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Unbowed, Untouched, Unconquered
|Location of Zongora in Adonia|
Location of Zongora in Adonia
and largest city
|Official languages||Standard Zong|
|Recognised regional languages||Gichhunese|
|Ethnic groups||79.1% Zong|
representative democracy under
• Constitutional monarchy
• Current constitution
|1,082,061 km2 (417,786 sq mi)|
• Water (%)
• 2021 estimate
• 2016 census
|363.58/km2 (941.7/sq mi)|
|GDP (PPP)||2016 estimate|
• Per capita
medium · ??th
very high · ??th
|Currency||Siliang ($) (ZSL)|
|Time zone||UTC+10 (ZST)|
|Date format||dd.mm.yyyy CE|
Zong (Giokji: 總; POJ: Chóng), officially the State of Zong (Giokji: 總國; POJ: Chóngkok), is a sovereign state in Eastern Fosia. With a total area of approximately 1,082,061 km² (417,786 sq mi), Zong is the world's ??th-largest country. It is the ??th-most-populous country in the world, with around 381 million people. The capital and largest city is Huwei.
Zong is a constitutional monarchy and a parliamentary democracy. It is bordered to the southeast by Jumia, to the southwest by Sunbon, to the south by Fenia, to the east by the Sea of Hitani, to the north by the Zong Sea and to the west by the Jade Sea. Its maritime boundaries include Nankuni and Atama in the Sea of Hitani to the east, and Marlika on the Zong Sea to the north.
The Zong economy is the world's 2nd largest by gross domestic product at purchasing power parity. Zong is a great power and a major regional power within Fosia, and has been characterized as a potential superpower. Zong is a recognized nuclear weapons state and has one of the largest military in the world. It is a founding member of the Adonian Community, the Fosian Association for Regional Cooperation, the Shendan Economic Cooperation, and the Huwei Pact.
- 1 Etymology
- 2 History
- 3 Geography
- 4 Government and politics
- 5 Economy
- 6 Demographics
- 7 Culture
Zong comes from the Aetolian Ζονγκώρα (Zon'nkóra) which means "country of the junk," a ship originating from Zong. The Zong people officially adopted the name in 1827 when the kingdom switched from an absolute monarchy to a constitutional monarchy. The name adoption coincided with the rule of the Zong dynasty in the country, as the country was previously known by its ruling family name, similarly to other East Fosian nations. The surname Zong is mesogeanized as Chong in Standard Zong, but known as Zong in Breislandic and most languages.
Around 3,000 BC, the Neolithic NAME culture abruptly appeared and quickly spread around the northwest of Zong. Their sites are characterized by corded-ware pottery, polished stone adzes and slate points. The inhabitants cultivated rice and millet, but were also heavily reliant on marine shells and fish. Most scholars believe this culture is the ancestor of the AUSTRONESIAN FORMOSAN, speaking early "Austronesian" languages. Most of these people later migrated from Zong to the islands of Northeast Fosia and thence throughout the Shendan and Kendriyan Oceans. The NAME culture was succeeded by a variety of cultures throughout the region, including the Tahu and Wei cultures.
A kingdom, which had been known as the "Yue" (越國) in modern-day Limonia and Sunbon, was not mentioned in written history until it began a series of wars against its western neighbor "Proto-Limonia" during the late 7th century BCE. Initially faring well, Yue was destroyed and annexed by Chu in 416 BCE. After the fall of Yue, the ruling family moved east to what is now Zong and set up the Weiyue (猔越) kingdom. Weiyue was partially conquered by the Jade Empire by the end of the 2nd century BCE during the Jade campaigns against Weiyue. However its position (being closed off by mountains) made it almost impossible for the Jade Empire to establish a strong grip over this area.
"Austronesian" speakers also still lived in the region down to its conquest by the Jade Empire and jadification beginning in about 140 BCE. The ancient Weiyue people had customs similar to those of some of the "Austronesian", such as snake totemism, short hair-style, tattooing, teeth pulling, pile-dwellings, cliff burials, and uxorilocal post-marital residences.
After the fall of the Jade Empire in 907 AD, the Weiyue lord Ong Lipun (翁立本, Ong Li̍ppún) defeated the forces of Zhu Wen at Xiaochi and achieved full independence for Weiyue after a millennium of Jade domination. Renamed as the Wei Kingdom, the nation entered the Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms period. During the rule of the Ong dynasty, Wei repelled two Mengmian invasions. In 1066, Wei conquered the Gichhun and Lam kingdoms, competing with the Ning dynasty in Sunbon for control of what is now modern-day southern Zong.
