Iremian Sea

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The Iremian Sea is the southernmost arm of the Mesogean Sea, extending from the Strait of Faencia to the northwest and the Alazani and Sinora valleys to the southwest. The countries with coasts on the Iremian are Aetolia, Echia, Faencia, and Varkana.

The Iremian Sea sits on the Iremian Microplate, which separated from the Kaftian Plate in the Mesozoic era. The plate's movement contributed to the formation of the surrounding mountain chains and Apennine tectonic uplift after its collision with the Illypnian plate. In the Late Oligocene, the Aetolian Peninsula first formed, separating the Iremian Basin from the rest of the Mesogean. All types of sediment are found in the Iremian Sea, with the bulk of the material transported by the Alazani, Sinora and other rivers on the southern coast. The eastern coast is alluvial or terraced, while the western coast is highly indented with pronounced karstification. There are dozens of marine protected areas in the Iremian Sea, designed to protect the sea's karst habitats and biodiversity. The sea is abundant in flora and fauna—more than 7,000 species are identified as native to the sea, many of them endemic, rare and threatened ones.

The Iremian shores are populated by more than 25 million people; the largest cities are Klow, Theodosia, Salona and Tufo.



Temperature and salinity


According to the Köppen climate classification, the northern and central Iremian Sea and its surrounding landmass are classified as hot-summer Mesogean climate (Csa) and the southern Iremian Sea as warm-summer Mesogean climate (Csb), with wetter summers and colder and drier winters.

The predominant winter winds are the saburtalo and eurusi. The saburtalo is significantly conditioned by wind gaps in the Apennines and Kasus bringing cold and dry continental air; it reaches peak speeds in the areas of Klow and Theodosia, with sustained winds often exceeding forty kilometers per hour (11 m/s), sometimes reaching one hundred kilometers per hour (28 m/s). The eurusi brings humid and warm air from South Kaftia.

Climate characteristics of some major Iremian cities
City Mean temperature (daily high) Mean total rainfall
January July January July
°C °F °C °F mm in days mm in days
Faencia 12.7 54.9 28.4 83.1 69 2.7 7.2 0.2 0.0079 0
Klow 8.4 47.1 24.2 75.6 65.4 2.6 6.1 9.1 0.36 1.4
Theodosia 9.7 49.5 27.7 81.9 78 3.1 10.7 35 1.4 5.3
Salona 10.2 50.4 27.8 82.0 78 3.1 11.1 28 1.1 5.6
Thyrasa 12.8 55.0 28.3 82.9 58 2.3 6.7 5.3 0.21 1.7
Source: Adonian Meteorological Organization


Most populous urban areas on the Iremian coast


Rank City Country Region/County Population (urban)


1 Greater Klow Area Varkana Northern Varkana 6,730,652
2 Greater Theodosia Area Aetolia/Varkana Tavros/Northern Varkana 5,788,032
3 Salona Echia ??? 3,460,623
4 Greater Tufo Area Echia/Varkana ???/Western Varkana 2,860,567
5 Greater Kaspi Area Varkana Western Varkana 2,722,727
6 Thyrasa Aetolia Hiererikon 2,002,983
7 Greater Agara Area Varkana Northern, Central & Western Varkana 1,396,012
8 Greater Chernisi Area Varkana Western Varkana 1,062,352
9 Kavala Aetolia Lower Kavala 889,484
10 Lioni Echia ??? 856,784
11 Larissos Aetolia Pharsaly 745,669
12 Episkopi Aetolia Hiererikon 487,239