Difference between revisions of "Age of Discovery"

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A series of Illypnian land shipments throughout [[Illypnifosia]] in the late Middle Ages was a prelude to the Age of Discovery. Several different nomadic tribes conquered vast areas in [[Central Fosia]], making trade routes more or less safe. Nevertheless, several Illypnians took the opportunity to explore the East: many of which were [[First Aetolian Republic|Aetolian]] or [[Monsora|Monsorese]] because trade between the [[Mesogean Sea]] and the [[Islamic World]] was controlled by the [[Maritime Republics]].
 
A series of Illypnian land shipments throughout [[Illypnifosia]] in the late Middle Ages was a prelude to the Age of Discovery. Several different nomadic tribes conquered vast areas in [[Central Fosia]], making trade routes more or less safe. Nevertheless, several Illypnians took the opportunity to explore the East: many of which were [[First Aetolian Republic|Aetolian]] or [[Monsora|Monsorese]] because trade between the [[Mesogean Sea]] and the [[Islamic World]] was controlled by the [[Maritime Republics]].
  
Christians ambassadors were sent to the different Khanates over the years, including Breislandic Dude, sent by Pope Telesphorus II to the Khan Whoever in 1241 to 1247. At the same time, Random Kalinovian and his sons traveled to the Khanates but left no detailed account. Other travelers like Aetolian Andros Blakoumis (in 1245 and 1249) and the [[South Kaftia]] [[Whoever]] through Central Fosia to [["Chinese bay thing"]]. [[Marco Polo]] recounts in ''The Travels of Marco Polo'', a detailed account of his travels in Fosia between 1271 and 1295 as host of the [[Largest Khanate next to Chinese area]]. In 1291, the two merchants, the Whatever brothers, left [[Monsora]] with two galleys to explore the [[Neptic Ocean]] but disappeared along the [[Southern Kaftia|Southern Kaftian]] coast, fueling fears about navigating the Neptic.  
+
Christians ambassadors were sent to the different Khanates over the years, including Breislandic Dude, sent by Pope Telesphorus II to the Khan Whoever in 1241 to 1247. At the same time, Random Kalinovian and his sons traveled to the Khanates but left no detailed account. Other travelers like Aetolian Andros Blakoumis (in 1245 and 1249) and the [[South Kaftia]] [[Whoever]] through Central Fosia to [["Chinese bay thing"]]. [[Marco Polo]] recounts in ''The Travels of Marco Polo'', a detailed account of his travels in Fosia between 1271 and 1295 as host of the [[Largest Khanate next to Chinese area]]. In 1291, the two merchants, the Whatever brothers, left [[Monsora]] with two galleys to explore the [[Neptic Ocean]] but disappeared along the [[Southern Kaftia]]n coast, fueling fears about navigating the Neptic.  
  
In 1400, a [[wikipedia:Latin language|Mesogean]] translation of Ptolemy's ''Geographia'' reached [[Spetimania]] from [[Aetolia]]. The rediscovery of ancient knowledge allowed cartographers of the time to improve their understanding of Adonia. In 1439, the Echian [[Ladislao Cicciano]] published an account of his travels in [[Fosia]] and the Septimanian [[Valenti Montseny]] did the same for [["Hindi area"]] in 1472. These terrestrial journeys had little immediate effect. Several Khanates were at war and eastward travel became much more dangerous. The [[Red Death]] of the fourteenth century slowed overland trade as did the rise of the [[Parani Empire]] and forced the Illypnians, South Kaftians and Fosians to seek new trade routes.
+
In 1400, a [[wikipedia:Latin language|Mesogean]] translation of Ptolemy's ''Geographia'' reached [[Spetimania]] from [[Aetolia]]. The rediscovery of ancient knowledge allowed cartographers of the time to improve their understanding of Adonia. In 1439, the Echian [[Ladislao Cicciano]] published an account of his travels in [[Fosia]] and the Volisanian [[Valenti Montseny]] did the same for [["Hindi area"]] in 1472. These terrestrial journeys had little immediate effect. Several Khanates were at war and eastward travel became much more dangerous. The [[Red Death]] of the fourteenth century slowed overland trade as did the rise of the [[Parani Empire]] and forced the Illypnians, South Kaftians and Fosians to seek new trade routes.
  
 
===Route for spices===
 
===Route for spices===
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Muslim sailors based in Yemen and Oman overlooking the sea routes in the Indian Ocean, were buying spices in Northeastern Fosia and transferred them to the rich merchant cities of Fosia such as [[fw]] and then into the [[Parani Gulf]]. From there, the spices were transported by land to the Mesogean coast. The merchants, mainly Aetolian, then distributed these products throughout Illypnia. However, the expansionary desires of the [[Parani Empire]] and the subsequent wars with Aetolia brought a sharp increase in taxes for Christian Infidels that deprived important Illypnian trade routes.
 
