Difference between revisions of "Parahyangan"

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===Founding of Parahyangan===
 
===Founding of Parahyangan===
 
Parahyangan had its independence from Nusaraya after the dissolution of [[Empire of Nusaraya|Nusarayan Empire]] and referendum. Parahyangan formation was supported by Nusaraya  
 
Parahyangan had its independence from Nusaraya after the dissolution of [[Empire of Nusaraya|Nusarayan Empire]] and referendum. Parahyangan formation was supported by Nusaraya  
===Pro-Breislandic Insurgency===
+
 
Pro Breislanding insurgency already exist within Pasundan during Great Adonia War, after the [[Batupahat Incident]] in 1943, Nusaraya started to crackdown the Pro-Breislandic insurgency in Southern Pasundan and causing [[Selandar Massacre]] in 1946 and multiple warcrime against southern rebellion. Later these faction joined formed Republic of Pasundan which supported by Allies power in the end of Great Adonian War but remained to be unrecognized by Nusaraya, Zong, Parahyangan and several other former Coastal Power of GAW (later in 1968 Nusaraya officially recognized Pasundan).
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===Pro-Western Insurgency===
 +
Pro-Western insurgency already existed within Pasundan during [[Great Adonian War]]. After the 1943 [[Batupahat Incident]], Nusaraya started to crackdown the Pro-Western insurgency in Southern Pasundan and perpetrated the [[Selandar Massacre]] in 1946 along with multiple war crimes against the southern rebellion. Later these pro-Western factions merged and formed the Republic of Pasundan which was supported by the [[Allied Powers]] following the  [[Treaty of Koblenz]] but remained unrecognized by Nusaraya, Zong, Parahyangan and several other former [[Coastal Powers]] until 1968. While the [[Treaty of Koblenz]] stipulated the peoples of Pasundan's right to self-determination would be respected, the pro-Western camp interpreted it as a restoration of the former [[Kingdom of Pasundan]] (pre-1900) while the [[Huwei Pact]] interpreted it as the Pasundanese determining their own future.
 +
 
 +
===Nusaraya War===
 +
{{Main|Nusaraya War}}
 +
 
 +
TBD
 +
 
 +
==Politics==
 +
Parahyangan politics were dominated by pro-Eastern political parties. The Pasundanese people had been the privileged ethnic group on the Pasundanese peninsula during the Nusarayan era while the [[Hoankheh]] had close links with [[Zong]], making both populations effectively pro-Eastern. The 1950s brought about increasing modernization of Parahyangan society. Rapid urbanization occurred when the rural populace sought work in growing cities. Rural farmers gained class consciousness and were sympathetic to the [[Communist Party of Parahyangan]]. The Hoankheh and Pasundanese liberals were however supporting the ruling [[Pasundanese Party]] led by [[DUDE]].
 +
 
 +
===Foreign relations===
 +
Parahyangan had diplomatic relations with the following countries: [[Nusaraya]], [[Zong]], etc. U/C
 +
 
 +
==Economy==
 +
Parahyangan was the richest area of the Pasundanese peninsula due to its strategic location and the large port city of [[Pajajaran]]. The Hoankheh merchant elite was especially wealthy and profited from important trade links with [[Zong]], [[Illypnia]] and [[Nusaraya]]. The Pasundanese were concentrated in their traditional villages, focusing mainly on agricultural activities, while the Hoankheh dominated Parahyangan commerce. Educated Mataramans took up professional roles such as those of doctors or lawyers, while the less better-off worked the plantations.
 +
 
 +
==Demographics==
 +
In 1965 about 70% of population was [[Pasundanese people|Pasundanese]], 25% was [[Hoankheh]] ([[Zong diaspora|Zong]]), and 5% were Mataraman, Melayu, Madurese, and others. The [[wikipedia:Sundanese language|Pasundanese language]] was the primary official language and was spoken by the majority of the population. Due to the large number of [[Hoankheh]], the [[Zong language]] maintained a strong presence in Parahyangan where it was used in trade and diplomacy by all, and in education by the Zong diaspora. The ruling elite population of Parahyangan was known to speak Zong as its primary language and to have been educated in Zong universities.
 +
 
 +
While race riots did happen, the relationship between the Zong minority and the Pasundanese majority were fairly harmonious compared to the situation south in [[Pasundan]].
 +
 
 +
==Culture==
 +
Cultural life was strongly influenced by [[Nusaraya]] until the end of the [[Great Adonian War]]. At that time, the traditional culture began to acquire an overlay of Western and Eastern characteristics. Many families had three generations living under one roof. The emerging Parahyangan middle class and youth in the 1960s became increasingly more westernized due to the war, and followed Illypnian cultural and social trends, especially in music, fashion and social attitudes in major cities like Pajajaran.
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 +
[[Category:Parahyangan]]
 +
[[Category:Pasundan]]

