Difference between revisions of "Vital relationship"
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Latest revision as of 10:51, 29 November 2019
The Vital relationship (Aetolian ζωτική σχέση, zo̱tikí̱ schési̱; Varkan: არსებითი ურთიერთობა, arsebiti urtiertoba) is a phrase used to describe the necessary close political, diplomatic, cultural, economic, military and historical relations between Aetolia and Varkana.
- 1 Country comparison
- 2 History
- 3 Economic cooperation
- 4 Border cooperation
- 5 Military relations
- 6 Intelligence sharing
- 7 Monetary
- 8 Sport
- 9 Relations between political executives
- 9.1 Alasania–Metaxas
- 9.2 Nadiradze–Metaxas
- 9.3 Nadiradze–Maragos
- 9.4 Nadiradze–Panagopoulos
- 9.5 Jordania–Panagopoulos
- 9.6 Jordania–Giannopoulos
- 9.7 Korsantia–Giannopoulos
- 9.8 Korsantia–Laskaris
- 9.9 Jugashvili–Laskaris
- 9.10 Jugashvili–Karahalios
- 9.11 Ochiauri–Karahalios
- 9.12 Takaishvili–Vassallo
- 9.13 Lordkipanidze–Vassallo
- 9.14 Javakhishvili–Vassallo
- 9.15 Avalishvili–Vassallo
- 9.16 Avalishvili–Constantinescu
- 9.17 Avalishvili–Tavoularis
- 9.18 Latso–Tavoularis
- 9.19 Latso–Iordanou
- 10 Diplomacy
- 11 Public perception of relations
- 12 Popular culture
|Area||150,992 km²||171,425 km²|
|Population||52,092,240 (2016)||36,364,997 (2016)|
|Largest city||Palaiochori (10,026,751)||Greater Klow Area (6,730,652)|
|Government||Democratic constitutional semi-presidential unitary republic||Unitary aristocratic communalist constitutional semi-directorial parliamentary republic|
|State Leaders|| President: Tryfon Iordanou
Prime Minister: Dimitrios Antoniou
| President: Giorgi Latso|
Council of Ten
|Official language(s)|| Aetolian (de facto and de jure)
| Varkan (de facto and de jure)|
|Official script||Aetolian alphabet||Varkan alphabet|
|Main religions||82.3% Armazism, etc.||87.18% Armazism, 6.96% non-Religious, 1.69% Magdalenan, 0.91% Jewish, 3.28% Other|
|GDP (PPP)||₭2.484 trillion||₭1.376 trillion|
|GDP (PPP) per capita||₭47,678||₭37,848|
|Gini coefficients||TBC (low)||22.7 (very low)|
|Human Development Index||TBC (very high)||0.885 (very high)|
|Military expenditures - % of GDP||TBC (2016) - ?.?% (2016)||₭20.645 billion (2016) - 1.5% (2016)|
During most of the Antiquity, Varkan kingdoms acted as client states for Aetolia. U/C
By the start of the 15th century, a political union between the Varkana and the Aetolia became politically and economically attractive for both nations. With military threats since the late 14th century increasing, which was particularly acute in 1415 after the restoration of the monarchy in Aetolia, with the expansion of Kandar in the east, and the religious wars of the Christians (Two Centuries War) in the west. The Varkan crown especially pushed for the restoration of the monarchy in Aetolia, foreseeing an alliance between the two kingdoms. For the Varkans, an alliance would not have been possible with the First Aetolian Republic, judged too unstable.
In 1416, the Varkan House of Margania and Aetolian House of Xenakis planned a cross-faith marriage in the newly built Didymatheous in Abasha between Prince Otari of Varkana and Princess Tatiana of Aetolia. They would inherit both the Aetolian and Varkan crowns after their parents death. In 1428, the Treaty of Abasha entered into force and established the United Kingdom of the Dinarides ruled by the Xenakis dynasty, following the matriarchal traditions of the two cultures. The Varkano-Aetolian partnership proved beneficial for the nationals of both countries, who coexisted and cooperated in one of the largest and most powerful political entities in Illypnia for the next 350 years. Moreover, since Aetolian military power was essentially sea-based, while Varkan power was land-based, their military resources were also complementary.
With the Treaty of Abasha, the Varkan and the Aetolian states were co-equal. The treaty required regular renewal, as did the customs union between the two components of the union. Foreign affairs and the military came under joint oversight, but all other governmental faculties were divided between respective states.
