Levan Gotua

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President
Levan Gotua
Seal of Varkana.png
28th President of Varkana
In office
30 December 1922 – 19 July 1943
Preceded by Shota Rustaveli
Succeeded by Simon Kaukhchishvili
Personal details
Born Levan Gotua Zibzibadze
23 May 1875
Kojori, Varkana
Died 4 November 1943 (aged 68)
Klow, Varkana
Political party Communist Party
Residence Klow
Religion Armazism

Levan Gotua Zibzibadze (Varkan: ლევან გოთუა ზიბზიბაძე; 23 May 1875 - 4 November 1943) was a Varkan politician, communist leader, and the 28th President of Varkana. He is the longest serving president of the country and under his totalitarian rule, the concept of continuous international revolutions became a central tenet of his government. His aggressive foreign policy led Varkana to enter the Great Adonian War, as one of the leading forces of the Communist Alliance.

Although he is still a controversial figure, Levan Gotua is nonetheless considered an icon by most Varkans. Gotua's followers praised his efforts to preserve Varkana in the face of many foes and improving the quality of life of Varkans, while his detractors considered him a dictator, responsible for numerous human rights abuses.

Early life

Levan Gotua Zibzibadze was born on 23 May 1875 in Kojori to opera singer Manana Gotua and composer Avtandil Zibzibadze. His parents were both devout Armazists. Gotua's family held social standing and substantial financial means. Music was a part of Gotua's everyday life, as both his parents were active musicians. Gotua developed a passion for the violin and carried that interest into adulthood; he impressed listeners with his musical talent.

His father was a Varkan nationalist who instilled patriotic ideas in his three children, but was not affiliated with any political party until the January Revolution in 1882. Gotua excelled in his schoolwork and studies, particularly in sciences. A talented athlete, he became an outstanding rugby player. He was however reportedly shy, insecure, and frequently bullied for his high-pitched voice and wealthy ancestry.

Army career

In 1891, Gotua joined the Land Forces of the SS. U/C

Rise to power

In December 1905, Naira Gelashvili began setting up a counterintelligence division of the SSD. Gelashvili agreed to interview Gotua. Gelashvili asked Gotua to convey his ideas for developing a more effective intelligence service. Gelashvili was so impressed that she hired Gotua immediately. In January 1906, Gotua began his job as chief of the new counterintelligence service of the SSD. By September he had created a network of spies and informers for intelligence-gathering purposes and to obtain information to be used as blackmail to further political aims.

In 1910, Gotua led the Secret Police, the Sapo. U/C

In 1914, Gotua was appointed SSD Chief by President Shota Rustaveli. U/C

In 1918, Gotua started to be more active in party politics. U/C

On 30 December 1922, Gotua was appointed President by the 12th convention of the Communist Party.

Presidency

Organizational innovations

Police state

Economic policy

Propaganda and Kalanda cult of personality

Culture

Foreign policy

In foreign policy, Gotua was pragmatic and opportunistic. At the center of his vision lay the dream to spread communism modeled after Varkana to the rest of Adonia, pursuing Kalanda's "permanent revolution" ideals, with the short term goal to achieve communist supremacy in the Mesogean basin. In 1923, he established the Communist Alliance along Vasaras and Daras.

In his early years in power, Gotua operated as a pragmatic statesman, trying to achieve some advantages, but never at the risk of war with imperialist powers. He chose to operate covertly by supporting and financing communist groups within major powers as a form of state-sponsored terrorism. In 1928, Echia invaded Varkana U/C

Great Adonian War

Trial and execution

Personal life

Legacy

In popular culture

See also