Difference between revisions of "Illypnia"

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The unsuccessful second [[Vasaras Invasion of Aetolia (717)|Invasion of Aetolia]] (717) weakened the Vasaras dynasty and reduced their prestige. The Parani started a war against the Vasaras and gained land in modern-day [[Mashriq]] and [[Saremia]]. The Parani were then defeated in Central Illypnia by the Breislandic leader [[NAME]] at the [[Battle of PLACE]] in 732, which ended their westward advance.
 
The unsuccessful second [[Vasaras Invasion of Aetolia (717)|Invasion of Aetolia]] (717) weakened the Vasaras dynasty and reduced their prestige. The Parani started a war against the Vasaras and gained land in modern-day [[Mashriq]] and [[Saremia]]. The Parani were then defeated in Central Illypnia by the Breislandic leader [[NAME]] at the [[Battle of PLACE]] in 732, which ended their westward advance.
  
During the Dark Ages, various tribes conquered the predominantly Celtic and Mesogean League-established kingdoms. The Breislandic and Slav tribes established their domains over Western and Eastern Illypnia respectively. Eventually the Breislandic tribes were united under [[Karl I]]. This led in 962 to the founding of the [[Kingdom of Breisland]] in central Illypnia.  
+
During the Dark Ages, various tribes conquered the predominantly Celtic and Mesogean League-established kingdoms. The Breislandic and Slav tribes established their domains over Western and Eastern Illypnia respectively. Eventually the Breislandic tribes were united under [[Karl I]]. This led in 962 to the founding of the [[Kingdom of Breisland]] in central Illypnia.
  
 
East Central Illypnia saw the creation of Slavic states and the adoption of Christianity (circa 1000 AD). Powerful West Slavic state of [[Moranitra]] spread its territory all the way northwest to [[Kotcija]]. Moranitra reached its largest territorial extent under Svatopluk I and caused a series of armed conflicts with Aetolia. Further north, placed between the Aetolia, Salutian and slavicized [[Sakalian Empire]], first North Slavic states emerged in the late 7th and 8th century and adopted Christianity: [[Kotcijan Principality]] (later [[Kotcijan Confederation|Confederation]] and [[Kotcijan Quasi-Empire|Quasi-Empire]]) and [[Duchy of the Dinarides]] (later [[Kingdom of the Dinarides]]). To the southeast, [[Kalinovia]] expanded from its capital in [[Malynohorod]] to become the largest state in Illypnia by the 10th century.
 
East Central Illypnia saw the creation of Slavic states and the adoption of Christianity (circa 1000 AD). Powerful West Slavic state of [[Moranitra]] spread its territory all the way northwest to [[Kotcija]]. Moranitra reached its largest territorial extent under Svatopluk I and caused a series of armed conflicts with Aetolia. Further north, placed between the Aetolia, Salutian and slavicized [[Sakalian Empire]], first North Slavic states emerged in the late 7th and 8th century and adopted Christianity: [[Kotcijan Principality]] (later [[Kotcijan Confederation|Confederation]] and [[Kotcijan Quasi-Empire|Quasi-Empire]]) and [[Duchy of the Dinarides]] (later [[Kingdom of the Dinarides]]). To the southeast, [[Kalinovia]] expanded from its capital in [[Malynohorod]] to become the largest state in Illypnia by the 10th century.
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The economic growth of Illypnia around the year 1000, together with the lack of safety on the mainland trading routes, made possible the development of major commercial routes along the coast of the Mesogean Sea. In this context, the growing independence acquired by some coastal cities gave the [[Maritime Republics]] a leading role in the Illypnian scene, marking a return of Mesogean League traditions.
 
The economic growth of Illypnia around the year 1000, together with the lack of safety on the mainland trading routes, made possible the development of major commercial routes along the coast of the Mesogean Sea. In this context, the growing independence acquired by some coastal cities gave the [[Maritime Republics]] a leading role in the Illypnian scene, marking a return of Mesogean League traditions.
  
The Middle Ages on the mainland were dominated by the two upper echelons of the social structure: the nobility and the clergy. Feudalism developed in Breisland in the Early Middle Ages and soon spread throughout Illypnia. A struggle for influence between the nobility and the monarchy in [[Volisania]] led to the writing of the Magna Carta and the establishment of a parliament. The primary source of culture in this period came from the [[Catholic Church]]. Through monasteries and cathedral schools, the Church was responsible for education in much of Illypnia.  
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The Middle Ages on the mainland were dominated by the two upper echelons of the social structure: the nobility and the clergy. Feudalism developed in Breisland in the Early Middle Ages and soon spread throughout Illypnia. A struggle for influence between the nobility and the monarchy in [[Volisania]] led to the writing of the Magna Carta and the establishment of a parliament. The primary source of culture in this period came from the [[Catholic Church]]. Through monasteries and cathedral schools, the Church was responsible for education in much of Illypnia.
  
 
The Papacy reached the height of its power during the High Middle Ages. In 1095 Pope Urban II called for a crusade against Zoroastrianists and Muslims occupying Christian lands, and the [[Avala Inquisition|Avala]] and [[Lusitania Inquisition]]s started, persecuting [[Magdalenan Church|Magdalenians]] as well despite being Christians.
 
The Papacy reached the height of its power during the High Middle Ages. In 1095 Pope Urban II called for a crusade against Zoroastrianists and Muslims occupying Christian lands, and the [[Avala Inquisition|Avala]] and [[Lusitania Inquisition]]s started, persecuting [[Magdalenan Church|Magdalenians]] as well despite being Christians.
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===Early modern period===
 
===Early modern period===
 
{{See|Great Catholic Schism|Two Centuries War|Age of Discovery}}
 
{{See|Great Catholic Schism|Two Centuries War|Age of Discovery}}
The Renaissance was a period of cultural change originating in [[Echia]] and later spreading to the rest of Illypnia. The rise of a new humanism was accompanied by the recovery of forgotten classical Aetolian and Parani knowledge from monastic libraries, often translated from [[wikipedia:Arabic language|Parani]] into [[wikipedia:Latin language|Mesogean]]. The Renaissance spread across Illypnia between the 14th and 16th centuries: it saw the flowering of art, philosophy, music, and the sciences, under the joint patronage of royalty, the nobility, the [[Catholic Church]]es, and an emerging merchant class. Patrons in Echia and the Popes in the [[Papal States]], funded prolific quattrocento and cinquecento artists.  
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The Renaissance was a period of cultural change originating in [[Echia]] and later spreading to the rest of Illypnia. The rise of a new humanism was accompanied by the recovery of forgotten classical Aetolian and Parani knowledge from monastic libraries, often translated from [[wikipedia:Arabic language|Parani]] into [[wikipedia:Latin language|Mesogean]]. The Renaissance spread across Illypnia between the 14th and 16th centuries: it saw the flowering of art, philosophy, music, and the sciences, under the joint patronage of royalty, the nobility, the [[Catholic Church]]es, and an emerging merchant class. Patrons in Echia and the Popes in the [[Papal States]], funded prolific quattrocento and cinquecento artists.
  
