Communes of Varkana

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The commune (Varkan: კომუნა, komuna) is the first level of administrative division in Varkana. All of the territory of the Republic of Varkana is covered by communes except in government lands where the communes do not have local representation and is directly administered by the state. This apart, powers, size, population in communes may vary considerably from one to another. Communes are a supralocal type of regional municipality, and act as the local municipality in unorganized territories within their borders. Most communes are subdivided into villages, which act as local municipalities.

Communes as political entities

The council of a commune is composed of the mayors of the member villages (municipalities) as well as a prefect. The prefect is usually elected by and from the council by secret ballot. Universal suffrage may also be used. The prefect's mandate is 2 years when elected by council or 4 years when elected by universal suffrage. The council and prefect act as the executive entity of the commune, while the people/citizens act as the legislature.

A commune must:

  • manage land use by creating a land use scheme and revise it every five years;
  • establish a plan for waste management, fire protection, and civil protection (communal police);
  • apply the land use scheme;
  • make and administer urban planning rules in unorganized territories;
  • see to the proper functioning of watercourses in its territory, especially those used for agricultural drainage;
  • prepare the evaluation rolls for local villages;
  • sell buildings for property tax default;
  • make and administer economic planning rules in the commune as provided by the Constitution.

Direct democracy

Direct democracy was established in Varkana at the communal level through the Varkan Intranet in 2001. It created a broader and more active citizen participation enabled by communications, as well as through more participatory or direct forms of citizen involvement in addressing public challenges. Added to the Intranet is the Internet, out of reach of the Varkan government should there be abuses. While the Varkan side of the Internet contains a wide variety of political blogs and forums, with exchanges on numerous subjects concerning society, the Intranet is a secure tool for citizens to vote and participate in polls and learn about the political process and any issues in any part of Varkana. It also offers a certain government transparency, especially at the communal level. The people are directly involved in the legislative function through Intranet. Citizens electronically vote on legislation, author new legislation.

Internet is able to provide an opportunity for interaction, and serves as a prerequisite in the deliberative process as a research tool. On the Internet the exchange of ideas is widely encouraged through a vast number of websites, blogs, and social networking outlets; all of which encourage freedom of expression. Through the Internet information is easily accessible, and in a cost effective manner, providing access and means for change. Another fundamental feature of the Internet is its uncontrolled nature, and ability to provide all viewpoints no matter the accuracy.

Economic impacts

The Varkan Intranet enables communes and the central government to see in real time consumer habits and the connectivity between communes. With citizens entering their personal transit data voluntary, as well as any other form of data, their general behavior can be studied by the government to help improve their living conditions. These results are published on the Intranet and communal decisions then follow. U/C

