Daras

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Socialist Republic of Daras
西國社会主义共和国
ㄒㄧ ㄍㄨㄛˊ ㄕㄜˋ ㄏㄨㄟˋ ㄓㄨˇ ㄧˋ ㄍㄨㄥˋ ㄏㄜˊ ㄍㄨㄛˊ
Xiguó Shèhuì Zhǔyì Gònghéguó
Flag of Daras Seal of Daras
Flag Seal
Motto: TBD
Anthem: The Internationale
英特納雄耐爾
Yīngtènàxióngnài'ěr
Location of Daras in Adonia
Capital
and largest city
Luanjing (鑾京)
Official languages Darasian
Demonym Darasian
Government Marxist–Jinaist one-party socialist state
 -  President Tong Keshi
 -  Prime Minister Fu Shunyao
Legislature Parliament
Constitutional history
 -  Revolution 23 September 1904 
 -  Current constitution 11 January 1905 
Area
 -  Total 7,058,148 km2
2,725,166 sq mi
 -  Water (%) 1.7%
Population
 -  2016 estimate 638,800,770
 -  2016 census 638,800,770
 -  Density 90.5/km2
234.4/sq mi
GDP (PPP) 2016 estimate
 -  Total ₭7.961 trillion
 -  Per capita ₭12,463
Gini (2016)44.3
medium · ??th
HDI (2016).721
high · ??th
QLI (2016)5.657 low
IEF (2016)38.9 Repressed
Currency TBD (TBD) (DAR)
Time zone DST (TUC+8)
Date format dd.mm.yyyy CE
Drives on the right
Calling code +75
Internet TLD .da

Daras (Jade: 西國; Zhuyin: ㄒㄧ ㄍㄨㄛˊ; Pinyin: Xiguó), officially the Socialist Republic of Daras (Jade: 西國社会主义共和国; Zhuyin: ㄒㄧ ㄍㄨㄛˊ ㄕㄜˋ ㄏㄨㄟˋ ㄓㄨˇ ㄧˋ ㄍㄨㄥˋ ㄏㄜˊ ㄍㄨㄛˊ; Pinyin: Xiguó Shèhuì Zhǔyì Gònghéguó), is a unitary sovereign state in Fosia. It borders Limonia to the east, Mengmia to the south, Shuchamia to the southeast, Zanpakia and the Jade Sea to the north, and Galastan to the west. The country's 2016 census recorded a population of just over 638 million inhabitants, making Daras the most populous country in Adonia. Daras is 7,058,148 square kilometers (2,725,166 sq mi) in size. Its capital and largest city is Luanjing, located in the northeast of the country.

U/C (Brief history)

In 2016, the Darasian economy was Adonia's 6th largest by purchasing power parity. A nuclear weapons state and regional power, it has the largest standing army in the world and ranks fifth in military expenditure. Daras is a Marxist–Jinaist one-party republic, where the role of the vanguard Communist Party is enshrined in the 1905 Constitution.

Etymology

Daras comes from the Vasari darashm combining the words در dar (gate, door) and یشم ashm (jade) meaning "the jade gateway". It was mesogeanized to Daras over time.

History

Prehistory

Early evidence for proto-Jade millet agriculture is radiocarbon-dated to about 7000 BCE. The earliest evidence of cultivated rice, found by the ?? River, is carbon-dated to 8,000 years ago. Farming gave rise to the Jiahu culture (7000 to 5800 BCE). At Damaidi in Ningxia, 3,172 cliff carvings dating to 6000–5000 BCE have been discovered, "featuring 8,453 individual characters such as the sun, moon, stars, gods and scenes of hunting or grazing". These pictographs are reputed to be similar to the earliest characters confirmed to be written Jade script. Jade proto-writing existed in Jiahu in around 7000 BCE, Dadiwan from 5800 BCE to 5400 BCE, Damaidi around 6000 BCE and Banpo dating from the 5th millennium BCE. Some scholars have suggested that Jiahu symbols (7th millennium BCE) were the earliest Jade writing system. Excavation of a Peiligang culture site in Xinzheng, Henan, found a community that flourished in 5500 to 4900 BCE, with evidence of agriculture, constructed buildings, pottery, and burial of the dead. With agriculture came increased population, the ability to store and redistribute crops, and the potential to support specialist craftsmen and administrators. In late Neolithic times, the NAME River valley began to establish itself as a center of Yangshao culture (5000 BCE to 3000 BCE), and the first villages were founded; the most archaeologically significant of these was found at Banpo, Xunyi. Later, Yangshao culture was superseded by the Longshan culture, which was also centered on the NAME River from about 3000 BCE to 2000 BCE.

Bronze artifacts have been found at the Majiayao culture site (between 3100 and 2700 BCE). Sanxingdui located in what is now WESTERN PROVINCE is believed to be the site of a major ancient city, of a previously unknown Bronze Age culture (between 2000 and 1200 BCE). The site was first discovered in 1929. Darasian archaeologists have identified the Sanxingdui culture to be part of the ancient kingdom of Pei, linking the artifacts found at the site to its early legendary kings.

