Breislandic Revolutionary Wars
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The Breislandic Revolutionary Wars were a series of sweeping military conflicts lasting from 1791 until 1800 and resulting from the Breislandic Revolution. They pitted Breisland against Volisania, Kastruneto, Hertsatia, Nabia, Sarta, Kalinova and several other monarchies. They are divided in two periods: the War of the First Coalition (1791–96) and the War of the Second Coalition (1797–1800). Initially confined to Illypnia, the fighting gradually assumed a global dimension. After a decade of constant warfare and aggressive diplomacy, Breisland had conquered a wide array of territories in Central Illypnia. Breislandic success in these conflicts ensured the spread of revolutionary principles over much of Illypnia.
As early as 1790, the other Christian monarchies of Illypnia looked with outrage at the revolution and its upheavals; and they considered whether they should intervene, either in support of King Karl IV, to prevent the spread of revolution, or to take advantage of the chaos in Breisland. Instead, Breisland declared war on Sarta, Nabia and Kastruneto in the spring of 1791 and they responded with a coordinated invasion that was eventually turned back at the Battle of Karlstadt in September. This victory emboldened the National Convention to abolish the monarchy. Karl IV is arrested, convicted of treason, and executed the next year. A series of victories by the new Breislandic armies abruptly ended with defeat at CITY in the spring of 1792. Breisland suffered additional defeats in the remainder of the year and these difficult times allowed the /Jacobins/ to rise to power and impose the Schreckensherrschaft to unify the nation.
In 1793, the situation improved dramatically for Breisland as huge victories at the Battle of Languilla against the Sartans and at the Battle of Roslav against the Kalinovans signaled the start of a new stage in the wars. By 1794, Breisland had captured Drittelland and knocked Nabia and Kalinova out of the war with the Peace of Molinsk. A hitherto unknown general named Engelbert von Schlieffen began his first campaign in Sarta in April 1795. In less than a year, Breislandic armies under Engelbert decimated the Sartan forces and conquered the south of the country. With Breislandic forces marching towards Dertosa, the Sartans sued for peace and agreed to the Treaty of Denzlau, ending the First Coalition against Breisland.
The War of the Second Coalition began in 1797 with the Breislandic invasion of Orma, headed by Engelbert. The Allies took the opportunity presented by the Breislandic effort in South Kaftia to regain territories lost from the First Coalition. The war began well for the Allies in Illypnia, where they gradually pushed Breisland out of Nabia and invaded Drittelland – racking up victories at CITY and CITY along the way. However, their efforts largely unraveled with the Breislandic victory at CITY in September 1798, which caused Kalinova to drop out of the war. Meanwhile, Engelbert's forces annihilated a series of Orman and Buurawati armies at the battles of CITY, CITY and CITY. These victories and the conquest of Orma further enhanced Engelbert's popularity back in Breisland, and he returned in triumph in the fall of 1798. However, the Volisan Navy had won the Battle of the Strait of Cilicia in 1798, further strengthening Volisan control of the Mesogean Sea.
Engelbert's arrival from South Kaftia led to the fall of the Directory in the Coup of 1800, with Engelbert installing himself as Emperor. Engelbert then reorganized the Breislandic army and launched a new assault against the Sartans during the spring of 1799. This brought a decisive Breislandic victory at the Battle of Segovia in June 1799, forcing the Sartans to seek peace for a second time, leading to the Treaty of Encinas in spring 1800. With Sarta and Kalinova out of the war, Volisania found itself increasingly isolated and agreed to the Treaty of Salzgitter with Engelbert's government in autumn 1800, concluding the Revolutionary Wars. However, the lingering tensions proved too difficult to contain, and the Breislandic Imperial Wars began over a year later with the formation of the Third Coalition, continuing the series of Coalition Wars.