Difference between revisions of "Breisland"

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===Contemporary history===
 
===Contemporary history===
 
==Geography==
 
==Geography==
Breisland is located in [[Central Illypnia]], with [[Alava]] and [[Marania]] bordering to the north, [[Lusatia]] and [[Kalinova]] to the east, [[West Lapland]] to the southeast, [[Zeeland]] and [[Viborg]] to the south, and [[Mercia]] and [[Caledonia]] to the northwest. Breisland is also bordered by the [[Neptic Ocean]] to the west. Breislandic territory covers 1,950,000 km², and is the second largest country by area in [[Illypnia]] after neighboring [[Kalinova]] and the ??th largest in Adonia.
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Breisland is located in [[Central Illypnia]], with [[Sarta]] and [[Marania]] bordering to the north, [[Lusatia]] and [[Kalinova]] to the east, [[West Lapland]] to the southeast, [[Zeeland]] and [[Viborg]] to the south, and [[Mercia]] and [[Caledonia]] to the northwest. Breisland is also bordered by the [[Neptic Ocean]] to the west. Breislandic territory covers 1,950,000 km², and is the second largest country by area in [[Illypnia]] after neighboring [[Kalinova]] and the ??th largest in Adonia.
  
 
Elevation ranges from the mountains of the [[NAME]] (highest point: the [[Zugspitze]] at 1,862 meters) in the south to the shores of the Neptic Ocean in the west. The forested uplands of central Breisland and the lowlands of western Breisland are traversed by such major rivers as the [[Saan River|Saan]] and [[Breis River|Breis]]. Significant natural resources include iron ore, coal, potash, timber, lignite, copper, natural gas, petroleum, salt, nickel, arable land and water.  
 
Elevation ranges from the mountains of the [[NAME]] (highest point: the [[Zugspitze]] at 1,862 meters) in the south to the shores of the Neptic Ocean in the west. The forested uplands of central Breisland and the lowlands of western Breisland are traversed by such major rivers as the [[Saan River|Saan]] and [[Breis River|Breis]]. Significant natural resources include iron ore, coal, potash, timber, lignite, copper, natural gas, petroleum, salt, nickel, arable land and water.  
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Breisland is a founding member of the [[Adonian Community]], U/C. Almost all countries have embassies in [[Jena]], and many have consulates around the country. Likewise, nearly all nations host Breislandic diplomatic missions.  
 
Breisland is a founding member of the [[Adonian Community]], U/C. Almost all countries have embassies in [[Jena]], and many have consulates around the country. Likewise, nearly all nations host Breislandic diplomatic missions.  
  
Breisland has strong ties with [[Alava]], [[West Lapland]], [[Mercia]], [[Volisania]], [[Lusitania]], [[Samarstan]], [[Comania]], and several of its former colonies, including [[Wolffrea]], [[??]], [[??]] and [[??]]. It works closely with fellow Illypnian countries on military and security issues and with its neighbors through free trade agreements.  
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Breisland has strong ties with [[Sarta]], [[West Lapland]], [[Mercia]], [[Volisania]], [[Lusitania]], [[Samarstan]], [[Comania]], and several of its former colonies, including [[Wolffrea]], [[??]], [[??]] and [[??]]. It works closely with fellow Illypnian countries on military and security issues and with its neighbors through free trade agreements.  
  
 
U/C
 
U/C
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Breisland has a [[wikipedia:Mixed economy|mixed economy]] which is fueled by abundant natural resources and high productivity. The country's gross domestic product by purchasing power parity is estimated to be ₭18.575 trillion as of 2014, thus making it the largest economy in the world. Breisland ranks ??th in the world in GDP per capita at PPP. The [[Breislandic krone]] is Adonia's primary reserve currency and most used exchange currency.  
 
Breisland has a [[wikipedia:Mixed economy|mixed economy]] which is fueled by abundant natural resources and high productivity. The country's gross domestic product by purchasing power parity is estimated to be ₭18.575 trillion as of 2014, thus making it the largest economy in the world. Breisland ranks ??th in the world in GDP per capita at PPP. The [[Breislandic krone]] is Adonia's primary reserve currency and most used exchange currency.  
  