Antiquity

The first state in what is modern-day Daras was the Pei Kingdom (裴), which emerged around 2000 BCE. The succeeding Shen Kingdom (慎) ruled the plain of the NAME River in eastern Daras from the 17th to the 11th century BCE. Their oracle bone script (from c. 1500 BCE) represents the oldest form of Jade writing yet found, and is a direct ancestor of modern Jade characters.

Confucian and Warring States periods

The Shen were conquered by the Zou (鄒), who ruled between the 11th and 5th centuries BCE, though centralized authority was slowly eroded by feudal warlords. Many independent states eventually emerged from the weakened Zou state and continually waged war with each other in the 300-year Confucian period, only occasionally deferring to the Zou king. By the time of the Warring States Period of the 5th–3rd centuries BCE, there were six powerful sovereign states in what is now Daras, Limonia and Shanjian, each with its own king, ministry and army.

Jade Empire

The Warring States period ended in 278 BCE after the state of Bian (邊) conquered the other five kingdoms and established the first East Fosian empire, the Jade Empire. King Zheng of Bian proclaimed himself the Emperor of Jade. He enacted Bian's legalist reforms throughout East Fosia, notably the forced standardization of Jade characters, measurements, road widths (i.e., cart axles' length), and currency. His dynasty also conquered the Yue tribes in neighboring regions, greatly expanding the empire over the years.

Following a widespread civil war, the Yu dynasty (玉) emerged to rule the Jade Empire between 206 BCE and 220 AD, creating a cultural identity among its populace as the Jade peoples, notably giving its name to the empire itself. The Jade Empire's involvement in Central Fosia and SOUTHWEST helped establish the land route of the Jade Road, replacing the earlier path through Binfan over the MOUNTAINS to Kemali. The Jade Empire quickly became the largest economy of the ancient world. Despite the Jade Empire's initial decentralization and the official abandonment of the Bian philosophy of Legalism in favor of Confucianism, Bian's legalist institutions and policies continued to be employed by the Yu government and its successors.

In addition to natural calamities and jiedushi amassing autonomous control, the Huang Chao Rebellion (874–884) resulted in the sacking of both ?? and ??, and took an entire decade to suppress. Although the rebellion was defeated by imperial forces, it never recovered from that crucial blow, weakening it for the future military powers to take over. There were also large groups of bandits, in the size of small armies, that ravaged the countryside in the last years of the empire, who smuggled illicit salt, ambushed merchants and convoys, and even besieged several walled cities.

Zhu Wen, originally a salt smuggler who had served under the rebel Huang Chao, surrendered to Jade forces. By helping to defeat Huang, he was granted a series of rapid military promotions. In 907 the Jade Empire was ended when Zhu Wen, now a military governor, deposed the last Jade emperor, Emperor Ai, and took the throne for himself. He established the Liang dynasty, which inaugurated the Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms period in East and Central Fosia. A year later Zhu Wen had the deposed Emperor Ai poisoned to death.

Middle Ages

Liang dynasty

Establishing his new government in Luanjing (literally "Imperial Capital") over the Jade capital at Xunyi, Zhu Wen built the foundations of a strong central government over the Liang. The establishment of this capital marked the start of the Liang period. He ensured administrative stability by promoting the civil service examination system of drafting state bureaucrats by skill and merit (instead of aristocratic or military position) and promoted projects that ensured efficiency in communication throughout the empire.

The Liang often came into conflict with the neighboring Ning, Yao and Jing dynasties who often had coalitions against Liang to counter its expansion threats. The population of Daras doubled in size during the 9th, 10th and 11th centuries. This growth was made possible by expanded rice cultivation in eastern and northern Liang, the use of early-ripening rice from northwest and Northeast Fosia, and the production of widespread food surpluses. The expansion of the population, growth of cities, and the emergence of a national economy led to the gradual withdrawal of the central government from direct involvement in economic affairs. The lower gentry assumed a larger role in grassroots administration and local affairs. Appointed officials in county and provincial centers relied upon the scholarly gentry for their services, sponsorship, and local supervision.

During the 11th century, political rivalries divided members of the court due to the ministers' differing approaches, opinions, and policies regarding the handling of the Liang's complex society and thriving economy. Islam in the west and Buddhism in the north were striving, but imperial officials continued to promote Confucianism which led to more social instability. Seeking to resolve what he saw as state corruption and negligence, Liang Emperor DUDE perceived Muslim and Buddhist officials as enemies and executed a number of them during his reign in 1094–1116.

U/C

Mengmian conquest

The 13th century brought the Mengmian conquest of the Liang dynasty. In 1271, the Mengmian leader Kublai Khan established the Yuan dynasty; the Yuan conquered the last remnant of the Liang dynasty in 1279.

U/C

Early modern period

Darasian Empire

Modern period

September Revolution

Civil War

Socialist Republic of Daras

Great Adonian War

Post-war era

Government and politics

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Demographics

Urban agglomerations

Urban agglomeration Area
(km²)
Population
2016 census
Greater Luanjing TBD 46,930,158
Greater Linyou TBD 23,295,176
Greater Zizhou TBD 16,431,145
Greater Taibai TBD 14,740,657
Greater Xunyi TBD 13,571,258

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