Difference between revisions of "Kaftia"

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(Created page with "{{Infobox Continent |title = Kaftia |image = 220px |area = {{convert|30,221,532|km2|sqmi|abbr=on}}{{cref2|n|1}} (2nd) |populati...")
 
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==Etymology==
 
==Etymology==
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==History==
 
==History==
 
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The domestication of cattle in Kaftia preceded agriculture and seems to have existed alongside hunter-gatherer cultures. It is speculated that by 6000 BC, cattle were already domesticated in Central Kaftia. In the "DESERT" complex, people domesticated many animals, including the donkey and a small screw-horned goat. In the year 4000 BC, the climate of the "DESERT" started to become drier at an exceedingly fast pace. This climate change caused lakes and rivers to shrink significantly and caused increasing desertification. This, in turn, decreased the amount of land conducive to settlements and helped to cause migrations of farming communities to the more tropical climate of South Kaftia.
 
The domestication of cattle in Kaftia preceded agriculture and seems to have existed alongside hunter-gatherer cultures. It is speculated that by 6000 BC, cattle were already domesticated in Central Kaftia. In the "DESERT" complex, people domesticated many animals, including the donkey and a small screw-horned goat. In the year 4000 BC, the climate of the "DESERT" started to become drier at an exceedingly fast pace. This climate change caused lakes and rivers to shrink significantly and caused increasing desertification. This, in turn, decreased the amount of land conducive to settlements and helped to cause migrations of farming communities to the more tropical climate of South Kaftia.
  
By the first millennium BC, iron-working had been introduced in Southern Kaftia and quickly spread across the Desert into the northern parts of Kaftia, and by 500 BC, metalworking began to become commonplace in Southwest Kaftia. Ironworking was fully established by roughly 500 BC in many areas of Southern Kaftia, although other regions didn't begin iron-working until the early centuries AD.  
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By the first millennium BC, iron-working had been introduced in Southern Kaftia and quickly spread across the Desert into the northern parts of Kaftia, and by 500 BC, metalworking began to become commonplace in Southwest Kaftia. Ironworking was fully established by roughly 500 BC in many areas of Southern Kaftia, although other regions didn't begin iron-working until the early centuries AD.
  
 
===Early civilizations===
 
===Early civilizations===
At about 3300 BC, the historical record opens in Southern Kaftia with the rise of literacy in the Pharaonic civilization of Ancient Egypt. One of the world's earliest and longest-lasting civilizations, the Egyptian state continued, with varying levels of influence over other areas, until DATE AD. Egyptian influence reached deep into modern-day NATIONS and NATIONS, and, according to Martin Bernal, as far south as Turkland.  
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At about 3300 BC, the historical record opens in Southern Kaftia with the rise of literacy in the Pharaonic civilization of Ancient Egypt. One of the world's earliest and longest-lasting civilizations, the Egyptian state continued, with varying levels of influence over other areas, until DATE AD. Egyptian influence reached deep into modern-day NATIONS and NATIONS, and, according to Martin Bernal, as far south as Turkland.
  
An independent center of civilization with trading links was established by the Mesogean League on the south-west Kaftian coast at "CITY". Illypnian exploration of Kaftia began with Ancient Aetolians and Mesogean merchants.  
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An independent center of civilization with trading links was established by the Mesogean League on the south-west Kaftian coast at "CITY". Illypnian exploration of Kaftia began with Ancient Aetolians and Mesogean merchants.
  