The Ong dynasty (翁) is now formed of fiefs in Sunbon including Lamgan and Lamkeng. They reign for five centuries, and provide several monarchs such as NAME, NAME, NAME, and NAME. This period sees changes in trade and legislation. Successive Ong kings continued to accomplish far-reaching feats: building a dike system to protect rice farms; founding of several temples, the first universities; holding regular examinations to select capable commoners for government positions once every three years; organizing a new system of taxation; establishing humane treatment of prisoners. Women were holding important roles in Ong society as the court ladies were in charge of tax collection. At the time, Buddhism of Mahāyāna tradition started to thrive in the kingdom, competing with a revival of Confucianism called Neo-Confucianism. This reinvigorated form was adopted as the basis of the royal exams and the core philosophy of the scholar official class in the kingdom.
After the accidental death of the last representative of the Ong dynasty in 1406, civil war breaks out between the various suitors and spreads across all territories in the Wei Kingdom. It eventually leads to the defeat of the Neo-Confucian Hoa (華), which abandons the throne to a Buddhist noble family, the Zong (總), a cadet branch of the Ong dynasty, led by Zong Siancho with the help of Siakanguese troops and other mercenaries, who win the victory at the Battle of Tuoxi in 1408, where ?? DUDE is killed. The Zong dynasty officially succeeded on 8 March 1408 with the crowning of Siancho as king.
The early decades of the Zong dynasty is eventful. Zong develops an important naval fleet comprising numerous junks, and explores the seas to the north and east. Siancho centralizes the power and plans large naval expeditions. He puts an end to certain noble privileges from the Ong dynasty, obliges the nobility to swear fidelity to him, and gets rid of ?? loyalists. The royal powers and the royal domain are enlarged, which create tensions with the nobility. This resentment is all the more acute as the Zong kings now favor the pursuit of discoveries of new lands since the Hitanese discovery of Lurandia.
Exploration and colonization
Reforms and industrialization
Under Whoever, U/C (1800s), accords with Fenia and Hitani over colonies
Weakening Sunbon with Limonia (mid 1800s)
Great Adonian War
Zong is widely considered to be one of the main aggressors that started the Great Adonian War. In Zong, the war is known as the War of Fosian Liberation, as the Zong history books describe the Zong war effort as a liberation of fellow Fosian peoples against Western imperialism in Fosia. Zong invaded Marlika, a Breislandic protectorate, in 1934 effectively starting the Great Adonian War.
Zong became a founding member of the Adonian Community in 1948. Though the Zong economy was in bad shape in the immediate postwar years, as the country entered the Adonian Depression, an austerity program implemented in 1949 by Minister of Finance ?? ended inflation. The factors behind Zong's post-depression economic growth included technology and quality control techniques imported from the West, close economic and defense cooperation with neighboring countries, non-tariff barriers to imports, restrictions on labor unionization and long work hours. Zong corporations successfully retained a loyal and experienced workforce through the system of lifetime employment, which assured their employees a safe job. By 1959, the Zong economy had grown beyond prewar levels and had become the third largest in Adonia.
Zong started a liberalization process after the election of a Democratic majority in Parliament with Ong Chihui as prime minister in 1968. Ong began negotiations with the Zong territories with home rule, namely Sinte, Pakiak, Lekkunto and Pinchio regarding independence.
Prime Minister Kit Sinpeng restored relations with Daras in 1979, 75 years after ending diplomatic relations following the 1904's September Revolution. This announcement caused immediate shock around the world. In Zong, some hard-line anti-communists in the Democratic and Nationalist parties denounced the decision, but most public opinion supported the move. The beginning of Kit's first term was marked by progressive economic policies based on Keneysianism. This included a significant expansion of social programs such as pensions and welfare and the extension of workers' rights to consultation and information about their employers. Major efforts were made to improve access to housing and health care, while the federal government also attempted to tackle working-class under-achievement in schools by reinforcing the comprehensive system, modernizing the Siuleng and improving access to higher education. Kit abolished the death penalty as soon as he took office, as well as anti-demonstration criminal laws which instituted collective responsibility for acts of violence during demonstrations. He also enacted a massive regularization of illegal immigrants and implemented tighter regulations on the powers of federal law enforcement to stop, search and arrest citizens and non-citizens.
The premiership of Ng Sipok of the Democratic Party saw the advent of neo-liberalism in Zong with deregulation, free trade and privatizations. Among his biggest projects was the privatization of the Zong Federal Railways. Ng spearheaded efforts in the Adonian Community to end the Kastrunetian Civil War U/C.
The vast majority of Zong's territory and population is situated in East Fosia and is called Mainland Zong, to distinguish it from the country's various overseas polities. The mainland, comprising the provinces of Zong make up an area of 1,082,061 km² (417,786 sq mi), making it the ??th largest country in Adonia, comparable in size to TBD. It is bordered by the Jade Sea in the west, the STRAIT in the northwest, the Zong Sea in the east and the Sea of Hitani in the east. Its land borders consist of Sunbon in the southwest, Fenia in the southeast, and Jumia in the east. With the exception of the southwest, most of Zong's land borders are roughly delineated by natural boundaries and geographic features: to the south and southeast, the Konghoa mountains, and to the east, the Lupo mountains. Mainland Zong includes various coastal islands, of which the largest is Laukiu and second largest is Iutin.