Muslim sailors based in Yemen and Oman overlooking the sea routes in the Indian Ocean, were buying spices in Northeastern Fosia and transferred them to the rich merchant cities of Fosia such as [[fw]] and then into the [[Parani Gulf]]. From there, the spices were transported by land to the Mesogean coast. The merchants, mainly Aetolian, then distributed these products throughout Illypnia. However, the expansionary desires of the [[Parani Empire]] and the subsequent wars with Aetolia brought a sharp increase in taxes for Christian Infidels that deprived important Illypnian trade routes.
  
The Westerners were forced to find new supply routes, especially since they suffered from a growing deficit in gold and silver due to their usage to buy spices and silk from the East. Most Illypnian mines were depleted or became unworkable, given the available technology at the time. The lack of precious metals led to the creation of a complex banking system in order to manage the risks of commerce: the first real bank, the [[Bank of Saint George]] was founded in 1407 in [[Monsora]]. Sailing also into the ports of [[Irati]] and [[Moselle]], Monsorese communities were then established in [[Septimania]], who profited from their enterprise and financial expertise.
+
The Westerners were forced to find new supply routes, especially since they suffered from a growing deficit in gold and silver due to their usage to buy spices and silk from the East. Most Illypnian mines were depleted or became unworkable, given the available technology at the time. The lack of precious metals led to the creation of a complex banking system in order to manage the risks of commerce: the first real bank, the [[Bank of Saint George]] was founded in 1407 in [[Monsora]]. Sailing also into the ports of [[Bayara]] and [[Moselle]], Monsorese communities were then established in [[Volisania]], who profited from their enterprise and financial expertise.
  
 
Illypnian sailing had been primarily close to land cabotage, guided by portolan charts. These charts specified proven ocean routes guided by coastal landmarks: sailors departed from a known point, followed a compass heading, and tried to identify their location by its landmarks. For the first oceanic exploration Westerners used the compass, as well as progressive new advances in cartography and astronomy. Parani navigational tools like the astrolabe and quadrant were used for celestial navigation.
 
Illypnian sailing had been primarily close to land cabotage, guided by portolan charts. These charts specified proven ocean routes guided by coastal landmarks: sailors departed from a known point, followed a compass heading, and tried to identify their location by its landmarks. For the first oceanic exploration Westerners used the compass, as well as progressive new advances in cartography and astronomy. Parani navigational tools like the astrolabe and quadrant were used for celestial navigation.
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==Neptic Ocean (1464–1536)==
 
==Neptic Ocean (1464–1536)==
===Septimanian exploration===
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===Volisanian exploration===
In 1468, Septimania became fully committed to the search for new trade routes overseas. The Kingdom had been an important maritime potentate in the [[Mesogean Sea]], controlling territories in [[Rasenna]], and major islands like [[Reige]], with mainland possessions as far as [[Armorica]]. In 1472, the Septimanian monarchy decided to fund [[Estanislau Tamudo]]'s expedition in the hope of bypassing the war-torn Eastern [[Mesogean Sea]], to reach [[Fosia]] by travelling west.  
+
In 1468, Volisania became fully committed to the search for new trade routes overseas. The Kingdom had been an important maritime potentate in the [[Mesogean Sea]], controlling territories in [[Rasenna]], and major islands like [[Reige]], with mainland possessions as far as [[Armorica]]. In 1472, the Volisanian monarchy decided to fund [[Estanislau Tamudo]]'s expedition in the hope of bypassing the war-torn Eastern [[Mesogean Sea]], to reach [[Fosia]] by travelling west.  
  
In September 1472, Tamudo departed from Port with three ships; one larger carrack, and two smaller caravels. Tamudo first sailed to the [[South Kaftian Islands]], where he restocked for what turned out to be a five-week voyage across the [[Neptic Ocean]]. Land was sighted in December 1472, and Tamudo called the island [[Sant Diumenge]], in what he thought to be the "West Indies". Tamudo left 50 men and founded the settlement of [[Nou Port]] in what is now present-day [[???]]. Before returning to Septimania, he kidnapped some ten to twenty-five aboriginals and took them back with him. Only seven or eight of the aboriginals arrived in Septimania alive, but they made quite an impression.  
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In September 1472, Tamudo departed from Port with three ships; one larger carrack, and two smaller caravels. Tamudo first sailed to the [[South Kaftian Islands]], where he restocked for what turned out to be a five-week voyage across the [[Neptic Ocean]]. Land was sighted in December 1472, and Tamudo called the island [[Sant Diumenge]], in what he thought to be the "West Indies". Tamudo left 50 men and founded the settlement of [[Nou Port]] in what is now present-day [[???]]. Before returning to Volisania, he kidnapped some ten to twenty-five aboriginals and took them back with him. Only seven or eight of the aboriginals arrived in Volisania alive, but they made quite an impression.  
  
