Communes of Varkana

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The commune (Varkan: კომუნა, komuna) is the first level of administrative division in Varkana. All of the territory of the Republic of Varkana is covered by communes except in government lands where the communes do not have local representation and is directly administered by the state. This apart, powers, size, population in communes may vary considerably from one to another. Communes are a supralocal type of regional municipality, and act as the local municipality in unorganized territories within their borders. Most communes are subdivided into villages, which act as local municipalities.

Communes as political entities

The council of a commune is composed of the mayors of the member villages (municipalities) as well as a prefect. The prefect is usually elected by and from the council by secret ballot. Universal suffrage may also be used. The prefect's mandate is 2 years when elected by council or 4 years when elected by universal suffrage. The council and prefect act as the executive entity of the commune, while the people/citizens act as the legislature.

A commune must:

  • manage land use by creating a land use scheme and revise it every five years;
  • establish a plan for waste management, fire protection, and civil protection (communal police);
  • apply the land use scheme;
  • make and administer urban planning rules in unorganized territories;
  • see to the proper functioning of watercourses in its territory, especially those used for agricultural drainage;
  • prepare the evaluation rolls for local villages;
  • sell buildings for property tax default;
  • make and administer economic planning rules in the commune as provided by the Constitution.

Direct democracy

Direct democracy was established in Varkana at the communal level through the Varkan Intranet in 2001. It created a broader and more active citizen participation enabled by communications, as well as through more participatory or direct forms of citizen involvement in addressing public challenges. Added to the Intranet is the Internet, out of reach of the Varkan government should there be abuses. While the Varkan side of the Internet contains a wide variety of political blogs and forums, with exchanges on numerous subjects concerning society, the Intranet is a secure tool for citizens to vote and participate in polls and learn about the political process and any issues in any part of Varkana. It also offers a certain government transparency, especially at the communal level. The people are directly involved in the legislative function through Intranet. Citizens electronically vote on legislation, author new legislation.

Internet is able to provide an opportunity for interaction, and serves as a prerequisite in the deliberative process as a research tool. On the Internet the exchange of ideas is widely encouraged through a vast number of websites, blogs, and social networking outlets; all of which encourage freedom of expression. Through the Internet information is easily accessible, and in a cost effective manner, providing access and means for change. Another fundamental feature of the Internet is its uncontrolled nature, and ability to provide all viewpoints no matter the accuracy.

Economic impacts

The Varkan Intranet enables communes and the central government to see in real time consumer habits and the connectivity between communes. With citizens entering their personal transit data voluntary, as well as any other form of data, their general behavior can be studied by the government to help improve their living conditions. These results are published on the Intranet and communal decisions then follow. U/C

