Paran

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Paran
فاران
Flag of Paran Coat of arms of Paran
Flag Coat of arms
Motto: "??"
"Nobody likes a tory"
Anthem: "Anthem"
"Anthem"
Location of Paran in Adonia
CapitalZuhar
Largest city Baihan
Official languages Parani
Demonym Parani
Government Theocratic federal constitutional monarchy
 -  Caliph Yassin
 -  Council of Ten Members
Legislature Islamic Assembly
Constitutional history
 -  Caliphate 661 
 -  Current constitution 1914 
Area
 -  Total 2,303,119 km2TEMP STAT
889,239 sq mi
 -  Water (%) 1.2
Population
 -  2016 estimate 192,771,060
 -  2016 census 192,771,060
 -  Density 83.7/km2
216.78/sq mi
GDP (PPP) 2016 estimate
 -  Total ₭4.057 trillion
 -  Per capita ₭21,044
Gini (2016)38.4
medium · ??th
HDI (2016).734
high · ??th
QLI (2016)6.187 medium
IEF (2016)64.8 Moderately Free
Currency ??? (TBD) (TBD)
Time zone (TUC+3)
Date format dd.mm.yyyy CE
Drives on the right
Calling code +35
Internet TLD .pa

Paran (Parani: ٱلْفاران, al-Faran), also known as the Parani Caliphate (Parani: ٱلْخِلافَةُ ٱلْفارانيَّة‎‎, al-Khilāfatu al-Faranīyah) and the Parani Empire (Parani: الدولة ٱلْفارانيَّة, Aldawlat al-Faranīyah), is a sovereign state in Eastern Illypnia.

History

Prehistory

U/C

Classical antiquity and pre-Islamic period

U/C

Medieval period

Shortly before the advent of Islam, apart from urban trading settlements (such as Hubal and Yathrib), much of what was to become Paran was populated by nomadic pastoral tribal societies. The Islamic prophet Muhammad was born in Hubal in about 571 CE. In the early 7th century, Muhammad united the various tribes of the peninsula and created a single Islamic religious polity. Following his death in 632, his followers rapidly expanded the territory under Muslim rule beyond Paran, conquering huge and unprecedented swathes of territory (from modern day Sarta in the west to modern day NAME in the north) in a matter of decades.

Abu Bakr, the first successor of Muhammad, nominated Umar as his successor on his deathbed. Umar, the second caliph, was killed by a Vasari named Piruz Nahavandi. His successor, Uthman, was elected by a council of electors (majlis). Uthman was killed by members of a disaffected group. Ali then took control but was not universally accepted as caliph by the governors of Baihan and later by some of his own guard. He faced two major rebellions and was assassinated by Abd-al-Rahman ibn Muljam, a Khawarij. Ali's tumultuous rule lasted only five years. This period is known as the Fitna, or the first Islamic civil war. The followers of Ali later became the Shi'a ("shiaat Ali", partisans of Ali) majority sect of Islam and reject the legitimacy of the first 3 caliphs. The followers of all four Rashidun Caliphs (Abu Bakr, Umar, Uthman and Ali) became the minority Sunni sect.

Ali's reign was plagued by turmoil and internal strife. The Vasari, taking advantage of this, infiltrated the two armies and attacked the other army causing chaos and internal hatred between the companions at the Battle of Siffin. The battle lasted several months, resulting in a stalemate. In order to avoid further bloodshed, Ali agreed to negotiate with Mu'awiyah. This caused a faction of approximately 4,000 people, who would come to be known as the Kharijites, to abandon the fight. After defeating the Kharijites at the Battle of Nahrawan, Ali was later assassinated by the Kharijite Ibn Muljam. Ali's son Hasan was elected as the next caliph, establishing the Parani Caliphate, named after the region to avoid any conflict within the Muslims.

After Hasan, the title of the caliph became hereditary. The Caliphate grew rapidly in territory, incorporating the LANDS into the Muslim world. At its greatest extent, the Parani Caliphate covered TBD million km², making it the largest empire Adonia had yet seen and the sixth-largest ever to exist in history. In areas which were previously under Vasari Empire or Lagashi rule, the Caliphs lowered taxes, provided greater local autonomy (to their delegated governors), greater religious freedom for Jews, and some indigenous Christians and Armazists, and brought peace to peoples demoralized and disaffected by the casualties and heavy taxation that resulted from the decades of Near East warfare.

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Early modern period

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Industrialization and modern period

Paran's first attempts at modernization begin under Caliph DUDE. The tax system is reformed, central control over the administration is strengthened, trade and industry are developed. The influence of the Shiite clergy and foreign powers is reduced and the first polytechnic school is created. But the reforms of DUDE had opponents especially among the wealthy class and in 1843 culminated in his assassination. The rise of popular anger and a demand for reform led the country to the Constitutional Revolution of 1914. It was the first time in its long history that Paran had a successful revolution that brought political change. The country became a federation, with greater autonomy granted to the sultanates. With the newly found national stability, Caliph OTHER DUDE modernizes Paran with the development of heavy industries, major infrastructure projects, construction of a national railway, creation of a public system of national education, reform of justice (previously controlled by the Shiite clergy), creation of the Parani civil code, improvement of hygiene and the healthcare system.