Word of his discovery of new lands rapidly spread throughout Illypnia. Tamudo and other Septimanian explorers were initially disappointed with their discoveries; unlike Kaftia or Fosia, the "??" islanders had little to trade with the Septimanian ships. The islands thus became the focus of colonization efforts. It was not until the continent itself was explored that Septimania found the wealth it had sought.
+
Word of his discovery of new lands rapidly spread throughout Illypnia. Tamudo and other Volisanian explorers were initially disappointed with their discoveries; unlike Kaftia or Fosia, the "??" islanders had little to trade with the Volisanian ships. The islands thus became the focus of colonization efforts. It was not until the continent itself was explored that Volisania found the wealth it had sought.
  
The third expedition by Tamudo in 1478 was the beginning of the first successful Septimanian colonization in [[Empodia]], finally reaching the continent. During the voyage he discovered the mouth of the [[Name River]] on the south coast of [[NAME]] (now [[??]]) and thought that the huge quantity of fresh water coming from it could only be from a continental land mass, which he was certain was the Fosian mainland.
+
The third expedition by Tamudo in 1478 was the beginning of the first successful Volisanian colonization in [[Empodia]], finally reaching the continent. During the voyage he discovered the mouth of the [[Name River]] on the south coast of [[NAME]] (now [[??]]) and thought that the huge quantity of fresh water coming from it could only be from a continental land mass, which he was certain was the Fosian mainland.
  
In 1515, Septimanian [[Ildefons Barraquer]] heard unexpected news of an "other sea" rich in gold, which he received with great interest. With few resources and using information given by aboriginals, he journeyed across the Isthmus of Panama with 200 Septimanians, a few aboriginal guides, and a pack of dogs.
+
In 1515, Volisanian [[Ildefons Barraquer]] heard unexpected news of an "other sea" rich in gold, which he received with great interest. With few resources and using information given by aboriginals, he journeyed across the Isthmus of Panama with 200 Volisanians, a few aboriginal guides, and a pack of dogs.
  
 
Using a small brigantine and ten canoes, they sailed along the coast and made landfalls. The expedition was eventually reinforced with 1,000 men, fought several battles, entered a dense jungle and climbed the mountain range along the [[Name River]] from where this "other sea" could be seen. Barraquer went ahead and he saw in the horizon an undiscovered sea, becoming the first Illypnian to have seen or reached the Shendan from the New World.
 
Using a small brigantine and ten canoes, they sailed along the coast and made landfalls. The expedition was eventually reinforced with 1,000 men, fought several battles, entered a dense jungle and climbed the mountain range along the [[Name River]] from where this "other sea" could be seen. Barraquer went ahead and he saw in the horizon an undiscovered sea, becoming the first Illypnian to have seen or reached the Shendan from the New World.
  
===Iratian exploration===
+
===Bayaran exploration===
In 1474, newly crowned [[King ???? of Irati]] sent exploratory fleets westward. One of these Iratian fleets, that of [[????]] in 1475–1476, reached land at the coast of what is now [[??]], before turning around. The discovery prompted Septimanian interest, with a second voyage by Gorostiaga in 1482 and a voyage in 1488–89 by a navigator of the 1482 expedition, [[???]]. The 1488–89 expedition was spurred on by reports of Iratian exploration of the region. In April 1479, the second Iratian expedition, headed by [[????]], with a crew of expert captains, encountered the [[???]] coast as it roamed westward in the Neptic. From the east coast, the fleet then turned northward and reached the [[??? Peninsula]].  
+
In 1474, newly crowned [[King ???? of Bayara]] sent exploratory fleets westward. One of these Bayaran fleets, that of [[????]] in 1475–1476, reached land at the coast of what is now [[??]], before turning around. The discovery prompted Volisanian interest, with a second voyage by Gorostiaga in 1482 and a voyage in 1488–89 by a navigator of the 1482 expedition, [[???]]. The 1488–89 expedition was spurred on by reports of Bayaran exploration of the region. In April 1479, the second Bayaran expedition, headed by [[????]], with a crew of expert captains, encountered the [[???]] coast as it roamed westward in the Neptic. From the east coast, the fleet then turned northward and reached the [[??? Peninsula]].  
  