Breisland is the largest importer and largest exporter of goods. [[Kalinova]], [["Fosian country"]] [[Alava]], [["Fosian country"]], and [[Volisania]] are its top trading partners. In 2014, oil was the largest import commodity, while transportation equipment was the country's largest export.  
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Breisland is the largest importer and largest exporter of goods. [[Kalinova]], [["Fosian country"]] [[Sarta]], [["Fosian country"]], and [[Volisania]] are its top trading partners. In 2014, oil was the largest import commodity, while transportation equipment was the country's largest export.  
  
 
U/C
 
U/C

Revision as of 07:37, 24 October 2016

Federal Republic of Breisland

Bundesgemeinwesen Breisland
Flag of Breisland
Flag
Coat of arms of Breisland
Coat of arms
Motto: "Semper Fides"
"Always Faithful"
Anthem: "Lied von der blauen Fahne"
"Song of the Blue Flag"
Location of Breisland in Adonia
Location of Breisland in Adonia
Capital
and largest city
Koblenz
Official languagesBreislandic
Recognised regional languagesAlemannic
Low Breislandic
Zeelandic
Demonym(s)Breislandic
GovernmentConstitutional parliamentary federal republic
• President
Wilhelm Richmann
Sibylle Obermaier
LegislatureParliament
Bundesrat
Bundestag
Constitutional history
• Unified Breisland
486
• Kingdom established
843
1788
1856
1963
Area
• Total
1,972,321 km2 (761,517 sq mi)
• Water (%)
3.8
Population
• 2016 estimate
331,399,212
• 2016 census
331,399,212
• Density
168/km2 (435.1/sq mi)
GDP (PPP)2014 estimate
• Total
₭16.690 trillion
• Per capita
₭50,362
Gini (2014)40.8
medium · ??th
HDI (2014).911
very high · ??th
CurrencyKrone (₭) (HES)
Time zoneUTC+1
Date formatdd.mm.yyyy CE
Driving sideright
Calling code+49
Internet TLD.he

Breisland, officially the Federal Republic of Breisland (Breislandic: Bundesgemeinwesen Breisland), is a parliamentary federal republic in south-central Illypnia. At 1.95 million square kilometers and with over 390 million people, the country is Illypnia's most populous and second largest by total area, and Adonia's ??th largest and the third most populous. It is also the most popular migration destination in the world.

Various Breislandic tribes have occupied southern Breisland since classical antiquity. During the Migration Period the Breislandic tribes expanded northward. The region now known as Breisland eventually became the medieval Kingdom of Breisland. Breisland emerged as a major Illypnian power in the Late Middle Ages, with its victory in the Two Centuries War strengthening Breislandic state-building and influence in the region. During the Renaissance, Breisland experienced a vast cultural development and established the beginning of a global colonial empire.

Breisland became Illypnia's dominant cultural, political, and military power under the House of Hess, but in the late 18th century, the monarchy was overthrown in the Breislandic Revolution. The Industrial Revolution modernized the Breislandic economy, led to the rapid growth of cities and to the emergence of the Socialist movement in Breisland. Breislandic universities were world-class centers for science and the humanities, while music and the arts flourished. A Second Republic was proclaimed in 1856 under the leadership of ???. The country entered the Great Adonian War as the leading power of the Allied Pact and fought on two fronts the Communist Alliance and the Coastal Powers. It emerged from the war as a global superpower, the first country to develop nuclear weapons, and a founding member of the Adonian Community.

Breisland is a developed country and has Adonia's largest national economy by nominal and real GDP, benefiting from an abundance of natural resources and high worker productivity. While the Breislandic economy is considered post-industrial, the country continues to be one of Adonia's largest manufacturers. Accounting for 25% of global military spending and 20% of global GDP, it is the world's foremost military and economic power, a prominent political and cultural force, and a leader in scientific research and technological innovations.

