Difference between revisions of "Orma"

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|leader_name2                = [[Dude]]
 
|leader_name2                = [[Dude]]
 
|legislature                = [[Parliament of Orma|Parliament]]
 
|legislature                = [[Parliament of Orma|Parliament]]
|upper_house                = [[Senate of Orma|Senate]]
+
|upper_house                =  
|lower_house                = [[House of Representatives of Orma|House of Representatives]]
+
|lower_house                =  
 
|sovereignty_type            = Constitutional history
 
|sovereignty_type            = Constitutional history
 
|established_event1          = Republic of Orma
 
|established_event1          = Republic of Orma
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==History==
 
==History==
 
==Geography==
 
==Geography==
 +
Orma is bound to the south by the [[Mesogean Sea]], the west by [[Kushish]], the southwest by [[Maianka]], the northwest by [[Balanta]], the northeast by [[Enfolo]], and the east by [[Itagar]].
 +
 
===Climate===
 
===Climate===
 +
The climate is primarily a [[wikipedia:humid subtropical climate|humid subtropical climate]]. However, the southern coastal regions enjoy a milder Mesogean climate at places. Hot and humid summers are typical, except at the highest elevations. The entire country, including the northern mountains, receives moderate to heavy precipitation, which varies from 1,000 mm in central Orma to approximately 1,900 mm around the northeast part of the country. The degree to which the weather of a certain region of Orma is subtropical depends on the latitude, its proximity to the [[Mesogean Sea]], and the elevation.
 +
 
==Government and politics==
 
==Government and politics==
 +
Orma is a unitary parliamentary republic with its constitution based on the Breislandic constitution. The nominal head of state is the [[President of Orma|President of the Republic]], who is elected by the Parliament for a five-year term. According to the Constitution, executive power is exercised by the President and the Government. However, the Constitutional amendment of 1966 curtailed the President's duties and powers to a significant extent, rendering the position largely ceremonial; most political power is thus vested in the [[Prime Minister of Orma|Prime Minister]], Orma's head of government. The position is filled by the current leader of the political party that can obtain a vote of confidence by the Parliament. The President of the Republic formally appoints the Prime Minister and, on his recommendation, appoints and dismisses the other members of the Cabinet.
 +
 +
Legislative powers are exercised by a 537–member elective unicameral [[Parliament of Orma|Parliament]]. Statutes passed by the Parliament are promulgated by the President of the Republic. Parliamentary elections are held every four years, but the President of the Republic is obliged to dissolve the Parliament earlier on the proposal of the Cabinet, in view of dealing with a national issue of exceptional importance. The President is also obliged to dissolve the Parliament earlier, if the opposition manages to pass a motion of no confidence. The voting age is 19.
 +
 +
Since the [[Great Adonian War]], Orman politics have been dominated by the liberal-conservative [[National Party (Orma)|National Party]] and the social-democratic [[Movement for Orma]]. Other parties represented in the [[Parliament of Orma]] include the right-wing populist [[New Orman Party]], the [[Communist Party of Orma|Communist Party]], [[Green Party of Orma|Green Party]] and the [[Aristocratic Communalist Party (Orma)|Aristocratic Communalist Party]].
 +
 
===Law===
 
===Law===
 
===Military===
 
===Military===
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===Administrative divisions===
 
===Administrative divisions===
 
==Economy==
 
==Economy==
 +
{{Main|Economy of Orma}}
 +
 +
Orma has the ?th largest economy in [[Kaftia]] measured by gross domestic product at nominal rate and the ?th largest economy in the continent measured by purchasing power parity.
 +
 +
Orma's fiscal situation is stable. The government has continued to follow a conservative fiscal policy by controlling budget spending and accumulating oil revenue savings through the national oil company, [[Petrorma]].
 +
 
===Energy===
 
===Energy===
 
===Tourism===
 
===Tourism===
 +
[[Tourism in Orma]] is a growing sector and key to the economy of several regions of the country. The country had TBD million visitors in 2018, ranking in terms of the international tourist arrivals as the second destination in [[Kaftia]] after [[Burawa]]. Natural areas are its most popular tourism product, a combination of ecotourism with leisure and recreation, mainly sun and beach, and adventure travel, as well as cultural tourism. Among the most popular destinations are the [[NAME Mountains]], beaches along the [[Mesogean Sea]] coast, and business trips to [[Dirranmoticha]].
 +
 
==Infrastructure==
 
==Infrastructure==
 
===Science and technology===
 
===Science and technology===
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===Race and ethnicity===
 
===Race and ethnicity===
 
===Religion===
 
===Religion===
 +
[[Christianity]] is the main faith in Orma by number of adherents. According to the 2016 Official Census, 72.61% of the population followed [[Protestantism]]; 6.39% [[Petran Catholic Church|Petran Catholicism]]; 1.33% [[Armazism]]; 1.22% other Christian denominations; 0.42% Judaism; 0.05% Buddhism; 0.03% Islam; 0.59% other religions, undeclared or undetermined; while 17.35% have no religion.
 +
 
===Urbanization===
 
===Urbanization===
 
===Language===
 
===Language===
 +
[[wikipedia:Oromo language|Orman]] is the official language of the country, which almost all of the population speaks and is virtually the only language used in newspapers, radio, television, and for business and administrative purposes. Minority languages are spoken throughout the nation. U/C
 +
 
==Culture==
 
==Culture==
  
 
[[Category:Orma]]
 
[[Category:Orma]]