As a result of various Breislandic and Iratian expeditions, the 1548 world map outlines the East coast of Continent almost perfectly. From 1554 to 1558, Iratian explorer [[????]], was the first Illypnian to travel inland in [[Lurandia]], reaching the foot of the [[Large Ass Mountains]].  
+
As a result of various Breislandic and Bayaran expeditions, the 1548 world map outlines the East coast of Continent almost perfectly. From 1554 to 1558, Bayaran explorer [[????]], was the first Illypnian to travel inland in [[Lurandia]], reaching the foot of the [[Large Ass Mountains]].  
  
 
===Breislandic exploration===
 
===Breislandic exploration===
 
In 1505, [[Rainer Preussler]], challenging the Petran policy of ''mare clausum'', led one of the earliest Breislandic and Armorican expeditions to [[Lurandia]]. He intended to sail to the ?? Peninsula, but in the middle of the Neptic his ship was diverted south by a storm, and landed in present day [[???]], in January 1491. Despite Petran protections, the new technologies and maps soon made their way south.  
 
In 1505, [[Rainer Preussler]], challenging the Petran policy of ''mare clausum'', led one of the earliest Breislandic and Armorican expeditions to [[Lurandia]]. He intended to sail to the ?? Peninsula, but in the middle of the Neptic his ship was diverted south by a storm, and landed in present day [[???]], in January 1491. Despite Petran protections, the new technologies and maps soon made their way south.  
  
Septimania put limited efforts into exploring the southern part of [[Lurandia]], as its resources were concentrated in southern [[Empodia]] where more wealth had been found. These expeditions were hoping to find an oceanic Southern Passage to Fosian trade. This was never discovered, but other possibilities were found, and in the mid 16th century Breislandic colonists began to settle on the east coast of Continent.  
+
Volisania put limited efforts into exploring the southern part of [[Lurandia]], as its resources were concentrated in southern [[Empodia]] where more wealth had been found. These expeditions were hoping to find an oceanic Southern Passage to Fosian trade. This was never discovered, but other possibilities were found, and in the mid 16th century Breislandic colonists began to settle on the east coast of Continent.  
  
 
The Breislandic [[Carl Ludwig Ackermann]] sailed along the coast in 1542 and claimed the land for [[Breisland]], calling it [[Westkolonie]].  
 
The Breislandic [[Carl Ludwig Ackermann]] sailed along the coast in 1542 and claimed the land for [[Breisland]], calling it [[Westkolonie]].  
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Aware of the efforts of the Christians to find a route to Fosia by sailing west, [[Marios Nomikou]] presented his plan to [[Queen Irene V of Aetolia]]. The queen financed Nomikou's expedition. A fleet was put together, and several navigators joined the enterprise. In July 1518, they departed from [[Kavala]] with a fleet of five ships with a crew of about 250 men from several nations, with the goal of reaching the "Hindi" by traveling west, trying to reclaim it under Aetolia's economic and political sphere.
 
Aware of the efforts of the Christians to find a route to Fosia by sailing west, [[Marios Nomikou]] presented his plan to [[Queen Irene V of Aetolia]]. The queen financed Nomikou's expedition. A fleet was put together, and several navigators joined the enterprise. In July 1518, they departed from [[Kavala]] with a fleet of five ships with a crew of about 250 men from several nations, with the goal of reaching the "Hindi" by traveling west, trying to reclaim it under Aetolia's economic and political sphere.
  
The fleet sailed further and further north, avoiding the Septimanian territories in [[??]], and became the first to the tip of the New World. In October, starting in Cape Whatever, they began an arduous trip along a 600 km long peninsula, the modern Cape Whoever. In November, three ships entered the [[Shendan Ocean]], then believed to be the [[Kendriyan Ocean]]. The expedition sailed southwest towards the "Hindi area". They reached the "Chinese colony area" in 1520, and traded with the Chinese who informed them they were not in [[Fosia]]. In August, 1521, the expedition returned to [[Aetolia]] with the help of Fosian maps, thus completing the first circumnavigation of the globe.  
+
The fleet sailed further and further north, avoiding the Volisanian territories in [[??]], and became the first to the tip of the New World. In October, starting in Cape Whatever, they began an arduous trip along a 600 km long peninsula, the modern Cape Whoever. In November, three ships entered the [[Shendan Ocean]], then believed to be the [[Kendriyan Ocean]]. The expedition sailed southwest towards the "Hindi area". They reached the "Chinese colony area" in 1520, and traded with the Chinese who informed them they were not in [[Fosia]]. In August, 1521, the expedition returned to [[Aetolia]] with the help of Fosian maps, thus completing the first circumnavigation of the globe.  
  
 
This round-the-world voyage gave Aetolia valuable knowledge of the world and its oceans which later helped in the exploration and settlement of [[Empodia]]. Although this was not a realistic alternative to the Parani route (the Strait of Whoever was too far north, and the Shendan Ocean too vast to cover in a single trip from Aetolia) successive Aetolian expeditions used this information to explore the Shendan Ocean and discovered routes that opened up direct trade between the Aetolians and the "Chinese".
 