Etymology

History

Breislandic tribes and "Frankish" Empire

Kingdom of Breisland

First Republic

Breislandic Empire

Second Republic

Great Adonian War

Adonian Depression

Contemporary history

Geography

Breisland is located in Central Illypnia, with Sarta and Marania bordering to the north, Lusatia and Kalinova to the east, West Lapland to the southeast, Zeeland and Viborg to the south, and Mercia and Caledonia to the northwest. Breisland is also bordered by the Neptic Ocean to the west. Breislandic territory covers 1,950,000 km², and is the second largest country by area in Illypnia after neighboring Kalinova and the ??th largest in Adonia.

Elevation ranges from the mountains of the NAME (highest point: the Zugspitze at 1,862 meters) in the south to the shores of the Neptic Ocean in the west. The forested uplands of central Breisland and the lowlands of western Breisland are traversed by such major rivers as the Saan and Breis. Significant natural resources include iron ore, coal, potash, timber, lignite, copper, natural gas, petroleum, salt, nickel, arable land and water.

Climate

Most of Breisland has a temperate seasonal climate dominated by humid westerly winds. The country is partly situated in the oceanic Coastal Illypnian and the continental Eastern Illypnian climates. The climate is moderated by the South Neptic Drift, the southern extension of the Gulf Stream. This warmer water affects the areas bordering the North Sea; consequently in the west, the climate is oceanic. Breisland gets an average of 1,129 mm precipitation per year. Rainfall occurs year-round, with no consistent dry season. Winters are mild in the west, but dryer in the east, while summers tend to be warm all over the country: temperatures can exceed 30 °C.

The east has a more continental climate: winters can be very cold and summers very warm, and longer dry periods can occur. Central and northern Breisland are transition regions which vary from moderately oceanic to continental. In addition to the maritime and continental climates that predominate over most of the country, the mountainous regions in the central south and, to a lesser degree, some areas of the Central Breisland Uplands have a mountain climate, with lower temperatures and greater precipitation.

Urbanization

Breisland is a highly urbanized country, with its largest cities (in terms of metropolitan area population) in 2014 being Koblenz (23,076,664 inh.), Siegen (17,877,006), Cottbus (9,840,929), Jena (9,331,587), Salzgitter (8,370,967), Hildesheim (8,091,371), Trier (7,449,428), Moers (7,095,411), and Erlangen (6,375,434). Rural flight was a perennial political issue throughout most of the 20th century.

Politics

Breisland is a federal parliamentary republic. The parliament of Breisland meets in the Palace of ??? in Koblenz and has two houses: the Bundestag and the Bundesrat. All bills passed are given presidential assent before becoming law. The Bundestag has 1,000 voting members, each representing a constituent district for a four-year term. Bundestag seats are apportioned among the states by population every tenth year. The Bundesrat has 500 members with each state having 20 senators, elected at-large to six-year terms; one third of Bundesrat seats are up for election every other year.

The President is the head of state and invested primarily with representative responsibilities and powers. They are elected directly by the population for a ten-year term. The President gives direction to general political and societal debates and has some important "reserve powers" in case of political instability. The President represents Breisland in matters of international law, concludes treaties with foreign states on its behalf and accredits diplomats. Furthermore, all federal laws must be signed by the President before they can come into effect; however, he or she can only veto a law that he/she believes to violate the constitution.

The position of prime minister, Breisland's head of government, belongs to the person most likely to command the confidence of the Bundestag; this individual is typically the leader of the political party or coalition of parties that holds the largest number of seats in the Bundestag. The prime minister chooses a cabinet and its members are formally appointed by the President to form the Federal Government. By convention, the President respects the prime minister's decisions of government, despite not always being from the same party.

The cabinet is traditionally drawn from members of the prime minister's party or coalition and mostly from the Bundestag but always from both legislative houses, the cabinet being responsible to both. Executive power is exercised by the prime minister and cabinet. The current prime minister is Sibylle Obermaier, who has been in office since 11 May 2009. Obermaier is the leader of the Conservative Party.

There are two main parties in Breisland: the Conservative Party (Konservativepartei), and the Labor Party (Arbeitspartei). The People's Party (Volkspartei) is the third party in terms of representatives elected and party membership.

