Difference between revisions of "Sabia"

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|government_type            = [[wikipedia:Single party state|Single-party]] [[wikipedia:Parliamentary republic|parliamentary republic]]
 
|government_type            = [[wikipedia:Single party state|Single-party]] [[wikipedia:Parliamentary republic|parliamentary republic]]
 
|leader_title1              = [[President of Sabia|President]]
 
|leader_title1              = [[President of Sabia|President]]
|leader_name1                = [[Yohan Raage]]
+
|leader_name1                = [[Ishan Kirhan]]
 
|leader_title2              = [[Prime Minister of Orma|Prime Minister]]
 
|leader_title2              = [[Prime Minister of Orma|Prime Minister]]
 
|leader_name2                = [[Ishan Kirhan]]
 
|leader_name2                = [[Ishan Kirhan]]

Latest revision as of 21:52, 15 January 2020

Republic of Sabia
Sabia
Flag of Sabia Seal of Sabia
Flag Seal
Motto: "??"
"Nobody likes a tory"
Anthem: "Anthem"
"Anthem"
Location of Sabia in Adonia
Capital
and largest city
Khabale
Official languages Sabia
Demonym Sabian
Government Single-party parliamentary republic
 -  President Ishan Kirhan
 -  Prime Minister Ishan Kirhan
Legislature Parliament
 -  Upper house Senate
 -  Lower house House of Representatives
Constitutional history
 -  Indepdence from Maianka and West Orma March 15 1984 
Area
 -  Total 14,758.40 km2
5,698.25 sq mi
 -  Water (%) 2.1
Population
 -  2016 estimate 8,823,100
 -  2010 census 8,765,216
 -  Density 596.00/km2
1,538.23/sq mi
GDP (PPP) 2016 estimate
 -  Total ₭394 billion
 -  Per capita ₭45,025
Gini (2016)43.5
medium · ??th
HDI (2016).800
high · ??th
QLI (2016)7.14 high
IEF (2016)73.5 Mostly Free
Currency Hanti (HAS)
Time zone OST (TUC-1)
Date format dd.mm.yyyy CE
Drives on the right
Calling code +46
Internet TLD .or


Sabia, officially the Republic of Sabia is a Single-party parliamentary republic located east of Burawa, south of Maianka and west and north of the Mesogean Sea. The capital and largest city in Sabia is Khabale. Sabia has a population of approximately 8 million people and speaks Sabian.

Sabia for most of it's history had been part of the Burawati Empire as part of the Western Luuq region. During the Partition of Burawa after the Red July movement in 1926, the territory had joined the kadarist state of Maianka and West Orma as a self-governing region. During the 1980s, the Sabian Unity Party lead by Yohan Raage had taken control of much of the region's political influence, calling for a referendum in 1983 that eventually lead to the nation's independence in 1984.

Yohan Raage was elected president of Sabia in 1984 and has continuously won every election as of 2016. Many international agencies question the legitimacy of election results as the nation has banned the formation of other parties since 1987. Sabia, unlike it's neighbors, embraces a pro-capitalist economy that is dominated by state-owned agencies that rely on private contractors that have special interests with the central government.

History

Before 1924

Sabia Autonomous Region

As part of the Partition of Burawa in 1926, all non-Burawi territories were given an option to leave the former Burawa State. Sabia (known as East Luuq at the time), along with the regions of Maianka, and West Orma had decided to combine their independence bid to operate as a unified state. The bid was formalized on June 18, 1926 and the country had to operate independently a month afterward on July 18, 1926. As part of the unification deal with Maianaka and West Orma, Sabia was given the ability to self-govern itself as a self-governing autonomous region with the ability to leave the union if their people chose to at a later time.

Sabia during the Great Adonian War has worked with the Allied Pact alongside Burawa, Orma, Kushish and Maianka to expel Volisanian forces from the Kaftian region. Sabia had been a point of landing for the 118th Volisanian Army in the Invasion of Khabale in 1936 and Khabale was temporarily occupied for 2 months before reinforcements from Orma had arrived.

After the war, Sabia had remained politically quiet during the regional conflict in neighboring Burawa and Kushish. The region had initially refused to send forces to aid Maianka in the Occupation of Kushish but was eventually forced to after internal pressure by the ruling Kadarist party. Because of this, many Sabian peoples had grown unhappy of their union with the more expansionist and anti-isolationist Maianka and West Orma. Small internal parties started to prop up advocating for the independence of the region, all citing the partition-unification clause as part of a valid reason to do so. The most prominent party, the Sabian Unity Party, lead by Yohan Raage had started to gain popularity, claiming around 84% of the seats in the regional parliament and 100% of all Sabian territorial seats in the national parliament after the 1980 election.