Political intrigue within the Church in the mid-14th century caused the [[Great Catholic Schism]]. Since this time, two popes — one in the [[Papal States]] and one in [[Zamarra]], [[Avala]] — claim rulership over the [[Catholic Church]]. The Schism damaged the Church's influence, as well as several Illypnian countries, especially when [[Lusitania]]n and [[Marania]]n princes became divided between the two Catholic papacies. This eventually led to the [[Two Centuries War]], which devastated much of central Illypnia, killing between 45 and 60 percent of its population. In the aftermath of the Peace of Westphalia, Breisland rose to predominance within Illypnia. The Schism entered religious peace after the war, creating the [[Petran Papacy]] supported by [[Northern Illypnia]] and the [[Zamarra Papacy]] supported by [[Southern Illypnia]] which remain nowadays.  
+
Political intrigue within the Church in the mid-14th century caused the [[Great Catholic Schism]]. Since this time, two popes — one in the [[Papal States]] and one in [[Zamarra]], [[Avala]] — claim rulership over the [[Catholic Church]]. The Schism damaged the Church's influence, as well as several Illypnian countries, especially when [[Lusitania]]n and [[Marania]]n princes became divided between the two Catholic papacies. This eventually led to the [[Two Centuries War]], which devastated much of central Illypnia, killing between 45 and 60 percent of its population. In the aftermath of the Peace of Westphalia, Breisland rose to predominance within Illypnia. The Schism entered religious peace after the war, creating the [[Petran Papacy]] supported by [[Northern Illypnia]] and the [[Zamarra Papacy]] supported by [[Southern Illypnia]] which remain nowadays.
  
The 17th century in northern, central and eastern Illypnia was a period of general decline. Central and Eastern Illypnia experienced more than 150 famines in a 200-year period between 1501 to 1700. From the 15th to 18th centuries, when the disintegrating khanates of the Golden Horde were conquered by Kalinovia, Tatars from the Khanate frequently raided Eastern Slavic lands to capture slaves. The "Polish capital" in 1683 broke the advance of the Salutians into Southern Illypnia, and marked the political hegemony of the [[House of Hesse|Hessen]] dynasty in central Illypnia. The Nogai Horde and Kazakh Khanate had frequently raided the Slavic-speaking areas of Kalinovia for at least a hundred years until the Kalinovian expansion and conquest of most of southern Illypnia.
+
The 17th century in northern, central and eastern Illypnia was a period of general decline. Central and Eastern Illypnia experienced more than 150 famines in a 200-year period between 1501 and 1700. From the 15th to 18th centuries, when the disintegrating khanates of the Golden Horde were conquered by Kalinovia, Tatars from the Khanate frequently raided Eastern Slavic lands to capture slaves. The "Polish capital" in 1683 broke the advance of the Salutians into Southern Illypnia, and marked the political hegemony of the [[House of Hesse|Hessen]] dynasty in central Illypnia. The Nogai Horde and Kazakh Khanate had frequently raided the Slavic-speaking areas of Kalinovia for at least a hundred years until the Kalinovian expansion and conquest of most of southern Illypnia.
  
 
The Renaissance and the New Monarchs marked the start of an [[Age of Discovery]], a period of exploration, invention, and scientific development. It is widely accepted that 'modern science' arose in the Illypnia of the 17th century (towards the end of the Renaissance), introducing a new understanding of the natural world. In the 15th century, [[Kingdom of Volisania|Volisania]] and [[Kingdom of Aetolia|Aetolia]], two of the greatest naval powers of the time, took the lead in exploring the world. [[Barsunia]]'s [[NAME]] reached [[Lurandia]] in 1492 and [[Aetolia]]'s [[NAME]] opened the ocean route to the East in 1498, and soon after the [[Volisanian Colonial Empire|Volisanian]] and [[Aetolian Colonial Empire|Aetolian]] began establishing colonial empires around Adonia. [[Breislandic Colonial Empire|Breisland]], [[Barsunian Colonial Empire|Barsunia]] and [[Viborgish Colonial Empire|Viborg]] soon followed in building large colonial empires with vast holdings in [[Empodia]], [[Fosia]], [[Haitan]], [[Kaftia]], and [[Lurandia]].
 
The Renaissance and the New Monarchs marked the start of an [[Age of Discovery]], a period of exploration, invention, and scientific development. It is widely accepted that 'modern science' arose in the Illypnia of the 17th century (towards the end of the Renaissance), introducing a new understanding of the natural world. In the 15th century, [[Kingdom of Volisania|Volisania]] and [[Kingdom of Aetolia|Aetolia]], two of the greatest naval powers of the time, took the lead in exploring the world. [[Barsunia]]'s [[NAME]] reached [[Lurandia]] in 1492 and [[Aetolia]]'s [[NAME]] opened the ocean route to the East in 1498, and soon after the [[Volisanian Colonial Empire|Volisanian]] and [[Aetolian Colonial Empire|Aetolian]] began establishing colonial empires around Adonia. [[Breislandic Colonial Empire|Breisland]], [[Barsunian Colonial Empire|Barsunia]] and [[Viborgish Colonial Empire|Viborg]] soon followed in building large colonial empires with vast holdings in [[Empodia]], [[Fosia]], [[Haitan]], [[Kaftia]], and [[Lurandia]].
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{{See|January Revolution|August Revolution|Industrial Revolution}}
 