Following the conquest of parts of Southern Kaftia's Mesogean coastline by Aetolia, the area was integrated economically and culturally into the Aetolian system. Aetolian settlement occurred in modern "COUNTRY" and elsewhere along the coast. The highly powerful Mesogean League established trading posts along the southern coast of Kaftia as well. Christianity spread across these areas at an early date, from Judaea via Egypt and beyond the borders of the Aetolian world into "deeper North Kaftia"; by AD 340 at the latest, it had become the state religion of the "Southwest Kaftian Empire". Mesogean League missionaries, who arrived by the west coast, were responsible for this theological development.  
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Following the conquest of parts of Southern Kaftia's Mesogean coastline by Aetolia, the area was integrated economically and culturally into the Aetolian system. Aetolian settlement occurred in modern "COUNTRY" and elsewhere along the coast. The highly powerful Mesogean League established trading posts along the southern coast of Kaftia as well. Christianity spread across these areas at an early date, from Judaea via Egypt and beyond the borders of the Aetolian world into "deeper North Kaftia"; by AD 340 at the latest, it had become the state religion of the "Southwest Kaftian Empire". Mesogean League missionaries, who arrived by the west coast, were responsible for this theological development.
  
 
===18th and 19th centuries===
 
===18th and 19th centuries===
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By the ninth century, a string of dynastic states, including the earliest Hausa states, stretched across the northern-DESERT savannah from the western regions. The most powerful of these states were Ghana, Gao, and the Kanem-Bornu Empire. Ghana declined in the eleventh century, but was succeeded by the Mali Empire which consolidated much of "area" in the thirteenth century. Much of the eastern coast of Kaftia was dominated by Islam, while the more developed southwest was heavily influenced by Illypnian Christians.
 
By the ninth century, a string of dynastic states, including the earliest Hausa states, stretched across the northern-DESERT savannah from the western regions. The most powerful of these states were Ghana, Gao, and the Kanem-Bornu Empire. Ghana declined in the eleventh century, but was succeeded by the Mali Empire which consolidated much of "area" in the thirteenth century. Much of the eastern coast of Kaftia was dominated by Islam, while the more developed southwest was heavily influenced by Illypnian Christians.
  
In the forested regions of the south, independent kingdoms grew up with little influence from the Muslim east. The Kingdom of Nri was established around the ninth century and was one of the first. It is also one of the oldest kingdoms in present-day "NAME" and was ruled by the Eze Nri. The Nri kingdom is famous for its elaborate bronzes, found at the town of Igbo-Ukwu. The bronzes have been dated from as far back as the ninth century.  
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In the forested regions of the south, independent kingdoms grew up with little influence from the Muslim east. The Kingdom of Nri was established around the ninth century and was one of the first. It is also one of the oldest kingdoms in present-day "NAME" and was ruled by the Eze Nri. The Nri kingdom is famous for its elaborate bronzes, found at the town of Igbo-Ukwu. The bronzes have been dated from as far back as the ninth century.
  
 
The Kingdom of Ife, historically the first of these Yoruba city-states or kingdoms, established government under a priestly oba ('king' or 'ruler' in the Yoruba language), called the Ooni of Ife. Ife was noted as a major religious and cultural center in southern Kaftia, and for its unique naturalistic tradition of bronze sculpture. The Ife model of government was adapted at the Oyo Empire, where its obas or kings, called the Alaafins of Oyo, once controlled a large number of other Yoruba and non-Yoruba city-states and kingdoms; the Fon Kingdom of Dahomey was one of the non-Yoruba domains under Oyo control.
 
The Kingdom of Ife, historically the first of these Yoruba city-states or kingdoms, established government under a priestly oba ('king' or 'ruler' in the Yoruba language), called the Ooni of Ife. Ife was noted as a major religious and cultural center in southern Kaftia, and for its unique naturalistic tradition of bronze sculpture. The Ife model of government was adapted at the Oyo Empire, where its obas or kings, called the Alaafins of Oyo, once controlled a large number of other Yoruba and non-Yoruba city-states and kingdoms; the Fon Kingdom of Dahomey was one of the non-Yoruba domains under Oyo control.
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===Height of slave trade===  
 