This round-the-world voyage gave Aetolia valuable knowledge of the world and its oceans which later helped in the exploration and settlement of [[Empodia]]. Although this was not a realistic alternative to the Parani route (the Strait of Whoever was too far north, and the Shendan Ocean too vast to cover in a single trip from Aetolia) successive Aetolian expeditions used this information to explore the Shendan Ocean and discovered routes that opened up direct trade between the Aetolians and the "Chinese".
  
 
===Westward and eastward exploration meet===
 
===Westward and eastward exploration meet===
With the meeting between Aetolians and "Chinese colonials" in [[???]] in 1520, news reached Illypnia that the New World was in fact not [[Fosia]], but new continents. In 1525, Whoever of Septimania sent another expedition westward from [[??]] to trade with the "Chinese". The expedition reached the "Chinese colony" with great difficulty as there was no clear indication to where it was located.  
+
With the meeting between Aetolians and "Chinese colonials" in [[???]] in 1520, news reached Illypnia that the New World was in fact not [[Fosia]], but new continents. In 1525, Whoever of Volisania sent another expedition westward from [[??]] to trade with the "Chinese". The expedition reached the "Chinese colony" with great difficulty as there was no clear indication to where it was located.  
  
Whoever visited "Colonial City" in 1523 and opened up trade with "Chinese". The Septimanians were defeated by the "Chinese colonials" in 1524 at the [[Battle of Wherever]] and in 1525 at the [[Battle of Wherever Other]], during which the "Chinese" captured Septimanian breech-loading swivel guns and reverse engineered the technology. After a few decades, hostilities between the Septimanians and "Chinese" ceased and in 1555 the "Chinese" allowed the Septimanians to build a trading post in their colony.
+
Whoever visited "Colonial City" in 1523 and opened up trade with "Chinese". The Volisanians were defeated by the "Chinese colonials" in 1524 at the [[Battle of Wherever]] and in 1525 at the [[Battle of Wherever Other]], during which the "Chinese" captured Volisanian breech-loading swivel guns and reverse engineered the technology. After a few decades, hostilities between the Volisanians and "Chinese" ceased and in 1555 the "Chinese" allowed the Volisanians to build a trading post in their colony.
  
 
==Fosian exploration of Western Fosia (DATE-DATE)==
 
==Fosian exploration of Western Fosia (DATE-DATE)==

Revision as of 07:41, 24 October 2016

The Age of Discovery is an informal and loosely defined historical period from the 15th century to the 19th century, marking the time in which extensive overseas exploration emerged as a powerful factor in Illypnian, Southern Kaftian and Fosian cultures.

Overview

At the beginning of the 15th century, Illypnians had a very good idea of ​​Illypnia and the Mesogean basin, and some knowledge of the rest of Kaftia and Fosia, but these remained unclear. They also guess that Adonia is round but are still unfamiliar with its dimensions. At the end of the 16th century, Illypnians discovered the east coast of Lurandia, the coasts of Empodia, and large parts of Fosia, while the Fosians discovered the west coast of the Lurandia, and the South Kaftians discovered the coast of their continent.

At the end of the century, there are still many unknown territories to Fosians and Illypnians, such as "Aussie" and Northern Kaftia, but Illypnians and Fosians have a much clearer understanding of continental masses, as evidenced by the maps of the time.

Many technological advances appear in the late Middle Ages, as the caravel or the astrolabe allowed Fosians and Illypnians to greatly improve their navigation and make it safer. The desire to spread religions and discover new maritime trade routes between Fosia and Illypnia has also played for the Age of Discovery in Illypnia.

Background

Illypnian knowledge on Fosia beyond the boundaries of the Parani Empire were based on vague documents, often obscured by legends and old stories. Another source comes from the Akkadians, and Jewish merchants who establish trade routes between the Mesogean Sea and the Muslim world during the Age of Migrations.

Medieval travel

A series of Illypnian land shipments throughout Illypnifosia in the late Middle Ages was a prelude to the Age of Discovery. Several different nomadic tribes conquered vast areas in Central Fosia, making trade routes more or less safe. Nevertheless, several Illypnians took the opportunity to explore the East: many of which were Aetolian or Monsorese because trade between the Mesogean Sea and the Islamic World was controlled by the Maritime Republics.

