tribunals, which have the same rules as civil courts. Military judges and assessors are selected by the Ministry of Defense and the Supreme Court, but the Supreme Court has supervisory responsibility. Although the constitution provides for independent judges and lay assessors, several foreign governments such as those of Breisland, Limonia, Volisania and Zong maintain that Daras lacks an independent judiciary, in part because the Communist Party selects judges and vets them for political reliability. Moreover, the party seeks to influence the outcome of cases involving perceived threats to the state or the party's dominant position. Daras' judiciary is also allegedly hampered by a shortage of lawyers and by rudimentary trial procedures. The death penalty often is imposed in cases of corruption and drug trafficking.

Military

The Darasian Armed Forces consist of the Gongshe Army, the Gongshe Navy and the Gongshe Air Force. It also incorporates various paramilitary forces. The Darasian Armed Forces have a combined manpower of 2 million active duty personnel, 500,000 active reserve personnel, and another 3 million paramilitary personnel. This makes Darasian Armed Forces the largest military in the world by number of personnel. The head of the Armed Forces is the President of Daras who is commander-in-chief. The Armed Forces are managed by the Ministry of Defense, which is headed by the Minister of Defense (a member of the cabinet of Daras) and commanded by the Darasian Armed Forces Headquarters, which in turn is headed by the President. Darasian annual defense budget accounted for approximately 1.5% of 2016 Darasian GDP. Daras ranked 4th worldwide in the Military Strength Index based on the Bank of Varkana report in October 2016.

Although the domestic military industry is well-developed and provides the vast majority of military supplies, Daras also imports some military equipment, avoiding arms embargoes targeting it. Notable recent imports include the Aetolian AS-30 and AS-56 tanks, though the vast majority were provided through Varkana in either sales or donations. Burawa and Kalinova are also important foreign suppliers. U/C

International relations

Daras has diplomatic relations with ### countries and maintains embassies in ###. The foreign policy is determined by the President and implemented by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs. Daras joined the Adonian Community in 1955 after the Darasian Question was resolved, allowing communist states to join the organization. Daras is a prominent great power, a nuclear power, and an emerging superpower. Daras assumes a growing international influence and a prominent voice in global affairs.

Daras maintains strong relations with its socialist neighbors such as Mengmia, Shanjian and Shuchamia, as well as Galastan and Zanpakia. Aside from its ongoing Socialist Rapprochement with Burawa, Daras has wide-ranging defense relations with Kalinova and Varkana. Despite ideological differences, Daras has close economic ties with countries in Fosia and Illypnia, notably Kalinova, Zong, Limonia and Fenia. Trade with Kalinova represented ₭135.94 billion in 2016 while trade with Zong represented ₭114.48 billion.

Administrative subdivisions

Economy

In 1986, the ??th National Congress of the Darasian Communist Party introduced socialist-oriented market economic reforms as part of the NAME reform program. Private ownership began to be encouraged in industry, commerce and agriculture and state enterprises were restructured to operate under market constraints. This led to the five-year economic plans being replaced by the socialist-oriented market mechanism. As a result of these reforms, Zong and Limonia ended their economic embargo against Daras in early 1991. Since the early 2000s, Daras has applied sequenced trade liberalization, a two-track approach opening some sectors of the economy to international markets. Manufacturing, information technology and high-tech industries now form a large and fast-growing part of the national economy.

U/C

Trade

Energy

Science and technology

Transport

Air

Road

Rail

In 2009, Daras and Varkana signed a deal to build a high-speed railway in Daras using Varkan MSM technology. The JTL Gongjing–Zizhou high-speed line was opened in 2018 and links the major cities of Gongjing and Zizhou. The Daras National Railway operates the Varkan-built MSM 9 trains as rolling stock on the line. Under the deal with Varkana, SARK established a joint venture with Daras National Railway to build signaling systems, train Darasian employees and for future rolling stock to be manufactured entirely in Daras. In 2019, Prime Minister Fu Shunyao announced an international competition for the construction of new 350/400 km/h high-speed lines throughout Daras. Aetolia, Burawa, Varkana, Volisania and Zong competed to win the various joint-venture projects which included the construction of lines and providing rolling stocks. Contracts were awarded in 2020, with all nations part of the bidding process winning a project except for Volisania, whose bids were considered "inadequate with regard to its financial structure", mainly due to the Volisans' unwillingness to accept the financial risks of the different projects. Moreover, the Varkan company Narsain was excluded from the rolling stock competition due to the NAME bribery scandal.