Around 34.5% of Mainland Zong's area is considered to be arable land. The predominantly cultivated crop in Zong is rice. Wheat and corn are also cultivated in Central Zong and in Southern Zong to a lesser extent. Other important food crops include green and jasmine teas, black tea, sugarcane, and soybean. Tea plantations are mainly located in the provinces of Lamgan and Thianhu in Western Zong and the provinces of Lengtek and Sanbin in Eastern Zong. Sugarcane is grown in Gichhun and Siakang, while soybeans are raised in Lamkeng and Phongtek. Lotus is widely cultivated throughout Zong. The Hoan Lake and Boklan River are the largest lake and longest river in the country.
Zong generally has a humid subtropical climate, while the coastal north of the country has a tropical monsoon climate with warmer annual temperatures the further north a location is. Winters are short, mild, and relatively dry, while summers are long, hot, and very wet. Average daily highs in Zong in January and July are 18 °C (64 °F) and 33 °C (91 °F), respectively, although the humidity makes it feel much hotter in summer.
The average annual precipitation is 1,500 to 2,000 millimeters (59 to 79 in) and can be as high as 2,400 millimeters (94 in) in western and northern areas, and as low as 900 millimeters (35 in) in the coastal areas of the southwest. Parts of Zong lie in the path of typhoons, and a considerable portion of the annual precipitation is derived from typhoons and the summer rainy season. Major flooding occurs due to typhoons, which can cause many problems for local residents.
Ecology and biodiversity
Government and politics
Zong has a parliamentary system within the context of a constitutional monarchy — the monarchy of Zong being the foundation of the executive, legislative, and judicial branches. The reigning monarch is King Kengjun, who is also monarch of four other sovereign states (Zongosphere) and each of Zong's provinces, dependencies and oversea territories. The parliament of Zong meets in the Parliament Building in Huwei and is unicameral. All bills passed are given royal assent before becoming law.
The position of prime minister, Zong's head of government, belongs to the person most likely to command the confidence of the Parliament; this individual is typically the leader of the political party or coalition of parties that holds the largest number of seats in Parliament. The prime minister chooses a cabinet and its members are formally appointed by the monarch to form the government. By convention, the monarch respects the prime minister's decisions of government. The cabinet is drawn from members of the prime minister's party or coalition who seat in Parliament, with the cabinet responsible to the Parliament. Executive power is exercised by the prime minister and cabinet. The current Prime Minister is Tan Bopo, who has been in office since 1 January 2018. Tan is also the leader of the Democratic Party.
At the federal level, Zong has been dominated by three political parties: the centrist Progressive Party, the centre-right Democratic Party and the right-wing Nationalist Party. The leader of the party with the second-most seats usually becomes the leader of the opposition and is part of an adversarial parliamentary system intended to keep the government in check. Each of the 601 members of parliament is elected by simple plurality in an electoral district or riding. General elections are held every four years at a fixed date on 16 November and parliament may not be dissolved until then, even when the prime minister receives a vote of no confidence. In such a case, the Parliament would have to select a new prime minister among the elected members of parliament.
Zong's federal structure divides government responsibilities between the federal government and the provinces. Provincial legislatures are also unicameral and operate in parliamentary fashion similar to the federal Parliament of Zong.
The Zong military is divided into the Army, Navy, and Air Force. In 2016, the military had 1,000,000 personnel on active duty, 1.75 million personnel on reserve duty and 50,000 paramilitary for a total number of troops of 2.8 million making Zong the fourth largest military in the world by personnel size.
Zong has the largest navy in Adonia and its army and air force are among the largest ones. The head of the Armed Forces is the king, although this position is only nominal. The armed forces are managed by the Ministry of Defense, which is headed by the Minister of Defense (a member of the cabinet of Zong) and commanded by the Royal Zong Armed Forces Headquarters, which in turn is headed by the Chief of Defense Forces of Zong. In 2016, Zong's known military expenditure totaled approximately ₭TBD.
Zong has major military industries with one of the largest aerospace industries in the world. Its industries have produced such equipment as the Su-27 fighter, the Wtvr aircraft carrier, the What missile and the Z2 Black Panther tank among others. Zong is also actively investing in East Fosian joint projects such as the Aikok A400M. Zong is a major arms seller, with most of its arsenal's designs available for the export market with the notable exception of nuclear-powered devices.
Zong has a network of ### diplomatic missions abroad and maintains relations with more than ### countries. As a significant hub for international relations, Zong hosts the second largest assembly of diplomatic missions in Adonia and the headquarters of international organizations including the ???, ??, ???, and the Huwei Pact. Zong is a founding member of the Adonian Community, the World Monetary Fund, the Fosian Association for Regional Cooperation, the Shendan Economic Cooperation, and the Huwei Pact.