Revision as of 08:40, 29 November 2019

Republic of Orma
Orma
Flag of Orma Seal of Orma
Flag Seal
Motto: "??"
"Nobody likes a tory"
Anthem: "Anthem"
"Anthem"
Location of Orma in Adonia
Capital
and largest city
Dirranmoticha
Official languages Orman
Recognised regional languages "Lugbara"
Demonym Orman
Government Constitutional parliamentary republic
 -  President Dude
 -  Prime Minister Dude
Legislature Parliament
Constitutional history
 -  Republic of Orma DATE 
Area
 -  Total 417,957 km2
161,374.1 sq mi
 -  Water (%) 2.1
Population
 -  2016 estimate 61,272,496
 -  2016 census 61,272,496
 -  Density 146.6/km2
379.69/sq mi
GDP (PPP) 2016 estimate
 -  Total ₭2.051 trillion
 -  Per capita ₭33,471
Gini (2016)37.2
medium · ??th
HDI (2016).811
very high · ??th
QLI (2016)6.54 medium
IEF (2016)67.4 Moderately Free
Currency Hanti (ORH)
Time zone OST (TUC-1)
Date format dd.mm.yyyy CE
Drives on the right
Calling code +46
Internet TLD .or

Orma, officially the Republic of Orma (Orman: Rippabliikii Ormaa) is a sovereign stated in South Kaftia, bordered by the Mesogean Sea to the south, Itagar to the east, Kushish to the west, Balanta to the northwest, Enfolo to the northeast, and Maianka to the southwest. With an area of almost 417,957 square kilometers, Orma is the ?th largest country in Kaftia, and is the ?th largest country in the world. Orma has the 10th-largest proven oil reserves of any country in the world. The largest city and capital, Dirranmoticha, is located on the Mesogean coast and is one of the largest cities in the Mesogean basin.

Orma is a founding member of the Adonian Community and the Kaftian Association – which merged with the Kaftian Union in 1995 – and is an associate member of the Mesogean Cooperation Organization.

History

Geography

Orma is bound to the south by the Mesogean Sea, the west by Kushish, the southwest by Maianka, the northwest by Balanta, the northeast by Enfolo, and the east by Itagar.

Climate

The climate is primarily a humid subtropical climate. However, the southern coastal regions enjoy a milder Mesogean climate at places. Hot and humid summers are typical, except at the highest elevations. The entire country, including the northern mountains, receives moderate to heavy precipitation, which varies from 1,000 mm in central Orma to approximately 1,900 mm around the northeast part of the country. The degree to which the weather of a certain region of Orma is subtropical depends on the latitude, its proximity to the Mesogean Sea, and the elevation.

Government and politics

Orma is a unitary parliamentary republic with its constitution based on the Breislandic constitution. The nominal head of state is the President of the Republic, who is elected by the Parliament for a five-year term. According to the Constitution, executive power is exercised by the President and the Government. However, the Constitutional amendment of 1966 curtailed the President's duties and powers to a significant extent, rendering the position largely ceremonial; most political power is thus vested in the Prime Minister, Orma's head of government. The position is filled by the current leader of the political party that can obtain a vote of confidence by the Parliament. The President of the Republic formally appoints the Prime Minister and, on his recommendation, appoints and dismisses the other members of the Cabinet.

Legislative powers are exercised by a 537–member elective unicameral Parliament. Statutes passed by the Parliament are promulgated by the President of the Republic. Parliamentary elections are held every four years, but the President of the Republic is obliged to dissolve the Parliament earlier on the proposal of the Cabinet, in view of dealing with a national issue of exceptional importance. The President is also obliged to dissolve the Parliament earlier, if the opposition manages to pass a motion of no confidence. The voting age is 19.

Since the Great Adonian War, Orman politics have been dominated by the liberal-conservative National Party and the social-democratic Movement for Orma. Other parties represented in the Parliament of Orma include the right-wing populist New Orman Party, the Communist Party, Green Party and the Aristocratic Communalist Party.

Law

Military

Foreign policy

Law enforcement and crime

Administrative divisions

Economy

Orma has the ?th largest economy in Kaftia measured by gross domestic product at nominal rate and the ?th largest economy in the continent measured by purchasing power parity.

Orma's fiscal situation is stable. The government has continued to follow a conservative fiscal policy by controlling budget spending and accumulating oil revenue savings through the national oil company, Petrorma.

Energy

Tourism

Tourism in Orma is a growing sector and key to the economy of several regions of the country. The country had TBD million visitors in 2018, ranking in terms of the international tourist arrivals as the second destination in Kaftia after Burawa. Natural areas are its most popular tourism product, a combination of ecotourism with leisure and recreation, mainly sun and beach, and adventure travel, as well as cultural tourism. Among the most popular destinations are the NAME Mountains, beaches along the Mesogean Sea coast, and business trips to Dirranmoticha.

Infrastructure

Science and technology

Transport

Health

Education

Media and communication

Demographics

Race and ethnicity

Religion

Christianity is the main faith in Orma by number of adherents. According to the 2016 Official Census, 72.61% of the population followed Protestantism; 6.39% Petran Catholicism; 1.33% Armazism; 1.22% other Christian denominations; 0.42% Judaism; 0.05% Buddhism; 0.03% Islam; 0.59% other religions, undeclared or undetermined; while 17.35% have no religion.

Urbanization

Language

Orman is the official language of the country, which almost all of the population speaks and is virtually the only language used in newspapers, radio, television, and for business and administrative purposes. Minority languages are spoken throughout the nation. U/C

Culture