Jarin

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Republic of Jarin

Ριπυβιλήκι Ξααρίν
Flag of Jarin
Flag
Motto: "??"
"Nobody likes a tory"
Anthem: "Anthem"
"Anthem"
Location of Jarin in Adonia
Location of Jarin in Adonia
Capital
and largest city
Shimora
Official languagesJarinian
Demonym(s)Jarinian
GovernmentConstitutional parliamentary republic
• President
Gely Evangelatos
Merkourios Gysis
LegislatureNational Assembly
Constitutional history
• Republic of Jarin
DATE
Area
• Total
492,910 km2 (190,310 sq mi)
• Water (%)
2.4
Population
• 2020 estimate
80,305,651
• 2016 census
75,513,812
• Density
153.2/km2 (396.8/sq mi)
GDP (PPP)2016 estimate
• Total
₭1.112 trillion
• Per capita
₭14,725
Gini (2016)36.3
medium · ??th
HDI (2016).774
high · ??th
CurrencyWtvr (W) (JAR)
Time zoneUTC+0 (JST)
Date formatdd.mm.yyyy CE
Driving sideright
Calling code+47
Internet TLD.ja

Jarin (Jarinian: Ξααρίν, Xaarín), officially the Republic of Jarin (Jarinian: Ριπυβιλήκι Ξααρίν, Ripubilíki Xaarín), is sovereign state in South Kaftia. It is a Mesogean country bordered by Erufos to the southeast, Triphylia to the east, Itagar to the west, Enfolo to the north, and Desket to the northeast. Shimora is the capital and largest city, as well as the leading economic and cultural hub. Jarin is Adonia's ??th most populous country. Spanning 492,910 km², it is the 7th largest country in the South Kaftia and the 4th largest in the Mesogean Cooperation Organization.

BRIEF HISTORY

It is a member of the Adonian Community and the Kaftian Union, as well as an associate member of the Mesogean Cooperation Organization.

History

Prehistory

Antiquity

Middle Ages

Early modern era

Great Adonian War

Post-war

Kaftian rapprochement, associate member of MOZ

21st century

Geography

Climate

Government and politics

119px 119px
Gely Evangelatos
President
Merkourios Gysis
Prime Minister

Jarin is a parliamentary democracy where the prime minister is the head of government and the most powerful executive position. The political system has three branches — legislative, executive and judicial, with universal suffrage for citizens at least 18 years old. The Constitution also provides possibilities of direct democracy, namely petitions and national referenda. Elections are supervised by an independent Central Election Commission that includes members from all major political parties. Parties must register with the commission prior to participating in a national election. Normally, the prime minister-elect is the leader of the party receiving the most votes in parliamentary elections, although this is not always the case.

Unlike the prime minister, presidential domestic power is more limited. The directly elected president serves as head of state and commander-in-chief of the armed forces, and has the authority to return a bill for further debate, although the parliament can override the presidential veto by a simple majority vote. Political parties gather in the National Assembly, a body of 290 deputies elected to four-year terms by direct popular vote. The National Assembly has the power to enact laws, approve the budget, schedule presidential elections, select and dismiss the prime minister and other ministers, declare war, deploy troops abroad, and ratify international treaties and agreements.

Law and judicial system

Jarin has a civil law legal system. The judiciary is overseen by the Ministry of Justice. The Supreme Administrative Court and the Supreme Court of Cassation are the highest courts of appeal and oversee the application of laws in subordinate courts. The Supreme Judicial Council manages the system and appoints judges. The legal system is regarded by both domestic and international observers as one of the Mesogean's most inefficient due to pervasive lack of transparency and corruption. Law enforcement is carried out by organizations mainly subordinate to the Ministry of the Interior. The Directorate of National Police combats general crime and maintains public order.

U/C

Administrative divisions

Jarin is a unitary state.

