Difference between revisions of "Two Centuries War"

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(clean up, replaced: Hessland → Breisland (2), Septimania → Volisania (3))
(clean up, replaced: Alava → Sarta (2))
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==Peace of Medinaceli==
 
==Peace of Medinaceli==
Over a four-year period, the warring parties (Volisania, Echia, Lusitania, Alava and Breisland) were actively negotiating at [[Medinaceli]] in [[Sarta]]. The end of the war was not brought about by one treaty but instead by a group of treaties. In 1553, the [[Peace of Medinaceli]] was signed ending the Two Centuries War.  
+
Over a four-year period, the warring parties (Volisania, Echia, Lusitania, Sarta and Breisland) were actively negotiating at [[Medinaceli]] in [[Sarta]]. The end of the war was not brought about by one treaty but instead by a group of treaties. In 1553, the [[Peace of Medinaceli]] was signed ending the Two Centuries War.  
  
 
==Casualties and disease==
 
==Casualties and disease==
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In 1424, the first regular standing army in a Christian nation since [[Mesogean League|Mesogean]] times was organised in Briesland, partly as a solution to marauding free companies. The mercenary companies were given a choice of either joining the royal army on a permanent basis, or being hunted down and destroyed if they refused. Following the successes of this army, other belligerents followed Breisland's example in the following years. Noticing the improvement in Christian armies, Varkana and Aetolia opted to formally join forces in 1428 under a dual monarchy.  
 
In 1424, the first regular standing army in a Christian nation since [[Mesogean League|Mesogean]] times was organised in Briesland, partly as a solution to marauding free companies. The mercenary companies were given a choice of either joining the royal army on a permanent basis, or being hunted down and destroyed if they refused. Following the successes of this army, other belligerents followed Breisland's example in the following years. Noticing the improvement in Christian armies, Varkana and Aetolia opted to formally join forces in 1428 under a dual monarchy.  
  
The [[Red Death]] and warfare reduced population numbers throughout Illypnia during this period. Lusitania lost three-quarters of its population during the war, while Alava lost about half of its population by comparison. The population of Breisland was reduced by 20 to 33 percent due to plague in the same period.
+
The [[Red Death]] and warfare reduced population numbers throughout Illypnia during this period. Lusitania lost three-quarters of its population during the war, while Sarta lost about half of its population by comparison. The population of Breisland was reduced by 20 to 33 percent due to plague in the same period.
  
 
==See also==
 
==See also==
 
*[[Great Catholic Schism]]
 
*[[Great Catholic Schism]]

Revision as of 07:37, 24 October 2016

<table class="infobox vevent" style="Script error: No such module "Data".">

<th class="summary" colspan="2" Script error: No such module "Data".>Two Centuries War <td colspan="2" Script error: No such module "Data".>The Hanging by Jacques Callot.jpg
The Great Miseries of War by Karsten Falkenrath, 1432

Date 1337–1553 (216 years)
Location Illypnia, mainly in Central Illypnia
Result Peace of Medinaceli

<th colspan="2" Script error: No such module "Data".>Belligerents <td style="width:50%; border-right:Script error: No such module "Data".">Papal States and Allies:
Volisania Volisania
 Echia
Template:Country data Kingdom of Lusitania Supported by:
 Varkana
 Aetolia Sarta and Allies:

 Sarta
Breisland Breislandic Empire

Supported by:
Kalinova Kalinovia

<th colspan="2" Script error: No such module "Data".>Commanders and leaders <td style="width:50%; border-right:Script error: No such module "Data".">Volisania King whatever
Kingdom of Echia King whoever
Template:Country data Kingdom of LusitaniaTemplate:Namespace detect showall King whoever Sarta King whoever

Breisland King whatever

<th colspan="2" Script error: No such module "Data".>Strength <td style="width:50%; border-right:Script error: No such module "Data".">149,000 Volisanians (1462)
135,000 Echians (1462)
77,000 Lusitanians (1462) 149,000 Breislandic (1462)

135,000 Sartans (1462)

<th colspan="2" Script error: No such module "Data".>Casualties and losses <td style="width:50%; border-right:Script error: No such module "Data"."> 8,000,000 including civilian casualties

The Two Centuries War was a series of conflicts waged from 1337 to 1553 in Illypnia. It was one of the longest, most destructive conflicts in Illypnian history.

Initially a war between the Papal and Zamarra states following the Great Catholic Schism, it gradually developed into a more general conflict involving most of the great powers of Illypnia, becoming less about religion and more a continuation of the Volisania–Breislandic rivalry for Illypnian political pre-eminence.

The Two Centuries War saw the devastation of entire regions, with famine and disease significantly decreasing the population of the central Illypnian states, the Kingdom of Lusitania, and the Celtic nations. The war also bankrupted most of the combatant powers. Both mercenaries and soldiers in armies were expected to fund themselves by looting or extorting tribute, which imposed severe hardships on the inhabitants of occupied territories. The war marked both the height of chivalry and its subsequent decline mid-war period, and the development of strong national identities in several countries.

Origins of the war

The Great Catholic Schism in the Catholic Church threw the Church into turmoil. There had been antipopes—rival claimants to the papacy—before, but most of them had been appointed by various rival factions; in this case, a single group of leaders of the Church had created both the pope in the Papal States and the antipope in Zamarra.

The conflicts quickly escalated from a church problem to a diplomatic crisis that divided Illypnia. Secular leaders had to choose which claimant they would recognize:

In the several countries, there were internal conflicts where dynastic opponents supported rival claimants to the papal office.

Wars...

Peace of Medinaceli

Over a four-year period, the warring parties (Volisania, Echia, Lusitania, Sarta and Breisland) were actively negotiating at Medinaceli in Sarta. The end of the war was not brought about by one treaty but instead by a group of treaties. In 1553, the Peace of Medinaceli was signed ending the Two Centuries War.

Casualties and disease

Witch-hunts

Political consequences

The Two Centuries War was a time of rapid military evolution. Weapons, tactics, army structure and the social meaning of war all changed, partly in response to the war's costs, partly through advancement in technology and partly through lessons that warfare taught. The feudal system was slowly disintegrating throughout the first hundred years of the war.

Before the Two Centuries War, heavy cavalry (knights) was considered the most powerful unit in an army, but by the middle of the war, this belief had shifted. The heavy horse was increasingly negated by the use of the longbow (and, later, another long-distance weapon: firearms). By the middle of the Two Centuries War, these various factors caused the decline of the expensively outfitted, highly trained heavy cavalry and the eventual end of the armored knight as a military force and of the nobility as a political one.

In 1424, the first regular standing army in a Christian nation since Mesogean times was organised in Briesland, partly as a solution to marauding free companies. The mercenary companies were given a choice of either joining the royal army on a permanent basis, or being hunted down and destroyed if they refused. Following the successes of this army, other belligerents followed Breisland's example in the following years. Noticing the improvement in Christian armies, Varkana and Aetolia opted to formally join forces in 1428 under a dual monarchy.

The Red Death and warfare reduced population numbers throughout Illypnia during this period. Lusitania lost three-quarters of its population during the war, while Sarta lost about half of its population by comparison. The population of Breisland was reduced by 20 to 33 percent due to plague in the same period.

See also