Christians ambassadors were sent to the different Khanates over the years, including Breislandic Dude, sent by Pope Telesphorus II to the Khan Whoever in 1241 to 1247. At the same time, Random Kalinovian and his sons traveled to the Khanates but left no detailed account. Other travelers like Aetolian Andros Blakoumis (in 1245 and 1249) and the South Kaftia Whoever through Central Fosia to "Chinese bay thing". Marco Polo recounts in The Travels of Marco Polo, a detailed account of his travels in Fosia between 1271 and 1295 as host of the Largest Khanate next to Chinese area. In 1291, the two merchants, the Whatever brothers, left Monsora with two galleys to explore the Neptic Ocean but disappeared along the Southern Kaftian coast, fueling fears about navigating the Neptic.

In 1400, a Mesogean translation of Ptolemy's Geographia reached Spetimania from Aetolia. The rediscovery of ancient knowledge allowed cartographers of the time to improve their understanding of Adonia. In 1439, the Echian Ladislao Cicciano published an account of his travels in Fosia and the Volisanian Valenti Montseny did the same for "Hindi area" in 1472. These terrestrial journeys had little immediate effect. Several Khanates were at war and eastward travel became much more dangerous. The Red Death of the fourteenth century slowed overland trade as did the rise of the Parani Empire and forced the Illypnians, South Kaftians and Fosians to seek new trade routes.

Route for spices

From the 8th to the fifteenth century, the Maritime Republics had a monopoly on trade between the Mesogean Sea and Northeastern Illypnia. The trade of silk, spices and incense makes these republics extraordinarily prosperous and rich. Spices were among the rarest and most expensive products in the Middle Ages and were used in medieval medicine. Imported spices from Fosia and Kaftia were so significant in the medieval concept of humors that shortly after the establishment of maritime trade routes, apothecaries and physicians were sent to Fosia to study the species of spices. Other breakthroughs were religious rituals, cosmetics, perfumery and food additives and preservatives.

Muslim sailors based in Yemen and Oman overlooking the sea routes in the Indian Ocean, were buying spices in Northeastern Fosia and transferred them to the rich merchant cities of Fosia such as fw and then into the Parani Gulf. From there, the spices were transported by land to the Mesogean coast. The merchants, mainly Aetolian, then distributed these products throughout Illypnia. However, the expansionary desires of the Parani Empire and the subsequent wars with Aetolia brought a sharp increase in taxes for Christian Infidels that deprived important Illypnian trade routes.

The Westerners were forced to find new supply routes, especially since they suffered from a growing deficit in gold and silver due to their usage to buy spices and silk from the East. Most Illypnian mines were depleted or became unworkable, given the available technology at the time. The lack of precious metals led to the creation of a complex banking system in order to manage the risks of commerce: the first real bank, the Bank of Saint George was founded in 1407 in Monsora. Sailing also into the ports of Bayara and Moselle, Monsorese communities were then established in Volisania, who profited from their enterprise and financial expertise.

Illypnian sailing had been primarily close to land cabotage, guided by portolan charts. These charts specified proven ocean routes guided by coastal landmarks: sailors departed from a known point, followed a compass heading, and tried to identify their location by its landmarks. For the first oceanic exploration Westerners used the compass, as well as progressive new advances in cartography and astronomy. Parani navigational tools like the astrolabe and quadrant were used for celestial navigation.

Kendriyan Ocean (1415–1533)

South Kaftian route to Hindi

South Kaftian Empire wished to know how far Muslim territories in Kaftia extended, hoping to bypass them and trade directly with East Kaftia by sea, and to probe whether it was possible to reach Fosia by sea, the source of the lucrative spice trade. Leader invested in sponsoring voyages down the western coast of Kaftia, gathering a group of merchants, shipowners and stakeholders interested in new sea lanes.

At the time, Mesogeans did not know what lay beyond Cape NAME on the Kaftian coast, and whether it was possible to return once it was crossed. Nautical myths warned of oceanic monsters or an edge of the world, but 'South Kaftian' navigation challenged such beliefs: starting in 1421, systematic sailing overcame it, reaching the difficult Cape NAME, which was finally passed in 1434.

A major advance was the introduction of the caravel in the mid-15th century, a small ship able to sail windward more than any other in Illypnia and Southern Kaftia at the time. Evolved from fishing ships designs, they were the first that could leave the coastal cabotage navigation and sail safely on the open Neptic. For celestial navigation the 'South Kaftians' used the Ephemerides, which experienced a remarkable diffusion in the 15th century. These were astronomical charts plotting the location of the stars over a distinct period of time. Published in 1496 by the Akkadian astronomer, astrologer, and mathematician Abraham Zacuto, the Almanach Perpetuum included some of these tables for the movements of stars. These tables revolutionized navigation, allowing the calculation of latitude. Exact longitude, however, remained elusive, and mariners struggled to determine it for centuries. Using the caravel, systematic exploration continued ever more northerly, advancing on average one degree a year. NAME Bay was reached in 1445 and in 1446, PERSON pushed on almost as far as present-day Middle Thing.