Postwar Zong international relations have been largely shaped by Zong's interests in Fosian stability and economic development. Since the 1960s, Zong has developed close ties with Hitani and Binguk to become the most influential driving force of East Fosia. Zong retains strong political and economic influence in its former colonies and has supplied military and economic aid. Zong's relationship with Marlika has been strained due to Zong's treatment of Marlikans during the Great Adonian War and over Hapo. Prime Minister Ong Chihui was the first capitalist leader to establish diplomatic relations with Daras in 1979 and the two countries nowadays have important economic ties, although their relationship remains strained politically. Similarly, relations between Zong, Fenia and Limonia are strong economically and culturally, but complex politically due to issues of geopolitical and economical rivalry. The border with Fenia continues to be a demilitarized zone despite over 70 years of peace.
Relations with other great powers are complex, notably with Breisland due to geopolitical rivalry, the Breislandic military presence in Limonia and unresolved tensions emanating from the Great Adonian War and the Sandai Crisis. Volisania remains a strong ally but there has been major disagreements regarding international trade and monetary systems. Since the 1930s, the Tan Doctrine has served as a crucial component of the foreign policy of Zong.
Administratively, Zong consists of 20 provinces, four of which have special status.
|Name||Native Name||Seat of administration||Largest city||Population
|GDP (PPP) in BR₭ (2016)||GDP (PPP) per capita in BR₭ (2016)|
|Hong Leng Te||皇領地||Gudong||Huwei||68,356,814||27,117||2,520.81||3,151,385,839,028||46,102|
The eleven overseas territories are: Bihong, Bunek, Haichoa, Hapo, Hekhaihoan, Kanglo, Kutchiau, Lamlai, Siato, Siaupeng, and Tochek. Collectively, Zong's overseas territories encompass a land area of 28,369.63 square kilometers and a population of 3,933,064 people as of the 2016 census. They are the last remaining remnants of the Zong Colonial Empire.
The royal dependencies are possessions of the Zong dynasty, as opposed to overseas territories of Zong. They comprise two independently administered jurisdictions: Omuong in the Saithian Bay, and Haikan in the Sea of Hitani. By mutual agreement, the Government of Zong manages the islands' foreign affairs and defense and the Parliament of Zong has the authority to legislate on their behalf. However, internationally, they are regarded as "territories for which the State of Zong is responsible". The power to pass legislation affecting the islands ultimately rests with their own respective legislative assemblies, with the assent of the current Viceroy appointed by the ruling monarch.
Zong is a developed and a high income country, with a nominal GDP of ₭7.558 trillion in 2016, making it the third largest economy. In the same year, Zong's GDP measured by purchasing power parity was ₭32,168 per capita, according to Adonian Community estimates. Ranked by GDP (PPP), the Zong economy is the second largest in Adonia.
Zong is the largest trading nation in Fosia, with Limonia and Fenia being its two largest trading partners. Zong is part of the largest number of free trade agreements in Adonia, and is currently negotiating bilateral free trade agreements agreements with five countries and the Mesogean Cooperation Organization. Since the premierships of Kit Sinpeng and Ng Sipok, Zong has undergone a massive transition towards the liberalization of its economy and openness to foreign trade. Despite its political and economic openness, Zong's trade remains relatively low compared to other global economic leaders such as Breisland and Volisania due to its large population and dominant domestic economic activity. In 2015–16, major export commodities included manufactured goods, chemicals, processed food, motor vehicles, aircraft, finance, petroleum products, industrial supplies and materials, military arms and equipment, and pharmaceuticals. Major import commodities included manufactured goods, machinery and equipment, foodstuffs, vehicles, iron and steel products, plastics, chemicals, and petroleum products. Zong currently has a significant trade deficit, although its deficit is fairly stable at roughly ₭90 billion, the second largest trade deficit in the world after Breisland's.
As the second-largest economy in the world in PPP terms, Zong is one of the main recipient of foreign direct investment (FDI). During the year 2016, FDI inflow into Zong stood at ₭2.3 trillion, making it the third largest recipient of FDI in the world. Main FDIs came from Fosian and Illlypnian countries with the MOZ representing the largest source followed by Limonia and Nusaraya. The largest sectors for licensed FDI are technology, oil and gas, fisheries, construction, agriculture and forestry, transportation and communications, and hotels and tourism.
Science and technology
The railway network of Zong, which as of 2018 stretches TBD kilometers is the second most extensive in Fosia after that of Daras. It is fully privatized and operated by a wide range of companies, the largest of which is CT Gruppe. Zong has the second largest high-speed rail network in Adonia, the Thiautekkip, operated by CT Kip, with trains traveling at up to 350 km/h in commercial use. Rail connections exist to all other neighboring countries in East Fosia, except Omuong. Intra-urban connections are also well developed with both underground services, monorail and tramway services complementing bus services.