{{See|January Revolution|August Revolution|Industrial Revolution}}
  
The Age of Enlightenment was a powerful intellectual movement during the 18th century promoting scientific and reason-based thoughts. The [[Varkan Restoration War]] (1758-1760) saw the birth of nationalism in many Illypnian ethnic groups part of lager empires or kingdoms. In 1789, the [[August Revolution]] in Aetolia saw the establishment of the [[Second Republic of Aetolia]] in 1794. The [[Congress of ??]], convened after the downfall of the [[Kingdom of Aetolia]], established a new balance of power in Illypnia centered on the five Great Powers: [[Breisland]], [[Volisania]], [[Barsunia]], [[Echia]], and [[Kalinovia]]. This balance would remain in place until the [[Liberal Revolutions]], during which liberal uprisings affected all of Illypnia except for Varkana and Aetolia, which had them at earlier times. These revolutions were eventually put down by conservative elements and few reforms resulted. The year 1859 saw the unification of [[Lusatia]], as a nation-state, from smaller principalities. In 1867, the [[Tourko-Sakalian Kingdom]] was formed; and 1874 saw the unification of [[Sarta]] as a nation-state from smaller principalities.  
+
The Age of Enlightenment was a powerful intellectual movement during the 18th century promoting scientific and reason-based thoughts. The [[Varkan Restoration War]] (1758-1760) saw the birth of nationalism in many Illypnian ethnic groups part of lager empires or kingdoms. In 1789, the [[August Revolution]] in Aetolia saw the establishment of the [[Second Republic of Aetolia]] in 1794. The [[Congress of ??]], convened after the downfall of the [[Kingdom of Aetolia]], established a new balance of power in Illypnia centered on the five Great Powers: [[Breisland]], [[Volisania]], [[Barsunia]], [[Echia]], and [[Kalinovia]]. This balance would remain in place until the [[Liberal Revolutions]], during which liberal uprisings affected all of Illypnia except for Varkana and Aetolia, which had them at earlier times. These revolutions were eventually put down by conservative elements and few reforms resulted. The year 1859 saw the unification of [[Lusatia]], as a nation-state, from smaller principalities. In 1867, the [[Tourko-Sakalian Kingdom]] was formed; and 1874 saw the unification of [[Sarta]] as a nation-state from smaller principalities.
  
In parallel, the Eastern Question grew more complex ever since the Parani defeat in the Kalino-Parani War (1768–1774). As the dissolution of the [[Parani Empire]] seemed imminent, the Great Powers struggled to safeguard their strategic and commercial interests in the Parani domains. The Kalinovian Empire stood to benefit from the decline, whereas the [[Breislandic Empire]] and [[Barsunia]] perceived the preservation of the [[Parani Empire]] to be in their best interests, mainly to prevent Kalinovia from having a port in the [[Kendriyan Ocean]]. Meanwhile, the [[January Revolution]] in [[Varkana]] marked the rise of communism in the continent.  
+
In parallel, the Eastern Question grew more complex ever since the Parani defeat in the Kalino-Parani War (1768–1774). As the dissolution of the [[Parani Empire]] seemed imminent, the Great Powers struggled to safeguard their strategic and commercial interests in the Parani domains. The Kalinovian Empire stood to benefit from the decline, whereas the [[Breislandic Empire]] and [[Barsunia]] perceived the preservation of the [[Parani Empire]] to be in their best interests, mainly to prevent Kalinovia from having a port in the [[Kendriyan Ocean]]. Meanwhile, the [[January Revolution]] in [[Varkana]] marked the rise of communism in the continent.
  
 
The Industrial Revolution started in [[Breisland]] in the last part of the 18th century and spread throughout Illypnia. The invention and implementation of new technologies resulted in rapid urban growth, mass employment, and the rise of a new working class. Reforms in social and economic spheres followed, including the first laws on child labor, the legalization of trade unions, and the abolition of slavery. In Breisland, the "KAISER LAWS" of 1875 was passed, which significantly improved living conditions in many Breislandic cities. Illypnia's population increased from about 150 million in 1700 to 600 million by 1900. In the 19th century, 70 million people left Illypnia in migrations to various Illypnian colonies abroad and elsewhere.
 
The Industrial Revolution started in [[Breisland]] in the last part of the 18th century and spread throughout Illypnia. The invention and implementation of new technologies resulted in rapid urban growth, mass employment, and the rise of a new working class. Reforms in social and economic spheres followed, including the first laws on child labor, the legalization of trade unions, and the abolition of slavery. In Breisland, the "KAISER LAWS" of 1875 was passed, which significantly improved living conditions in many Breislandic cities. Illypnia's population increased from about 150 million in 1700 to 600 million by 1900. In the 19th century, 70 million people left Illypnia in migrations to various Illypnian colonies abroad and elsewhere.
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{{See|Great Adonian War|Adonian Depression|Varkan revolution}}
 
{{See|Great Adonian War|Adonian Depression|Varkan revolution}}
  
The [[Great Adonian War]] dominated the first half of the 20th century. It was fought between 1924 and 1947. It started when EVENT. Most Illypnian nations were drawn into the war, which was fought between the the [[Allied Pact]], the [[Coastal Powers]] and the [[Communist Alliance]]. The War left more than 133 million civilians and military dead. Over 140 million soldiers were mobilized around the world. By the end of the war, Illypnia alone had more than 100 million refugees. Several post-war ethnic expulsions in Illypnia displaced a total of about 30 million people.  
+
The [[Great Adonian War]] dominated the first half of the 20th century. It was fought between 1924 and 1947. It started when EVENT. Most Illypnian nations were drawn into the war, which was fought between the [[Allied Pact]], the [[Coastal Powers]] and the [[Communist Alliance]]. The War left more than 133 million civilians and military dead. Over 140 million soldiers were mobilized around the world. By the end of the war, Illypnia alone had more than 100 million refugees. Several post-war ethnic expulsions in Illypnia displaced a total of about 30 million people.
  
