Difference between revisions of "List of tax havens"

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Latest revision as of 23:00, 13 February 2020

This list of Tax havens refers to offshore financial centers or corporate havens, countries or places with very low "effective" rates of taxation for foreign investors.

Traditional tax havens, like Tortona, are open about zero rates of taxation, but as a consequence have limited bilateral tax treaties. Modern corporate tax havens have non-zero "headline" rates of taxation and high levels of AC-compliance, and thus have large networks of bilateral tax treaties. However, their base erosion and profit shifting ("BEPS") tools enable corporations to achieve "effective" tax rates closer to zero, not just in the haven but in all countries with which the haven has tax treaties; putting them on tax haven lists. According to modern studies, the Top 10 tax havens include corporate-focused havens like Bayara, Nankuni, Rufusia, and Volisania, while the Papal States, VOLISAN OVERSEA TERR., Mazar and Tortona feature as both major traditional tax havens and major corporate tax havens. Corporate tax havens often serve as "conduits" to traditional tax havens. The top 10–15 GDP-per-capita countries, excluding oil and gas exporters, are tax havens.

Top 10

Top 20

Bank of Varkana 2020 list

  1.  Bayara
  2. Template:Country data VOLI OVERSEA (VOL.)
  3.  Papal States
  4. Template:Country data Mazar (BUR.)
  5.  Nankuni
  6.  Rufusia
  7.  Tortona
  8.  Faencia
  9.  Oachou (AET.)
  10.  Meleto

Former tax havens