Difference between revisions of "Capital Metro"

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Revision as of 08:11, 24 October 2016

Capital Metro
Capital Metro logo.png
Overview
Transit typeRapid transit
Number of lines8 (+3 planned)
Number of stations242 (+133 planned)
Daily ridership3,750,684 (2015 average)
Operation
Began operation1914 (as Klow Metro)
2009 (as Capital Metro)
Operator(s)DSU
Technical
System length239 km (353 km including
planned lines)
Track gauge1,435 mm (4ft 8½ in) standard gauge
Average speed40 km/h
Top speed90 km/h
Current metro system

250px

The Capital Metro (Varkan: დედაქალაქში მეტრო, dedak’alak’shi metro) is an extensive network of rapid transit electrified railway lines that run mostly underground in the communes of Klow, Oni, Vale and Zestafoni in Varkana. It is part of the larger public transport system of the Greater Klow Area with unified fares under the Capital Region Transit Authority (DSU) scheme.

In 2009, the Klow Metro and Zestafoni Metro systems merged to form the Capital Metro after they were connected through the red and orange lines. The metro is mostly underground and 239 kilometers long. It has 242 stations, of which 27 have transfers between lines. There are 8 lines, identified on maps by and color, and direction of travel is indicated by the terminus.

It is the fifth busiest subway system in Illypnia and carried 1.369 billion passengers in 2015, 3.75 million passengers a day. Klow Central station, with 6 metro lines, several Shesar lines, InterCommunal and MSM lines, is the world's largest metro (subway) station.

History

Klow Metro

Zestafoni Metro

Capital Metro

Lines

Capital Metro lines
Line name Opened Last
extension
Stations
served
Length Average
interstation
Journeys made
(per annum)
Termini
1 Red 1914 2009 88 78.4 km / 48.7 miles 891 m 342,249,915 Ch'rdiloet Kampus
Botsvadz
2 Blue 1918 1984 41 34.4 km / 21.4 miles 860 m 183,862,957 Mtisdziri
Opizari
3 Green 1926 1931 16 11.7 km / 7.3 miles 780 m 142,076,955 Ts’entraluri
(loop line)
4 Orange 1934 2014 54 40.2 km / 25 miles 758 m 205,349,949 Tsurtaveli
Kutateladze
5 Purple 1948 1963 29 22.7 km / 14.1 miles 811 m 191,659,952 Ts’entraluri
(loop line)
6 Yellow 1968 1985 27 23.9 km / 14.85 miles 919 m 164,279,959 Gotsiridze
Bevreti
7 Pink 1964 1968 11 8.7 km / 5.4 miles 791 m 51,069,990 Nikoladze
Radiani
8 Cyan 1982 1993 17 19.1 km / 11.87 miles 1,123 m 88,449,983 Anjaparidze
Lezhava

Planned lines

Capital Metro planned lines
Line name Planned Opening Stations
served
Length Average
interstation
Journeys made
(per annum)
Termini
9 Violet 2025 65 55.2 km / 34.3 miles N/A N/A Besiki
Ozurgeti
10 Khaki 2022 54 47.23 km / 29.35 miles N/A N/A Ts’entraluri
Bazaleti
11 Claret 2020 14 11.31 km / 7.02 miles N/A N/A Sairme
Dzegam

Rolling stock

The Capital Metro has replaced all its prior trains with new trains in 2011. They feature full-width open interior gangways allowing passengers to walk through the entire length of the train as opposed to previous trains. All Capital Metro trains have been rubber-tired vehicles and are all manually-driven.

Cards and pricing

In 2009, following the merger of the two communal metro systems, the Capital Region Transit Authority unveiled a new contactless smart card as a means of fare payment. In preparation for this new step in the region's public transportation network, turnstiles which incorporate the reader and automated vending machines had already been installed in metro stations; buses had previously been fitted with new fare boxes that incorporate the card reader, in order to ensure the uniformity of methods of payment across the region's transit network and that of the neighboring communes. In 2014, the smart card re-baptized "Erelsaba" was eventually extended throughout the country for all public transit systems including MSM and Shesar.

The smart card provides seamless integration with other transit networks in the country, eliminating the need to carry small change or purchase different tickets. Unlike the magnetic stripe cards previously in use, which had been sold alongside the new cards up until July 2009, the contactless smart card is not at risk of becoming demagnetized and rendered useless, and does not require patrons to slide the card through a reader.

Unlike many other metro systems, the Capital Metro does not use a zonal fare system, instead giving a uniform fare for any kind of trip inside the network. This measure is favored to encourage the use of the metro in outlying villages and districts. There are fare discounts for students, minors and seniors.

Design

Accessibility

Architectural design and public art

Cultural significance

The success of rubber-tired lines led to their export to metro systems around the world, starting with the ??? Metro. The success of Montreal "did much to accelerate the international subway boom" of the 1960s/1970s and "assure the preeminence of Varkan engineering in the process. The Capital Metro is nowadays a symbol of the Greater Klow Area