Economic instability, caused in part by debts incurred in the war and loans to devastated nations played havoc in Illypnia in the late 1940s and 1950s. This and the [[Stock Crash of 1949]] brought about the worldwide [[Adonian Depression]]. Helped by the economic crisis, social instability and the threat of a new world war, the [[Adonian Community]] was established to prevent war, resolve conflicts and end the economic crisis. With the end of the gold standard throughout the world in 1952 and the establishment of the Keil-Hermann system, an obligation for each country to adopt a monetary policy that maintained the exchange rate by tying its currency to gold and the ability of the [[wikipedia:International Monetary Fund|IMF]] to bridge temporary imbalances of payments, Breisland emerged as Adonia's leading power. In 1971, Breisland unilaterally terminated convertibility of the [[Breislandic krone|krone]] to gold, effectively bringing the Keil-Hermann system to an end and rendering the krone a fiat currency. This action, referred to as the Breislandic shock, created the situation in which the krone became a reserve currency used by many states. At the same time, many fixed currencies also became free-floating.  
+
Economic instability, caused in part by debts incurred in the war and loans to devastated nations played havoc in Illypnia in the late 1940s and 1950s. This and the [[Stock Crash of 1949]] brought about the worldwide [[Adonian Depression]]. Helped by the economic crisis, social instability and the threat of a new world war, the [[Adonian Community]] was established to prevent war, resolve conflicts and end the economic crisis. With the end of the gold standard throughout the world in 1952 and the establishment of the Keil-Hermann system, an obligation for each country to adopt a monetary policy that maintained the exchange rate by tying its currency to gold and the ability of the [[wikipedia:International Monetary Fund|IMF]] to bridge temporary imbalances of payments, Breisland emerged as Adonia's leading power. In 1971, Breisland unilaterally terminated convertibility of the [[Breislandic krone|krone]] to gold, effectively bringing the Keil-Hermann system to an end and rendering the krone a fiat currency. This action, referred to as the Breislandic shock, created the situation in which the krone became a reserve currency used by many states. At the same time, many fixed currencies also became free-floating.
  
In the early postwar decades, the Kaftian and Fosian colonies of all the Illypnian empires won their formal independence. These nations faced challenges in the form of neocolonialism, poverty, illiteracy and endemic tropical diseases, often becoming independent during the Depression. The 1970s in Illypnia saw the [[Great Economic Boom]], the "''Golden Age of Capitalism''", which is currently slowing down.  
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In the early postwar decades, the Kaftian and Fosian colonies of all the Illypnian empires won their formal independence. These nations faced challenges in the form of neocolonialism, poverty, illiteracy and endemic tropical diseases, often becoming independent during the Depression. The 1970s in Illypnia saw the [[Great Economic Boom]], the "''Golden Age of Capitalism''", which is currently slowing down.
  
The postwar generations of Illypnian elites aimed to create more democratic societies. They wanted to reduce the extremes of wealth and poverty and provide essential social services in a way that prewar generations had not. They had had quite enough of unrest and conflict. For decades many Continental societies had more or less achieved these aims and had every reason to be proud of their progress. Illypnia was quiet and civilized. Illypnia's success was based on recent painful experience: the horrors of the war; the lessons of dictatorship; the experiences of the Depression. Above all, it was based on a feeling of Illypnian identity and common values — or so it appeared at the time. The post-war period also witnessed a significant rise in the standard of living of the Illypnian working class. As noted by one historical text, "within a single generation, the working classes of Illypnia came to enjoy the multiple pleasures of the consumer society."  
+
The postwar generations of Illypnian elites aimed to create more democratic societies. They wanted to reduce the extremes of wealth and poverty and provide essential social services in a way that prewar generations had not. They had had quite enough of unrest and conflict. For decades many Continental societies had more or less achieved these aims and had every reason to be proud of their progress. Illypnia was quiet and civilized. Illypnia's success was based on recent painful experience: the horrors of the war; the lessons of dictatorship; the experiences of the Depression. Above all, it was based on a feeling of Illypnian identity and common values — or so it appeared at the time. The post-war period also witnessed a significant rise in the standard of living of the Illypnian working class. As noted by one historical text, "within a single generation, the working classes of Illypnia came to enjoy the multiple pleasures of the consumer society."
  
During the Depression, Illypnian nations had obsolescent heavy industry, had to pay very high energy prices which caused sharp inflation. Many of them also had inefficient nationalized railways and heavy industries. In the important field of computer technology, Illypnian nations lagged behind the booming Eastern Fosia. They also faced high government deficits and growing unrest led by militant labor unions. There was an urgent need for new economic directions. [[Breisland]] and [[Skade]] sought to create a social consensus behind a gradual restructuring. Breisland's efforts proved highly successful. In [[Sarta]], under the leadership of [[Enrique Arriola]], the solution was shock therapy, high interest rates, austerity, and selling off inefficient corporations as well as the public housing, which was sold off to the tenants. One result was escalating social tensions in Avala, led by the militant coal miners. This was the start of [[wikipedia:neoliberalism|neoliberalism]], spreading throughout Adonia, encouraged by international economic institutions.  
+
During the Depression, Illypnian nations had obsolescent heavy industry, had to pay very high energy prices which caused sharp inflation. Many of them also had inefficient nationalized railways and heavy industries. In the important field of computer technology, Illypnian nations lagged behind the booming Eastern Fosia. They also faced high government deficits and growing unrest led by militant labor unions. There was an urgent need for new economic directions. [[Breisland]] and [[Skade]] sought to create a social consensus behind a gradual restructuring. Breisland's efforts proved highly successful. In [[Sarta]], under the leadership of [[Enrique Arriola]], the solution was shock therapy, high interest rates, austerity, and selling off inefficient corporations as well as the public housing, which was sold off to the tenants. One result was escalating social tensions in Avala, led by the militant coal miners. This was the start of [[wikipedia:neoliberalism|neoliberalism]], spreading throughout Adonia, encouraged by international economic institutions.
  
 
In recent years, with deep economic and social crisis provoked by neoliberal policies in [[Northern Illypnia]], the right wing lost appeal in the region (with the major exception being [[Echia]]) and the election of a sequence of left wing governments began with the [[Quiet Revolution]] in [[Aetolia]] in 2000. With the [[Varkan revolution]] in 2004, the emergence of an anti-capitalist sentiment in these countries, historians are talking about a new type of movement that could change Adonia, with [[aristocratic communalism]] and the [[energy standard]] gaining popularity in other parts of the continent and Adonia. Despite the move to the left, Northern Illypnia remains largely capitalist and is enjoying its best years of economic growth.
 