List

Arms Name Native Name Seat of administration Largest village Population
(2016 census)
Area
(km²)
Pop. density
(per km²)
50px Abasha აბაშა
abasha
Abasha Abasha 435,123 1,124 387.12
50px Adjaris ადჯარის
adjaris
Adjaris Adjaris 187,603 5,454 34.4
50px Agara აგარა
agara
Agara Agara 468,572 193 2,427.83
50px Agarak აგარაქ
agarak
Agarak Agarak 374,076 1,477 253.27
50px Amos ამოს
amos
Amos Amos 416,286 1,178 353.38
50px Anaklia ანაკლია
anaklia
Anaklia Anaklia 515,601 5,506 93.64
50px Anapa ანაფა
anapa
Anapa Anapa 249,856 1,050 237.96
50px Archis არჩის
archis
Archis Archis 142,603 625 228.16
50px Artik ართიქ
artik
Artik Artik 112,682 742 151.86
50px Balisi Βάλιση
ბალისი
balisi
Nithos Lanchkhuti 344,951 770 447.99
50px Belovo ბელოვო
belovo
Belovo Belovo 215,747 5,350 40.33
50px Borjomi ბორჯომი
borjomi
Borjomi Borjomi 1,125,091 380 2,960.77
50px Chernisi ჩერნისი
chernisi
Chernisi Chernisi HERE 133,793 2,934-169 45.6
50px Chiatura ჩიათურა
chiatura
Chiatura Chiatura 651,023 680 957.39
50px Chorakhi ჩორახი
chorakhi
Chorakhi Chorakhi 379,069 1,395 343.42
50px Colchis კოლხეთი
kolkheti
Colchis Colchis 229,197 8,189 27.99
50px Dastake დასთაქე
dastake
Dastake Dastake 263,675 925 285.05
50px Ditava დითავა
ditava
Ditava Ditava 182,592 3,855 47.36
50px Dobaris დობარის
dobaris
Dobaris Dobaris 125,609 2,921 43
50px Dolna დოლნა
dolna
Dolna Dolna 208,877 865 241.48
50px Erghiz ერღიზ
erghiz
Erghiz Erghiz 164,421 1,860 88.4
50px Fargo პარგო
p'argo
Fargo Fargo 407,694 910 448.02
50px Foli პოლი
p'oli
Foli Foli 214,098 4,129 51.85
50px Gali გალი
gali
Gali Gali 1,026,755 1,018 1,008.6
50px Gardabani გარდაბანი
gardabani
Gardabani Gardabani 433,761 548 791.53
50px Gavari გავარი
gavari
Gavari Gavari 237,048 1,066 222.37
50px Gori გორი
gori
Gori Gori 264,592 845 313.13
50px Gumisti გუმისთი
gumisti
Gumisti Gumisti 225,606 1,660 135.91
50px Istovo ისთოვო
istovo
Istovo Istovo 208,923 1,484 140.78
50px Jandari ჯანდარი
jandari
Jandari Jandari 394,588 796 495.71
50px Kajara ქაჯარა
kajara
Kajara Kajara 187,670 3,079 60.95
50px Kapo ქაფო
kapo
Kapo Kapo 380,189 880 432.03
50px Kartsakhi ქარცახი
kartsakhi
Kartsakhi Kartsakhi 245,304 1,066 230.12
Coat of arms of Kaspi.png Kaspi ქასფი
kaspi
Kaspi Kaspi 1,576,008 45 35,022.4
50px Keli ქელი
keli
Jvari Khareli 347,683 1,355 256.59
50px Kirkovo ქირკოვო
kirkovo
Kirkovo Ustrena 211,401 6,415 32.95
50px Kirponos ქირფონოს
kirponos
Kirponos Tributo 207,033 12,675 16.33
50px Klow ქლოვ
klov
2nd District 13th District 2,112,526 145 14,569.14
50px Kochani ქოჩანი
kochani
Kochani Kochani 265,721 1,594 229.44
50px Kodori ქოდორი
kodori
Kodori Kodori 131,989 4,831 27.32
50px Kojori ქოჯორი
kojori
Kojori Kojori 518,592 526 985.92
50px Kordu ქორდუ
kordu
Kordu Kordu 174,461 1,067 163.51
50px Manralo მანრალო
manralo
Manralo Manralo 242,124 5,393 44.9
50px Martuni მართუნი
martuni
Martuni Martuni 268,251 1,188 225.8
50px Megara მეგარა
megara
Megara Megara 223,218 3,014 74.06
50px Mestia მესთია
mestia
Mestia Mestia 420,592 1,368 307.45
50px Mhedi მჰედი
mhedi
Mhedi Mhedi 362,782 598 606.66
50px Mineralni აბაშა
mineralni
Mineralni Mineralni 255,761 952 268.66
50px Moldava მოლდავა
moldava
Moldava Moldava 330,393 1,697 194.69
50px Naruja ნარუჯა
naruja
Naruja Naruja 501,553 3,570 140.49
50px Natikha ნათიხა
natikha
Natikha Natikha 165,613 1,418 116.79
50px Oni ონი
oni
Khoni Bolnisi 487,921 476 1,025.04
50px Ozurgeti ოზურგეთი
ozurgeti
Ozurgeti Tetrisqaro 412,682 820 503.27
50px Pitsunda ფიცუნდა
pitsunda
Pitsunda Pitsunda 736,129 560 1,314.52
50px Poti ფოთი
poti
Poti Poti 307,937 1,765 231.13
50px Qvareli ყვარელი
qvareli
Qvareli Qvareli 242,692 2,015 170.07
50px Rachuli რაჩული
rachuli
Rachuli Rachuli 278,247 896 366.35
50px Rekovilos Ρέκοβιλος
რეკოვილოს
rekovilos
Rekovilos Aramis 342,851 849 403.83
50px Ritsa რიცა
ritsa
Ritsa Ritsa 204,668 1,142 179.22
50px Rustavi რუსთავი
rustavi
Rustavi Rustavi 585,892 1,184 494.84
50px Sagarejo საგარეჯო
sagarejo
Sagarejo Sagarejo 325,669 842 386.78
50px Salsk სალსქ
salsk
Salsk Salsk 94,703 2,540 37.28
50px Senaki სენაქი
senaki
?th District ?th District 2,324,637 37 62,828.03
50px Shatili შათილი
shatili
Shatili Shatili 269,544 1,939 164.8
50px Sioni სიონი
sioni
Sioni Sioni 688,920 426 1,617.18
50px Supsa სუფსა
supsa
Krushari Zheliavi 193,100 7,966 24.24
50px Telavi თელავი
telavi
Telavi Telavi 755,692 464 1,628.65
50px Terjola თერჯოლა
terjola
Terjola Terjola 422,992 121 3,909.02
50px Tsageris ცაგერის
tsageris
Tsageris Tsageris 209,218 1,857 112.66
50px Tsalka ცალქა
tsalka
Tsalka Tsalka 468,709 401 919.47
50px Tsovina ცოვინა
tsovina
Tsovina Tsovina 152,811 996 153.42
Coat of arms of Tsqaltubo.png Tsqaltubo ცყალთუბო
tsqaltubo
Tsqaltubo Tsqaltubo 575,122 8,355 80.8
50px Vale ვალე
vale
Vale Vale 591,042 870 679.36
50px Valibula ვალიბულა
valibula
Valibula Valibula 232,549 12,184 19.09
50px Valko ვალქო
valko
Valko Valko 598,226 1,161 515.27
50px Vani ვანი
vani
Vani Vani 597,694 780 253.45
50px Vava ვავა
vava
Vava Vava 366,954 1,014 361.89
50px Vlahipolis ვლაჰიპოლის
vlahipolis
Vlahipolis Vlahipolis 84,479 617 136.92
50px Yelabuzha ჲელაბუჟა
yelabuzha
Yelabuzha Yelabuzha 106,170 3,506 30.28
50px Zaglianu ზაგლიანუ
zaglianu
Zaglianu Zaglianu 573,153 1,007 569.17
50px Zestafoni ზესტაფონი
zestap'oni
Zestafoni Zestafoni 744,682 793 939.07
50px Zetsueni ზეცუენი
zetsueni
Zetsueni Zetsueni 149,607 3,055 48.97
50px Zharita ჟარითა
zharita
Zharita Zharita 288,866 2,673 126.77
50px Zlatoli ზლათოლი
zlatoli
Zlatoli Zlatoli 283,063 1,510 192.12
50px Varkana საქართველო
sakartvelo
Klow Senaki 36,064,997 166,736 216.3