List

Arms Name Native Name Seat of administration Largest village Population
(2016 census)
Postal code Senator
Coat of arms of Abasha.png Abasha აბაშა
abasha
Abasha Abasha 635,123 001-- Paata Kvizhinadze
Coat of arms of Adjaris.png Adjaris ადჯარის
adjaris
Adjaris Adjaris 164,523 002-- Giorgi Kakhiani
Coat of arms of Agara.png Agara აგარა
agara
Agara Agara 562,704 003-- Simon Kvariani
Coat of arms of Agarak.png Agarak აგარაქ
agarak
Agarak Agarak 223,627 004-- Kakha Subeliani
Coat of arms of Amos.png Amos ამოს
amos
Amos Amos 849,723 005-- Ana Dongvani
Coat of arms of Anaklia.png Anaklia ანაკლია
anaklia
Anaklia Anaklia 515,601 006-- Tamar Bendukidze
Coat of arms of Anapa.png Anapa ანაფა
anapa
Anapa Anapa 228,084 007-- Koba Ramishvili
Coat of arms of Archis.png Archis არჩის
archis
Archis Archis 547,389 008-- Elene Tmogveli
Coat of arms of Artik.png Artik ართიქ
artik
Artik Artik 82,682 009-- Nino Gorgijanidze
Coat of arms of Bachevo.png Bachevo ბაჩევო
bachevo
Bachevo Bachevo 46,048 010-- Giorgi Isakadze
Coat of arms of Balisi.png Balisi Βάλιση
ბალისი
balisi
Nithos Lanchkhuti 344,951 011-- Pavlos Dragoumis
Coat of arms of Barakovi.png Barakovi ბარაქოვი
barakovi
Barakovi Barakovi 38,560 012-- Grigori Komoshvili
Coat of arms of Belovo.png Belovo ბელოვო
belovo
Belovo Belovo 215,747 013-- Akaki Zoidze
Coat of arms of Borjomi.png Borjomi ბორჯომი
borjomi
Borjomi Borjomi 946,297 014-- Merab Devdariani
Coat of arms of Bozho.png Bozho ბოჟო
bozho
Bozho Bozho 63,196 015-- NAME
Coat of arms of Chernisi.png Chernisi ჩერნისი
chernisi
Chernisi Chernisi 402,896 016-- NAME
Coat of arms of Chiatura.png Chiatura ჩიათურა
chiatura
Chiatura Chiatura 808,621 017-- NAME
Coat of arms of Chorakhi.png Chorakhi ჩორახი
chorakhi
Chorakhi Chorakhi 487,726 018-- NAME
Coat of arms of Colchis.png Colchis კოლხეთი
kolkheti
Colchis Colchis 408,176 019-- Zviad Dzidziguri
Coat of arms of Dastake.png Dastake დასთაქე
dastake
Dastake Dastake 346,872 020-- NAME
Coat of arms of Ditava.png Ditava დითავა
ditava
Ditava Ditava 132,592 021-- NAME
Coat of arms of Dobaris.png Dobaris დობარის
dobaris
Dobaris Dobaris 78,006 022-- NAME
Coat of arms of Dolna.png Dolna დოლნა
dolna
Dolna Dolna 208,877 023-- NAME
Coat of arms of Dusheti.png Dusheti დუშეთი
dusheti
Dusheti Dusheti 46,952 024-- NAME
Coat of arms of Erghiz.png Erghiz ერღიზ
erghiz
Erghiz Erghiz 126,593 025-- NAME
Coat of arms of Fargo.png Fargo ჶარგო
fargo
Fargo Fargo 812,960 026-- NAME
Coat of arms of Foli.png Foli ჶოლი
foli
Foli Foli 205,358 027-- NAME
Coat of arms of Gali.png Gali გალი
gali
Gali Gali 1,126,755 028-- NAME
Coat of arms of Gardabani.png Gardabani გარდაბანი
gardabani
Gardabani Gardabani 377,903 029-- NAME
Coat of arms of Gavari.png Gavari გავარი
gavari
Gavari Gavari 155,671 030-- NAME
Coat of arms of Gori.png Gori გორი
gori
Gori Gori 42,209 031-- NAME
Coat of arms of Gumisti.png Gumisti გუმისთი
gumisti
Gumisti Gumisti 66,286 032-- NAME
Coat of arms of Istovo.png Istovo ისთოვო
istovo
Istovo Istovo 403,986 033-- NAME
Coat of arms of Jandari.png Jandari ჯანდარი
jandari
Jandari Jandari 394,588 034-- NAME
Coat of arms of Jvari.png Jvari ჯვარი
jvari
Jvari Jvari 317,847 035-- NAME
Coat of arms of Kajara.png Kajara ქაჯარა
kajara
Kajara Kajara 37,086 036-- NAME
Coat of arms of Kapo.png Kapo ქაფო
kapo
Kapo Kapo 441,507 037-- NAME
Coat of arms of Kartsakhi.png Kartsakhi ქარცახი
kartsakhi
Kartsakhi Kartsakhi 112,883 038-- NAME
Coat of arms of Kaspi.png Kaspi ქასფი
