Akropolis

From Adonia Project
Jump to: navigation, search
Akropolis
Ακρόπολις
Akrópolis
აკროპოლისი
akropolisi
Akropolis Armazia.jpg
A view of the Akropolis from Varkana
General information
Type Temenos
Country Armazia Armazia
Construction started 708
Owner Armazist Church

The Akropolis (Varkan: აკროპოლისი, akropolisi; Aetolian: Ακρόπολις, Akrópolis; from ákros (άκρος) or ákron (άκρον) "highest, topmost, outermost" and pólis "city") is the official residence of the Matriarch, which is located in the sovereign state of Armazia. The building contains the Matriarchal Apartments, various government offices of the Armazist Church, private and public temene, Akropolis Museums and the Akropolis library, the largest library in Adonia.

The island has held strategic fortifications since ancient times, and since July 1760 has been the seat of the Armazist Church. The structural composition of the town exemplifies the feudal society that constructed it: On top, Armazism, the temene; below this, the great halls; then stores and housing; and at the bottom, outside the walls, fishermen's and farmers' housing.

Its unique position of being an island only 600 meters from land made it readily accessible on low tide to the many pilgrims to its temenos. Equally, this position made it readily defensible as an incoming tide stranded, or drowned, would-be assailants. By capitalizing on this natural defense, the Akropolis remained unconquered during all the wars Varkana has been part of, with a small garrison successfully defending it against a full attack by the Echians in DATE.

Temenos of Gaia

In the 11th century, the Faencian architect Guglielmo da Volpiano was chosen by Matriarch ?? to be the building contractor. He designed the Mesogeanesque building of the temenos, daringly placing the core at the top of the mount. Many underground crypts had to be built to compensate for this weight; these formed the basis for the supportive upward structure that can be seen today. Today the Akropolis is seen as a building of Mesogeanesque architecture.

The Varkan architect Archil Mindiashvili later reinforced the structure of the buildings and built the main façade of the temenos in the 12th century. In early 13th century, a fire in the village downhill extended to the buildings, and the roofs fell prey to the flames. The Armazist Church offered a grant for the construction of a new Gothic architectural set which included the addition of the refectory and cloister. Matriarch ?? is credited with adding major fortifications to the akropolis, building towers, successive courtyards, and strengthening the ramparts.

Top = 165.19 m