Great Adonian War
During the Great Adonian War, the military alliance between the two nations prevailed despite pressure from major warring coalition allies and suspicion on either side of the Sinora. According to the Treaty of the Allied Pact, none of the signatory nations would seek to negotiate a separate peace with enemies of the Pact, but respective bilateral alliances and treaties had precedent. Before the war, the last component was attractive for most signatories, especially Breisland, which had an alliance with "Ex-colony troubling Aetolia", and Aetolia, for its alliance with Communist Varkana. Allied powers repeatedly attempted to convince Aetolia to break its alliance to fight Varkana and "remove communism from the Dinarides" after Kastruneto declared war on Varkana in 1934. President Theo Kontos refused categorically, explaining in secret cables that Aetolia would not sustain a war against Varkana while fighting Kandar and Volisania as well. In 1937, when Echia signed the armistice, Kastruneto's President ??? requested more assistance from Allied powers as Varkana doubled its efforts on the Kastrunetian front, gaining the advantage. Aetolian President Theodorus Metaxas reaffirmed the Varkano-Aetolian Alliance in 1939 after the Treaty of Capua was signed.
Aetolia is Varkana's largest trade partner, representing roughly a quarter of all external trade. Meanwhile, Varkana is Aetolia's 5th largest trade partner. As share of GDP, trade with Aetolia represented 10.66% or ₭115.2 billion in 2016. Varkana currently has a trade deficit with Aetolia of ₭5.29 billion.
After the Varkan revolution and the 2001 Varkan financial crisis, political and economic tension was high, especially after Varkana defaulted all its foreign and public debts. Several head-to-head meetings between ministers and heads of government resulted in the establishment of the Energy Standard Organization on 29 May 2002. U/C
Aetolia is the leading source of foreign direct investment in Varkana, accounting for around a third of all FDIs in the country. Aetolia is the leading destination of Varkan foreign direct investment.
Aetolia and Varkana have a rich history of energy cooperation dating back to the Senaki Agreement. The two countries are leading global nuclear energy pioneers, operating a large quantity of nuclear power plants. Erelko, Varkana's national electricity provider, and Aetolia's State Power Corporation have cooperated on the Skovpa B experimental nuclear fusion reactor in Hiererikon, completed in 2015.
With their 270 kilometers of shared border following the course of the Sinora River, and both countries also share a 250 km maritime border across the Iremian Sea, Varkana and Aetolia have an extensive framework of border cooperation enforced by the nations' respective coast guards and police forces.
Aetolia and Varkana have the oldest alliance in Adonia that is still in force. Despite being in different warring alliances during the Great Adonian War, both countries refused to declare war or escalate tensions with each other despite pressure from their respective allies. After the war, a Treaty of Mutual Cooperation and Security was signed in 1948, which declares that both nations will maintain and develop their capacities to resist armed attacks in common and that each recognizes that an armed attack on either of their respective territories will be considered dangerous to the safety of the other.
Nuclear weapons development
The Senaki Agreement of 1948 paved the way for the two countries to develop atomic weapons side by side, Varkana providing vital uranium resources and sending a delegation to assist in the work of the Aetolian atomic bomb project. U/C
The two countries have been close rivals since the early days of international football, with a strong rivalry eventually baptized the Sinora derby after the 1952 AAFF World Cup. For most of the mid twentieth century, Aetolia had much more skilled teams compared to Varkana. However, during the 1982 AAFF World Cup, Varkana defeated Aetolia in quarter finals to eventually lose in the final against Volisania, and Aetolians now viewed the Varkan team as their main rival. In the 2018 AAFF World Cup, hosted by the two countries, Aetolia and Varkana met in the final, with Varkana ending up victors on home soil at Erovnul Stadionze, winning their first World Cup.
In the sport of rugby union there is also a rivalry between Varkana and Aetolia. Both countries compete in the Rugby World Cup. Varkana has historically been the stronger side. The overall record as of 2015 is 75 wins, 47 defeats and 8 draws, in favor of Varkana, and Varkan rugby fans generally look to Echia as the main rival, and not Aetolia. Aetolia is considered to be a secondary rival.
Relations between political executives
Avalishvili and Alexei Tavoularis shared warm personal relations and also close ties between their administrations.
