Monsora

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Republic of Monsora
Repüblica Monsoran
Flag of Monsora Coat of Arms of Monsora
Flag Coat of Arms
Motto: "Libertà, Prosperità, Ugualiansa" (“Freedom, Prosperity, Equality”)
Anthem: "A-le Pòpul dle Muntagne e Litoral" (“The People of the Mountains and Coasts”)
Location of Monsora
CapitalFian
Largest city Massè
Official languages Monsoran
Recognised regional languages Tortonian
Demonym Monsoran
Government Unitary semi-presidential constitutional republic
 -  President Licia Sicardi
 -  Prime Minister Bellina Mainardi
Legislature Parliament
 -  Upper house Senate
 -  Lower house National Assembly
Constitutional History
 -  Principality of Monsora 942 
 -  Kingdom of Echia 1128 
 -  Republic of Fian 1446 
 -  First Monsoran Republic 1806 
 -  Second Monsoran Republic 1944 
Area
 -  Total 108,316 km2
41,821 sq mi
Population
 -  2016 estimate 25,551,744
 -  2016 census 25,551,744
 -  Density 235.9/km2
611/sq mi
GDP (PPP) 2016 estimate
 -  Total ₭1.030 trillion
 -  Per capita ₭40,317
Gini (2016)29.9
low
HDI (2016).906
very high
Currency Liso (₤) (ML)
Time zone (TUC+0)
Date format dd.mm.yyyy CE
Drives on the right
Internet TLD .mo

Monsora, officially the Monsoran Republic (Monsoran: Repüblica Monsoran) is a unitary sovereign state located in northwest Illypnia. It is bordered by Rasenna to the southwest, Rutuli to the northeast, Echia to the south, Tortona and the Mesogean Sea to the north.

By area, Monsora is the ??th most populated country on Illypnia. With a population of 25.5 million, it is the ??th most populated country in the world and the ??th most populated country in Western Illypnia. Monsora is a Unitary semi-presidential republic with its capital in Fian. The current Constitution of Monsora, adopted by referendum on 8 March 1944, was established by the people to be democratic, secular, and with more freedoms. The nation's ideals are based on human rights, and preserving rights for the people.

Monsora is considered to be a middle power, with membership in many world organizations and moderate influence across the world.

Etymology

The name Monsora came from the Latin Term "Mountains and Coasts" as the as the majority of the land's geography are mountains and coasts. These mountains helped defend Monsora from invasion, and the coasts helped increase trade and creating colonies during the Colonial Era.

History

Prehistory

Kingdom of Monsora

First Republic of Monsora

Second Republic of Monsora

Geography

Climate

Environment

Administrative divisions

Overseas Territories

Politics

Government

The Monsoran Republic is a unitary semi-presidential republic with strong democratic traditions. The constitution of the Third Republic was approved by referendum on 8 March 19XX. It greatly strengthened the authority of the executive in relation to parliament. The executive branch itself has two leaders: the President, currently Licia Sicardi, who is head of state and is elected directly by universal adult suffrage for a 5-year term, and the Government, led by the president-appointed Prime Minister, currently Bellina Mainardi.

The Monsoran Parliament is a bicameral legislature comprising a National Assembly and a Senate. The National Assembly deputies represent local constituencies and are elected for 4-year terms. The Assembly has the power to dismiss the cabinet, and thus the majority in the Assembly determines the choice of government. Senators are elected for 5-year terms. Both elections use the Mixed Member Proportional System.

Foreign Relations

Monsora is a member of the Adonian Community, the World Trade Organization, and a member of the Mesogean Cooperation Organization. It tries to maintain good relations with its neighbors, seeking trade and travel agreements while preserving their culture.

Monsora also maintains strong political and economic influence on its former colonies, aiding those countries with humanitarian aid including infrastructure, healthcare, and education.

Law

Monsora uses a civil legal system; that is, law arises primarily from written statutes; judges are not to make law, but merely to interpret it (though the amount of judicial interpretation in certain areas makes it equivalent to case law). According to the constitution, law should only prohibit actions detrimental to society.

Monsoran law is divided into two principal areas: private law and public law. Private law includes, in particular, civil law and criminal law. Public law includes, in particular, administrative law and constitutional law. However, in practical terms, Monsoran law comprises three principal areas of law: civil law, criminal law, and administrative law. Criminal laws can only address the future and not the past. While administrative law is often a subcategory of civil law in many countries, it is completely separated in Monsora and each body of law is headed by a specific supreme court: ordinary courts (which handle criminal and civil litigation) are headed by the Corte ëd Cassazione and administrative courts are headed by the Cunsej ëd Stat.

Military

The Monsoran Armed Forces (Esèrcit Monsoran) are the military and paramilitary forces of Monsora, under the President as supreme commander. They consist of the Monsoran Army (Esèrcit Nassiunal), the Monsoran Air Force (Aria Forsa Nassiunal) and the auxiliary paramilitary force, the National Public Protection Unit (Ünità Nassiunal per là Protessiun Püblic) and are among the largest armed forces in the world. While administratively a part of the Monsoran armed forces, and therefore under the purview of the Ministry of Defense, the UNPP is operationally attached to the Ministry of the Interior.

The UNPP is a military police force which serves for the most part as a rural and general purpose police force including domestic attacks.

Culture

Architecture

Art

Cinema

Literature

Media

Media is for the most part privately-owned, excepting a few state-controlled news stations. Many popular Monsoran media companies broadcast in other nations as well, such as Current Life, MonsorDay, and MBC (Monsoran Broadcasting Corporation).

Monsoran Daily is an internationally broadcast state-controlled news-station which broadcasts on radio, television, and internet. The channel, which is headquartered in Fian, presents round-the-clock news bulletins, documentaries, talk shows, and debates, as well as sports news and cultural programs on Monsora aimed at the overseas news market.