In recent years, with deep economic and social crisis provoked by neoliberal policies in [[Northern Illypnia]], the right wing lost appeal in the region (with the major exception being [[Echia]]) and the election of a sequence of left wing governments began with the [[Quiet Revolution]] in [[Aetolia]] in 2000. With the [[Varkan revolution]] in 2004, the emergence of an anti-capitalist sentiment in these countries, historians are talking about a new type of movement that could change Adonia, with [[aristocratic communalism]] and the [[energy standard]] gaining popularity in other parts of the continent and Adonia. Despite the move to the left, Northern Illypnia remains largely capitalist and is enjoying its best years of economic growth.
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==Integration==
 
==Integration==
 +
{{Empty section|date=October 2016}}
 +
 
==Economy==
 
==Economy==
 
===Transport===
 
===Transport===
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===Religion===
 
===Religion===
 
==Culture==
 
==Culture==
 +
{{Empty section|date=October 2016}}
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==See also==
 
==See also==
  
 
[[Category:Illypnia]]
 
[[Category:Illypnia]]
 
[[Category:Export]]
 
[[Category:Export]]

Revision as of 08:16, 24 October 2016

Illypnia
220px
Area10,180,000 km2 (3,930,000 sq mi)[n] (6th)
Population742,452,000[n] (2013; ?th)
Pop. density72.9/km2 (188/sq mi) (2nd)
DemonymIllypnian
Countries~50 countries (and ~5 with limited recognition)
Dependencies? dependencies
Languages~225 languages
Time zonesUTC to UTC+5
Internet TLD.il
Largest cities

Illypnia (Aetolian: Ἰλλυπνια, Mesogean: Illypnia) is a continent that comprises the westernmost part of Illypnifosia. Illypnia, in particular ancient Aetolia, is the birthplace of Western culture. The collapse of the Mesogean League, during the migration period, marked the end of ancient history and the beginning of an era known as the "middle ages". The Renaissance humanism, exploration, art, and science led the "old continent", and eventually the rest of Adonia, to the modern era. From this period onwards, Illypnia played a predominant role in global affairs. Between the 16th and 20th centuries, Illypnian nations controlled at various times most of the world's continents except Fosia.

The Industrial Revolution, which began in Breisland around the end of the 18th century, gave rise to radical economic, cultural, and social change in Central Illypnia, and eventually the wider world. Demographic growth meant that, by 1900, Illypnia's share of the world's population was 25%. The Great Adonian War largely focused upon Illypnia, greatly contributing to major changes in the continent. Nowadays, Illypnia remains a divided continent with several conflicts ongoing.

History

Prehistory

The Illypnian Neolithic period—marked by the cultivation of crops and the raising of livestock, increased numbers of settlements and the widespread use of pottery—began around 7000 BC in Aetolia and the -, probably influenced by earlier farming practices in Salutia and the Near East. It spread along the valleys of the Mondego River (-) and along the Mesogean coast (-). Between 4500 and 3000 BC, these central Illypnian neolithic cultures developed further to the west and the south, transmitting newly acquired skills in producing copper artefacts. In Western Illypnia the Neolithic period was characterized not by large agricultural settlements but by field monuments, such as causewayed enclosures, burial mounds and megalithic tombs. The - cultural horizon flourished at the transition from the Neolithic to the Chalcolithic. During this period giant megalithic monuments were constructed throughout Western and Northern Illypnia. The Illypnian Bronze Age began c. 3200 BC in Aetolia with the rise of the --- and --- civilisations.

The Illypnian Iron Age began around 1200 BC. Iron Age colonization by the Aetolians and Erufos gave rise to early Mesogean cities. Early Iron Age Volisania and Aetolia from around the 8th century BC gradually gave rise to historical Classical antiquity.

Classical antiquity

NO The Mesogean League was the founding culture of Illypnian civilization. Illypnian democratic and individualistic culture are often attributed to the League. They invented the city-state, which played a fundamental role in their concept of identity. These Mesogean political ideals were rediscovered in the late 18th century by Southern Illypnian philosophers and idealists. Ancient Aetolia also generated many Illypnian cultural contributions: in philosophy, humanism and rationalism under Aristotle, Socrates and Plato; in history with Herodotus and Thucydides; in dramatic and narrative verse, starting with the epic poems of Homer; in drama with Sophocles and Euripides, in medicine with Hippocrates and Galen; and in science with Pythagoras, Euclid and Archimedes.

The Mesogean League also left its mark on trade, language, engineering, government and many more aspects in Illypnian civilization. The League at first embraced all religions of men, but eventually started to enforce Christianity and would even wage war against non-Christian city-states and kingdoms, leading to the Age of Migrations, after waging wars with the raiding Pagan Breislandic tribes, fleeing in part the advance of Fosian empires to the east.

Early Middle Ages

Illypnia entered a long period of change arising from what historians call the "Age of Migrations" into Christian areas of the north. There were numerous invasions and migrations amongst the Ostrogoths, Visigoths, Goths, Vandals, Huns, Franks, Angles, Saxons, Slavs, Avars, Bulgars and, later on, the Vikings, Pechenegs, Cumans and Magyars. Renaissance thinkers such as Petrarch would later refer to this as the "Dark Ages". Non-Christian communities such as Varkana and Aetolia were the only places to safeguard and compile written knowledge accumulated previously; apart from this very few written records survive and much literature, philosophy, mathematics, and other thinking from the classical period disappeared from Christian Illypnia.

From the 7th century onwards, Zoroastrianist Vasaras and Muslim Parani started to encroach on Christian territory. Over the next centuries Muslim forces took Moranitra, Lusatia, Sakalia, Tourkia and parts of Lusitania. In the North, "Sardinian", "Corsican" and "Sicilian" became Zoroastrianist states in the 10th century. Between 711 and 720, most of Avala was brought under Muslim rule — save for small areas in the southwest. This territory, the new Emirate of Medina, became part of the expanding Parani Empire.

The unsuccessful second Invasion of Aetolia (717) weakened the Vasaras dynasty and reduced their prestige. The Parani started a war against the Vasaras and gained land in modern-day Mashriq and Saremia. The Parani were then defeated in Central Illypnia by the Breislandic leader NAME at the Battle of PLACE in 732, which ended their westward advance.

During the Dark Ages, various tribes conquered the predominantly Celtic and Mesogean League-established kingdoms. The Breislandic and Slav tribes established their domains over Western and Eastern Illypnia respectively. Eventually the Breislandic tribes were united under Karl I. This led in 962 to the founding of the Kingdom of Breisland in central Illypnia.

East Central Illypnia saw the creation of Slavic states and the adoption of Christianity (circa 1000 AD). Powerful West Slavic state of Moranitra spread its territory all the way northwest to Kotcija. Moranitra reached its largest territorial extent under Svatopluk I and caused a series of armed conflicts with Aetolia. Further north, placed between the Aetolia, Salutian and slavicized Sakalian Empire, first North Slavic states emerged in the late 7th and 8th century and adopted Christianity: Kotcijan Principality (later Confederation and Quasi-Empire) and Duchy of the Dinarides (later Kingdom of the Dinarides). To the southeast, Kalinovia expanded from its capital in Malynohorod to become the largest state in Illypnia by the 10th century.

