Koblenz

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Koblenz
The borough of Stadtinsel at the confluence of the Breis River (left) and the Velden River (right)
The borough of Stadtinsel at the confluence of the Breis River (left) and the Velden River (right)
CountryBreisland
StateWürzburg
Boroughs
Government
 • MayorTBD
Area
 • Total105.4 km2 (40.7 sq mi)
Population
 (2016)
 • Total2,140,526
 • Density20,000/km2 (53,000/sq mi)
Demonym(s)Koblenzian
Postal code
TBD
Websitekoblenz.br

Koblenz is the capital and largest city of Breisland as well as one of the largest cities in Illypnia. With a 2016 population of 11,398,748 distributed over a land area of about 1,302.6 square kilometers, Koblenz is also the most densely populated major city in Breisland. Located in the center of the state of Würzburg, the city is the center of the Koblenz metropolitan area, one of Adonia's most populous megacities, with a population of 20,076,664 as of the 2016 census. A global power city, Koblenz has been described as the cultural, financial, and media capital of Adonia, and exerts a significant impact upon commerce, entertainment, research, technology, education, politics, tourism, art, fashion, and sports. Koblenz is also part of the Greater Koblenz metropolitan region, home to a population of 54,761,071 over an area of 58,323 square kilometers, representing 94% of the population and 73% of the territory of Würzburg.

Koblenz was established as a Mesogean military post by "Drusus" around 8 BC. Its name originates from the Mesogean (ad) cōnfluentēs, meaning "(at the) confluence".

History

Origins

The Mesogean League conquered the Breis Basin in 8 BC and established a military post on Koblenz's Stadtinsel. Its name originates from the Mesogean (ad) cōnfluentēs, meaning "(at the) confluence".

Middle Ages

18th and 19th centuries

The Industrial Revolution transformed Koblenz during the 19th century; the city's economy and population expanded dramatically, and it became the main railway hub and economic center of Breisland. Additional suburbs soon developed and increased the area and population of Koblenz. The city adopted the NAME Plan in 1811, which implemented the city's modern street grid to encompass almost all of Stadtinsel and demolish old neighborhoods. The 1825 completion of the Breis Canal through central Koblenz connected the agricultural markets and commodities of the Breislandic interior via the Breis River to the Neptic port of Siegen. Public-minded members of the contemporaneous business elite lobbied for the establishment of Von Schlieffen Park, which in 1857 became the first landscaped park in an Breislandic city.

20th and 21st centuries

In 1898, the modern City of Koblenz was formed with the consolidation of Wtvr, Wtvr, Wtvr, Wtvr. The opening of the U-Bahn in 1904, first built as separate private systems, helped bind the new city together. The larger economic boom of the early 20th century generated construction of skyscrapers competing in height and creating an identifiable skyline. Koblenz became the most populous urbanized area in the world in the early-1920s, overtaking Ampuria. The metropolitan area surpassed the 10 million mark in the early-1930s, becoming the first megacity in human history.

After the armistice in March 1947 and the end of the war in November 1947, Koblenz received large numbers of refugees from the Eastern states. From the 1950s onwards, Koblenz became home to many immigrants, primarily from recently decolonized countries such as Ayorin, Balausia, Devalia, Marlika and Sundi, making Koblenz one of the most diverse cities worldwide. Large federal projects such as the Breis Seaway, which enlarged the Breis Canal, became spearheads for the economy during the Adonian Depression and post-war recovery. Koblenz entered the Roaring Sixties

Street culture (graffiti, hip-hop) took off in the 1980s. However, Koblenz found itself increasingly in competition with other poles in the country, in particular those of the Southwest (Salzgitter, Siegen). The 1960s were also marked by social tensions, and Koblenz quickly established itself as a key location for several movements. The most significant events of the era include the race riots of July 1964 and various social demonstrations such as transport strikes in 1966 or demonstrations against the Nusaraya War.

The 1970s are often regarded as the low point in Koblenz history due to high crime rates coupled with various social unrest that began in the 1960s. Deindustrialization and demographic decline pushed the city to the brink of bankruptcy. Meanwhile, many urban infrastructures were neglected for lack of subsidies. Several neighborhoods sank into criminality and drugs, such as "Harlem" or the "South Bronx". The phenomenon was even accompanied by a sudden drop in the population with urban sprawl and the rise of suburban communities throughout Greater Koblenz. The rebound of Mauerstraße in the 1980s allowed Koblenz to regain its leading role in the global economic and financial sectors and the city's budget balance was restored in 1981. At the start of the 1990s, Koblenz overtook Ampuria in financial and banking activities. By the mid 1990s, crime rates started to drop dramatically due to revised police strategies, improving economic opportunities, gentrification, and new residents, both Breislandic transplants and new immigrants from Fosia and the rest of Illypnia. In 1998, the AAFF World Cup Final was held in Koblenz.