kaspi
Kaspi Kaspi 576,008 039-- Julieta Shalikashvili
Coat of arms of Keli.png Keli ქელი
keli
Keli Khareli 73,158 040-- NAME
Coat of arms of Khakia.png Khakia ხაქია
khakia
Khakia Khakia 180,033 041-- NAME
Coat of arms of Khrami.png Khrami ხრამი
khrami
Khrami Khrami 68,853 042-- NAME
Coat of arms of Kirkovo.png Kirkovo ქირკოვო
kirkovo
Kirkovo Ustrena 186,079 043-- NAME
Coat of arms of Kirponos.png Kirponos ქირფონოს
kirponos
Kirponos Tributo 127,033 044-- NAME
Coat of arms of Klow.png Klow ქლოვ
klov
2nd District 13th District 1,552,619 045-- NAME
Coat of arms of Kochani.png Kochani ქოჩანი
kochani
Kochani Kochani 205,527 046-- NAME
Coat of arms of Kodori.png Kodori ქოდორი
kodori
Kodori Kodori 256,126 047-- NAME
Coat of arms of Kojori.png Kojori ქოჯორი
kojori
Kojori Kojori 568,592 048-- NAME
Coat of arms of Kordu.png Kordu ქორდუ
kordu
Kordu Kordu 143,746 049-- NAME
Coat of arms of Kosti.png Kosti კოსთი
k’osti
Kosti Kosti 157,986 050-- NAME
Coat of arms of Lagodekhi.png Lagodekhi ლაგოდეხი
lagodekhi
Lagodekhi Lagodekhi 78,926 051-- NAME
Coat of arms of Manralo.png Manralo მანრალო
manralo
Manralo Manralo 162,124 052-- NAME
Coat of arms of Martuni.png Martuni მართუნი
martuni
Martuni Martuni 169,205 053-- NAME
Coat of arms of Megara.png Megara მეგარა
megara
Megara Megara 136,271 054-- Sulkhan Makhatadze
Coat of arms of Mestia.png Mestia მესთია
mestia
Mestia Mestia 537,728 055-- NAME
Coat of arms of Mhedi.png Mhedi მჰედი
mhedi
Mhedi Mhedi 667,870 056-- NAME
Coat of arms of Mimesopolis.png Mimesopolis მიმესოპოლის
mimesop’olis
Mimesopolis Mimesopolis 54,479 057-- NAME
Coat of arms of Mineralni.png Mineralni აბაშა
mineralni
Mineralni Mineralni 108,675 058-- NAME
Coat of arms of Minusi.png Minusi მინუსი
minusi
Minusi Minusi 128,399 059-- NAME
Coat of arms of Mirakhi.png Mirakhi მირახი
mirakhi
Mirakhi Mirakhi 477,395 060-- NAME
Coat of arms of Moldava.png Moldava მოლდავა
moldava
Moldava Moldava 135,024 061-- NAME
Coat of arms of Naruja.png Naruja ნარუჯა
naruja
Naruja Naruja 483,185 062-- NAME
Coat of arms of Natikha.png Natikha ნათიხა
natikha
Natikha Natikha 95,610 063-- NAME
Coat of arms of Ninotsminda.png Ninotsminda ნინოცმინდა
ninotsminda
Ninotsminda Ninotsminda 143,518 064-- NAME
Coat of arms of Nulis.png Nulis ნულის
nulis
Nulis Nulis 53,185 065-- NAME
Coat of arms of Oni.png Oni ონი
oni
Khoni Bolnisi 487,921 066-- NAME
Coat of arms of Orestias.png Orestias ორესთიას
orestias
Orestias Orestias 152,058 067-- NAME
Coat of arms of Osina.png Osina TBD
tbd
Osina Osina 138,945 068-- NAME
Coat of arms of Ozurgeti.png Ozurgeti ოზურგეთი
ozurgeti
Ozurgeti Tetrisqaro 412,682 069-- NAME
Coat of arms of Pitsunda.png Pitsunda ფიცუნდა
pitsunda
Pitsunda Pitsunda 581,466 070-- NAME
Coat of arms of Polenitsa.png Polenitsa TBD
tbd
Polenitsa Polenitsa 269,423 071-- NAME
Coat of arms of Poti.png Poti ფოთი
poti
Poti Poti 29,169 072-- NAME
Coat of arms of Qornisi.png Qornisi TBD
tbd
Qornisi Qornisi 73,561 073-- NAME
Coat of arms of Qvareli.png Qvareli ყვარელი
qvareli
Qvareli Qvareli 417,897 074-- NAME
Coat of arms of Rachuli.png Rachuli რაჩული
rachuli
Rachuli Rachuli 68,092 075-- NAME
Coat of arms of Rekovilos.png Rekovilos Ρέκοβιλος
რეკოვილოს
rekovilos
Rekovilos Aramis 342,851 076-- Konstantinos Zachariadis
Coat of arms of Ritsa.png Ritsa რიცა
ritsa
Ritsa Ritsa 146,517 077-- NAME
Coat of arms of Ronda.png Ronda TBD
tbd
Ronda Ronda 64,839 078-- NAME
Coat of arms of Rupite.png Rupite TBD
