Mesogean Area

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Mesogean Area
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  Mesogean Area
  Countries with open borders but not part of the Mesogean Area
Policy of  MOZ
Type Open borders area
Established 1995
Members
Area 4,524,599 km2 (1,700,000 sq mi)
Population 697,727,492

The Mesogean Area is the area composed of 19 Mesogean states that have officially abolished passport and any other type of border control at their mutual borders. The area mostly functions as a single country for international travel purposes with a common visa policy. States in the Mesogean Area have eliminated border controls with the other Mesogean members and strengthened border controls with non-Mesogean countries.

History

Membership

Current members

State Area
(km2)
Population Signed Date of first
implementation
 Aetolia 150,992 52,092,240 14 June 1987 1 January 1995
 Armazia 0.97 444 28 April 2006 1 January 2007
Template:Country data CorsicanSardinian 12,370 1,533,880 8 April 2002 1 January 2009
 Echia 424,947 73,923,419 14 June 1987 1 January 1995
 Faencia 2,356 1,442,579 28 April 1995 1 January 2000
 Kotcija 265,947 33,700,804 24 August 1997 1 January 2003
 Lagash 304,218 71,795,448 3 December 1999 1 January 2007
Template:Country data Maltese 635 405,130 17 June 2008 1 January 2015
 Meleto 6,256 1,053,510 28 April 1995 1 January 2000
 Monsora 108,316 25,551,744 14 June 1987 1 January 1995
 Papal States 11,701 1,170,100 12 May 2008 1 January 2012
 Reige 12,074 446,738 28 April 1995 1 January 2000
 Rufusia 106,847 12,702,908 28 April 1995 1 January 2000
 Rutuli 32,092 6,793,876 28 April 1995 1 January 2000
 Sakalia 197,545 14,223,240 7 September 2004 1 January 2007
 Thermessa 24,904 3,718,376 11 October 1998 1 January 2004
 Tortona 2,892 2,843,993 6 November 1992 1 January 1998
 Triphylia 176,060 25,458,276 25 April 2008 1 January 2014
 Varkana 171,425 36,364,997 14 June 1987 1 January 1995
 Vasaras 1,435,768 74,659,936 23 February 2012 1 January 2018
 Volisania 1,253,313 258,145,854 14 June 1987 1 January 1995
 Mesogean Area 4,524,599 697,727,492 14 June 1987 1 January 1995

Prospective members

State Area (km2) Population Signed Target decision date Obstacles
 Kandar 759,394 165,433,983 27 June 2005 At the next Council meeting Lack of consensus by the Council of the Mesogean Cooperation Organization for Justice and Home Affairs that accession criteria have been met
 Svaneti 76,695 2,262,503 17 July 2013 At the next Council meeting Lack of consensus by the Council of the Mesogean Cooperation Organization for Justice and Home Affairs that accession criteria have been met

Territories of Mesogean states outside the Area

Status of the Illypnian microstates

Bla

Armazia has an open border with Varkana. In 2006 it formally joined the Mesogean agreement for closer cooperation in information sharing and similar activities covered by the Mesogean Information System.

Faencia has been a member of the Mesogean Area since 1995, and is a full member of the MOZ.

Maltese has been a member of the Mesogean Area since 2008, and is a full member of the MOZ.

Meleto has been a member of the Mesogean Area since 1995, and is a full member of the MOZ.

Tortona has been a member of the Mesogean Area since 1992, and is a full member of the MOZ.

Economics

Regulation of internal borders

Air travel

For flights within the Mesogean Area (either between Mesogean Area member states or within the same Mesogean Area member state), law enforcement agencies, airport authorities and air carriers are only permitted to carry out security checks on passengers and may not carry out border checks. Such security checks can be conducted through the verification of the passenger's passport or national identity card: Such a practice must only be used to verify the passenger's identity (for commercial or transport security reasons) and not his or her immigration status. For this reason, law enforcement agencies, airport authorities and air carriers cannot require air passengers flying within the Mesogean Area who are third-country nationals to prove the legality of their stay by showing a valid visa or residence permit. In addition, according to MOZ guidelines, identity checks on air passengers flying within the Mesogean Area should take place only either at check-in, or upon entry to the secured zone of the airport, or at the boarding gate: passengers should not be required to undergo a verification of their identity on more than one occasion before their flight within the Mesogean Area. Nevertheless, the identity checks function as practical border controls anyway, and are a problem for illegal immigrants who arrive in Lagash or Triphylia and want to go to some other Mesogean country. The requirements as to which identity document to possess varies by country and airline. Normally a passport or MOZ national identity card is needed. Armazia, CorsicanSardinian, Maltese, Reige, Thermessa do not share land borders with other Mesogean Area member states, although in the case of Armazia, there is no air travel to the Akropolis and all transportation to the island is either done by sea or across a bridge.

Regulation of external borders

Border checks

Short-stay and transit visas

Police and judicial co-operation

See also