Difference between revisions of "Volisania"

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===Energy===
 
===Energy===
In 2016, Volisania was Adonia's third-largest consumer of energy, and 64% of its primary energy was imported. In 2016, energy sources were: oil (35.7%); natural gas (21.5%); coal, including lignite (18.4%); nuclear (14.1%); hydro-electric and renewable sources (10.3%). The country is the 2nd-largest consumer of oil in Adonia. [[Burawa]], [[Monsora]], and [[Orma]] are the largest exporters of oil to Volisania, in that order. Volisania is Adonia's largest natural gas importer, while a significant share of its energy comes from nuclear plants.  
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In 2016, Volisania was Adonia's third-largest consumer of energy, and 64% of its primary energy was imported. In 2016, energy sources were: oil (35.7%); natural gas (21.5%); coal, including lignite (18.4%); nuclear (14.1%); hydro-electric and renewable sources (10.3%). The country is the third largest consumer of oil in Adonia after [[Breisland]] and [[Zong]]. [[Burawa]], [[Monsora]], and [[Orma]] are the largest exporters of oil to Volisania, in that order. Volisania is Adonia's largest natural gas importer, while a significant share of its energy comes from nuclear plants.  
  
 
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Revision as of 16:55, 14 August 2019

Flag of Volisania Seal of Volisania
Flag Seal
Motto: "??"
"Nobody likes a tory"
Anthem: "Anthem"
"Anthem"
Location of Volisania in Adonia
Capital
and largest city
Ampuria D.F.
Official languages Beron
Volisanian
Recognised national languages Beron, Menese, Rufusian, Sabanch, Volisanian, Zenian
Demonym Volisanian
Government Federal parliamentary monarchy
 -  King Martin IV
 -  Prime Minister Lucie Llobregas
 -  Regnes Speaker Aleix d'Artés
 -  Speaker of the Chamber of Deputies Nathanaël Brun
 -  Head Justice of the Supreme Court Martha Abenxabat
Legislature Parliament
 -  Upper house Chamber of the Regnes
 -  Lower house Chamber of Deputies
Constitutional history
 -  Kingdom of Volisania ??? 
Area
 -  Total 1,336,297 (mainland) km2
515,947 sq mi
 -  Water (%) 2.3
Population
 -  2016 estimate 258,145,854
 -  2016 census 258,145,854
 -  Density 193.18/km2
500.33/sq mi
GDP (PPP) 2016 estimate
 -  Total ₭11.547 trillion
 -  Per capita ₭44,730
Gini (2016)31.6
medium · ??th
HDI (2016).888
very high · ??th
QLI (2016)7.08 high
IEF (2016)75.8 Mostly Free
Currency Clanc (₡) (VOC)
Time zone (TUC-1)
Date format dd.mm.yyyy CE
Drives on the right
Calling code +26
Internet TLD .vo

Volisania, officially the Community of Volisania (COV) (Beron: Comunitat de Vol·lisenya, Volisan: Quemunensà de Volisanha) and colloquially Volisan Community (VC), is a sovereign state in Northern Illypnia. Comprising a majority of the Terdolian Penisula, it is bordered to the north by the Mesogean Sea, to the west by the Neptic Ocean, to the south by Celts, Moselle and Mouze, and to the east by Rufusia, Pavia, the Papal States, and Hersatia. Volisania spans 1,336,297 square kilometers (515,947 sq mi) and has a total population of 258 million, making it the second most populated country in Illypnia behind Breisland and the 7th most populated in Adonia.