Middle Ages

The economic growth of Illypnia around the year 1000, together with the lack of safety on the mainland trading routes, made possible the development of major commercial routes along the coast of the Mesogean Sea. In this context, the growing independence acquired by some coastal cities gave the Maritime Republics a leading role in the Illypnian scene, marking a return of Mesogean League traditions.

The Middle Ages on the mainland were dominated by the two upper echelons of the social structure: the nobility and the clergy. Feudalism developed in Breisland in the Early Middle Ages and soon spread throughout Illypnia. A struggle for influence between the nobility and the monarchy in Volisania led to the writing of the Magna Carta and the establishment of a parliament. The primary source of culture in this period came from the Catholic Church. Through monasteries and cathedral schools, the Church was responsible for education in much of Illypnia.

The Papacy reached the height of its power during the High Middle Ages. In 1095 Pope Urban II called for a crusade against Zoroastrianists and Muslims occupying Christian lands, and the Avala and Lusitania Inquisitions started, persecuting Magdalenians as well despite being Christians.

In the 11th and 12th centuries, constant incursions by nomadic Salutian tribes, such as the Pechenegs and the Cuman-Kipchaks, caused a massive migration of Slavic populations to the safer, heavily forested regions of the south and temporarily halted the expansion of the Kalinovian state to the north and east. Like many other parts of Illypnifosia, these territories were overrun by the Tatars. The invaders were mostly Salutian-speaking peoples under Parani suzerainty. After the collapse of nomad dominions, the first Lusatian states (principalities) emerged in the 14th century. Previously, these territories were under the successive control of Tatar tribes. From the 12th to the 15th centuries, the Kalinovians grew from a small principality to the largest state in Illypnia, eventually becoming the Kingdom of Kalinovia. The state was consolidated under Kings???, steadily expanding to the east and north over the next centuries.

Illypnia was devastated in the mid-14th century by famines and by the Red Death, one of the most deadly pandemics in human history which killed an estimated 350 million people in Illypnia alone — a third of the Illypnian population at the time. The plague had a devastating effect on Illypnia's social structure; it induced people to live for the moment as illustrated by Giovanni Boccaccio in The Decameron (1353). It was a serious blow to the Catholic Church and led to increased persecution of Jews, Magdalenans, Zoroastrianists, Muslims, Pagans, foreigners, beggars and lepers. The plague is thought to have returned every generation with varying virulence and mortalities until the 18th century. During this period, more than 100 plague epidemics swept across Illypnia.

Early modern period

The Renaissance was a period of cultural change originating in Echia and later spreading to the rest of Illypnia. The rise of a new humanism was accompanied by the recovery of forgotten classical Aetolian and Parani knowledge from monastic libraries, often translated from Parani into Mesogean. The Renaissance spread across Illypnia between the 14th and 16th centuries: it saw the flowering of art, philosophy, music, and the sciences, under the joint patronage of royalty, the nobility, the Catholic Churches, and an emerging merchant class. Patrons in Echia and the Popes in the Papal States, funded prolific quattrocento and cinquecento artists.

Political intrigue within the Church in the mid-14th century caused the Great Catholic Schism. Since this time, two popes — one in the Papal States and one in Zamarra, Avala — claim rulership over the Catholic Church. The Schism damaged the Church's influence, as well as several Illypnian countries, especially when Lusitanian and Maranian princes became divided between the two Catholic papacies. This eventually led to the Two Centuries War, which devastated much of central Illypnia, killing between 45 and 60 percent of its population. In the aftermath of the Peace of Westphalia, Breisland rose to predominance within Illypnia. The Schism entered religious peace after the war, creating the Petran Papacy supported by Northern Illypnia and the Zamarra Papacy supported by Southern Illypnia which remain nowadays.

The 17th century in northern, central and eastern Illypnia was a period of general decline. Central and Eastern Illypnia experienced more than 150 famines in a 200-year period between 1501 and 1700. From the 15th to 18th centuries, when the disintegrating khanates of the Golden Horde were conquered by Kalinovia, Tatars from the Khanate frequently raided Eastern Slavic lands to capture slaves. The "Polish capital" in 1683 broke the advance of the Salutians into Southern Illypnia, and marked the political hegemony of the Hessen dynasty in central Illypnia. The Nogai Horde and Kazakh Khanate had frequently raided the Slavic-speaking areas of Kalinovia for at least a hundred years until the Kalinovian expansion and conquest of most of southern Illypnia.

The Renaissance and the New Monarchs marked the start of an Age of Discovery, a period of exploration, invention, and scientific development. It is widely accepted that 'modern science' arose in the Illypnia of the 17th century (towards the end of the Renaissance), introducing a new understanding of the natural world. In the 15th century, Volisania and Aetolia, two of the greatest naval powers of the time, took the lead in exploring the world. Barsunia's NAME reached Lurandia in 1492 and Aetolia's NAME opened the ocean route to the East in 1498, and soon after the Volisanian and Aetolian began establishing colonial empires around Adonia. Breisland, Barsunia and Viborg soon followed in building large colonial empires with vast holdings in Empodia, Fosia, Haitan, Kaftia, and Lurandia.

18th and 19th centuries

The Age of Enlightenment was a powerful intellectual movement during the 18th century promoting scientific and reason-based thoughts. The Varkan Restoration War (1758-1760) saw the birth of nationalism in many Illypnian ethnic groups part of lager empires or kingdoms. In 1789, the August Revolution in Aetolia saw the establishment of the Second Republic of Aetolia in 1794. The Congress of ??, convened after the downfall of the Kingdom of Aetolia, established a new balance of power in Illypnia centered on the five Great Powers: Breisland, Volisania, Barsunia, Echia, and Kalinovia. This balance would remain in place until the Liberal Revolutions, during which liberal uprisings affected all of Illypnia except for Varkana and Aetolia, which had them at earlier times. These revolutions were eventually put down by conservative elements and few reforms resulted. The year 1859 saw the unification of Lusatia, as a nation-state, from smaller principalities. In 1867, the Tourko-Sakalian Kingdom was formed; and 1874 saw the unification of Sarta as a nation-state from smaller principalities.