There are approximately TBD kilometers of serviceable roadway in Zong, ranking it the most extensive network of the Fosian continent. The Hong Leng Te province is enveloped with the most dense network of roads and highways that connect it with virtually all parts of the country. Zong roads also handle substantial international traffic, connecting with cities in neighboring Jumia, Fenia, Sunbon and Omuong. There is no annual registration fee or road tax; however, usage of the mostly privately owned motorways is through tolls except in the vicinity of large cities. The new car market is dominated by domestic brands such as Huchoan (26% of cars sold in Zong in 2016), Kia (16.1%), Siang (12.2%) and Changan (6.3%). Zong possesses the Omorpho Fixed Link, the world's longest sea crossing and the longest open-sea fixed link, and has built many important bridges and tunnels such as the TBD.
There are 312 airports in Zong. Huwei-Phokau International Airport, located in the vicinity of Huwei, is the largest and busiest airport in the country, handling a considerable portion of popular and commercial traffic in the capital and connecting Huwei with virtually all major cities across the world. CHHK is the national carrier airline, although numerous private airline companies provide domestic and international travel services, including Luftzong, Flugdrachen, Saihong, SAK Ostfosia, Kimsa Fluglinie, and Jadeflügel. There are ten major ports in Zong, the largest of which is in the Port of Hong Leng Te, which is also the largest in Adonia by all measurements. Other important ports include the Port of Lidun, the Port of Hongto, the Port of Siqiao and the Port of Lifang. TBD kilometers of waterways traverse Zong including the Central Canal, which connects the Sea of Hitani to the Jade Sea through the NAME River.
As of 2018, Zong consumes 1,666.77 terawatt hours (TW/h) of electricity per year, a little over 4.26 megawatt hours (MW/h) per person, which ranks third in total consumption and ?th per capita globally. The main sources of energy are oil and gas (42%), nuclear (28%), coal (15%), hydroelectricity (10%), and wind and solar (5%). The share of renewable and nuclear energy is being increased with the federal government planning on phasing out all coal plants by 2025. Zong has important reserves of coal, uranium, oil and natural gas which provide a considerable portion of its domestic needs, although it still imports oil and gas from partner countries, notably Sinte, Pakiak, Nusaraya and Fenia. Zong is one of the largest consumer of oil in Adonia and the largest in Fosia.
Zong has traditionally been among the most visited countries in the world according to the Adonian Tourism Organization and it is the most visited country in Fosia. As of 2018, Zong is the fourth most visited country in Adonia, after Volisania, Breisland, and Aetolia, with TBD million international tourists per year. Data from 2018 indicated that the majority of Zong's foreign tourists came from other East Fosian countries such as Limonia, Fenia, Hitani and Jumia. The most notable attractions are Huwei, cultural festivals, other large cities, nature reserves and the beach resorts. Domestic tourism remains the biggest component of tourist spending in Zong. The busiest periods for domestic travel in Zong are during the New Year and the summer months. Huwei was the most visited city in the world in 2018 according to Krämer with over 25 million international overnight visitors and has ranked first for the last decade. Zong is the fourth largest source of outbound tourists in the world after Breisland, Volisania and Kalinova, and one of the highest spenders.
Largest metropolitan areas of Zong
Government of Zong
|Rank||Provinces of Zong||Pop.||Rank||Provinces of Zong||Pop.|
|1||Huwei||Hong Leng Te||31,882,016||11||Lifang||Lamkeng||7,129,736|
|2||Gudong||Hong Leng Te||29,158,971||12||Zhenqian||Penia||6,920,688|
|9||Makeng||Hong Leng Te||7,315,827||19||Bangchhoan||Sanbin||4,186,884|
In 2016, Zong had about 30.32 million foreign-born residents according to Adonian Community estimates, making up 8.7% of the total population. Illegal immigrants were estimated in 2016 to number at least 3,500,000.
Starting from the late 1980s, until then a linguistically and culturally homogeneous society, Zong begun to attract substantial flows of foreign immigrants. An important source of immigration is neighboring Northeast Fosia (in particular, Marlika, Taysong, Balausia and Devalia), with soaring arrivals as a consequence of the instability in the region. Furthermore, in recent years, growing migration fluxes from Northwest Fosia (notably Kemal and Bengali area) and Central Fosia have been recorded.
Currently, about six million Darasian-born people are officially registered as living in Zong, representing thus the most important individual country of origin, followed by Sinteans and Nusarayans with about 3,250,000 people each. The number of unregistered Darasians is difficult to estimate, but recent studies suggested in 2016 that there might have been three million or more. Overall, as of 2016, the official foreign born population of Zong was from: Fosia (73%), Lurandia (14%), Kaftia (8%), Illypnia (3%), Oceania (2%) and Haitan (>0.1%). The distribution of immigrants is largely uneven in the country: 57% of immigrants live in Hong Leng Te (the most populous province), while only 43% live in the rest of the country.