tbd
Rupite Rupite 118,674 079-- NAME
Coat of arms of Rustavi.png Rustavi რუსთავი
rustavi
Rustavi Rustavi 635,892 080-- NAME
Coat of arms of Sagarejo.png Sagarejo საგარეჯო
sagarejo
Sagarejo Sagarejo 368,662 081-- NAME
Coat of arms of Salsk.png Salsk სალსქ
salsk
Salsk Salsk 94,703 082-- NAME
Coat of arms of Sametti.png Sametti TBD
tbd
Sametti Sametti 76,026 083-- NAME
Coat of arms of Senaki.png Senaki სენაქი
senaki
?th District ?th District 576,615 084-- NAME
Coat of arms of Shatili.png Shatili შათილი
shatili
Shatili Shatili 123,420 085-- NAME
Coat of arms of Sinemoresti.png Sinemoresti TBD
tbd
Sinemoresti Sinemoresti 47,861 086-- NAME
Coat of arms of Sioni.png Sioni სიონი
sioni
Sioni Sioni 513,862 087-- Salome Samadashvili
Coat of arms of Snop.png Snop TBD
tbd
Snop Snop 183,615 088-- NAME
Coat of arms of Spitak.png Spitak TBD
tbd
Spitak Spitak 340,827 089-- NAME
Coat of arms of Strumani.png Strumani TBD
tbd
Strumani Strumani 37,773 090-- NAME
Coat of arms of Supsa.png Supsa სუფსა
supsa
Krushari Zheliavi 103,784 091-- NAME
Coat of arms of Svirashi.png Svirashi TBD
tbd
Svirashi Svirashi 87,378 092-- NAME
Coat of arms of Tatuli.png Tatuli TBD
tbd
Tatuli Tatuli 270,845 093-- NAME
Coat of arms of Tbirimi.png Tbirimi TBD
tbd
Tbirimi Tbirimi 451,263 094-- NAME
Coat of arms of Telavi.png Telavi თელავი
telavi
Telavi Telavi 559,421 095-- NAME
Coat of arms of Terjola.png Terjola თერჯოლა
terjola
Terjola Terjola 422,992 096-- NAME
Coat of arms of Tira.png Tira TBD
tbd
Tira Tira 77,182 097-- NAME
Coat of arms of Tqibuli.png Tqibuli TBD
tbd
Tqibuli Tqibuli 87,265 098-- NAME
Coat of arms of Tributo.png Tributo TBD
tbd
Tributo Tributo 88,572 099-- NAME
Coat of arms of Tsageris.png Tsageris ცაგერის
tsageris
Tsageris Tsageris 129,218 100-- NAME
Coat of arms of Tsalka.png Tsalka ცალქა
tsalka
Tsalka Tsalka 568,709 101-- NAME
Coat of arms of Tsovina.png Tsovina ცოვინა
tsovina
Tsovina Tsovina 205,612 102-- NAME
Coat of arms of Tsqaltubo.png Tsqaltubo ცყალთუბო
tsqaltubo
Tsqaltubo Tsqaltubo 675,122 103-- NAME
Coat of arms of Vale.png Vale ვალე
vale
Vale Vale 691,042 104-- Eka Beselia
Coat of arms of Valibula.png Valibula ვალიბულა
valibula
Valibula Valibula 375,596 105-- NAME
Coat of arms of Valko.png Valko ვალქო
valko
Valko Valko 788,263 106-- Gia Benashvili
Coat of arms of Vani.png Vani ვანი
vani
Vani Vani 597,694 107-- Mariam Sajaia
Coat of arms of Vardenis.png Vardenis TBD
tbd
Vardenis Vardenis 56,967 108-- Gocha Enukidze
Coat of arms of Vava.png Vava ვავა
vava
Vava Vava 514,438 109-- Vera Kobalia
Coat of arms of Visaji.png Visaji TBD
tbd
Visaji Visaji 305,588 110-- Zurab Chiaberashvili
Coat of arms of Vrelo.png Vrelo TBD
tbd
Vrelo Vrelo 229,867 111-- NAME
Coat of arms of Yelabuzha.png Yelabuzha იელაბუჟა
ielabuzha
Yelabuzha Yelabuzha 106,170 112-- Koba Nakopia
Coat of arms of Zaglianu.png Zaglianu ზაგლიანუ
zaglianu
Zaglianu Zaglianu 576,085 113-- Khatuna Gogorishvili
Coat of arms of Zestafoni.png Zestafoni ზესტაჶონი
zestafoni
Zestafoni Zestafoni 852,894 114-- Tinatin Bokuchava
Coat of arms of Zetsueni.png Zetsueni ზეცუენი
zetsueni
Zetsueni Zetsueni 110,748 115-- Lela Keburia
Coat of arms of Zharita.png Zharita ჟარითა
zharita
Zharita Zharita 188,421 116-- Sergo Ratiani
Coat of arms of Zlatoli.png Zlatoli ზლათოლი
zlatoli
Zlatoli Zlatoli 406,551 117-- Elguja Gotsiridze
Coat of arms of Varkana.png Varkana საქართველო
sakartvelo
Klow Klow 36,064,997 N/A Giorgi Latso (President)