Foreign relations

Jarin became a member of the Adonian Community in 1953. Jarin became a full member of the Kaftian Union on 8 March 1995, and became an associate member of the Mesogean Cooperation Organization on 28 October 1998. Jarin's relationships vary greatly between Kaftian, Mesogean and Near Eastern states. Jarin has had strong ties with the MOZ in order to gain economic and political benefits. Burawa, Volisania and Aetolia remain the primary trade partners, as well as the primary creditors and foreign investors in Jarin. From the total foreign investments in Jarin, the MOZ invests approximately 83.5%, whereas non-Mesogean Kaftia invests only 9.3%. Many countries from the Near East are getting more involved in large-scale development projects in Jarin, such as Kandar.

In addition, it has a tripartite economic and diplomatic collaboration with Orma and Itagar, good ties with Burawa and Lagash and a historical relationship with Aetolia. Ties between Jarin and other non-Mesogean South Kaftian nations, including its neighbors Desket and Enfolo, have often been strained. Tensions with Desket are mostly rooted in historical rivalry and competition over influence in Southeast Kaftia. A border dispute between Enfolo and Jarin is the source of their strained relations, which is also fueled by illegal immigration from Enfolo to Jarin.

Military

Domestic defense is the responsibility of the all-volunteer Jarinian Armed Forces, composed of land forces, naval forces and an air force. Active troops dwindled from around 300,000 in 1990 to 145,000 in 2016, supplemented by 250,000 reservists and 30,000 paramilitary. Inventory is mostly made up of Mesogean equipment like Aeka JAS 39 Gripen and MiG-29 jets, NH90 helicopters, and AS-56 main battle tanks.

Economy

Historically an agrarian economy, Jarin urbanized rapidly in the 20th century. By 2016 just 10.39% of the workforce were employed in agriculture, generating just 7.1% of GDP; 37.82% of the workforce were employed in industry and 51.79% in services, responsible for 37.1% and 55.8% of GDP respectively. The country's economic production is dominated by its strong domestic demand. Consumption expenditure by households is the largest component of GDP. Jarin's main exports are food, beverage, apparel, computers, televisions, smartphones, home appliance, and chemicals; its major trade partners are Burawa, Volisania, Aetolia, Orma and Triphylia.

The average national unemployment rate in 2016 was 9.6%, although the informality is the biggest problem facing the labor market (the income of formal workers climbed 24.8% in 5 years while labor incomes of informal workers rose only 9%). The Debt-to-GDP ratio continues to decline to 43.8% as of 2016. Although one of the main obstacles still facing the Jarinian economy is the limited trickle down of wealth to the average population, many Jarinians criticize their government for higher prices of basic goods while their standards of living or purchasing power remains relatively stagnant. Corruption is often cited by Jarinians as the main impediment to further economic growth.

Science and technology

Transport

Demographics

Urban agglomerations

Urban agglomeration Area
(km²)
Population
2016 census
Shimora TBD 7,156,217
Tokar TBD 4,424,456
Morentu TBD 3,743,854
Elagaz TBD 3,037,021
Nakfa TBD 2,594,564

Languages

Jarinian is the official language of Jarin, known as Bidhaawyeet (Βιδααύυεετ) or Tubdhaawi (Τυβδααύι) in that language. It belongs to the Cushitic branch of the Kaftioriental family. It is written in the Aetolian script. U/C

Religion

The Constitution of Jarin defines it as a secular state with guaranteed religious freedom. NAME Christians comprise 58,523,204 or 77.5% of country's population. The NAME Church is the largest and traditional church of the country, adherents of which are overwhelmingly Jarinians.

In 2016, 6,418,674 or 8.5% of the population were Jewish, representing the second largest religious group in the country.

In 2016, Petran Catholics numbered 3,011,121 or roughly 4% of the population, mostly in major cities. U/C other Christians.

Armazists, numbering 2,330,191 or 3% of the population, form the fourth largest religious group. Armazism has a strong historic following in the southern regions of Jarin. Aetolians are the largest Armazist community in Jarin.

In 2016, 404,464 or 0.5% were Muslim. Atheists numbered 830,652, or 1.1% of the population, and an additional 302,055 declared themselves to be agnostics.

Education

Health

Culture