Law

Breisland uses a civil legal system; that is, law arises primarily from written statutes; judges are not to make law, but merely to interpret it (though the amount of judicial interpretation in certain areas makes it equivalent to case law). The Bundesverfassungsgericht (Federal Constitutional Court) is the Breislandic Supreme Court responsible for constitutional matters, with power of judicial review. Breisland's supreme court system, called Oberste Gerichtshöfe des Bundes, is specialized: for civil and criminal cases, the highest court of appeal is the inquisitorial Federal Court of Justice, and for other affairs the courts are the Federal Labor Court, the Federal Social Court, the Federal Finance Court and the Federal Administrative Court.

Criminal and private laws are codified on the national level in the Penal Code and the Civil Code respectively. The Breislandic penal system seeks the rehabilitation of the criminal and the protection of the public. Except for petty crimes, which are tried before a single professional judge, and serious political crimes, all charges are tried before mixed tribunals on which lay judges sit side by side with professional judges. Many of the fundamental matters of administrative law remain in the jurisdiction of the states.

Administrative divisions

Breisland is a federal republic of 25 states, five territories and eleven uninhabited island possessions. The states and territories are the principal administrative divisions in the country. These are divided into subdivisions of counties and independent municipalities.

State Capital Area (km2) Population Nominal GDP billions HEK in 2014 Nominal GDP per capita HEK in 2014 State Capital Area (km2) Population Nominal GDP billions HEK in 2016 Nominal GDP per capita HEK in 2016
Amöneland TBD 93,883 9,815,689 704 71,690 Oberhausen TBD 62,000 15,569,100 812 52,186
Biedenkopf TBD 42,388 8,519,600 311 36,532 Oldenburg TBD 316,257 23,014,449 1,109 48,200
Diemelsee TBD 51,065 14,375,200 644 44,811 Ottrau TBD 42,355 4,795,172 174 36,207
Erfurtland TBD 113,481 24,449,500 1,530 62,570 Paderborn TBD 83,729 11,763,148 469 39,882
Fuldatal TBD 32,190 9,370,967 372 39,683 Palatinate TBD 46,654 5,053,100 222 43,936
Gladenbach TBD 90,687 7,734,300 341 44,125 Regensburg TBD 92,542 30,168,862 1,722 56,891
Guxhagen TBD 52,990 17,016,500 876 51,462 Söhrenau TBD 65,824 14,692,105 688 46,850
Hammland TBD 60,655 10,600,300 497 46,921 Solingen TBD 41,673 10,812,682 470 43,447
Heidelberg TBD 111,712 3,779,000 143 37,859 Vöhl TBD 47,628 2,312,986 78 33,517
Herne TBD 108,743 9,554,300 459 48,069 Wabernia TBD 40,690 7,776,562 336 43,247
Kassel TBD 86,184 10,994,300 594 54,000 Wetterland TBD 125,997 8,352,690 335 40,072
Kirchhain TBD 53,235 10,050,200 471 46,900 Würzburg Erlangen 79,796 54,259,400 2,980 54,925
Neuss TBD 37,359 8,569,100 353 41,200 Breisland Koblenz 1,972,321 331,399,212 16,690 50,362

Foreign relations

Breisland is a founding member of the Adonian Community, U/C. Almost all countries have embassies in Jena, and many have consulates around the country. Likewise, nearly all nations host Breislandic diplomatic missions.

Breisland has strong ties with Sarta, West Lapland, Mercia, Volisania, Lusitania, Samarstan, Comania, and several of its former colonies, including Wolffrea, ??, ?? and ??. It works closely with fellow Illypnian countries on military and security issues and with its neighbors through free trade agreements.

U/C

Military

The President holds the title of commander-in-chief of the nation's armed forces. In practice, however, the Federal Government holds most powers over the military through the Minister of Defense and the Prime Minister. The Ministry of Defense administers the armed forces, including the Army, Navy, and Air Force. The Coast Guard is run by the Ministry of the Interior in peacetime and by the Ministry of Defense during times of war. In 2014, the armed forces had 1.4 million personnel on active duty, making it the second largest in the world by active personnel. Military service is voluntary, though conscription may occur in wartime.

Breislandic forces can be rapidly deployed by the Air Force's large fleet of transport aircraft, the Navy's active aircraft carriers, and the Army's special forces.