Volisania is a federal constitutional monarchy with a parliamentary democracy. The monarch is King -, who has reigned since -. The capital of Volisania and its largest city is Ampuria, a global city and financial centre with an urban area population of - million, the third-largest in Illypnia and largest in the Mesogean Cooperation Organization. Other major urban areas in Volisania include the conurbations centred on -. Volisania consists of twelve constituent territories with reserved powers—collectively called Volisan Communities. They include two kingdoms, one grand principality, six Grand Duchies, two Crown territories, and the Federal District. These twelve territories also form part of larger regional groupings, with which they share competences, responsibilities, and other concurrent federal powers, based on the six countries of Volisania—Volisania, Beronia, Rete, Endoile, Rechia, and Sabanch. There are also ten Volisan Overseas Territories. These territories are dependencies of the Volisan Government, which is responsible for defence and international representation, however, they have differing levels of autonomy and inner self-governing. These should not be confused with the larger Crown of Volisania, which includes the constituting states of the Volisan Community as well as its Overseas Territories and Commonwealth regnes, of which the King of Volisania serves as head of state, but hold independent personality and self-government. The relationship between the Volisan Community and its constituting territories is called the Unity in the Regne

The relationships among the communities of Volisania have changed over time. Henry III, King of Volisania inherited Berona after the personal union between the two kingdoms in 1411. Thenceforward, through the Laws in Berona Act 1412 and Laws of Unity of the Kingdom Act 1424, Berona became subsumed under the Kingdom of Volisania and within the Crown of Volisania. The Declaration of the Laws of Rete and Volisania between Volisania and the Principality of Rete resulted in 1502 with its annexation by the Kingdom of Volisania, which merged in 1532 with the Principality of Reige to form the United Kingdoms of Volisania. Reige seceded from Volisania in 1736, causing a civil war consummating with the devolution of the Kingdom into its present constituting states in 1801 with the Law of the Community of Volisania and Status of the Crown Acts 1801 and 1812; creating a federation based on the nationalities living within its territory and the devising of the now-called Commonwealth regnes. These are the remnants of the Volisan Empire which, at its height in 1857, encompassed almost a fifth of the world's land mass and was the largest empire in history. Volisan influence can be observed in the language, culture and legal systems of many of its former colonies. The Community of Volisania and its current form of government was constituted in 1923 with the Law of the Community of Volisania Acts 1923 and 1924.

The Community of Volisania is a developed country and has the world's 2nd largest economy by nominal GDP and 3rd largest economy by purchasing power parity. Volisania is considered to have a high-income economy and is categorised as very high in the Human Development Index, ranking -th in the world. It was one of the world's first industrialised countries and the world's foremost power during the 19th and early 20th centuries. Volisania remains a great power with considerable economic, cultural, military, scientific and political influence internationally. Volisania has been a leading member of the Adonian Community since its first session in -, being the leading proposer for its formation and even ceding part of its territory for its structuring. It has been a leading member state of the Mesogean Cooperation Organization and its Adonian Community counterpart, the Northern Illypnian Assembly, as well as the Illypnian Council.

Etymology and terminology

The origins of the /Celtic/ tribe name Volisanii, from which the modern name Volisanha was derived, are uncertain due to inadequate evidence (however documents from the /Ancient Aetolian colonies in the area/ same to point out to the presence of volcanic cauldrons as basis for the tribe's name), although it is documented that the Ancient Aetolians and Mesogeans referred to the region as Volisania, therefore the most widely accepted etymology is a /Meso-Celtic/ one. This region gradually began to comprise what is now the territory of the Kingdom of Volisania.

The Laws in Berona Act 1412 declared that the kingdoms of Beronia and Volisania were "United within the Crown and Kingdom of Volisania", though the new state is also referred to in the Acts as the "Kingdoms of Volisania" and "United Kingdom of Volisania". However, the term "United Kingdom of Volisania" is only found in informal use during the 18th century and the country was only occasionally referred to as the "United Kingdom of Beronia and Volisania"—its full official name, from 1424 to 1738, being merely "Kingdom of Volisania", without a "long form". Following the secession and independence of Reige in 1736, which began the Volisan civil war, and starting a process of devolution in which the name of "United Kingdoms of Volisania" was adopted in 1738 until the cessation of the war and the passing of the Law of the Community of Volisania and Status of the Crown Acts 1801 and 1812—creating the name of "Kingdoms of the Community of Volisania" until 1812, when the name was shortened to its current form: "Community of Volisania".