Zong's official language is Standard Zong, the prestige variety of the Zong language an East Fosian language of the Jade-Binfan family, also known as the Wei language. Standard Zong is based off the dialects spoken in Western Zong, such as the Huwei, Liongtianese and Thianhunian dialects. Standard Zong has one of the most diverse phoneme inventories among Jade languages, with more consonants than Darasian or Sunbonese. Zong dialects retain many pronunciations that are no longer found in other Jade languages. These include the retention of the /t/ initial, having disappeared before the 6th century in other Jade languages. Zong has 5 to 7 tones or 7 to 9 tones according to traditional sense, depending on variety of Zong spoken such as the Huwei dialect for example has 7-8 tones. Standard Zong is written using Giokji (Jade characters adapted to Zong), as well as the Mesogean alphabet (POJ) and Kemali numerals.
A large number of dialects of Zong are spoken in the country. The Lidun dialect is spoken in Lidun, Siakang while the Hongto dialect is spoken in Hongto, Siakang. Other Eastern Wei varieties besides the Lidun dialect are spoken throughout Eastern Zong. Sianlamese, an other Zong variety, is spoken in Sianlam. Wei-Gichhunese dialects are spoken in Pelyun around the city of Yonghe. Kimkok dialects are spoken in Kimkok while Central Wei dialects are spoken in Penia. The Lifang dialect and Lamguan language are spoken in Lamguan. Gichhunese is spoken in Gichhun and Pelyun by a majority of the population. Sunbonese is spoken in Hongkhau and Sinlo, two former provinces of Sunbon and form the largest linguistic minority that do not speak a Wei language variety.
The Constitution of Zong guarantees freedom of religion. According to federal census, 52.3% of the Zong population subscribe to Buddhism, making it the largest religion in the country by number of adherents at 199 million. Mahayana is the dominant branch of Buddhism among the population who follows the religion representing over 80% of all Buddhists, followed by Theravada. According to the 2016 census, 27.2% of the population are irreligious while 5.6% are Hindus and 5.2% are Kejawen.
About 3.8% of the population are Christians, totaling around 12.9 million Petran Catholics. Petran Catholicism has been introduced to Zong by Volisanian missionaries (Jesuits), many of which established in Omuong and from remnants of the persecuted Catholics in the rest of East Fosia between the 16th and 17th centuries. Throughout the latest century, some Western customs originally related to Christianity (including Western style weddings, Valentine's Day and Christmas) have become popular as secular customs among the Zong population. 2.3% of the population are Paradosian Armazists, totalling around 8.7 million people. 1.8% of the population identify as Muslim of various branches, although Shia Islam is by far the majority.
The educational system is divided into preschool (for those under age 6), basic education (9 years, in three stages, compulsory), secondary education (3 years, compulsory), and higher education (subdivided in private and public universities and polytechnic schools). Universities are usually organized into faculties. Institutes and schools are also common designations for autonomous subdivisions of Zong higher education institutions. Zong provinces and dependencies are responsible for education provision, however some federal standards are applied. These include a nation-wide standardized education system, the language of instruction from Secondary level and beyond to be exclusively in Standard Zong, and federally approved textbooks. The mandatory school age ranges between 5–7 to 16–18 years, contributing to an adult literacy rate of 99 percent.
The Siuleng, Zong's national university entrance exam, is a federal standardized prerequisite for entrance into most higher education institutions throughout the country. In 2016, 47 percent of 24-64 years old had completed a higher education degree, which is one of the highest rates in the world. In addition to being a destination for international students, Zong is also among the top places of origin for international students. Higher education is a serious issue in Zong society, where it is viewed as one of the fundamental cornerstones of adulthood. Education is regarded with a high priority for Zong families as success in education holds a cultural status as well as a necessity to improve one's socioeconomic position in society. Graduating from a top university is the ultimate marker of prestige, high socioeconomic status, promising marriage prospects, and a respectable career path. An average Zong child's life revolves around education as pressure to succeed academically is deeply ingrained in Zong children from an early age. Not having a university degree carries a major cultural stigma as those who lack a formal university education face social prejudice and are often looked down upon by others. With incredible pressure on high school students to secure places at the nation's best universities, its institutional reputation and alumni networks are strong predictors of future career prospects. The University of Xiaochi has been regarded as the best university in Zong for over a century. Other top universities in the country comprise the public Royal League based in Hong Leng Te, as well as the private University of Lamtong, the University of Lidun, and the University of Hongto.
Healthcare is provided to all citizens and residents by a mixed public-private system. The public part is the royal health service, Hong Pokian Hokbu, which is organized under the Federal Ministry of Health and is administered on a provincial basis. It largely consists of provincial government-run universal healthcare systems with significant private healthcare sectors. In addition, financing of healthcare costs is done through a mixture of direct federal government subsidies, compulsory savings, provincial healthcare insurance, and cost sharing. Family doctors are entirely paid by the TBD, must offer visiting time at least five days a week and have a limit of 1500 patients. Patients can choose and change their general practitioner, subjected to availability.