New high-speed lines planned throughout the country notably include:

Water

Demographics

Urban agglomerations

Urban agglomeration Area
(km²)
Population
2016 census
Greater Gongjing TBD 46,930,158
Greater Linyou TBD 23,295,176
Greater Zizhou TBD 16,431,145
Greater Taibai TBD 14,740,657
Greater Xunyi TBD 13,571,258

Ethnicity

The Darasian Constitution defines a "Darasian" as "anyone who is bound to the Darasian state through the bond of citizenship"; therefore, the legal use of the term "Darasian" as a citizen of Daras is different from the ethnic definition. However, the majority of the Darasian population are of Darasian ethnicity and approximately 85–95 per cent of the country's citizens identify themselves as ethnic Darasian. It is estimated that there are at least 38 ethnic groups represented in Daras. Reliable data on the ethnic mix of the population is not available, because Darasian census figures do not include statistics on ethnicity.

Mengmians are the largest non-Darasian ethnicity at anywhere from 2-5 per cent of the population. The third largest ethnic group is the various /Tibetan peoples/ inhabiting the province of Binfan ranging from 1-3 per cent of the population. Other ethnic groups include Limonians, Galastani, Zanpakians, Shanjianese, Shuchamians, Vasari, and Varkans.

Languages

Darasian, belong to the Jade branch of the Jade-Binfan language family, is the official language of Daras. Standard Darasian, a variety of Darasian based on the Luanjing dialect, is the official national language of Daras as thought in school.

Jade characters (Yùzì) have been used as the written script for the Jade languages for thousands of years. They allow speakers of mutually unintelligible Jade languages to communicate with each other through writing. In 1912, the government introduced Zhuyin, which literally means phonetic notation. It progressively supplanted the older Jade characters in Daras to become the official script of Daras since 1933. Consisting of 37 characters and four tone marks, it transcribes all possible sounds in Darasian. Jade characters for Darasian and Zhuyin are officially Mesogeanized using the Pinyin system, adopted in 1958. Daras has also been using Kemali numerals since the Yuan dynasty.

Religion

The government of the Socialist Republic of Daras officially espouses state atheism, and has conducted antireligious campaigns to this end. Religious affairs and issues in the country are overseen by the Ministry for Religious Affairs. Freedom of religion is guaranteed by the Darasian Constitution, although religious organizations that lack official approval can be subject to state persecution. According to a 2018 study by ZRK, approximately 76% are either non-religious or practice Jade folk belief, 11% are Buddhists, 7% are Muslims, 2% are Pagan, and 4% adhere to other religions.

Over the millennia, Jade civilizations have been influenced by various religious movements, two of which originate in Daras. The "three teachings", including Confucianism, Taoism, and Buddhism, historically have a significant role in shaping Darasian culture. During the Liang dynasty, Buddhism and Islam were outlawed by Emperor DUDE in 1119 who favored Confucianism. Following the Mengmian conquest, Islam became prominent in Daras while Buddhism continued to be outlawed. The Buddhist DUDE led a rebellion against the Mengmian Yuan dynasty and founded the Cai dynasty, the first Buddhist dynasty in Darasian history. After the September Revolution, state atheism was imposed on the people by Li Jinai.