Northern Varkana

Commune Population
Agara 562,704
Dusheti 46,952
Gori 42,209
Jvari 317,847
Keli 73,158
Klow 1,552,619
Kosti 157,986
Mineralni 108,675
Ninotsminda 143,518
Oni 487,921
Ozurgeti 412,682
Polenitsa 269,423
Rachuli 68,092
Rupite 118,674
Rustavi 635,892
Sagarejo 368,662
Telavi 559,421
Tqibuli 87,265
Tsalka 568,709
Vale 691,042
Vani 597,694
Visaji 305,588
Zestafoni 852,894

Central Varkana

Commune Population
Agarak 223,627
Amos 849,723
Anapa 228,084
Archis 547,389
Artik 82,682
Borjomi 946,297
Bozho 63,196
Chiatura 808,621
Chorakhi 487,726
Dastake 346,872
Erghiz 126,593
Gavari 155,671
Gumisti 66,286
Jandari 394,588
Kajara 37,086
Kapo 441,507
Kartsakhi 112,883
Khrami 68,853
Kodori 256,126
Kordu 143,746
Lagodekhi 78,926
Martuni 169,205
Mhedi 667,870
Mirakhi 477,395
Moldava 135,024
Natikha 95,610
Orestias 152,058
Pitsunda 581,466
Poti 29,169
Qornisi 73,561
Qvareli 417,897
Ritsa 146,517
Senaki 576,615
Shatili 123,420
Sinemoresti 47,861
Sioni 513,862
Spitak 340,827
Svirashi 87,378
Tira 77,182
Tsovina 205,612
Vardenis 56,967
Vava 514,438
Vrelo 229,867
Zaglianu 576,085
Zharita 188,421

Western Varkana

Commune Population
Bachevo 46,048
Barakovi 38,560
Belovo 215,747
Chernisi 402,896
Colchis 408,176
Dobaris 78,006
Dolna 208,877
Fargo 812,960
Gardabani 377,903
Istovo 403,986
Kaspi 576,008
Khakia 180,033
Kirponos 127,033
Kochani 205,527
Kojori 568,592
Manralo 162,124
Megara 136,271
Minusi 128,399
Nulis 53,185
Osina 138,945
Salsk 94,703
Sametti 76,026
Strumani 37,773
Terjola 422,992
Tributo 88,572
Valko 788,263
Yelabuzha 106,170
Zlatoli 406,551

Eastern Varkana

Commune Population
Abasha 635,123
Anaklia 515,601
Balisi 344,951
Gali 1,126,755
Kirkovo 186,079
Mestia 537,728
Mimesopolis 54,479
Rekovilos 342,851
Tatuli 270,845

Southern Varkana

Commune Population
Adjaris 164,523
Ditava 132,592
Foli 205,358
Naruja 483,185
Ronda 64,839
Snop 183,615
Supsa 103,784
Tbirimi 451,263
Tsageris 129,218
Tsqaltubo 675,122
Valibula 375,596
Zetsueni 110,748