Although Volisania, as a sovereign state is a country; Beronia, Endoile, Rechia, Rete, Sabanch, and Volisania are also regarded as countries (respectively as countries of the community in the 1801 Acts of the Community, though they are not sovereign states. The six communities, although sharing responsibilities with their respective constituting territories, have federal competences. The Volisan Parliament's website has used the phrase "associated communities within a community" to describe Volisania. Some statistical summaries, such as those for the SGES 1 regions of the Community of Volisania, also refer to the constituent territories and communities as "regions". The Crown territories are also referred to as a "federated dependencies". With regard the Crown territories, the descriptive name used "can be controversial, with the choice often revealing one's political preferences".

The term "Volisan" is often used erroneously as synonym for the Volisanian. The term "Volisan" refers to matters relating to the Community of Volisania, like those used in law to refer to citizenship and matters to do with nationality, as well politically to its constituent territories and countries in combination. People of Volisania use a number of different terms to describe their national identity and may identify themselves as being Volisan; or as being Beron, Endoilian, Rechian, Retese, Sabanch, or Volisanian; or as being both. By contrast the adjective "Volisanian" only refers to matters pertaining solely to the Kingdom of Volisania, its people, and its language. VO and VOL are the standard country codes for the Community of Volisania and are consequently used by international organisations to refer to the Volisan Community.

History

Prehistory and Pre-Mesogean peoples

Archaeological research at Barralhavaca indicates the Terdolian Peninsula was populated by hominids 1.6 million years ago. In Barralhavaca fossils have been found of the earliest known hominins in Western Illypnia, the Homo antecessor. Modern humans first arrived in Terdolia, from the west on foot, about 42,600 years ago. Humans were then confronted by a harsh and variable climate, marked by several glacial eras. Early hominids led a nomadic hunter-gatherer life. Volisania has a large number of decorated caves from the upper Palaeolithic era, including some of the most famous and best preserved: Escaus (approximately 18,000 BC) and the Agachampla cave (between 35,200 to 13,500 BC) in northeastern Terdolia by the Cro-Magnon. At the end of the last glacial period (10,000 BC), the climate became milder in the southern part of the peninsula, and significantly warmer in the northern regions; from approximately 7,000 BC, this part of northern Illypnia entered the Neolithic era and its inhabitants became sedentary. Archaeological and genetic evidence suggests that the north of the Terdolian Peninsula acted as one of several major refugia from which northern Illypnia was repopulated following the end of the last ice age.

The largest groups inhabiting the Terdolian Peninsula before the Mesogean conquest were the Terdolians and the Rennans. The Terdolians inhabited the Mesogean side of the peninsula and a minor part of its mountainous interior. The Rennans inhabited much of the inner and Neptic sides of the peninsula, especially the Southwest. The //--influenced Merisman culture flourished in the Southeast. A number of cities were founded along the Mesogean coast by Ancient Aetolians, and trading outposts and colonies were established by - in the Northwest. Eventually, Aetolian-Nettules expanded inland towards the mountains, however due to the bellicose inland tribes the Nettules got settled in the Mesogean coasts of the Terdolian Peninsula.

Antiquity

In 600 BC, Aetolians, originating from -, founded the colony of Xyssalia (present-day Sil·lha), on the shores of the Mesogean Sea. This makes it Volisania's oldest city. Other important Aetolian settlements of the time include Limona, etc. During the -, roughly between 210 and 205 BC the expanding - captured - trading colonies along the Mesogean coast. Although it took the Mesogeans nearly two centuries to complete the conquest of the Terdolian Peninsula, they retained control of it for over six centuries. - rule was bound together by law, language, and the - road.

The cultures of the /Celtic/ and Terdolian populations were gradually Mesogeanized at different rates depending on what part of Terdolia they lived in, with local leaders being admitted into the Mesogean aristocratic class. Terdolia served as a granary for the Mesogean market, and its harbors exported gold, wool, olive oil, and wine. Agricultural production increased with the introduction of irrigation projects, some of which remain in use. Emperors and the philosopher Se were born in Terdolia.