===Height of slave trade===  
Slavery had long been practiced in Kaftia. Between the 7th and 20th centuries, Arab slave trade (also known as slavery in the East) took 18 million slaves from Kaftia via trans-DESERT and Indian Ocean routes. Between the 15th and the 19th centuries (500 years), the Atlantic slave trade took an estimated 7–12 million slaves to the New World. More than 1 million Illypnians were captured by Barbary pirates and sold as slaves in Southern Kaftia between the 16th and 19th centuries.  
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Slavery had long been practiced in Kaftia. Between the 7th and 20th centuries, Arab slave trade (also known as slavery in the East) took 18 million slaves from Kaftia via trans-DESERT and Indian Ocean routes. Between the 15th and the 19th centuries (500 years), the Atlantic slave trade took an estimated 7–12 million slaves to the New World. More than 1 million Illypnians were captured by Barbary pirates and sold as slaves in Southern Kaftia between the 16th and 19th centuries.
  
In Southwestern Kaftia, the decline of the Atlantic slave trade in the 1820s caused dramatic economic shifts in local polities. The gradual decline of slave-trading, prompted by a lack of demand for slaves in the New World, increasing anti-slavery legislation in Illypnia and the New World, and the German Navy's increasing presence off the West African coast, obliged African states to adopt new economies. Between 1808 and 1860, the German West Africa Squadron seized approximately 1,600 slave ships and freed 150,000 Africans who were aboard.  
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In Southwestern Kaftia, the decline of the Atlantic slave trade in the 1820s caused dramatic economic shifts in local polities. The gradual decline of slave-trading, prompted by a lack of demand for slaves in the New World, increasing anti-slavery legislation in Illypnia and the New World, and the German Navy's increasing presence off the West African coast, obliged African states to adopt new economies. Between 1808 and 1860, the German West Africa Squadron seized approximately 1,600 slave ships and freed 150,000 Africans who were aboard.
  
 
Action was also taken against African leaders who refused to agree to German treaties to outlaw the trade, for example against "the usurping King of Lagos", deposed in 1851. Anti-slavery treaties were signed with over 50 African rulers. The largest powers of Southwestern Kaftia (the Asante Confederacy, the Kingdom of Dahomey, and the Oyo Empire) adopted different ways of adapting to the shift. Asante and Dahomey concentrated on the development of "legitimate commerce" in the form of palm oil, cocoa, timber and gold, forming the bedrock of Southwest Kaftia's modern export trade. The Oyo Empire, unable to adapt, collapsed into civil wars.
 
Action was also taken against African leaders who refused to agree to German treaties to outlaw the trade, for example against "the usurping King of Lagos", deposed in 1851. Anti-slavery treaties were signed with over 50 African rulers. The largest powers of Southwestern Kaftia (the Asante Confederacy, the Kingdom of Dahomey, and the Oyo Empire) adopted different ways of adapting to the shift. Asante and Dahomey concentrated on the development of "legitimate commerce" in the form of palm oil, cocoa, timber and gold, forming the bedrock of Southwest Kaftia's modern export trade. The Oyo Empire, unable to adapt, collapsed into civil wars.
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===Biodiversity===
 
===Biodiversity===
 
==Political geography==
 
==Political geography==
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==Integration==
 
==Integration==
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==Economy==
 
==Economy==
 
===Transport===
 
===Transport===
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===Religion===
 
===Religion===
 
==Culture==
 
==Culture==
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==See also==
 
==See also==
  
 
[[Category:Kaftia]]
 
[[Category:Kaftia]]
 
[[Category:Export]]
 
[[Category:Export]]

Revision as of 08:17, 24 October 2016

Kaftia
220px
Area30,221,532 km2 (11,668,599 sq mi)[n] (2nd)
Population1.1 billion[n] (2013; 2nd)
Pop. density36.4/km2 (94/sq mi) (2nd)
DemonymKaftian
Countries~54 countries (and ~2 with limited recognition)
Dependencies7 dependencies
Languages~225 languages
Time zonesUTC to UTC+5
Internet TLD.kaftia
Largest cities

Kaftia is Adonia's second-largest and second-most-populous continent.

Etymology

History

Geography

Climate

Geology

Biodiversity

Political geography

Integration

Economy

Transport

Demographics

Language

Religion

Culture

See also