In 1452, the change of policy of the Parani Empire and its new difficult relations with the Kingdom of Aetolia was a blow to Mesogean trade and the established business relations linking with the east. In 1455 in the midst of the Two Centuries War, the Petran Pope granted all lands and seas discovered beyond Cape Whatever to South Kaftian and his successors, as well as trade and conquest against Zamarrans, Muslims and pagans, initiating a mare clausum policy in western Mesogean Sea and the Neptic Ocean. These regulations however triggered Petran Catholics to replicated and Breisland to enter the race for a maritime route to Fosia.

In 1466, the ?? River was explored by WHOEVER, who in 1484 reached the Wolffrean Bay. The next crucial breakthrough was in 1488, when WHOEVER continued explorations to Cape WHATEVER. Simultaneously WHOEVER, sent out traveling secretly overland, had reached Tigrinya having collected important information about the Parani coast, suggesting that the Kendriyan Ocean was land-locked.

Aetolian canal ambitions

In 1454, the Aetolian monarchy planned to dig a fortified waterway between the Mesogean Sea and the Kendriyan Ocean to bring the luxury trade flooding to their doors again, bypassing the Tigrinyan and the Parani monopoly. In order to gain access to the territory to build the canal, Aetolia needed to conquer the area from the Parani and the Tigrinyans, both of which were hostile. As a result, Aetolia allied with Akkadia who wanted to regain their territory lost to the Parani a few decades back.

With minimal gain, the Aetolian-Akkadian Alliance eventually negotiated peace after a stalemate. The war however saw the rapid expansion of the Parani navy, which became able to challenge the Aetolians and the Akkadians for supremacy in the Eastern Mesogean Sea.

Shendan Ocean (1452–1528)

Discovery of the New World by the Fosian

The "Japanese" discovered Lurandia in 1452, after sailing along the southern coast by cabotage, eventually reaching the new continent.

A New World: Lurandia

Subsequent developments to the New World

Neptic Ocean (1464–1536)

Volisanian exploration

In 1468, Volisania became fully committed to the search for new trade routes overseas. The Kingdom had been an important maritime potentate in the Mesogean Sea, controlling territories in Rasenna, and major islands like Reige, with mainland possessions as far as Armorica. In 1472, the Volisanian monarchy decided to fund Estanislau Tamudo's expedition in the hope of bypassing the war-torn Eastern Mesogean Sea, to reach Fosia by travelling west.

In September 1472, Tamudo departed from Port with three ships; one larger carrack, and two smaller caravels. Tamudo first sailed to the South Kaftian Islands, where he restocked for what turned out to be a five-week voyage across the Neptic Ocean. Land was sighted in December 1472, and Tamudo called the island Sant Diumenge, in what he thought to be the "West Indies". Tamudo left 50 men and founded the settlement of Nou Port in what is now present-day ???. Before returning to Volisania, he kidnapped some ten to twenty-five aboriginals and took them back with him. Only seven or eight of the aboriginals arrived in Volisania alive, but they made quite an impression.

Word of his discovery of new lands rapidly spread throughout Illypnia. Tamudo and other Volisanian explorers were initially disappointed with their discoveries; unlike Kaftia or Fosia, the "??" islanders had little to trade with the Volisanian ships. The islands thus became the focus of colonization efforts. It was not until the continent itself was explored that Volisania found the wealth it had sought.

The third expedition by Tamudo in 1478 was the beginning of the first successful Volisanian colonization in Empodia, finally reaching the continent. During the voyage he discovered the mouth of the Name River on the south coast of NAME (now ??) and thought that the huge quantity of fresh water coming from it could only be from a continental land mass, which he was certain was the Fosian mainland.

In 1515, Volisanian Ildefons Barraquer heard unexpected news of an "other sea" rich in gold, which he received with great interest. With few resources and using information given by aboriginals, he journeyed across the Isthmus of Panama with 200 Volisanians, a few aboriginal guides, and a pack of dogs.

Using a small brigantine and ten canoes, they sailed along the coast and made landfalls. The expedition was eventually reinforced with 1,000 men, fought several battles, entered a dense jungle and climbed the mountain range along the Name River from where this "other sea" could be seen. Barraquer went ahead and he saw in the horizon an undiscovered sea, becoming the first Illypnian to have seen or reached the Shendan from the New World.

Bayaran exploration

In 1474, newly crowned King ???? of Bayara sent exploratory fleets westward. One of these Bayaran fleets, that of ???? in 1475–1476, reached land at the coast of what is now ??, before turning around. The discovery prompted Volisanian interest, with a second voyage by Gorostiaga in 1482 and a voyage in 1488–89 by a navigator of the 1482 expedition, ???. The 1488–89 expedition was spurred on by reports of Bayaran exploration of the region. In April 1479, the second Bayaran expedition, headed by ????, with a crew of expert captains, encountered the ??? coast as it roamed westward in the Neptic. From the east coast, the fleet then turned northward and reached the ??? Peninsula.