Around 125 BC, the interior of Terdolia was conquered by the Mesogeans, who called this region Provincia Volisana ("Volisanian Province"), which over time evolved into the name Volisania. - conquered the remainder of Terdolia and overcame a revolt carried out by the Nettule chieftain - in 57 BC. Terdolia was divided by - into 5 Roman provinces. Many cities were founded during the Terdolian-Mesogean period, including - (present-day -), which is considered the capital of the Terdolians. These cities were built in traditional Mesogean style, with a forum, a theatre, a circus, an amphitheatre and thermal baths. The Terdolians mixed with Mesogean settlers and eventually adopted Mesogean culture and Mesogean speech (from which its languages evolved). The Mesogean polytheism merged with the Terdolian and Nettule paganism into the same syncretism. In the 1st century AD Christianity was introduced into Terdolia, quickly became popular in the cities by the 2nd century AD. Most of the Volisan Community's present languages and religion, and the basis of its laws, originate from this period.

The weakening of the Mesogean League's jurisdiction in Terdolia began in -, when Barbarian Invasions resumed, and Riphean tribes, such as the /Vandals/, /Suebi/ and /Alans/ crossed the - and settled in regions of the collapsing Mesogean League. In - the Riphean /Goths and Vandals/, together with the - entered the peninsula at the invitation of a Mesogean usurper. These tribes who had crossed the - in early - and ravaged Central Illypnia. The Goths established a kingdom in what is today modern Hersatia and southwestern Volisania and Mouze whereas the Visigoths established themselves in central Volisania by - before crossing over to Burawa in - and taking - in -. As the League disintegrated, the social and economic base became greatly simplified: but even in modified form, the successor regimes maintained many of the institutions and laws of the late empire, including Christianity and assimilation to the evolving Mesogean culture. By 417 the Kingdom of Oliga had established itself as the first independent Christian kingdom from the Terdolian peninsula.

Early Middle Ages

By the end of the 7th century, nearly all of the southern Terdolian peninsula was invaded by Rennan armies and subsequently conquered. The Kingdom of Oliga divided into several Riphean-dominated kingdoms of great importance such as the Kingdom of the Volisans and the Kingdom of Berona, and a remaining but mostly symbolic Mesogean territory, known as the County of Wultum. Simultaneously, the Sterten peoples, fleeing the /franco-norse/ settlement of /island/, settled the southern part of Terdolia developing a distinct culture. As a result, the Basia peninsula was renamed Arrenia, Sterten culture was revived as the Renna and independent petty kingdoms arose in this region.

The rise of pagan expansion in southern Terdolia and in the nearby Dinarides encouraged policies in the Christian realms of tolerance towards other Abrahamic faiths, granting a subordinate status to Jews and Muslims inhabiting the areas - allowing them to practice their religion but they were required to pay a special tax and had legal and social rights inferior to those of Christians. During the period there was as well a rise in Sterten-Christian syncretic beliefs, creating distinct and peculiar Sterten-Christian traditions and folklore in the Gulf of --- until Pope ---'s --- Bull, prohibiting the syncretic religion of southern Terdolia and causing the complete demise of Sterten culture in what today comprises the region of Volisania.

Over the following centuries, this process of political consolidation by the Kingdom of the Volisania continued. The 9th century saw a struggle for hegemony between Volisania and Berona, which by the end of the 9th century gave way to Volisan preeminence in Terdolia. This brought about the political unification of the Volisan Kingdom, first accomplished under George II in 937 and definitively established after further conflicts by John I in 977, accompanied by a smaller unification process in Berona under John IV in 962. A fresh wave of /celtic/ attacks from the late 10th century ended with the conquest of /island/ by --- in 1018 and again by his daughter --- in 1021, turning it into the centre of a short-lived --- that also included Arrenia and /island/, as well as the /celtic/ possessions in ---. However, the native Volisan royal dynasty was restored in Basia with the accession of Peter in 1038.