Entering the 21st century, Koblenz began a period of rapid gentrification of many of its neighborhoods and high real estate prices. While Stadtinsel continues to dominate skyscrapers' construction, new central business districts in "Queens", "Brooklyn" and "Jersey City" have attracted major companies. A recent phenomenon in Stadtinsel, around Von Schlieffen Park in particular, which will affect the skyline of the city, is the advent of super-tall, super-skinny, super-expensive pencil towers.

Geography

The location at the confluence of the Breis River and the Velden River, has helped the city grow in significance as an inland trading port. Most of Koblenz is built on the island of Stadtinsel and on the banks of both rivers. The Breis River separates the boroughs of "Jersey City" and "Newark" with "Bronx" and Stadtinsel. The Velden River flows from the south and separates the boroughs of "Bronx" and Stadtinsel from "Brooklyn" and "Queens". The NAME River, connecting the Velden and Breis rivers, separates most of Stadtinsel from "Bronx".

The city's land has been altered substantially by human intervention, with considerable land reclamation along the waterfronts since the Middle Ages; reclamation is most prominent in Lower Stadtinsel. Some of the natural relief in topography has been evened out, especially in Stadtinsel.

Boroughs

Stadtinsel

"Brooklyn"

"Queens"

"Bronx"

"Jersey City"

"Newark"

Climate

Administration

City government

State government

Federal government

Police force

Cityscape

Urbanism and architecture

Modern Koblenz owes much of its downtown plan and architectural harmony to Engelbert von Schlieffen and his Prefect of the Breis, DUDE. The NAME Plan was adopted in 1811, which created a grid pattern throughout the city and was emulated in neighboring cities that would eventually merge into Koblenz later on. The plan was a visionary proposal to develop Stadtinsel east of "14th Street" with a regular street grid. The economic logic underlying the plan, which called for twelve numbered avenues running east and west, and 155 orthogonal cross streets, was that the grid's regularity would provide an efficient means to develop new real estate property. Frederick Law Olmsted, the designer of Von Schlieffen Park, disapproved.

Stadtinsel's skyline, with its many skyscrapers, is universally recognized, and the city has been home to several of the tallest buildings in the world. As of 2019, Koblenz had 6,455 high-rise buildings, the third most in world after Huwei and ??. Of these, as of 2018, 277 completed structures were at least 150 meters high, the second most in the world after Huwei. These include the Bundesamt des Ersteministers, an early example of Gothic Revival architecture in skyscraper design, built with massively scaled Gothic detailing; completed in 1913, for 17 years it was the world's tallest building. As the office of the Prime Minister, the building has become a symbol of the Breislandic federal government.

The character of Koblenz's large residential districts is often defined by the elegant brownstone rowhouses and townhouses and shabby tenements that were built during a period of rapid expansion from 1870 to 1930. In contrast, the city also has neighborhoods that are less densely populated and feature free-standing dwellings.

Housing

According to a recent report by real estate consultant company TBD, Von Schlieffen Park West, a portion of "59th Street" that stretches from NAME Circus to "Fifth Avenue" along Von Schlieffen Park, had a median sale price of ₭9.8 million from January through July 2019, making it the most expensive street in Koblenz.

Demographics

Migration

Religion

Accent and dialect

The Koblenz area is home to a distinctive regional speech pattern called the Würzburg dialect, alternatively known as Würzburgercherisch. The scope of the Würzburg dialect is disputed, because it overlaps with neighboring dialects like Bavarian and Swabian in the east, Breis Franconian in the south and Upper Saxon in the west.

Economy

Education

Libraries

Transport

Public transit

Since the inauguration of its first line in 1904, the Koblenz U-Bahn network has grown to become the city's most widely used local transport system; today it carries about 5.6 million passengers daily through 39 lines, 454 stations and 434 kilometers of route length. The U-Bahn is complemented by the Koblenz S-Bahn which operates in and around the city, and is the link to many outer-Koblenz areas. Koblenz also has an extensive bus system, public ferries and waterbuses.

Air

Greater Koblenz is a major international air transport hub with with the busiest city airport system by passenger traffic in the world. Three international airports are located within the city limits, namely Hagedorn in "Brooklyn", Kuhn in "Newark", and Depenbusch in "Queens". Together these three airports recorded traffic of 140 million passengers in 2017. The world's largest airline, Kontinental, operates two hubs at Hagedorn and Kuhn, making it the primary airline serving the city. Depenbusch is a hub for low-cost carrier Fliege Breisland. Plans were announced in July 2015 to entirely rebuild Depenbusch Airport in a multibillion-krone project to replace its aging facilities.