Prescription drugs can be acquired only if prescribed by a doctor. If prescribed by the family doctor, they are generally subsidized, requiring only a copay that depends on the medicine type and on the patient income (in many provinces all the prescribed drugs are free for the poor). Over-the-counter drugs are paid out-of-pocket. Both prescription and over-the-counter drugs can only be sold in pharmacies. Visits by specialist doctors or diagnostic tests are provided by the public hospitals or by private ones with contracts to provide services through the royal health service, and if prescribed by the family doctor require only a copay (of the order of $160 for a visit without any diagnostic test) and are free for the poor. Waiting times are usually up to a few months in the big public facilities and up to a few weeks in the small private facilities with contracts to provide services through the national health service, though the referring doctor can shorten the waiting times of the more urgent cases by prioritizing them. Patients, however, can opt for the "free market" option, provided by both public and private hospitals, which is paid completely out-of-pocket and has generally shorter waiting times.
Zong art has been highly influenced by Buddhism and Confucianism, which can be seen in the many traditional paintings, sculptures, ceramics and the performing arts.
Traditional Zong architecture differs significantly from those found in other East Fosian regions because of factors such as climates and availability of materials, both of which affected by the geographical features of Zong. Overall, classical Zong architecture tends to (1) use pale colors such as green and white, (2) avoid circular or cylindrical structures, (3) have many open structures like balconies, (4) be decorated with large numbers of relief carvings and sculptures, and (5) be built using materials resistant to molds and moisture. The last point is obviously related to the hot and humid subtropical climate of Zong.
Tengakha (亭仔跤) is a style of architecture prevalent in Zong (and also in some other regions in Fosia) starting from the late 18th century. Combining Zong architectural styles with Illypnian ones, it is particularly prevalent in provinces with more exposure to Illypnian cultures, such as Hong Leng Te and Kimsa. A typical Tong Lau has a ground floor used for running some sort of business (such as a grocery store) and upper floors that are used for residential purpose.
Zong has a special geographical environment different from those of other East Fosian countries. With its subtropical temperature and high humidity, it has a tendency to have good harvests whether in farming or fishing. As a result, cuisine in Zong could use many different food materials. Besides pork, beef and chicken, Zong cuisine uses nearly every edible meat, including offal, chicken feet, duck's tongue, snakes, and snails. There is also a heavy use of seafood, due to proximity to the sea. This style of cuisine uses many cooking methods, with steaming and stir-frying being the most popular, largely due to relative convenience.
Traditionally, Zong cooks prefer their dishes to have well-balanced flavor and not be greasy. Spices are used in modest amounts at best to preserve the flavors of the primary ingredients, which in turn are expected to be at the peak of their freshness and quality. Zong cooking tends not to use fresh herbs, contrary to other East Fosian and Illypnian cuisines, with garlic chives and coriander leaves being the notable exceptions.
In addition to domestic consumption, Zong has a thriving entertainment industry where various facets of Zong entertainment including television series, films, and popular music has generated significant reach globally but especially in East Fosia. The cultural phenomenon known as "Zong wave", has swept many countries across Fosia making Zong a major exporter of popular culture and entertainment, rivaling Illypnian nations such as Breisland and Volisania. SKA is the most widely practiced cultural activity in Zong and originated in the country.
Until the 1960s, traditional folk based ballads dominated Zong popular music. Originating in the 1970s, Z-pop, short for Zong popular music, reached its height of popularity in the 1980s and 1990s before its re-branding in the 2000s with girls and boys groups and rise in the 2010s. Z-pop stars and groups are well known across Fosia and have found international fame making millions of krones in export revenue. Many Z-pop acts have also been able secure a strong overseas following following using online social media platforms such as the video sharing website SieRöhre.
Lim Kiong is considered one of the pioneers of Zong electronic music, while Kang Hui was the Queen of Z-pop in the 1980s and early 1990s. Go Geh Thin is the most successful Zong rock band after it rose to prominence in the 1990s. Meanwhile, Chhoa Ina has become the new Queen of Pop in Zong and most of East Fosia since the turn of the 21st century. Other popular mainstream solo artists include Sia Kimian and Chiu Kiatlun.
Hip-hop in Zong is represented by numerous artists including GAI, VAVA, Toaki, Vinida and Sun Bayi. Borrowing from styles emerging in Hitani and in Illypnia, Zong hip-hop is relatively less popular, since a lot of rappers end up being part of girls and boys groups. GAI has been a particular strong opponent in his lyrics of what he labels "idol rappers" from these groups.
Unlike the West, which moved away from studio systems, Zong has continuously operated a strong and robust studio system. U/C
The 1980s and early 1990s, saw seeds planted in the 1970s come to full flower: the birth of a new and modern cinema, superpower status in the Fosian and Western Lurandian markets, and the turning of Occidental attention to Zong cinema. A cinema of greater technical polish and more sophisticated visual style, including the first forays into up-to-date special effects technology, sprang up quickly. To this surface dazzle, the new cinema added an eclectic mixing and matching of genres, and a penchant for pushing the boundaries of sensationalistic content. Slapstick comedy, sex, the supernatural, and above all action (of both the martial arts and cops-and-criminals varieties) ruled, occasionally all in the same film.