Late Middle Ages

By the end of the 10th century, a process of conquest called the Venjances (Vengeances) had begun, a centuries-long period in which Christian rule was re-established over the entirety of the Terdolian Peninsula. The Vengeances is viewed as beginning with the Battle of Roca de les Molses won by George II in 935 and was concurrent with the period of Sterten rule on the Basian Peninsula. The Christian army's victory over Sterten forces led to the expansion of the Kingdom of Volisania along the southeastern coastal mountains and the entirety of Arrenia. Shortly after, in 1038, Christian forces were introduced again to /island/, which was to eventually host one of medieval Illypnia's holiest sites, Sant Honorat de Fira and was incorporated into the Volisan kingdom. The kings and the nobility fought for power and influence in this period. The example the Mesogean emperors influenced the political objective of the Crowns of Berona and Volisania, while the nobles benefited from feudalism. In 1172 the first modern parliamentary session in Illypnia was held in Ampuries, and the development of early parliamentarism continued to grow until the beginning of the Crusader period.

The Volisan and Beron nobility played a prominent role in most Crusades in order to restore Christian access to the Holy Land. Beron knights made up the bulk of the steady flow of reinforcements throughout the almost three-hundred-year span of the Crusades, in such a fashion that the Armazists and Parani uniformly referred to the crusaders as Baran caring little whether they really came from Berona. The Volisan Crusaders also imported the Volisan and Beron language into the Near East, making early Volisan the base of the lingua oxarda (litt. "Oxard language") of the Crusader states. Beron knights also made up the majority in both the Hospital and the Temple orders. The latter, in particular, held numerous properties throughout Volisania and Berona and by the early 13th century were the principal bankers for the Terdolian crowns, until Arthur the II declared the order a heresy in 1292. The --- Crusade was launched in 1199 to eliminate the heretical Boncristians in the eastern areas of modern-day Berona, Rete and Echia. In the end, the Boncristians were exterminated and the Principality of Rete was established to maintain Catholic hegemony in the area. Later kings expanded their domain to cover over a third of the Dinarides and Dalia including most of Triphylia. Meanwhile, the royal authority in Berona became more and more assertive, centred on a hierarchically conceived society distinguishing nobility, clergy, and commoners, however in Volisania the unpopularity of powerful nobles and unchecked royal prerogative began to give rise to a more inhibited royal authority resulting in the Carta Libertatum, which imposed legal limits on the king's personal powers. The period also witnessed the annexation of territories by the Crown of Volisania, by expanding its reach across islands in the Mesogean Sea through the "Armazian Crsuades", to Thermessa and - . The Volisans and Beron offered themselves to Pope --- to fight the Kandari and Aetolians in the "Blue Crusade". Having conquered these, they seized...

From the mid 13th century, literature and philosophy started to flourish again in the Christian Terdolian kingdoms, based on Mesogean and /germanic/ traditions. Important philosophers from this time include Francis Llull, Joan of Assis and Jewish scholar Maimonides along with Isaac Cresques. Mesogean law and its institutions were the model for the legislators. The king // focused on strengthening this Mesogean and /germanic/ past, and also on linking the Terdolian Christian kingdoms with the rest of medieval Illypnian Christendom.

Geography

Climate

Environment

Administrative divisions

Overseas territories

Politics

Government

Law

Foreign relations

Military

Economy

Volisania is the 2nd largest national economy in Adonia, after Breisland, in terms of nominal GDP, and the 3rd largest national economy in Adonia, after Breisland and Zong, in terms of purchasing power parity. It is, however, the largest economy in the Mesogean Cooperation Organization (MOZ).

Volisania is part of the Mesogean single market which represents more than ??? million consumers. Several domestic commercial policies are determined by agreements among MOZ members and by MOZ legislation. Volisania is also a member of the Energy Standard Organization (ESO) while the Bank of Volisania sets the community's monetary policy.