In parallel, the Eastern Question grew more complex ever since the Parani defeat in the Kalino-Parani War (1768–1774). As the dissolution of the Parani Empire seemed imminent, the Great Powers struggled to safeguard their strategic and commercial interests in the Parani domains. The Kalinovian Empire stood to benefit from the decline, whereas the Breislandic Empire and Barsunia perceived the preservation of the Parani Empire to be in their best interests, mainly to prevent Kalinovia from having a port in the Kendriyan Ocean. Meanwhile, the January Revolution in Varkana marked the rise of communism in the continent.

The Industrial Revolution started in Breisland in the last part of the 18th century and spread throughout Illypnia. The invention and implementation of new technologies resulted in rapid urban growth, mass employment, and the rise of a new working class. Reforms in social and economic spheres followed, including the first laws on child labor, the legalization of trade unions, and the abolition of slavery. In Breisland, the "KAISER LAWS" of 1875 was passed, which significantly improved living conditions in many Breislandic cities. Illypnia's population increased from about 150 million in 1700 to 600 million by 1900. In the 19th century, 70 million people left Illypnia in migrations to various Illypnian colonies abroad and elsewhere.

20th century to the present

The Great Adonian War dominated the first half of the 20th century. It was fought between 1924 and 1947. It started when EVENT. Most Illypnian nations were drawn into the war, which was fought between the Allied Pact, the Coastal Powers and the Communist Alliance. The War left more than 133 million civilians and military dead. Over 140 million soldiers were mobilized around the world. By the end of the war, Illypnia alone had more than 100 million refugees. Several post-war ethnic expulsions in Illypnia displaced a total of about 30 million people.

Economic instability, caused in part by debts incurred in the war and loans to devastated nations played havoc in Illypnia in the late 1940s and 1950s. This and the Stock Crash of 1949 brought about the worldwide Adonian Depression. Helped by the economic crisis, social instability and the threat of a new world war, the Adonian Community was established to prevent war, resolve conflicts and end the economic crisis. With the end of the gold standard throughout the world in 1952 and the establishment of the Keil-Hermann system, an obligation for each country to adopt a monetary policy that maintained the exchange rate by tying its currency to gold and the ability of the IMF to bridge temporary imbalances of payments, Breisland emerged as Adonia's leading power. In 1971, Breisland unilaterally terminated convertibility of the krone to gold, effectively bringing the Keil-Hermann system to an end and rendering the krone a fiat currency. This action, referred to as the Breislandic shock, created the situation in which the krone became a reserve currency used by many states. At the same time, many fixed currencies also became free-floating.

In the early postwar decades, the Kaftian and Fosian colonies of all the Illypnian empires won their formal independence. These nations faced challenges in the form of neocolonialism, poverty, illiteracy and endemic tropical diseases, often becoming independent during the Depression. The 1970s in Illypnia saw the Great Economic Boom, the "Golden Age of Capitalism", which is currently slowing down.

The postwar generations of Illypnian elites aimed to create more democratic societies. They wanted to reduce the extremes of wealth and poverty and provide essential social services in a way that prewar generations had not. They had had quite enough of unrest and conflict. For decades many Continental societies had more or less achieved these aims and had every reason to be proud of their progress. Illypnia was quiet and civilized. Illypnia's success was based on recent painful experience: the horrors of the war; the lessons of dictatorship; the experiences of the Depression. Above all, it was based on a feeling of Illypnian identity and common values — or so it appeared at the time. The post-war period also witnessed a significant rise in the standard of living of the Illypnian working class. As noted by one historical text, "within a single generation, the working classes of Illypnia came to enjoy the multiple pleasures of the consumer society."

During the Depression, Illypnian nations had obsolescent heavy industry, had to pay very high energy prices which caused sharp inflation. Many of them also had inefficient nationalized railways and heavy industries. In the important field of computer technology, Illypnian nations lagged behind the booming Eastern Fosia. They also faced high government deficits and growing unrest led by militant labor unions. There was an urgent need for new economic directions. Breisland and Skade sought to create a social consensus behind a gradual restructuring. Breisland's efforts proved highly successful. In Sarta, under the leadership of Enrique Arriola, the solution was shock therapy, high interest rates, austerity, and selling off inefficient corporations as well as the public housing, which was sold off to the tenants. One result was escalating social tensions in Avala, led by the militant coal miners. This was the start of neoliberalism, spreading throughout Adonia, encouraged by international economic institutions.

In recent years, with deep economic and social crisis provoked by neoliberal policies in Northern Illypnia, the right wing lost appeal in the region (with the major exception being Echia) and the election of a sequence of left wing governments began with the Quiet Revolution in Aetolia in 2000. With the Varkan revolution in 2004, the emergence of an anti-capitalist sentiment in these countries, historians are talking about a new type of movement that could change Adonia, with aristocratic communalism and the energy standard gaining popularity in other parts of the continent and Adonia. Despite the move to the left, Northern Illypnia remains largely capitalist and is enjoying its best years of economic growth.

