Elias III of Aetolia

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Elias
King of Aetolia
Reign 29 August 1789 – 1 September 1789
Predecessor Pavlos II
Successor Monarchy abolished
King of Kavala
Reign 1 September 1789 - 7 February 1797
Coronation 28 September 1789
Predecessor Ioannes VII (nonsequential)
Successor Evangelos
Born (1729-01-12)12 January 1729
Palaiochori, United Kingdom of the Dinarides
Died 7 February 1797(1797-02-07) (aged 68)
Kavala, Kingdom of Kavala
Burial 12 February 1797
Kavala Cathedral, Kavala
Spouse Anna, Princess of Abasha
Issue Evangelos
House House of Andropolis
Father Filippos II of Aetolia
Mother Anastasia II of the Dinarides

Elias III (Elias Georg; 12 January 1789 – 7 February 1797) was King of Aetolia from 29 August 1789 until 1 September 1789, after which he served as King of Kavala until his death. He was the last person ever to be crowned as King of Aetolia.

Elias was the youngest son of Filippos II of Aetolia and Anastasia II of the Dinarides and younger brother to Ioannes of Aetolia. At his birth he was second in line of succession for the crowns of the Dinarides and Sakalia. He eventually dropped to fifth in the line of succession after his elder brother, Ioannes, had three sons.

The events of the Varkan Restoration War in 1758 had forced his mother, Anastasia (now Queen of Aetolia), to move the royal court to Palaiochori. Previously the court was in Theodosia. Elias had lived in Theodosia since his marriage to his Varkan wife, Princess Anna in 1748 and continued to do so. His mother had made him responsible for reporting and managing the affairs in Western Aetolia. After Anastasia's passing in 1777, Ioannes assumed the throne in Aetolia and Sakalia. After Ioannes death, his son Georgios V acceded to the two thrones.

After the August Revolution in 1789, Georgios V and his son, Alexandrios were executed by the Republicans in Palaiochori. Ioannes' second son and Georgios' younger brother, Pavlos, acceded to the three thrones. However, after only six days he abdicated the throne of Aetolia in favour of his uncle, Elias. His younger brother Andreas had also renounced his claim to the Aetolian crown. Pavlos and Andreas fled the growing conflict in Aetolia, returning to Sakalia.

Elias became King of Aetolia on 29 August 1789, which was by now a mere rump of the former kingdom, with Republicans taking much of Eastern Aetolia near Palaiochori and Lefki. The Republicans established a provisional government that abolished the Kingdom of Aetolia and announced the abolition of the monarchy. Following this, Loyalists crowned Elias as King of Kavala. His coronation was held on 28 September 1789, in the Thyrasa Cathedral. The establishment of the Kingdom of Kavala led to the outbreak of the Second Aetolian Civil War in December of 1789. During the war, Elias oversaw the loss of more than 60 percent of Kavala's remaining territory to the Republicans, eventually ending up with only the land surrounding the two cities of Kavala and Episkopi.

Elias had been suffering from ill health following an injury during the Civil War, from which he never fully recovered. On 7 February 1797 he collapsed suddenly and was taken to bed, where he was pronounced dead 15 hours later. His son Evangelos succeeded him as King of Kavala.

Early life and education

Marriage

As Duke of Tavros

As King

Legacy

Ancestry