Additionally, Cottbus, Hildesheim, Velden, Lidorf, and Erlangen are all international airports within Greater Koblenz. Würzburg's airspace is the busiest in Breisland and one of the world's busiest air transportation corridors.

Rail

Koblenz is a hub for the Breislandic rail network and is home to the largest train station in the world, Großes Zentrales Endbahnhof, which covers 19 hectares and has 44 platforms and 67 tracks. Breislandisch Bahn runs high-speed trains along the TBD high-speed line, with more lines under construction or awaiting approval including possible Koblenz-Jena and Koblenz-Siegen lines.

Road

Despite Koblenz's heavy reliance on its vast public transit system, streets are a defining feature of the city. The NAME Plan of 1811 greatly influenced the city's physical development. Several of the city's streets and avenues, including Karlstraße, Mauerstraße, Prachtstraße des 14. März, and Siebtes Prachtstraße are also used as metonyms for national industries there: the theater, finance, advertising, and fashion industries, respectively.

Koblenz also has an extensive web of motorways, which link the city's boroughs to each other and to outlying municipalities through various bridges and tunnels. Because these highways serve millions of outer borough and suburban residents who commute into Stadtinsel, it is quite common for motorists to be stranded for hours in traffic congestion that are a daily occurrence, particularly during rush hour.

The Koblenz Bushaltestelle, the main intercity bus terminal of the city, serves 7,000 buses and 200,000 commuters daily, making it the busiest bus station in the world.

Media

Culture

Arts

Museums

Theater

Literature

Music

U/C

Hip hop first emerged in "Bronx" in the early 1970s at neighborhood block parties when DJs began isolating percussion breaks in funk and R&B songs and rapping while the audience danced. For many years, Koblenz was the only city with a major hip-hop scene, and all of the early recordings came from Koblenz. People like TBD and TBD brought hip hop to the mainstream for the first time, while so-called Central rap was defined in the 1980s by artists including TBD and TBD. Major Koblenz stars emerged to go on and produce multi-platinum records, including TBD, TBD and TBD, along with acts like Rödelheim Hartreim Projekt, Die Fantastischen Vier, and Toni L.

Cinema

Koblenz's film industry is the largest in Breisland although it significantly lags behind global leaders such as Erangelstadt, Ampuria or Gudong, but its billions of kronen in revenue makes it an important part of the city's economy and places it as the second largest center for the film industry in Illypnia. Koblenz was an epicenter of filmmaking in the earliest days of the film industry, but the better year-round weather of Erangelstadt, eventually saw Wiseland becoming the home of Breislandic-language cinema. As Breislandic-language cinema moved across the Neptic, much of the motion picture infrastructure in Koblenz was used for the burgeoning television industry.

Because of its sheer size and cultural influence, Koblenz has been the subject of many different, and often contradictory, portrayals in cinema. In the early years of film, Koblenz was characterized as urbane and sophisticated. By the city's crisis period in the 1970s and early 1980s, however, films like Mitternachtskuhjunge, Die Varkanische Verbindung, Hund Tag Nachmittag, Taxifahrer, Marathon-Mann, Kreuzfahrt, Gekleidet zum Töten, and Todeswunsch showed Koblenz as full of chaos and violence. With the city's renaissance in the 1980s and 1990s came new portrayals on television; Freunde und Freundinnen, Scheinfeld, and Sex und das Stadt showed life in the city to be glamorous and interesting.

Restaurants and cuisine

The cuisine and culinary offerings of Koblenz vary greatly. 83 restaurants in Koblenz have been included in the Pirelli Guide of 2020, which ranks the city at the top for the number of restaurants having this distinction in Breisland.

Koblenz is also home to a diverse gastronomy scene reflecting the immigrant history of the city. Dinaric immigrants brought their culinary traditions to the city, such as kvabi and AETOLIAN FAST FOOD DISH, which have become common fast food staples. Fosian cuisine like Zong, Darasian, Limonian, Nusarayan, Kemalian, Fenian, and Hitanese restaurants, as well as Volisan, Kalinovan, and Parani cuisine, can be found in many parts of the city.

Sports

Koblenz is the home of many professional sport teams and has hosted various international sporting events. Football is very popular and Koblenz is home to NATIONAL STADIUM as well as club stadiums such as the MetLife Stadium, home of FV Koblenz Stadt, and Westfalenstadion, home of Ballspielverein "Bronx". The Breislandic Open, one of the Grand Slam tennis tournament, occurs in Koblenz.

International relations

Twin towns and partner cities

See also