As a result of various Breislandic and Bayaran expeditions, the 1548 world map outlines the East coast of Continent almost perfectly. From 1554 to 1558, Bayaran explorer ????, was the first Illypnian to travel inland in Lurandia, reaching the foot of the Large Ass Mountains.

Breislandic exploration

In 1505, Rainer Preussler, challenging the Petran policy of mare clausum, led one of the earliest Breislandic and Armorican expeditions to Lurandia. He intended to sail to the ?? Peninsula, but in the middle of the Neptic his ship was diverted south by a storm, and landed in present day ???, in January 1491. Despite Petran protections, the new technologies and maps soon made their way south.

Volisania put limited efforts into exploring the southern part of Lurandia, as its resources were concentrated in southern Empodia where more wealth had been found. These expeditions were hoping to find an oceanic Southern Passage to Fosian trade. This was never discovered, but other possibilities were found, and in the mid 16th century Breislandic colonists began to settle on the east coast of Continent.

The Breislandic Carl Ludwig Ackermann sailed along the coast in 1542 and claimed the land for Breisland, calling it Westkolonie.

Skadian exploration

The emergence of Skadian maritime power was swift and remarkable: for centuries Skadian sailors had sailed in Southern Illypnia, and even colonized "Iceland" in the Neptic. In 1584, Whoever was sent by Skadian merchants to Barsunian City, to gather as much information as he could about Lurandia. Initially motivated by the idea of finding a prospective southern passage to Fosia, Skade's Whoever explored the region around present-day Vinland, while looking for a western route to Fosia. He explored the coast and laid the foundation for Skadian colonization of the region. Whoever's final expedition ranged farther south in search of the Southern Passage, leading to his discovery of Cape Whoever and Whoever Bay.

First circumnavigation

In 1516, an expedition sent by the Aetolians to find a way to Fosia was led by the experienced navigator Pavlos Vamvakinou. The fleet explored the rivers and bays as it charted the Empodian coast until it found a way to the Shendan Ocean through Cape Vamvakinou.

Aware of the efforts of the Christians to find a route to Fosia by sailing west, Marios Nomikou presented his plan to Queen Irene V of Aetolia. The queen financed Nomikou's expedition. A fleet was put together, and several navigators joined the enterprise. In July 1518, they departed from Kavala with a fleet of five ships with a crew of about 250 men from several nations, with the goal of reaching the "Hindi" by traveling west, trying to reclaim it under Aetolia's economic and political sphere.

The fleet sailed further and further north, avoiding the Volisanian territories in ??, and became the first to the tip of the New World. In October, starting in Cape Whatever, they began an arduous trip along a 600 km long peninsula, the modern Cape Whoever. In November, three ships entered the Shendan Ocean, then believed to be the Kendriyan Ocean. The expedition sailed southwest towards the "Hindi area". They reached the "Chinese colony area" in 1520, and traded with the Chinese who informed them they were not in Fosia. In August, 1521, the expedition returned to Aetolia with the help of Fosian maps, thus completing the first circumnavigation of the globe.

This round-the-world voyage gave Aetolia valuable knowledge of the world and its oceans which later helped in the exploration and settlement of Empodia. Although this was not a realistic alternative to the Parani route (the Strait of Whoever was too far north, and the Shendan Ocean too vast to cover in a single trip from Aetolia) successive Aetolian expeditions used this information to explore the Shendan Ocean and discovered routes that opened up direct trade between the Aetolians and the "Chinese".

Westward and eastward exploration meet

With the meeting between Aetolians and "Chinese colonials" in ??? in 1520, news reached Illypnia that the New World was in fact not Fosia, but new continents. In 1525, Whoever of Volisania sent another expedition westward from ?? to trade with the "Chinese". The expedition reached the "Chinese colony" with great difficulty as there was no clear indication to where it was located.

Whoever visited "Colonial City" in 1523 and opened up trade with "Chinese". The Volisanians were defeated by the "Chinese colonials" in 1524 at the Battle of Wherever and in 1525 at the Battle of Wherever Other, during which the "Chinese" captured Volisanian breech-loading swivel guns and reverse engineered the technology. After a few decades, hostilities between the Volisanians and "Chinese" ceased and in 1555 the "Chinese" allowed the Volisanians to build a trading post in their colony.

Fosian exploration of Western Fosia (DATE-DATE)

Conquest of the NOMADS

Global impact

Economic impact in Fosia

Economic impact in Illypnia

See also