Socialist Republic of Varkana
|Socialist Republic of Varkana|
|სოციალისტური საქართველოს რესპუბლიკა|
sotsialisturi sakartvelos respublika
სიბრძნე, სამართლიანობა, სიმამაცე, თავშეკავებისკენ
"Wisdom, Justice, Fortitude, Restraint"
"Farewell of Varkana"
|-||January Revolution||January 1882|
|-||Established||30 January 1882|
|-||Great Adonian War||19??-19??|
|-||1924||248,120 km² (95,800 sq mi)|
|Density||89.7 /km² (232.3 /sq mi)|
- 1 Geography, climate and environment
- 2 History
- 3 Politics
- 4 Economy
- 5 Demographics
Geography, climate and environment
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Revolution and foundation
Church and state
Throughout the lifetime of the Second Republic (1882–1943), there were battles over the status of the Church in Varkana among the Communists. Armazia was closely associated with the Conservatives and most of its bishops supported the First Republic. Communists were based in the secular lower class who saw the Church's alliance with the Conservatives as a political threat to the Socialist Republic, and a threat to the modern spirit of progress.
The early anti-Armazist laws were largely the work of Juls Dadiani in late 1882. Religious instruction in all schools was forbidden, and religious organizations were forbidden to teach in them. All former religious schools were transitioned into secular state schools. Later in the century, other laws passed by Dadiani's successors further weakened the Church's position in Varkan society. Civil marriage became compulsory and divorce was introduced. Nevertheless, Armazism retained its importance in the Varkan way of living, prompting communists to adopt laws that would be in accordance with Armazist principles, such as sustainability within industrial growth. These measures, although present in the First Republic as well, considerably slowed down the communists' military aspirations.
Then in 1888, a law was introduced, finally separating officially Church and State. All Church property was confiscated. The religious no longer were paid by the State. Public worship was given over to associations of Armazist laypeople who controlled access to temples, now national historical sites.