Areza

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International City of Areza

Areza
Flag of the Adonian Community
Flag
Emblem of the Adonian Community
Emblem
Motto: "??"
"Nobody likes a tory"
Anthem: "Anthem"
"Anthem"
Location of Areza in Adonia
Location of Areza in Adonia
Capital
and largest city
Areza
Official languagesAetolian
Beron
Breislandic
Kalinovan
Parani
Zong
Demonym(s)Arezian
GovernmentU/C
• U/C
Person
• U/C
Person
LegislatureMunicipal Council
Constitutional history
• Establishment of Areza
1948
Area
• Total
285 km2 (110 sq mi)
• Water (%)
3.2
Population
• 2016 estimate
1,415,738
• 2016 census
1,415,738
• Density
4,967.5/km2 (12,865.8/sq mi)
GDP (PPP)2016 estimate
• Total
₭166.794 billion
• Per capita
₭117,814
Gini (2016)36.7
medium · ??th
HDI (2016).904
very high · ??th
CurrencyTriphylian wtvr (S) (TIG)
Time zoneUTC+2
Date formatdd.mm.yyyy CE
Driving sideright
Calling code+99
Internet TLD.az

Areza (Triphylian: ዓረዛ) is an international city and the seat of government of the Adonian Community. It is adjacent to the Triphylian city of Raph and the Triphylia Canal. Areza was established as an international city by the Treaty of Koblenz in 1947, which also created the AC, entering into force in 1948. New Areza was planned and developed by Lúcio Costa and Oscar Niemeyer in 1947. The landscape architect was Roberto Burle Marx. The city's design divides it into numbered blocks as well as sectors for specified activities, such as the Hotel Sector, the Finance Sector and the Diplomacy Sector.

The old city was first established in 1803 during the building of the Triphylia Canal by the Kandari Caliphate. There are numerous old houses with grand balconies on all floors, giving the old city a distinctive look. The modern city was built further east and south, with Matauros and New Areza as notable additions. All branches of the Adonian Community are centered in the city: executive, legislative, and judiciary. Areza also hosts diplomatic missions for each AC member state as well as observers.

Areza is a global hub for diplomacy, finance, trade, transport, commerce, education, healthcare, innovation, logistics, manufacturing, technology, and tourism. The city ranks highly in numerous international rankings, and has been recognized as the top International-meetings city and has one of the busiest ports in the Mesogean Sea. In 2018, the Economist Intelligence Unit ranked Areza for the fifth year in a row as the most expensive city to live in the world. Although the city boasts one of the highest per capita incomes in the world, it suffers severe income inequality.

Areza is not formally a part of the Mesogean Cooperation Organization (MOZ), but it participates in certain MOZ policies, including customs and border controls. Through its relationship with Triphylia, Areza uses the ?? as its sole currency.

History

Parani Caliphate (DATE-DATE)

Kandari Caliphate (DATE-1947)

Triphylia Canal

1802-1806

Great Adonian War (1934-1947)

International City (1948-present)

Government and politics

Administrative divisions

Adonian Community

International status and legal system

Areza does not have a unified legal system. The Municipal Council issues land regulations that are binding on all people in the international city as well as some civil and labor regulations. Other than this, citizens and subjects of AC member states and observer countries with extraterritorial rights are subject to the laws of their own countries and civil and criminal complaints against them are required to be brought against them to their consular courts (courts overseen by consular officials) under the laws of their own countries. There are no border formalities entering or leaving to Triphylia and as such the Mesogean Area. For visitors a souvenir passport stamp is available on request at Areza's tourist office. Customs at the WorldAirport Raph Areza are managed by the Areza Police and the Triphylia Customs and Border Agency. They carry out normal customs duties at the entry points to the international city, search for suspected illegal weapons, drugs or goods, carry out basic good-import checks and requirements.

Income and corporate taxation are based on the regulations and laws of their own countries, which was heavily stressed in the Treaty of Koblenz as to avoid making the international city a tax haven. As such, no corporation or private company can be registered or incorporated in the international city. To go around this, some companies operating in Areza are incorporated in countries with no corporate tax and freely operating solely within Areza. Examples of such situation include the Areza Metro Rail (incorporated in ??), the Areza Energie (incorporated in ??) and the Bank of Areza (incorporated in ??).