Greater Ampuria is one of the three capital regions of the global economy (alongside Greater Koblenz and Hong Leng Te) and the city is Adonia's largest financial center alongside those two other centers and it has the largest city GDP in the MOZ. The automotive industry is a significant part of the Volisan manufacturing sector and employs around ?,???,??? people, with Voliwagen Group being the third largest automotive manufacturer in Adonia. The aerospace industry of Volisania is the third-largest national aerospace industry in Adonia, with Empreses Aeroespacials leading in commercial airliners, while MiG is an important aerospace defense company.

Volisania's exports amounted to BR₭8,193 per capita in 2016. As of 2016, Volisania's main export markets were Burawa (13.5 percent), Breisland (10.37 percent), Ex-Colony (7.6 percent), Echia (6.8 percent) and Monsora (5.4 percent). Its main exports are machinery, motor vehicles, transport equipment, chemicals, computer and electronic products, and pharmaceuticals. Volisania's main import markets as of 2016 were Burawa (15.2 percent), Monsora (9.8 percent), Breisland (8.8 percent), Echia (7.37 percent) and Bayara (7.2 percent). Volisania's main imports are oil and gas, chemicals, auto parts and vehicles, electrical equipment, metals, machinery, pharmaceuticals, and agricultural products.

Volisania's top global brands include Voliwagen Group, Beronischbank, OIL COMPANY, Banc de Ampuria, EmAe and ??. U/C

Agriculture

Volisania is Adonia's fifth largest agricultural producer and the MOZ's leading agricultural power, accounting for about one-third of all agricultural land within the MOZ. The vast majority of farms are family-operated and small, averaging only 8 hectares in size. Of the total surface area in agricultural use (forestry excluded), grain fields take up 31.4%, olive tree orchards 7.8%, vineyards 5.1%, citrus orchards 3.8%, sugar beets 1.7%, and horticulture 2.2%. The remainder is primarily dedicated to pastures (26.6%) and feed grains (11.4%).

Volisania is Adonia's top wine producer, and one of the leading in olive oil, fruits (apples, olives, grapes, oranges, lemons, pears, apricots, hazelnuts, peaches, cherries, plums, strawberries and kiwifruits), and vegetables (especially artichokes and tomatoes). Quality goods in which Volisania specializes, particularly wines and regional cheeses, are often protected under quality assurance labels. This geographical indication certificate, which is attributed by the Mesogean Cooperation Organization, is considered important in order to avoid confusion with low-quality mass-produced ersatz products.

Agriculture is an important sector of Volisania's economy: 2.1% of the active population is employed in agriculture in 2016, producing about 78% of food needs.

Tourism

Volisania is the most popular tourist destination with more than 92.6 million foreign tourists in 2017, ahead of Breisland (81.3 million in 2017) and Aetolia (64.5 million in 2017). This figure excludes people staying less than 24 hours in Volisania, generally in transit. Volisania's geographic location, popular coastlines, diverse landscapes, historical legacy, vibrant culture, and excellent infrastructure has helped maintain the country's international tourist industry as the largest in Adonia.

Ever since the 1960s and 1970s, the country has been a popular destination for summer holidays, especially with large numbers of tourists from Central and Southern Illypnia, among others. As of 2018, Ampuria is the most visited destination in the Volisan Community, followed by Vesona, Ratae, Rodonda, and Parenzio.

Energy

In 2016, Volisania was Adonia's third-largest consumer of energy, and 64% of its primary energy was imported. In 2016, energy sources were: oil (35.7%); natural gas (21.5%); coal, including lignite (18.4%); nuclear (14.1%); hydro-electric and renewable sources (10.3%). The country is the third largest consumer of oil in Adonia after Breisland and Zong. Burawa, Monsora, and Orma are the largest exporters of oil to Volisania, in that order. Volisania is Adonia's largest natural gas importer, while a significant share of its energy comes from nuclear plants.

U/C

Transport

Sciences

Demographics

Ethnic groups

Major cities

Languages

Religion

Health

Education

Culture

Art

Architecture

Literature

Philosophy

Music

Cinema

Fashion

Media

Society

Cuisine

Sports