During this period, the Zong film industry was one of the few in the world that thrived in the face of the increasing global dominance of Breislandic-language movies. Indeed, it came to exert a comparable dominance in its own region of the world. The Jade audience had always been vital, but now more than ever Zong productions filled cinemas and video shelves in places like Binguk, Hitani, Marlika, Nusaraya, Pasundan, Prathes and Taysong. They even found a lesser foothold in Kemal, Ursa, and other Northwest Fosian countries, with their own highly productive movie industries and strong taste for Western movies. Almost accidentally, Zong cinema also reached further into the West, building upon the attention gained during the 1970s action craze.
Hallmarks of this era included the gangster movie trend; romantic melodramas and historical fantasies widely popular in Jade countries; the comedies of stars like DUDE and DUDE; and traditional martial arts and contemporary action movies such as Rumble in Koblenz. By the late 1990s and early 2000s, crime thrillers dominated the industry such as The Vengeance Trilogy by Phoh Chaniok. Since the 21st century, the Zong movie industry became more varied with productions now encompassing a wide range of genres. LGBT films, previously a niche and taboo market, joined the mainstream with productions such as Amphetamine and Sihok Sünde. The latter especially became a major hit internationally, grossing ₭859 million worldwide. Since the 2010s, romantic dramas and comedies have represented a significant share of the domestic and international box office for Zong movies. Movies such as The Great Seduction and The One That Got Away have been major successes, the former dominating the Zong domestic box office while both grossed over ₭1 trillion globally.
Important genres of television shows include serial dramas, historical dramas, variety shows, game shows, news programs, and documentaries. All major networks have produced increasingly lavish historical dramas since the 1980s. Some Zong television programs are available on satellite and multicultural channels in foreign countries. Zong television dramas have been widely popular in the Zongosphere and in other Fosian countries, and became popularized internationally at a later stage, with whole sets of videotapes or DVDs of series available with completed subtitles in different languages, online subtitle websites are also created by numerous fan clubs to cater to a global audience. Cable news channels traditionally carry blocks of more generalized news coverage during the morning and afternoon hours; programs focusing on politics and documentaries typically air on these channels during prime time and late night, with general news coverage during that time usually limited to occasional coverage of breaking news events. The former public broadcaster BPKP has continuously dominated the news television market with its 24 hours news channel BPKP Sin, although it competes with CKSB and SSPT since privatization in the 1990s.
With the advent of the Internet, online streaming grew rapidly and now constitutes a significant share of the television market with companies such as Netfolie having an especially large presence. Competitors to Netfolie include Onglai, SLT and Thoa.
Zong theater can be traced back to the Jade tradition. The theater of the Jade Empire was a thriving and diverse art form, such as music, song and dance, martial arts, acrobatics, costume and make-up art. Zong theater shares many common characteristics with other Jade theater genres such as Limonian, Sunbonese or Fenian theater. Most of the plots are based on Zong history and famous Zong classics and Jade myths. Also, the culture and philosophies of Zong people can be seen in the plays.
There are two types of Zong theater plays: Bú (武, "martial arts") and Bûn (文, "highly educated", esp. in poetry and culture). Bú plays emphasize war, the characters usually being generals or warriors. These works contain action scenes and involve a lot of weaponry and armor. Bûn plays tend to be gentler and more elegant. Scholars are the main characters in these plays. Water sleeves are used extensively in Bûn plays to produce movements reflecting the elegance and tenderness of the characters; all female characters wear them. In Bûn plays, characters put a lot of effort into creating distinctive facial expressions and gestures to express their underlying emotions. Zong theater uses Standard Zong when actors are involved with government, monarchy, or military. It also obscures words that are taboo or profane from the audience. The actor may choose to speak any dialect of Zong, but the Huwei dialect is mainly used in Zong theater.
Modern Zong theater is also becoming popular in the country, inspired in large part by Western theater, and employs naturalistic acting and features contemporary themes. Many classics of the western canon from Ancient Aetolian theater, BREISLANDIC DUDE, KALINOVAN DUDE to VOLISAN DUDE are performed in Zong today.
Basketball (籃球, Nâkiû) is the national and most popular sport in Zong. The Zong Basketball League is considered the premier men's professional basketball league in Adonia and has the most viewership of any league in Zong. Association football is also quite popular, with the Zong Football League having the most average attendance of any professional league in the country. Lelo burti is the third most popular team sport, with the Zong Lelo League completing the trio of top professional leagues in the country. Tennis is the third most popular sport by number of practitioners and Zong athletes have traditionally had considerable success globally. Several major tennis tournaments take place in Zong, including the Zong Open, one of the four Grand Slam tournaments.
Zong has participated in the Olympic Games since YEAR, ranking sixth in an all-time Olympic Games medal count. It ranks fourth in the Olympiad permanently held every four years in Olympia, Aetolia while it ranks 27th in the Winter Games which are held every four years in various locations globally.
Zong has hosted events such as the 2010 AAFF World Cup.