Technology to Enjoy
|Founded||May 9, 1950|
Number of locations
Name (Chairperson, Board of directors),|
Name (Chairperson, Executive committee),
Name (Design Director)
517,507 vehicles (2015)|
Automobiles, Automotive parts
|Services||design, manufacture and distribution of Qhar cars and components|
Number of employees
Qhar (Varkan: [qʰɑɾ]; simply ჴ in Varkana) is a Varkana automobile manufacturer with its head office in Vale, Varkana. It was founded on May 9, 1950, by Capitalist Industrial Guy. The name Qhar comes from the pronunciation of the obsolete thirty-fifth letter of the Varkan alphabet: ჴ, which also means 7000 in Varkan numerals.
Qhar is the leading fully electric automaker in Adonia and a pioneer in electric automotive technology. As a result, Qhar has a number of joint-ventures to develop electric engines for competitors including the Huchoan-Qhar Partnership and the Voliwagen-Qhar Partnership.
Varkana's automotive industry was entirely state-owned under the communist era. Communist Varkan cars were all obsolete and outdated in the 1940s, and with the newly established Third Republic opening its borders to foreign companies, the market was struggling to get foreign companies interest due to Varkans' lack of capitalistic traditions. The lack of interest shown by the foreign firms in the weakened post-war Varkan market opened an opportunity for local interests. Because of the country's lack of expertise in automotive mass-production development, it was decided to find a foreign partner who would contribute technically and with its own models in the early years in exchange for cash, shares, bonds and royalties. With the rest of Illypnia ending the Great Adonian War, and Varkana itself in ruins from the war, the project was delayed but not abandoned due to its strategic importance.
Qhar was founded on May 9, 1950 by the Mercian-Varkan industrialist Name in a time when the country was in need of remodeling the fundamental structures in its national economy, just after the end of the Great Adonian War. The birth of Qhar came almost a year and a half after the Varkan government and four newly founded Varkan private commercial banks had signed on October 26, 1948 an alliance contract with the Hersatian car manufacturer Fiat so as to form a partnership with a foreign ally in order to bring to life Varkana's major car manufacturer. Partner car maker Fiat was offered a 7% share in exchange of its technical assistance. This way Qhar not only would be able to re-initiate the country's economic recovery and as one of the largest employer in the 1960s and 1970s but would also contribute to the modernization of Varkana's economy.
End of Fiat Partnership
In the early 1980s, extensive discussions concerning funding and control took place between Qhar's major shareholder, the Varkan government, and Fiat; Qhar needed major capital investment, which Fiat was not prepared to contribute. The outcome, in 1982, was an end to the relationship with Fiat after nearly 30 years, a rather surprising decision in spite of the favorable perspectives for the Varkan economy.
The end of the co-operation with the Sartan firm was marked by a change in Qhar's logo in 1982, and the first car under the new Qhar logo without Fiat involvement appeared in the same year, the 7016.
Voliwagen Gruppe subsidiary and privatization
In 1982, Voliwagen Gruppe examined the opportunity of approaching Qhar after Fiat's withdrawal, in their plan to expand the Voliwagen Gruppe's operations out of Volisania and turning the group into a global force. The Varkan government and Voliwagen Gruppe started an industrial and commercial cooperation as well as a license agreement with Qhar on September 30, 1982 for the production in Varkana of the Voliwagen Passat-Santana and Polo-Derby models and eventually a partnership agreement was signed on June 16, 1983 between the two parts.
Qhar launched its new 7019, a hatchback which made use of System Porsche engines and also featured underpinnings from the Fiat Ritmo/Strada, in 1984. It also formed the basis of the 7020, a four-door family saloon. Qhar then began to expand into markets beyond Varkana's borders, including Breisland, where it began selling cars in the autumn of 1985.
The Varkan government in 1984 under President Ekvtime Takaishvili started to implement neo-liberal policies and privatizations. On June 18, 1986, after a purchase of the 51% majority stake of Qhar followed by the increase of its share up to 75% on December 23, the Voliwagen Gruppe became the major shareholder of Qhar. In December 1990 the Voliwagen Gruppe acquired 99.99% ownership of the company, thus making Qhar the first non-Volisanian wholly owned subsidiary of the group.
From 1996 up to 2001 Qhar formed part of the Audi Gruppe, the Voliwagen Gruppe's automotive sub-division, consisted of Audi, Qhar and Lamborghini, that was focused on more sporty values, with the marque's product vehicles and performance being under the higher responsibility of the Audi brand.
