The Iremian Sea is the southernmost arm of the Mesogean Sea, extending from the Strait of Faencia to the northwest and the Alazani and Sinora valleys to the southwest. The countries with coasts on the Iremian are Aetolia, Echia, Faencia, and Varkana.
The Iremian Sea sits on the Iremian Microplate, which separated from the Kaftian Plate in the Mesozoic era. The plate's movement contributed to the formation of the surrounding mountain chains and Apennine tectonic uplift after its collision with the Illypnian plate. In the Late Oligocene, the Aetolian Peninsula first formed, separating the Iremian Basin from the rest of the Mesogean. All types of sediment are found in the Iremian Sea, with the bulk of the material transported by the Alazani, Sinora and other rivers on the southern coast. The eastern coast is alluvial or terraced, while the western coast is highly indented with pronounced karstification. There are dozens of marine protected areas in the Iremian Sea, designed to protect the sea's karst habitats and biodiversity. The sea is abundant in flora and fauna—more than 7,000 species are identified as native to the sea, many of them endemic, rare and threatened ones.
Temperature and salinity
According to the Köppen climate classification, the northern and central Iremian Sea and its surrounding landmass are classified as hot-summer Mesogean climate (Csa) and the southern Iremian Sea as warm-summer Mesogean climate (Csb), with wetter summers and colder and drier winters.
The predominant winter winds are the saburtalo and eurusi. The saburtalo is significantly conditioned by wind gaps in the Apennines and Kasus bringing cold and dry continental air; it reaches peak speeds in the areas of Klow and Theodosia, with sustained winds often exceeding forty kilometers per hour (11 m/s), sometimes reaching one hundred kilometers per hour (28 m/s). The eurusi brings humid and warm air from South Kaftia.
|City||Mean temperature (daily high)||Mean total rainfall|
|Source: Adonian Meteorological Organization|
|1||Greater Klow Area||Varkana||Northern Varkana||6,730,652|
|2||Greater Theodosia Area||Aetolia/Varkana||Tavros/Northern Varkana||5,788,032|
|4||Greater Tufo Area||Echia/Varkana||???/Western Varkana||2,860,567|
|5||Greater Kaspi Area||Varkana||Western Varkana||2,722,727|
|7||Greater Agara Area||Varkana||Northern, Central & Western Varkana||1,396,012|
|8||Greater Chernisi Area||Varkana||Western Varkana||1,062,352|