Defense and security

Areza does not have its own armed forces, although there is law enforcement agency, the Areza Police. Responsibility for defending the international city rests with the Adonian Community. Areza has one of the largest police forces (515 police officers per capita) and police presences in Adonia. Its police includes a special unit which operates patrol and surveillance boats.

Geography

Climate

Areza has a Mesogean climate (Köppen climate classification: Csa), with mild winters and hot summers, hotter in the inland areas. Rain occurs mainly in autumn and winter, with summer being generally dry.

Cityscape

Old Areza

Old Areza was the first city to be planned and constructed on an idle soil. The Triphylian Canal Company (TCC), mainly Volisan and Breislandic, determined the planning concept and the architectural style of the city, which followed the character given to the Volisan colonies. The city was divided into different quarters, with the Kandari government keen on separating Muslim populations from foreigners, mainly Jews and Armazists.

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New Areza

At the northeastern end of the Monumental Axis are international district and municipal buildings, while at the southwestern end, near the limits of Matauros, stand the executive, legislative, and judiciary buildings around the Square of Peace, the conceptual heart of New Areza.

These and other major structures were designed by Breislandic architect Oscar Niemeyer in a modernist style. In the Square of Peace, he created as a focal point in the dramatic Adonian Parliament, which is composed of five parts: twin administrative towers flanked by a large, white concrete dome (the meeting place of the Council of Heads of State) and by an equally massive concrete bowl (the Adonian Assembly), which is joined to the dome by an underlying, flat-roofed building. The Parliament also occupies various other surrounding buildings, some connected by tunnels. A series of low-lying annexes (largely hidden) flank both ends. The Adonian Parliament building is located in the middle of the Monumental Axis, the new city's main avenue. In front lies a large lawn and reflecting pool. The building faces the Square of Peace where the Adonian Security Council and the Adonian Court of Justice are located.

Between the international and civic buildings on the Monumental Axis is the city's cathedral, considered by many to be Niemeyer's finest achievement. The parabolically shaped structure is characterized by its 16 gracefully curving supports, which join in a circle 115 feet (35 meters) above the floor of the nave; stretched between the supports are translucent walls of tinted glass. The nave is entered via a subterranean passage rather than conventional doorways. Other notable buildings are all the diplomatic missions that creatively embody features of their national architecture. The Sartan landscape architect Roberto Burle Marx designed landmark modernist gardens for some of the principal buildings.

The residential zones of the new city are arranged into superblocks: groups of apartment buildings inspired in Varkan modernist and bauhaus design and constructed with a prescribed number and type of schools, retail stores, and open spaces. New Areza has been both acclaimed and criticized for its use of modernist architecture on a grand scale and for its somewhat utopian city plan.

Matauros

Established in 1956, Matauros is also a planned city located between New Areza and Old Areza. The development followed a main development plan. The planners divided the neighborhood into ten districts of ten to fifteen thousand people. Wide avenues between the neighborhoods make traffic flow relatively freely inside the city. Each neighborhood has access to its own commercial center, urban park, and health and education infrastructure. The original plan also called for a business and administrative center, built in the mid-1990s, when the city population grew rapidly more than doubling in ten years.

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Demographics

Citizenship

The largest group are Triphylian nationals at 38.4%, followed by Lagashi (18.7%), Volisan (11.6%), Aetolian (7.5%), Breislandic (2.8%), Jarinian (2.5%), Nusarayan (2.5%) and Parani nationals (1.2%).

Languages

Areza has the same official languages as the AC, namely Aetolian, Beron, Breislandic, Kalinovan, Parani, and Zong. However, the most common language spoken at home in Areza is Triphylian, while Lagashi is spoken by the city's sizeable community from Lagash. Meanwhile, Breislandic is generally used as a lingua franca and business language.

Religion

Economy

Areza has a highly developed market economy, based on transshipment along the Triphylia Canal and Adonian Community offices. Areza is not a member of the MOZ. However, it is very closely linked via a customs union with Triphylia and, as such, its currency is the same as that of Triphylia, the ??. Areza attracts a large amount of foreign investment as a result of its location, skilled workforce, unique tax and legal system and advanced infrastructure. Areza has one of the highest net international investment position per capita. There are more than 3,500 multinational corporations from all over the world with offices in Areza.

Areza has Adonia's highest percentage of millionaires, with one out of every six households having at least one million Breislandic krone in disposable wealth. This excludes property, businesses, and luxury goods, which if included would increase the number of millionaires, especially as property in Areza is among Adonia's most expensive. Areza does not have a minimum wage, due to its complex labor regulations. It also has one of the highest income inequalities among developed countries or territories.