Music

Philosophy

Sciences

Since the Middle Times, Monsora has been a major contributor to scientific progress. The Monsoran public and private sector allocates over 4% of its GDP to Research & Development (R&D) per year. The traditional engineering industry is still a major source of Monsoran inventions, but pharmaceuticals, electronics and other high-tech industries are gaining ground. A large portion of the Monsoran economy is to this day based on the export of technical inventions, and many large multinational corporations from Monsora have their origins in the ingenuity of Monsoran inventors. For several decades the Monsoran government has prioritized scientific and technological advances.

Society

According to a poll in 2010, based on 32,535 responses in 31 countries, Monsora is globally seen as a positive influence in the world's affairs: 47% have a positive view of the country's influence, whereas 18% have a negative view. The Nation Brand Index of 2007 suggested that Monsora has the second best international reputation, only behind XXXXXX.

According to a poll in 2011, the Monsoran were found to have the highest level of religious tolerance and to be the country where the highest proportion of the population defines its identity primarily in term of nationality and not religion.

In January 2010, the magazine World Life ranked Monsora as "best country to live in", ahead of 193 other countries, for the fifth year running.

Sports

Basketball, tennis, cycling, volleyball, handball, football, Rugby motorcycling, and racing are important due to the presence of Monsoran champions in all these disciplines. Today, Monsora is a major world sports powerhouse, especially since the 19XX Summer Adonian Games that were hosted in Ël Mondvì, which stimulated a great deal of interest in sports in the country. The tourism industry has led to an improvement in sports infrastructure, especially for water sports, golf and skiing.

Electronic sports have also been growing as a popular sport in Monsora. In the International Electronic Gaming League for the game Warfare IV (the Leagues' most successful and prominent series), Monsora is ranked in 7th of 103 countries participating.

Demographics

Urban agglomerations

Urban agglomeration Area
(km²)
Population
2016 census
Massè TBD 4,476,326
Fian TBD 2,368,047
Notoni TBD 2,068,774
Tagna TBD 1,642,196
Lopiano TBD 986,482

Education

Education in Monsora is paid by taxes and mandatory from ages five to sixteen, and consists of five stages: kindergarten, primary school, lower secondary school, upper secondary school, and university. The National Graduate Schools are independent institutions similar to which offer advanced training and research through university-type courses or are dedicated to teaching at graduate or post-doctoral level.

Monsora hosts a broad variety of universities, colleges and academies. Founded in 1088, the University of Notoni is one of the oldest in the world. In 2009, the University of Notoni was ranked as the only Monsoran college in the top 100 World Universities. Rìvole's Musiali University has been ranked among the top 20 best business schools in the world by international rankings, especially thanks to its M.B.A. program, which in 2007 placed it 19th in the world in terms of graduate recruitment preference by major multinational companies.

Other top universities and polytechnics include the Polytechnic University of Mondvì, the Politecnico di Tuttora (which in 2011 was ranked as the 48th best technical university in the world by World University Rankings) and ranks among Illypnia's 50 and the world's 150 best colleges and in 2013, the Center for World University Rankings ranked the Popauti University of Anche 62nd in the world and the top in Monsora in its World University Rankings. and the University of Notoni (whose research and teaching activities have developed over the years and have received important international recognitions). It has also been awarded ranking positions such as 1st in Monsora and 7th in Illypnia.

Healthcare

Monsora has one of Adonia's oldest universal health care system, dating back to Ricci's social legislation in 1909. He stressed the importance of three key principles; the government's responsibility to ensure access for survival for those who are in need, protecting people from harm that could be prevented by laws, and preserving moral freedoms.

Since then there have been many reforms and provisions to ensure a balanced health care system, which mainly took place after the founding of the Monsoran Second Republic. Currently the population is covered by a fairly comprehensive health insurance plan provided by statute. People are also allowed to opt into a private insurance contract. Previously, people could also choose to do without insurance, but this option was dropped in 1995.

According to the *World Health Organization*, Monsora's health care system was 94% government-funded and 6% privately funded as of 2010. In 2010, Monsora spent XX% of its GDP on health care. Monsora ranked XXth in the world in life expectancy with 80 years for men and 85 years for women, and it had a very low infant mortality rate (3.14 per 1,000 live births).

Language

Monsora's official language is Monsoran. It is estimated that there are about XX million native speakers of the language in Monsora and a further XX million outside of the country. However, between XXX and XXX million people use Monsoran as a second or cultural language, worldwide. Monsora has numerous regional dialects, however, the establishment of a national education system has led to decrease in variation in the languages spoken across the country during the 20th century. Standardization was further expanded in the 19XXs and 19XXs thanks to economic growth and the rise of mass media and television (state media Monsoran Today helped set a standard Monsoran).

Religion

Monsora is a secular country, and freedom of religion is a constitutional right. Monsora keeps a strict separation of church and state under which public life is kept completely secular.

Petran Catholicism has been the predominant religion in Monsora for more than a millennium, though it is not as actively practiced today as it once was. Among the 40,000 religious buildings in Monsora, 87% are Petran Catholic. According to a poll in January 2010, only 12% of the Monsoran population attended church regularly (10% attend church services regularly among the respondents who did identify themselves as Petran Catholics). The poll showed 43% identified as being Petran Catholics, 35% identified as being agnostics or atheists, 13% identified as being from other religions or being without opinion, 7% identified as Muslim, 4% identified as Magdalenans, 3% identified as Zamarran Catholics, 1% identified as Buddhists, 1% identified as Jewish.

Economy

Agriculture

Commerce

Natural Resources

Tourism

Transport