In 1928, OTHER DUDE signs the Paran-Breisland Treaty and subsequently joins the Allied Pact at the start of the Great Adonian War. U/C

Contemporary era

After the Great Adonian War, U/C

Geography

Climate

Fauna

Politics

Paran is a federation of hereditary constitutional monarchies. It is governed by the Caliph, the federal leader of the Parani Caliphate, and the Council of Ten made up of the ten sultans of the ten sultanates of Paran. All responsibilities not granted to the federal government are reserved to the sultanates.

Caliph

The Caliph is the Head of State of Paran, responsible for delineation and supervision of the policies of Paran. The current Caliph, Imam Yassin, has been issuing decrees and making the final decisions on the economy, environment, foreign policy, education, national plannings such as population growth, and everything else in the country. Yassin also makes the final decisions on the amount of transparency in elections, and has fired and reinstated cabinet appointments.

The Caliph is the commander-in-chief of the armed forces, controls the military intelligence and security operations, and has sole power to declare war or peace.

Council of Ten

After the Caliph, the Constitution defines the Council of Ten as the highest state authority. It is made up of the ten hereditary sultans of ?, ?, ?, ?, ?, ?, ?, ?, ? and ?. All responsibilities not granted to the federal government are reserved to the sultanates. The Council of Ten constitutes the federal government, directs the federal administration and serves as collective Head of Government.

Legislature

The legislature of Paran, known as the Islamic Assembly, is a unicameral body comprising 500 members elected for four-year terms. It drafts legislation, ratifies international treaties, and approves the federal budget. All parliamentary candidates and all legislation from the assembly must be approved by the Judicial Council.

The Judicial Council comprises twelve jurists, including six appointed by the Caliph. Others are elected by the Parliament, from among the jurists nominated by the Head of the Judiciary. The Council interprets the constitution and may veto the Assembly. If a law is deemed incompatible with the constitution or Sharia (Islamic law), it is referred back to the Assembly for revision. The Council of Ten also has the authority to mediate disputes between the Assembly and the Judicial Council. Local city councils are elected by public vote to four-year terms in all cities and villages of Paran.

Law

The Caliph appoints the head of the country's judiciary, who in turn appoints the head of the Supreme Court and the chief public prosecutor. There are several types of courts, including public courts that deal with civil and criminal cases, and caliphate courts which deal with certain categories of offenses, such as crimes against national security. The decisions of the caliphate courts are final and cannot be appealed.

The Special Clerical Court handles crimes allegedly committed by clerics, although it has also taken on cases involving laypeople. The Special Clerical Court functions independently of the regular judicial framework, and is accountable only to the Caliph. The Court's rulings are final and cannot be appealed.

Administrative divisions

Paran is divided into ten sultanates and one federal territory, the Wilayah of Paran (which contains the capital city, Zuhar, as well as the holy cities of Hubal and Yathrib). Sultanates have autonomous administrations, collect their own taxes and receive a share of taxes collected by the federal government. They have an hereditary sultan and a unicameral legislative body elected directly by their voters. They also have independent courts of law for common justice.

Foreign relations

Paran and Breisland are strategic allies, and Paran is considered a major non-ZIAF ally. Since Prime Minister Gerhard Klepper took office in 2009, Breisland has sold ₭TBD billion in arms to Paran.

Military

The Military of Paran comprises the regular forces of the Parani Army, the Parani Air Force, the Parani Navy, and the Islamic Guards, totaling about 1,580,000 active troops. Paran also has around 800,000 Reserve Force, totaling around 2,380,000 trained troops.

The federal government of Paran has a paramilitary, volunteer militia force within the Islamic Guard Corps, called the NAME, which includes about 125,000 full-time, active-duty uniformed members. Up to 11 million men and women are members of the NAME who could potentially be called up for service. In 2016, Paran's military spending represented 3.8% of its GDP or ₭341 per capita. Paran's military doctrine is based on deterrence. The government of Paran supports the military activities of its allies in Durrani, Mashriq, and Saremia with military and financial aid.

Economy

Energy

Transport

Demographics

Umluj, Huraymil, Khuff

Urban agglomerations

Urban agglomeration Area
(km²)
Population
2016 census
Baihan TBD 22,439,531
Zuhar TBD 5,847,182
Dahuk TBD 5,283,662
Lahij TBD 4,723,299
Amran TBD 4,215,762

Language

Ethnic groups

Religion

Twelver Shia Islam is the official state religion, to which about 94.9% of the population adhere. About 4.9% of the population are Sunni Muslims, while the remaining 0.2% are non-Muslim religious minorities, including Christians, Jews, Armazists, Hindus, and Zoroastrians.

Culture

Arts

Literature

Media

Cinema

Music

Dances

Museums

Festivals

Cuisine

Sports