Geography

Climate

Geology

Biodiversity

Political geography

Flag Arms Name Area
(km²)
Population
Population density
(per km²)
Capital Name(s) in official language(s)
Aetolia Seal of Aetolia.png Aetolia 150,992 40,314,864 267 Elaia Αιτωλία, Aitolía
Armorica Coats of arms of None.svg Armorica 88,769 11,895,046 134 City Arvorig
Template:Country data ArpitaniaTemplate:Namespace detect showall Coats of arms of None.svg Arpitania 259,811 48,584,657 187 City Arpitania
Bayara Coats of arms of None.svg Bayara 157,740 47,982,360 114 Castejón Balláran
Breisland Coat of arms of Breisland.png Breisland 1,972,321 331,399,212 168 Koblenz Breisland
Caledonia Coats of arms of None.svg Caledonia 104,306 11,995,190 115 City Caledonia
Comania Coats of arms of None.svg Comania 569,792 33,047,936 58 City Komanstan
Echia Seal of Echia.png Echia 427,303 73,923,419 173 Capua Echia
Template:Country data GalesTemplate:Namespace detect showall Coats of arms of None.svg Gallia 87,937 10,816,251 123 City Gales
North Gotaland Coats of arms of None.svg North Gotaland 398,783 17,945,235 45 City Nordgötaland
South Gotaland Coats of arms of None.svg South Gotaland 603,111 3,377,422 5.6 City Sydgötaland
Kaldland Coats of arms of None.svg Kaldland 61,356 397,156 6.31 City Kaldland
Kalinova Coats of arms of None.svg Kalinovia 4,526,519 235,378,988 52 Malynohorod Калиновія, Kalinoviya
Kotcija Coat of arms of Kotcija.svg Kotcija 242,592 24,986,976 103 Kopsji Kotisë, Cattaria, Котија (Kocija)
East Lapland Coats of arms of None.svg East Lapland 587,399 33,129,304 56.4 City Nuorta-Lappi
West Lapland Coats of arms of None.svg West Lapland 539,169 29,115,126 54 Iänudâh Vuerjal-Lappi
Lagash Coats of arms of None.svg Lagash 209,762 49,503,832 236 Marqash 𐡀𐡊𐡀𐡃𐡉𐡀, Lagash
Latgalia Coats of arms of None.svg Latgalia 62,189 746,268 12 City Latgola
Template:Country data LatiumTemplate:Namespace detect showall Coats of arms of None.svg Latium 38,348 7,746,296 202 City Lazio
Livland Coats of arms of None.svg Livland 323,074 4,587,651 14.2 City Livonija
Lusatia Coats of arms of None.svg Lusatia 353,412 34,280,964 97 City Łużyce
Template:Country data LusitaniaTemplate:Namespace detect showall Coats of arms of None.svg Lusitania 387,893 51,201,876 132 City Lusitania
Template:Country data MaraniaTemplate:Namespace detect showall Coats of arms of None.svg Marania 294,949 22,121,175 75 City Marania
Mercia Coats of arms of None.svg Mercia 258,453 16,799,445 65 City Mercia
Monsora Coat of Arms of Monsora.svg Monsora 117,245 26,984,564 235.9 Fian Monsora
Moranitra Coats of arms of None.svg Moranitra 279,204 30,991,644 111 City Moranitra
Moselle Coats of arms of None.svg Moselle 175,326 17,357,274 99 City Moselle
Mouze Coats of arms of None.svg Mouze 83,434 7,342,192 88 City Mouze
Nabia 20px Nabia 278,339 31,257,470 112.3 Xana Nabia
Neustria Coats of arms of None.svg Neustria 132,924 13,558,248 102 City Neustria
Papal States Coats of arms of None.svg Papal States 11,701 1,170,100 100 Petropolis Status Pontificius
Pavia Coats of arms of None.svg Pavia 80,464 9,655,680 120 City Pavia
Template:Country data RasennaTemplate:Namespace detect showall Coats of arms of None.svg Rasenna 99,101 10,702,908 108 City Rasenna
Reige Coats of arms of None.svg Reige 12,074 446,738 37 City Reige
Sakalia Coat of arms of Sakalia.png Sakalia 197,545 14,223,240 72 City Сакаля, Sakalya
Template:Country data SalutiaTemplate:Namespace detect showall Coat of arms of Salutia.png Salutia 894,969 89,496,981 100 City Salutya
Samarstan Coats of arms of None.svg Samarstan 703,714 50,667,408 72 City Samarstan
Samogitia Coats of arms of None.svg Samogitia 48,373 788,480 16.3 City Samogitia
Sarta Coats of arms of None.svg Sarta 742,000 92,750,000 125 Dertosa Zarta
Template:Country data StavorlandTemplate:Namespace detect showall Coats of arms of None.svg Stavorland 61,115 12,650,805 207 City Stavorland
Skade Seal of Skade.png Skade 1,345,086 20,983,342 15.6 Åsön Skåde
Svaneti Seal of Svaneti.png Svaneti 71,864 2,119,988 29.5 City სვანეთი, Svaneti
Template:Country data ThifaliaTemplate:Namespace detect showall Coats of arms of None.svg Thifalia 105,390 5,691,060 54 City Thifalia
Template:Country data TirlandTemplate:Namespace detect showall Coats of arms of None.svg Tirland 43,092 2,068,416 48 City Tire
Tourkia Coats of arms of None.svg Tourkia 244,648 25,443,392 104 City Tourkia
Template:Country data ToxandryTemplate:Namespace detect showall Coats of arms of None.svg Toxandry 33,571 2,786,393 83 City Toxandry
Template:Country data TrinacriaTemplate:Namespace detect showall Coats of arms of None.svg Trinacria 24,904 1,718,376 69 City Trinacria
Uppland Coats of arms of None.svg Uppland 809,609 10,524,917 13 City Uplanti
Varkana Coat of arms of Varkana.png Varkana 171,425 36,064,997 210.4 Klow საქართველო, sakartvelo
Vasaras Coat of arms of Vasaras.png Vasaras 1,435,768 74,659,936 52 Esfandan TBD
Viborg Coats of arms of None.svg Viborg 198,302 25,977,562 131 City Viborg
Volisania Coats of arms of None.svg Volisania 1,044,855 120,158,276 115 Triente Volisanha
Volisanya
Zeeland Coat of arms of Zeeland.png Zeeland 93,042 11,909,376 128 City Zeeland
Template:Country data UnknownTemplate:Namespace detect showall Coats of arms of None.svg Manx 734 108,632 148 City Unknown
Template:Country data UnknownTemplate:Namespace detect showall Coats of arms of None.svg Abaza 32,760 2,194,920 67 City Unknown
Template:Country data UnknownTemplate:Namespace detect showall Coats of arms of None.svg Abkhaz 46,455 2,694,390 58 City Unknown
Template:Country data UnknownTemplate:Namespace detect showall Coats of arms of None.svg Gutnish 16,566 304,814 18.4 City Unknown
Template:Country data UnknownTemplate:Namespace detect showall Coats of arms of None.svg Maltese 635 405,130 638 City Unknown
Template:Country data KrijnlandTemplate:Namespace detect showall Coats of arms of None.svg Krijnland 12,370 1,533,880 124 City Krijnland
Total 21,011,613 1,960,731,698 93.31

Within the above-mentioned states are several de facto independent countries with limited to no international recognition. None of them are members of the AC:

Flag Arms Name Area
(km²)
Population
(1 July 2002 est.)
Population density
(per km²)
Capital
Armazia Coats of arms of None.svg Armazia 0.97 444 457.73 Armazia

Several dependencies and similar territories with broad autonomy are also found in Illypnia. Note that the list does not include constituent countries, federal states, and autonomous territories.

Name of territory, with flag Area
(km²)
Population
(1 July 2014 est.)
Population density
(per km²)
Capital
Template:Country data Nation (What) 13,517 26,008 16.8 City

Integration

Economy

Transport

Demographics

Language

Religion

Culture

See also