Northern Varkana

Commune Population
Agara 562,704
Dusheti 46,952
Gori 42,209
Jvari 317,847
Keli 73,158
Klow 1,552,619
Kosti 157,986
Mineralni 108,675
Ninotsminda 143,518
Oni 487,921
Ozurgeti 412,682
Polenitsa 269,423
Rachuli 68,092
Rupite 118,674
Rustavi 635,892
Sagarejo 368,662
Telavi 559,421
Tqibuli 87,265
Tsalka 568,709
Vale 691,042
Vani 597,694
Visaji 305,588
Zestafoni 852,894

Central Varkana

Commune Population
Agarak 223,627
Amos 849,723
Anapa 228,084
Archis 547,389
Artik 82,682
Borjomi 946,297
Bozho 63,196
Chiatura 808,621
Chorakhi 487,726
Dastake 346,872
Erghiz 126,593
Gavari 155,671
Gumisti 66,286
Jandari 394,588
Kajara 37,086
Kapo 441,507
Kartsakhi 112,883
Khrami 68,853
Kodori 256,126
Kordu 143,746
Lagodekhi 78,926
Martuni 169,205
Mhedi 667,870
Mirakhi 477,395
Moldava 135,024
Natikha 95,610
Orestias 152,058
Pitsunda 581,466
Poti 29,169
Qornisi 73,561
Qvareli 417,897
Ritsa 146,517
Senaki 576,615
Shatili 123,420
Sinemoresti 47,861
Sioni 513,862
Spitak 340,827
Svirashi 87,378
Tira 77,182
Tsovina 205,612
Vardenis 56,967
Vava 514,438
Vrelo 229,867
Zaglianu 576,085
Zharita 188,421

Western Varkana

Commune Population
Bachevo 46,048
Barakovi 38,560
Belovo 215,747
Chernisi 402,896
Colchis 408,176
Dobaris 78,006
Dolna 208,877
Fargo 812,960
Gardabani 377,903
Istovo 403,986
Kaspi 576,008
Khakia 180,033
Kirponos 127,033
Kochani 205,527
Kojori 568,592
Manralo 162,124
Megara 136,271
Minusi 128,399
Nulis 53,185
Osina 138,945
Salsk 94,703
Sametti 76,026
Strumani 37,773
Terjola 422,992
Tributo 88,572
Valko 788,263
Yelabuzha 106,170
Zlatoli 406,551

Eastern Varkana

Commune Population
Abasha 635,123
Anaklia 515,601
Balisi 344,951
Gali 1,126,755
Kirkovo 186,079
Mestia 537,728
Mimesopolis 54,479
Rekovilos 342,851
Tatuli 270,845

Southern Varkana

Commune Population
Adjaris 164,523
Ditava 132,592
Foli 205,358
Naruja 483,185
Ronda 64,839
Snop 183,615
Supsa 103,784
Tbirimi 451,263
Tsageris 129,218
Tsqaltubo 675,122
Valibula 375,596
Zetsueni 110,748