The Sabian Unity Party had filed multiple times for petition for a referendum in 1978, 1980 and 1981 until successfully allowed to in 1982. The referendum was set for April 2, 1983. The turnout for the referendum was around 84% of eligible voters and won 94%, yes to leave votes to 5% no. The region of Sabia was then granted independence with an 11 month transition time before formal separation.

Independence

Sabia had officially left the union on March 15, 1984, leaving the nation to operate the same as it was as an Autonomous region but now recognized internationally. The Sabian Unity Party had quickly held an election for a president soon after, with only Yohan Raage as the sole candidate, who won with 76% of the vote. The first few years had involved the SUP working with foreign governments to privatize and deregulate many industries that were once part of the greater state-run Maianka industrial complex. The rapid liberalization of markets had caused a stir internally as many SUP members were firmly Kadarists who only wanted greater national autonomy.

The Kadarist Party of Sabia, or SPK was formed in 1985 and had posed a great threat to the new burgeoning economy of Sabia. With support from Illypnian foreign intelligence agencies and governments, the Sabian government was able to crack down and deport and arrest many SPK members. Reports of human rights abuses had sprung up calling into greater scrutiny of Sabia's neighbors in Burawa and Maianka. In 1987, the parliament of Khabale was bombed supposedly by SPK operatives months before the next election. With special powers granted to him by the parliament, Khabale had begun to crack down further on left-wing opposition as well as ban any parties affiliated with the SPK. The following election had Yohan Raage win with 98% of the votes against the barred SPK candidate Robert Masse. The SUP had rewritten the constitution that year to remove the ability for any new parties to form, thus leaving SUP the de-facto only legal party to run in elections.

While Yohan Raage continued to liberalize his economy, he also moved forward to ease relations with their neighbors in Burawa and Maianka. Because of the dissolution of Maianka and West Orma in the years prior, Raage focused mostly on easing relations with Burawa. He had upheld the 99-year lease on their railway system by Burawa Railways and had allowed state-owned Burawi companies to open up shop in the nation.

In the 1990s Sabia had begun to work on massive improvements to its infrastructure funded by its new state-owned oil corporation that was sub-contracted out to multiple Volisanian and Breislandic firms. The Sabian national freeway system was completed by 1994 and much of the marshland had been converted into efficient farming operations. Sabia experienced a recession in 2003 as oil prices fell, slowing down the construction of mega-projects such as their section of the TXS Kaftian Emperess and the Sabian Dam System.

Government and Politics

Sabia is a parliamentary republic run under a de-facto one-party system since 1987. The country is ruled over by the Sabian Unity Party a center-right political party headed by Yohan Raage, the current and only president of the country. The country's constitution establishes a hierarchical system of government-run solely by the executive who is responsible for carrying out the will of the people represented in the parliament. The second-most powerful person in this system is the Prime Minister, who is rotated every 4 years and is the representative of the unicameral legislature to the president. The Prime Minister makes up one of the 7 members of the Executive Cabinet, a group of individuals chosen by the president to help run the nation.

The Parliament is set up as a representative layer under the Prime Minister of the Sabian government. Members of Parliament (MPs) are elected by the citizens of Sabia and represent a particular constituency of around 55,000 residents (160 parliament members). MPs are elected on a "first-past-the-post" (plurality) basis.

Sabia is ranked as a "Not Free" democracy on the Freedom in the World index as well as a "totalitarian state" on the Democracy Index. Elections are held every 4 years with around 89% turn out in the 2016 election. Elections results and turn-out numbers are widely disputed on the international stage as Sabia does not allow external auditing of voting results.

The legal system of Sabia is based on a common law system developed in the 1980s under Yohan Raage's Unity politics memo on a stable society. All judicial decisions are made appointed judges from the Ministry of Law. Sabia has corporal punishment and has legalized the use of torture-like punishments on offenses related to rape, treason, vandalism, and murder. There is capital punishment in Sabia for crimes such as certain types of murder and treason.

Sabia experiences a moderate level of corruption in it's legal system but has been noted as a vastly unfair and subjective in trial results. Many wealthier and more connected individuals in the nation serve reduced or no sentence for severe crimes but are instead forced to pay a hefty fine. Sabia has no guarantee of freedom of assembly or freedom of speech and citizens are heavily monitored by national security agencies.

Foreign Relations

Sabia's main focus in foreign policy is to strengthen it's own economic power by decreasing the ease of operation of multi-national corporations within their nation. Sabia has diplomatic relations with 200 sovereign states and has no territorial conflicts with any of their neighbors. The Sabian passport is a limited power passport for visa-free travel.