U/C

Economy

Breisland has a mixed economy which is fueled by abundant natural resources and high productivity. The country's gross domestic product by purchasing power parity is estimated to be ₭18.575 trillion as of 2014, thus making it the largest economy in the world. Breisland ranks ??th in the world in GDP per capita at PPP. The Breislandic krone is Adonia's primary reserve currency and most used exchange currency.

Breisland is the largest importer and largest exporter of goods. Kalinova, "Fosian country" Sarta, "Fosian country", and Volisania are its top trading partners. In 2014, oil was the largest import commodity, while transportation equipment was the country's largest export.

U/C

Transport

With its central position in Illypnia, Breisland is a transport hub for the continent. Like its neighbors in Central Illypnia, Breisland's road network is among the densest in the world. Its motorway network ranks as the largest worldwide in length. Passenger trains were the dominant mode of transportation until the mid-twentieth century. The introduction of jet airplanes on major Breislandic routes and the completion of the extensive motorway system accelerated a decline in intercity rail passenger demand during the 1950s and 1960s, resulting in the sharp curtailment of passenger service by private railroads. In the 1980s, a high speed rail network was developed named Breis Bahnverbindung, commonly known as BBV. However, the railway system is a small portion of total travel, accounting for less than 6% of passenger travel.

The largest Breislandic airports are Koblenz Airport, Jena Airport, Siegen Airport and Hildesheim Airport. Other major airports include Salzgitter, Cottbus, Trier, Moers and Remscheid. There is no single national flag airline; passenger airlines in the country have always been privately owned. There are over 200 domestic passenger and cargo airlines and a number of international carriers. The major international carriers of Breisland are LuftBreisland, Breis Fluglinie, and Kontinental.

Siegen has the largest port in the world, with the rivers Saan and Breis providing excellent access to the hinterland upstream reaching to the heartland of Illypnia. As of 2014, Siegen was the world's largest container port handling 850 million metric tonnes of cargo annually. The port's main activities are petrochemical industries and general cargo handling and transshipment. Breisland has also one of the most extensive waterway network in the world with 42,261 kilometers of waterways.

Energy

The Breislandic energy market is about 29,000 terawatt hours per year. Energy consumption per capita is 7.8 tons (7076 kg) of oil equivalent per year, the 10th highest rate in the world. In 2012, 36% of this energy came from petroleum, 21% from coal, and 18% from natural gas. The remainder was supplied by nuclear power (17%) and renewable energy sources (8%). Breisland is the world's largest consumer of petroleum.

U/C

Science and technology

Tourism

Demographics

Ethnic groups

Historically, indigenous Breislandic people descended from the various ethnic groups that settled there in the Antiquity. Breisland has a history of small-scale non-white immigration, with Siegen having the oldest Black population in the country dating back to at least the 1670s. In 1950 there were probably fewer than 150,000 non-white residents in Breisland, almost all born overseas.

Since 1948 substantial immigration from Kaftia, Northeastern Illypnia and Fosia has been a legacy of ties forged by the Breislandic Empire. Migration from neighboring countries, especially Kalinova, since the late 1990s has resulted in growth in these population groups, although some of this migration has been temporary. Since the 1990s, there has been substantial diversification of the immigrant population, with migrants to Breisland coming from a much wider range of countries than previous waves, which tended to involve larger numbers of migrants coming from a relatively small number of countries.

The 2014 census officially recognized six ethnic and racial categories: Weißhaut (Whites), Schwarzhaut (Black), Braunhaut (Brown), Gelbhaut (Yellow), Rothaut (Reds), and Mixed or people of two or more races. The Breislandic Federal Government also classifies Breislandics as "Slavs" and "Not Slav", which identifies Slavs as a racially diverse ethnicity that composes the largest minority group in the nation.

Whites are the racial majority. Browns are the largest racial minority, amounting to 8.2% of the population. Slavs amount to 15% of the population, making up the largest ethnic minority. The White, non-Slav population make up 62.6% of the nation's total, with the total White population (including White Slavs) being 77%.

Religion

Languages

Education

Health

Culture

Music

Art

Architecture

Literature and philosophy

Media

Cinema

Cuisine

Sports

Fashion and design

See also