Latest revision as of 18:55, 15 January 2020

Republic of Parahyangan
ᮛᮨᮕᮥᮘᮣᮤᮊ᮪ ᮕᮛᮠᮡᮍᮔ᮪
Republika Parahyangan

1948–1968
Flag Coat of arms
Flag Coat of arms
Capital Pajajaran
Languages Pasundan
Government Unitary presidential constitutional republic
President
 -  1948-1951 Jajang Sastranagara
 -  1966-1968 Cahya Sutrisno
Prime Minister
 -  1948-1951 Ginanjar Prawira
 -  1966-1968 Purnama Dewawarman
History
 -  Independence from Nusaraya 26 September 1948
 -  Pasundan Referendum 29 January 1948
 -  Battle of Meulaboh 23 November 1949
 -  INN Bangau Biru Peace Treaty 4 February 1953
 -  Fall of Pajajaran 27 July 1968
Population
 -  1950 est. 16,400,000 
 -  1965 est. 22,600,000 

The Republic of Parahyangan (Pasundanese: ᮛᮨᮕᮥᮘᮣᮤᮊ᮪ ᮕᮛᮠᮡᮍᮔ᮪, Republika Parahyangan) was a country that existed from 1948 to 1968, the period when the northern portion of Pasundan was allies to Nusaraya and Zong in post Great Adonian War period.

The Pasundan War started in 1949 when the Pro-Breislandic Liberation Front, supported by the self proclaimed Republic of Pasundan and backed by Breisland staged an uprising in area of Parahyangan and finally ends in 1968 after series of battle in the capital city of Pajajaran

History

Founding of Parahyangan

Parahyangan had its independence from Nusaraya after the dissolution of Nusarayan Empire and referendum. Parahyangan formation was supported by Nusaraya

Pro-Western Insurgency

Pro-Western insurgency already existed within Pasundan during Great Adonian War. After the 1943 Batupahat Incident, Nusaraya started to crackdown the Pro-Western insurgency in Southern Pasundan and perpetrated the Selandar Massacre in 1946 along with multiple war crimes against the southern rebellion. Later these pro-Western factions merged and formed the Republic of Pasundan which was supported by the Allied Powers following the Treaty of Koblenz but remained unrecognized by Nusaraya, Zong, Parahyangan and several other former Coastal Powers until 1968. While the Treaty of Koblenz stipulated the peoples of Pasundan's right to self-determination would be respected, the pro-Western camp interpreted it as a restoration of the former Kingdom of Pasundan (pre-1900) while the Huwei Pact interpreted it as the Pasundanese determining their own future.

Nusaraya War

TBD

Politics

Parahyangan politics were dominated by pro-Eastern political parties. The Pasundanese people had been the privileged ethnic group on the Pasundanese peninsula during the Nusarayan era while the Hoankheh had close links with Zong, making both populations effectively pro-Eastern. The 1950s brought about increasing modernization of Parahyangan society. Rapid urbanization occurred when the rural populace sought work in growing cities. Rural farmers gained class consciousness and were sympathetic to the Communist Party of Parahyangan. The Hoankheh and Pasundanese liberals were however supporting the ruling Pasundanese Party led by DUDE.

Foreign relations

Parahyangan had diplomatic relations with the following countries: Nusaraya, Zong, etc. U/C

Economy

Parahyangan was the richest area of the Pasundanese peninsula due to its strategic location and the large port city of Pajajaran. The Hoankheh merchant elite was especially wealthy and profited from important trade links with Zong, Illypnia and Nusaraya. The Pasundanese were concentrated in their traditional villages, focusing mainly on agricultural activities, while the Hoankheh dominated Parahyangan commerce. Educated Mataramans took up professional roles such as those of doctors or lawyers, while the less better-off worked the plantations.

Demographics

In 1965 about 70% of population was Pasundanese, 25% was Hoankheh (Zong), and 5% were Mataraman, Melayu, Madurese, and others. The Pasundanese language was the primary official language and was spoken by the majority of the population. Due to the large number of Hoankheh, the Zong language maintained a strong presence in Parahyangan where it was used in trade and diplomacy by all, and in education by the Zong diaspora. The ruling elite population of Parahyangan was known to speak Zong as its primary language and to have been educated in Zong universities.

While race riots did happen, the relationship between the Zong minority and the Pasundanese majority were fairly harmonious compared to the situation south in Pasundan.

Culture

Cultural life was strongly influenced by Nusaraya until the end of the Great Adonian War. At that time, the traditional culture began to acquire an overlay of Western and Eastern characteristics. Many families had three generations living under one roof. The emerging Parahyangan middle class and youth in the 1960s became increasingly more westernized due to the war, and followed Illypnian cultural and social trends, especially in music, fashion and social attitudes in major cities like Pajajaran.