Education

Health

Culture

Art

Architecture

Literature

Philosophy

Mythology

Music

The modern Darasian music industry, known as D-pop, is making its mark in the entertainment field. Many Darasian artists have started to collaborate with foreign artists and producers, especially Zong artists, to facilitate the entrance of Z-pop into the Darasian market while also promoting D-pop overseas. Just like pop music, Darasian rock scene also was heavily influenced by the development of rock music in Illypnia. U/C

Theater

Cinema and animation

Festivals

The country has six nationally recognized holidays. These include: New Year's Day on 1 January; Spring Festival on the first day of the first month of the Jade calendar (between 21 January and 20 February); International Women's Day on 8 March; International Workers' Day on 1 May; Republic Day on 19 September; and Dongzhi between December 21 and December 23.

Donzhi is often merged with religious or foreign festivals such as Christmas and Helisia.

Cuisine

Sports

Lelo burti has been regarded as the most popular sport in Daras, with the men's national team having won the Lelo World Cup on three occasions. The men's national team has maintained its position as Fosia's best team, ranking 1st in Fosia and 5th in the world as of December 2020. Lelo burti became especially popular during the presidency of Bai Henggao who was an fan of the sport and brought it back to Daras from his studies in Varkana.

Football is the second most popular sport in Daras. According to AAFF, the Jade competitive game cuju (蹴鞠, literally "kick ball") is the earliest form of football for which there is evidence. Other popular sports in the country include basketball, tennis, badminton, swimming and martial arts. Board games such as go (known as wéiqí in Darasian), xiangqi, mahjong, and more recently chess, are also played at a professional level.

Media

It is generally perceived that the country media sector is controlled by the government and follows the official communist party line, though some newspapers are relatively outspoken. U/C

Fashion and clothing

Darasian tunic suit

Yufu is a term used for the historical styles of clothing worn in Daras and sucessor states to the Jade Empire. Traditionally, the yufu consisted of a robe or shirt worn as the upper garment, with a pleated skirt commonly worn as the lower garment. Jade clothing has influenced the traditional clothing of many neighboring cultures, and directly lead to the development of the kimono, hanbok, and the áo giao lĩnh.

During the Liang dynasty, Confucian codes and ideals were popularized and it had a significant effect on clothing. Zhiduo became the usual dress for men and was worn by both scholar-official and the common people. Some features of Jade clothing carried into the Liang dynasty such as court customs. Liang court customs often use red color for their garments with black leather shoe and hats. Collar edges and sleeve edges of all clothes that have been excavated were decorated with laces or embroidered patterns. Such clothes were decorated with patterns of peony, camellia, plum blossom, and lily, etc. Common clothing styles for women during the Liang dynasty were the beizi and banbi, which were usually regarded as shirt or jacket and could be matched with Ru (open cross-collar shirt) or Ku (trousers or pants).

Fashion considerably changed after the Mengmian conquest and the establishment of the Yuan dynasty. Shuchamian men had queues, while Mengmian men swept their hair behind their ears and plaited them, Salic men wore loose hair and NAME men braided their hair. Some Jade men adopted and mixed or combined Jade clothing with Mengmian clothing with Shuchamian boots and Jade clothes or wearing Mengmian clothes. Jade women on the other hand did not adopt Mengmian dress and continued wearing Jade dress. Over the years, Muslim attires brought from Eastern Illypnia became popular, including the shalwar kameez and hijab worn by both Muslims and non-Muslims.

The Cai dynasty banned people except for drama actors from wearing Mengmian and Shuchamian clothing. During the modernization period of the 19th century, the Darasian Empire issued decrees having all Darasian men to adopt Illypnian hairstyle by keeping their hair short and growing facial hair, a sign of wisdom. Meanwhile, women were expected to keep traditional hairstyles and clothing reminiscent of the Jade Empire, although the Muslim community retained traditional clothing of their original ethnic background such as Galastani or other Salic clothing.

After the September Revolution in 1904, the Darasian tunic suit was introduced as a form of national dress with distinct political overtones. The four pockets are said to represent the national virtues of "wisdom", "justice", "strength" and "harmony"; and the five buttons the communal virtues of "freedom", "equality", "comradery", "duty" and the "civility". Such suits came to be worn widely by citizens (men and women alike) and government leaders as a symbol of proletarian unity and an Eastern counterpart to the Western business suit.