Relations between Giorgi Latso and Tavoularis were strained throughout their overlapping times in office. Tavoularis has been one of the most outspoken critics of Latso's policies both during and after his time as President. One point of particular criticism was Latso's continued support of the Stamu regime of Wolffrea, despite numerous documented human rights abuses. Tavoularis also called into question Latso's credibility, citing his time working for a Lambros Fair financial firm, where he allegedly had knowledge of an occurrence of control fraud in the firm that surfaced shortly after he departed from the vice-president role. Latso rebuked Tavoularis' attacks on his credibility by stating the scandal happened in 1999, and that he was cleared of all suspicion by Aetolian law enforcement and justice system, and that the President of a country should at least trust their own institutions they are supposed to protect and defend. Regarding the human rights criticism, Latso called out Tavoularis for his "smug moralism" and lack of pragmatism.
On Tryfon Iordanou being elected as President of Aetolia on 22 March 2014, President Latso was the first foreign leader to offer his congratulations. Following their conversation, Latso reiterated the vital aspect of the relationship between Varkana and Aetolia, also stating he looked forward to further cooperation between the two countries.
On 5 October 2015, Latso made a state visit to Palaiochori, meeting with Iordanou for the first time on Aetolian soil at the AETOLIAN Presidential Palace since he became President. On the same day, Latso addressed the Parliament of Aetolia. Considered a rare privilege for a foreign leader, only Khatia Ochiauri, Zurab Avalishvili, Dieter Wernicke, Rudolf Fröhlich and Matriarch Miranda V had done so since the Great Adonian War (?). In his speech, Latso reaffirmed Aetolia's importance in democratic example and the rule of law, praising the country's institutions. His address was boycotted by the PARTY due to the Varkan chemical weapons program issue. Latso took notice of the absentees and remarked they were "victims of their own lack of critical thinking and self-awareness." Latso was criticized by several Aetolian media for his perceived patronizing comments towards elected Aetolian MPs.
In September 2017, Latso attended the 70th Thyrasa Film Festival for the premiere of the movie Millennium written, produced and directed by his wife, Marianna Bajusz. Latso also acts in the movie as it is a biopic about the Varkan revolution. Iordanou was in attendance for the premiere, which received a standing ovation. He later met with Iordanou in an official capacity on 14 September in Palaiochori, describing Iordanou as a "close friend" who "spoke the same language", referring to their respective economics backgrounds.
In June and July 2018, Aetolia and Varkana co-hosted the 2018 AAFF World Cup. The opening ceremony was held at the Tavros Stadium in Aetolia between the Aetolia national football team and ???, and was attended by both Latso and Iordanou. The final was held at the Erovnul Stadionze in Rustavi, Varkana, with the Varkana national football team facing Aetolia. Latso and Iordanou were in attendance and presided over the closing ceremony and trophy presentation.
On 1 June 2019, Latso attended the MFK Mesogean Champions League Final between Khoni Mamali and "Barcelona" at the Parthenónas Arena in Kavala, Aetolia. He watched alongside Iordanou and Volisan Prime Minister Lucie Llobregas.
Views of presidents and prime ministers
Public perception of relations
According to a 2019 ZRK poll, 74% of Varkans view Aetolia's influence positively, with 18% expressing a negative view, while 49% of Aetolians view Varkana's influence positively and 17% negatively. Positive views of Varkana were at an all-time high in early 2014 of 87% but rapidly deteriorated after the revelations of the Varkan chemical weapons program. Public opinion in Aetolia improved since 2016 and has been stable since 2017.
Cultural exchange and mutual admiration between Aetolia and Varkana have been continuous since the end of the Great Adonian War. Varkan actors have a large presence in Aetolian television and film industry, while many works from both nations are shot or are set on both shores of the Sinora. Modern blockbusters such as AETOLIAN MOVIE, AETOLIAN MOVIE or AETOLIAN MOVIE have had commercial success in Varkana. Likewise, Varkan movies such as Aimilia, Rise of the Wolf or The Coup have been popular in Aetolia. The Varkan TV series 4½, which features Aetolian characters and actors, has been a cultural phenomenon in the Dinarides. Cross-border cooperation-oriented TV series such as Aetolia's The River have also been noteworthy.
Varkana is a large consumer of Aetolian music and many Varkan singers also release songs in Aetolian, such as Queen of Varkan pop Nino Basharuli.