Tamaz Chiladze International Airport
| Tamaz Chiladze International Airport|
თამაზ ჭილაძე საერთაშორისო აეროპორტში
tamaz chiladze saertashoriso aeroportshi
|IATA: KAS – ICAO: CVKA|
|Hub for||SAK Varkana|
|Elevation AMSL||13 ft / 4 m|
The airport opened on 23 April 1954, replacing the much smaller Kaspi Airfield which was located a short distance south. At the time of its opening, the terminal was very modern and it featured an excellent spotters terrace with a café. The airport consisted of two asphalt runways at the time. Runway 18/36 at 3,250 metres (10,663 ft) was used primarily for landings while runway 03/21 at 3,180 metres (10,433 ft) was used primarily for take-offs.
In the 90s, a new landing runway, 17/35 was constructed protruding at an angle out into the sea, with a length of 3,395 metres (11,138 ft). This seaward protrusion was built in order to move landing traffic away from the city in a bid to improve safety and reduce aircraft noise. A new take-off runway was constructed parallel to the old 03/21 at a length of 3,800 metres (12,467 ft) making it the longest runway in the airport. The old 03/21 was converted to a taxiway for accessing the new runway 03/21. Unlike the old runways, the two new runways were constructed from concrete and feature more advanced lighting systems and instrument landing systems. Runway 16/34 was closed, and eventually transformed into taxiway and cargo facilities.
A new 110,000 square meter (1,200,000 sq ft) passenger terminal, which cost ₭1 billion, opened in 2008 on the site of the previous terminal. The terminal itself opened for arriving flights on the evening of 6 March 2008, and for departures the following morning. Zong Firm was its master designer, with Kaspian Architecture serving as architect of record.
The new terminal has room for 46 gates. Eight rental car operations and the ground transportation center (where information about shuttle bus, hotel courtesy vehicles and other transportation services can be obtained) are located on the first floor of the attached parking garage. All pick-ups and drop-offs of rental vehicles also occur here, eliminating the need for shuttling customers to and from individual companies' remote processing facilities.
Because of urban growth in the Greater Kaspi Area, the airport is now surrounded by built-up urban area and has no more room to grow even though it is expected to reach its capacity by 2025. Talks of the construction of an off-shore airport have been continuous since the early 2000s, where the option of building a new terminal was prioritized, which increased capacity. In its fourth five-year plan published in late 2015, the Council of Ten has indicated its desire to go forward with studies on the construction of a new off-shore airport in the Greater Kaspi Area, or to reclaim land from the Iremian Sea and expand the current airport with new runway configurations. In 2017, preliminary studies have concluded that a new off-shore airport would cost around ₭5-7 billion to build. As of February 2018, councilor Vakhtang Kakhidze announced that the Council currently seemed to favor the idea of a new off-shore airport to free up the northern coast of Kaspi for redevelopment and expected an official decision to be made by April. SAK Varkana has voiced its support for an off-shore airport project connected by MSM and InterCommunal rail to the mainland. Around 7 km² will be freed should the current airport be demolished and the land redeveloped for other uses. With respect to current density patterns and trends in the commune, an estimated additional 150,000 to 200,000 people could be housed in that area.
|SAK Varkana||Heraklion, Lefki, Myra, Palaiochori-Juktas, Palaiochori-Patras, Semamus, Skopelos, Sozopolis||A|
|SAK Varkana||Adygekale, Ganimazar, Botão, Capua, Dertosa, Faencia, Hekelingen, Iänudâh, Jena, Kikhavn, Koblenz, Kopsji, Laskowice, Loiola, Massè, Sabaria, Santu Inaciu, Sekule, Siegen, Skarsgå, Teriola, Vesona||A, B|