Sabia has good relations with most of their neighbors and is part of the 4 Star Treaty between the nations of Orma, Maianka, Burawa to allow for ease of mobility of citizens in travel between the nations. Sabia is also a member of the Kaftian Union and had joined on its independence in 1984. They are also part of the Mesogean Free Trade Area, the Pan-Kaftian Economic Development Organization, and a partner of the Southern Kaftian Development Bank.

Sabia has also close relations with Volisania.

Military

Sabia has a defense-oriented military force known as the Sabian National Service. The military has around 25,000 active forces with 155,000 reserve units who undergo military training every year. Military service is voluntary in Sabia but the national constitution has a provision to allow for conscription in times of crisis.

The Sabia navy has several patrol boats that monitor the waters around the country as well as two destroyers and one heavy cruiser. The Sabia Air Force has a total of 25 aircraft, primarily Multirole combat aircraft.

Geography

Sabia is the third smallest country in Southern Kaftia by area behind Maianka and Erufos, with a total land area of 14,758.40 km2 (5,698.25 sq mi). The county borders Maianka, Burawa and the Mesogean Sea. Sabia's border with Burawa is formed between the lakes and rivers of the Luuq River System while it's the border with Maianka is formed along ethnographic data from a 1980 census.

Sabia's landscape is characterized by swaths of marshy wetland and patches of temperate grassland between the many river deltas in the region. Sabia's longest river, the Duhabe River stretches from the northern Kabyon Region to Lake Dowash in the east.

Climate

Sabia has a humid subtropical climate (Köppen climate classification Cfa). In the summer, Sabia is hot and humid, with daytime temperatures averaging between 30–34 °C in most of the country and overnight lows averaging 21–24 °C. Summer is the wettest season; almost half of the annual rainfall occurs from June to September in the form of thundershowers. Fall remains relatively warm through the middle of November. Sabia has short and very mild winters, with high temperatures approaching an average of 16 °C and overnight lows around 5–8 °C. The highest temperature recorded was 43.4 °C (110.12 °F) in Aasar on July 18, 2005. The lowest temperature of -4°C (24.8 °F) in Sahreen on 5 February 1998.

Economy

Sabia is classified as a developed State capitalist market economy with a high-income economy. Most of the economy is based on its local service and banking industry as well as it's oil exports. Sabia's largest trading partners are Burawa, Volisania, Orma, and Maianka. Sabia uses the Sabian Hanti as it's currency.

Khabale is the economic and financial heart of Sabia, home to all of the nation's largest companies. Among the largest companies are the state-owned Sabia Oil, and the private SOil, mineral and agriculture exporter Itymco and the largest air-freight transporter in the world, Kudir.

In 2016, Sabia has the highest GDP growth in the Southern Kaftian region with a growth rate of 6.5%. The country has a trade balance of 1.1% and an unemployment rate of 5.1%.


Infrastructure

Education

Sabia offers free secular, compulsory education to its citizens. Education is divided into three levels of education which is segmented in primary, secondary and tertiary education. The academic year is apportioned into two semesters beginning in September and ending in June. Sabian is the primary language of instruction in all public schools. Some private schools offer education in also Burawi.

Health

The constitution of Sabia guarantees equal, free and universal health care for all its citizens. The life expectancy at birth in Sabia is at 75.8 years. The average healthy life expectancy is at 69.9 years. The country's infant mortality rate is estimated at 15 per 1,000 live births in 2015. In 2000, the country had the 42nd best healthcare performance in the world, as defined by the World Health Organization.

Demographics

The population of Sabia, as defined by the Ministry of the Interior was estimated in 2018 to be 8,765,216. The country has atotal fertility rate of 2.18 with an infant mortality rate of 15 per 1000 births. The country is expected to grow to a population of 9 million people by 2025, with most of it's growth coming from immigration from Central Kaftia. Sabia is the sixty-third most populous country in Kaftia and x in the world.

Sabia has a diverse society primarily consisting of the Luuqish People, a former ethnic minority in the Burawi Empire that lived along the eastern coast. The primary minority groups include Burawi People, Balantese People and Iraqwi People as well as a sizable community of mixed race peoples. There is also a sizable Volisanian and Breislandic expatriate population in the larger cities.

78% of the country's population lives in cities. The country is divided into 5 regions, which is further sub-divided into counties. The largest county, Khabale County is also home to the nation's largest city and capital, Khabale with a population of 2.1 million people. Beran and Falka are the next largest cities, with populations of 415,500 and 105,200 respectively.


Religion

Sabia has full religious freedom imposed in its constitution. Approximately 55% of Sabian practice some form of Christianity. A majority of those follow Burawati Orthodoxy, with Catholcism behind it. Other religions and faiths go as follows: 31% unaffiliated, 3.8% Armazism, 1.4% Islam, 8.8% other.