New Anticapitalist Party (Varkana)

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New Anticapitalist Party
ახალი ანტიკაპიტალისტური პარტია
akhali antikapitalisturi partia
ChairpersonTea Kostava
PresidentZurab Avalishvili
SpokespersonGela Nazarovi
Founded14 January 1999
HeadquartersKlow, Varkana
Youth wingAkhalgazrda Antikapitalistebi
Membership  (2017)Increase 4,133,645
IdeologyAnti-capitalism
Aristocratic communalism
Bright green environmentalism
Territorial nationalism
Degrowth
International affiliationArikomintern
Official colorsPurple
Political spectrumThird Position
Parliament
331 / 460
Senate
98 / 117
National Assembly
233 / 333
President
1 / 1

The New Anticapitalist Party (Varkan: ახალი ანტიკაპიტალისტური პარტია, akhali antikapitalisturi partia), commonly known as the ააპ or AAP, is a political party in Varkana and the current largest party in Parliament. The AAP was founded on 14 January 1999 by Zurab Avalishvili, a member of the National Assembly (MNA) and former minister who had left the Socialist Party earlier on 8 December 1998.

History

Formation

Varkan revolution

1999 general election

Cabinet members

Ideology and factions

Upon foundation, the New Anticapitalist Party has favored aristocratic communalism, an ideology coined by its founder Zurab Avalishvili. Described as a Third Position ideology, AAP has appealed to both socialists and economically-left-leaning conservatives. While it nowadays is a big tent party, it originally drew its voter base mainly from blue and white collar workers and unions. The New Anticapitalist Party is has strong support throughout Varkana, having won majorities in the Varkan Senate since the 1999 election and currently holds 98 of all 117 senate seats, 83.76% of all seats. Factions developed in the AAP following the reforms and consensus of the Varkan revolution, with groups forming around major party figures such as Zurab Avalishvili and Giorgi Latso. Around 15% of the AAP voter base do not consider themselves in any faction.

Conservative wing

Conservatives and secularists constitute the majority of the AAP voter base. Conservatives are a right-leaning Armazist faction in the party who support social conservatism and moderate secularism. Additionally, conservatives strongly oppose religious law reforms, and seek to base Varkana's foreign policy on Armazist values. A key figure of the faction is incumbent President Giorgi Latso, while other prominent figures include Senators Vera Kobalia and Merab Devdariani, and MNA Lazaros Elhillo. They represent around 37% of the AAP voter base.

Secular wing

Seculars form the largest united demographic within the AAP voter base. They emerged around former President Zurab Avalishvili and his religious rhetoric, strong anti-clericalism and secular policies. They represent around 38% of the AAP voter base. The AAP establishment generally comprises politicians of that faction, including Speaker of the Senate Julieta Shalikashvili, former spokesperson Orestis Bestavadze, Minister of Social Affairs Viktor Dolidze, and Chairperson Tea Kostava.

Youth wing

A new faction emerged during the 2010s centered around former Akhalgazrda Antikapitalistebi spokesperson and MNA Gela Nazarovi who would eventually become the AAP's spokesperson in 2020. Nazarovi has described his beliefs as "taking from both Avalishvili and Latso". Several Varkan celebrities including rapper Sf-x and concert pianist Khatia Buniatishvili have backed Nazarovi to shape the AAP's future. They represent around 5% of the AAP voter base.

Democratic wing

Democrats are a left-leaning faction in the party supporting democratic communalism, demilitarization and the rule of international law and international cooperation. They tend towards making the selection of Council of Ten councilors more democratic to making the whole council a democratically elected body. They oppose the non-elected nature of the collective premiership but oppose the establishment of a prime minister. A key figure of the faction in recent years has been Senator Ana Dongvani, a famous actress who entered politics in 2016. They represent around 5% of the AAP voter base.

Election results

President

Election year Candidate 1st preference Final count
# of overall votes % of overall vote # of overall votes % of overall vote
1999 Zurab Avalishvili TBD 46.7% TBD 62.6% (Won)
2003 Zurab Avalishvili TBD 34.6% TBD 50.1% (Won)
2007 Zurab Avalishvili TBD 41.3% TBD 55.2% (Won)
2011 Giorgi Latso TBD 42.2% TBD 56.7% (Won)
2015 Giorgi Latso 13,354,905 48.4% 17,696,270 68.3% (Won)
2019 Giorgi Latso TBD 74.8% TBD 74.8% (Won)

National Assembly

Year No. 1 party list leader Votes Percentage Seats Control
1999 Zurab Avalishvili TBD 37.6%
125 / 333
1st place
2003 Orestis Bestavadze TBD 29.41%
98 / 333
1st place
2007 Orestis Bestavadze TBD 32.08%
107 / 333
1st place
2011 Orestis Bestavadze TBD 43.66%
145 / 333
1st place
2015 Orestis Bestavadze 15,062,898 54.59%
182 / 333
Majority
2019 Orestis Bestavadze TBD 70.26%
233 / 333
Majority

Senate

Year Party leader in the Senate Votes (first count total) Seats Control
1999 Julieta Shalikashvili TBD
64 / 117
Majority
2003 Julieta Shalikashvili TBD
59 / 117
Majority
2007 Julieta Shalikashvili TBD
60 / 117
Majority
2011 Julieta Shalikashvili TBD
68 / 117
Majority
2015 Julieta Shalikashvili 15,209,140
80 / 117
Majority
2019 Julieta Shalikashvili TBD
98 / 117
Majority