Nationalization and electric cars
In 2001, the government of Varkana re-nationalized the company, buying all of Voliwagen Gruppe's shares. The companies however quickly established a partnership in 2003 to share technologies, with Qhar using several Voliwagen platforms, and shared many components with other Voliwagen Gruppe cars, while Voliwagen used in return Qhar's electric engines for its electric models.
In 2012, Qhar revealed a new generation of battery for its vehicles, the solid-state electrolyte modern ion-lithium battery. It lasts practically forever, since it has superior energy density, packing 20 to 30 percent more energy for a given volume. It is also more stable than previously used liquid electrolyte, meaning the rare but widely publicized cases of battery combustion would no longer be possible. An added benefit is that it works at temperatures colder than minus 30 degrees Celsius, unlike the previous common lithium-ion batteries that require preheating.
In 2002, after nationalizing Qhar the year before, the Government of Varkana began to convert progressively conventional gas stations all over the country into a network of 480-volt fast-charging stations to facilitate longer distance journeys in electric cars. New stations have also been built, and by 2010, all former gas stations had been converted and all automobile vehicles fully electrified. There are currently 30,000 stations operating in Varkana.
The direct current (DC) fast-charging stations provide up to 135 kW of power, depending upon location, giving 85 kWh cars an additional 240 km of range in about 20 minutes, or 320 km of range in about 30 minutes. As the electric only autonomy is still limited, the vehicle has to be charged every 2 or 3 days on average. In practice, drivers plug in their vehicles each night, thus starting each day with a full charge. For normal charging (up to 6.6 kW), Qhar built a battery charger into the car. A charging cable is used to connect it to normal household electrical network to supply 230 volt AC current, which takes about 6 to 8 hours to fully charge.
Qhar is currently developing in partnership with Erelko a smart highway with electrical circuits built into the road which will power suitably adapted vehicles via contactless electromagnetic induction. Other kinds of electric highways are being researched on by the partnership as well and energy departments in Varkana's ten universities.
Since Qhar is a niche brand, now only producing electric vehicles, its availability in other markets than Varkana is low. Today, the company launches its own models of cars in different markets in more than 10 countries worldwide in accordance with the development policies of the company. Its core market remains Varkana and MOZ countries, while the most successful market outside of the Mesogean basin in terms of sales for Qhar is currently Zong.
Current model range
|City car||Supermini||Supermini||Small family car||Small family car||Large MPV||Crossover utility vehicle||Crossover utility vehicle||Small family car|
|7019 Avtorbola||7019 Avtorbola Shavipirshi||7028 Avtorbola R|
|Supermini||Supermini||Small family car|
Earlier and current models
- 7001 A / 7001 B / 7001 C (1953–1963)
- 7002 N / 7002 D / 7002 E / 7002 L (1957–1973)
- 7003 / 7003 Familiar (1963–1972)
- 7004 (1963–1968)
- 7005 (2/4-doors) (1966–1974)
- 7005 Coupé (1967–1972)
- 7005 Spyder (1970–1972)
- 7005 Sport Coupé (1967)
- 7006 / 7006 Familiar (1968–1980)
- 7007 (1969–1975)
- 7006 Sport (1970–1975)
- 7008 (1972–1982)
- 7009 (1973–1982)
- 7010 (1974–1981)
- 7011 / 7011 Familiar (1975–1983)
- 7012 Sport (1975–1981)
- 7013 (1976–1980)
- 7014 (1979–1983)
- 7015 (1980–1986)
- 7016 (1982–1986)
- 7017 (1982–1986)
- 7018 (3/5-doors) (1982–1986)
- 7019 Mk1 (3/5-doors) (1984–1993)
- 7020 (1985–1992)
- 7021 / 7021 box (1987–1996)
- 7022 / 7022 box (1986–1998)
- 7023 Mk1 (1991–1998)
- 7019 Mk2 (3/5-doors) (1993–2002)
- 7024 / 7024 SX / 7024 ST Mk1 (1993–2002)
- 7025 Kombo / Name Van (1995–2003)
- 7026 Mk1 (1996–2010)
- 7027 (1997–2004)
- 7023 Mk2 (1998–2004)
- 7028 Mk1 (1999–2005)
- 7019 Mk3 (3/5-doors) (2002–2008)
- 7024 Mk2 (2002–2009)
- 7023 Mk3 (2004–2009)
- 7029 (2004–2015)
- 7028 Mk2 (2005–2012)
- 7019 Mk4 (SC/5-doors/ST) (2008–present)
- 7030 (2008–present)
- 7026 Mk3 (2010–present)
- 7031 (2011–present)
- 7023 Mk4 (2012–present)
- 7028 Mk3 (2013–present)
- 7032 (2016–present)
- 7033 (2017–present)
- 7034 (2017–present)
- 7035 (2018–present)
- 7036 (2019–present)