Infrastructure

Transport

As Areza has a high population density and limited space, the number of private cars on the road is restricted to curb pollution and congestion. Car buyers must pay for duties one-and-a-half times the vehicle's market value, and bid for an Arezan Certificate of Entitlement (COE), which allows the car to run on the road for a decade. Car prices are generally significantly higher in Areza than in the rest of Adonia. As with most Mesogean countries, vehicles on the road and people walking on the streets keep to the right.

Arezan residents also travel by bicycles, bus, taxis and train (MRT or LRT). Two companies run the train transport system — Areza Metro Rail and Arezabahn. Three companies, ??, ?? and ?? run the public buses under a 'Bus Contracting Model' where operators bid for routes. There are four taxi companies, who together put out over 6,000 taxis on the road. Taxis are a popular form of public transport as the fares are relatively cheap compared to many other developed countries.

Areza has a road system covering ?? kilometers, which includes ? kilometers of expressways. Areza is a major international transport hub in Illypnia, serving some of the busiest sea and air trade routes. Areza is served by the WorldAirport Raph Areza operated jointly by Areza and Triphylia, although the airport is located mostly on Triphylian soil. The airport itself is split into two architecturally independent sectors, one half serving the Areza side and the other half serving the Triphylian side.

The Port of Areza is the ?th busiest in the Mesogean Sea and the ?th busiest in Adonia. It is divided into two sections, the North Port and the South Port. The former is located along the canal and reached 3,062,488 TEU transported in 2018. Most refineries and petrochemical industries are located along the canal.

The South Port serves mainly as a transhipment hub, connecting the global and regional networks that cross the Triphylia Canal. The South Port benefits from the natural depth of its water (up to 18 meters) and offers one of the longest linear quays available in the Mesogean (3.4 kilometers). These characteristics, together with the availability of dedicated equipment (22 Ship-to-shore cranes, reaching up to 23 rows of containers), enable the South Port to serve four Ultra Large Container Carriers simultaneously, a unique feature among Mesogean ports. The throughput of the South Port reached 3,467,772 TEUs in 2018.

Utilities

Areza imports almost all its generated electricity and fuel. The vast majority of this energy comes from fossil fuels, with 39% from natural gas and 60% from petroleum. Renewable sources only account for a negligible amount of total energy generated for the international city. Wind power sources have been developed at very low scale, and a small number of private homes have deployed solar panels for residential use. Areza Energie is the largest electricity company in the city.

With few natural lakes and rivers, a high population density, inaccessible groundwater sources, and seasonal rainfall, the international city does not have a reliable source of fresh water. Triphylia supplies 80% of the city's water, while the remaining demand is filled by harvesting rainwater. Toilets flush using seawater, greatly reducing freshwater usage.

Broadband Internet access is widely available, with 92.6% of households connected. Connections over fiber-optic infrastructure are increasingly prevalent, contributing to the high regional average connection speed of 21.9 Mbit/s, ranked fourth in Adonia.

Culture

As a venue for international political events, music performances and movie festivals, Areza is a cosmopolitan city, with residents from all over Adonia. The city has a wide range of restaurants and complete infrastructure ready to host any kind of event. Not surprisingly, the city stands out as an important business/tourism destination, which is an important part of the local economy, with dozens of hotels spread around the territory. Traditional parties take place throughout the year. Areza is an international hub of highly active and diverse nightlife with bars, dance bars and nightclubs staying open well past midnight. The largest area for nightclubs is ?? (El Paso) near the border with Triphylia, where the city's large, commercial clubs and bars draw big crowds of young clubbers from both Areza and Raph.

LGBT community

Named "the best gay city in Adonia" by Kontinental, Areza is one of the most popular destinations for LGBT tourists internationally, with a large LGBT community. Breislandic journalist David Kaufman has described the city as a place "packed with the kind of ‘we're here, we're queer’ vibe more typically found in Salzgitter and the Dinarides. The city hosts its well-known pride parade, the biggest in Adonia, attracting over 500,000 people yearly. In January 2006, the Municipal Council established the city's LGBT Community center, providing all of the municipal and cultural services to the LGBT community under one roof. In addition, Areza hosts an annual LGBT Film Festival.

Media